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money, but they durst not command it ! To Kutuzoff, of acting upon the French lines, in transmitting money to the sufferers ; and we conciliate the party which had now grown too detail, and thus force Bonaparte to leave his wish them every possible siccess. mighty for the constituted authorities to man- | favourable position, in Dresden, and then give age, our little army was disbanded-part of him battle in such a situation, as shall seem our navy was sold-every measure showed, most favourable to themselves—a circumstance MISCELLANEOUS ANI LITERARY. that those who composed the government, which will be new, in the history of his whole

FOR THE BOSTON SPECTTOR. found there was a power, not yet in office, | military campaigns.

STYLE. . which bound their hands, and would soon be The French force remaining in the south

LANGUAGE and letters are the means by | east of SPAIN, does not exceed 40,000, at absolute. Mr. Jefferson came into administration with 1 Tarragona, under Suchet. These are kept in

which knowledge is communicatd, and they check, by the force lately under Lord William a party breathing resentment and vengeance.

have no other value. The advantiges derived They had gained their point. They had ob- Bentick.

from them is great, in proportion a the knowltained a majority of partizans in the coun-1 On the southwestern frontier of France, there

edge they convey is interesting. If these try. Proscription was begun, and it has con | are about 46,000, principally newly raised, un

simple and obvious positions were alyays kept

in mind, a passion for style, would hever sutinued with unrelenting and augmenting fury experienced troops, under Soult.

persede that attention which is due to the to this day.

Lord WELLINGTON is at St. Jean de Luz, How “ government" as our rulers call them- and commands a well appointed army of from

thought it is to impart. A man would cer

tainly be suspected as weak or derangel, who selves, came to be so powerful now, will be a 60 to 80,000 men. Pampeluna, in his rear, is

would spend his time and his money to lay subject of future consideration. garrisoned by French troops, but is expected

out and beautify a garden, wracking his invensoon to surrender. Such is the present state of the contest. In

tion about the order of his beds and avenues, if addition to this, various accounts mention that

after all, he raised nothing but weeds, which GENERAL REGISTER.

Bavaria has declared for the allies. If so, it is I grew along every hedge.

certain the Saxons will follow, particularly if In our young country, it must be acknowlBOSTON, SATURDAY,JANUARY 1, 1814, | Bonaparte retreats from Dresden. Denmark edged that two very great mistakes prevail,

l is likewise soon expected to join the common and are seeming to grow with our growth. One INSTEAD of filling this paper with detailed

is, that words are of more consequence than cause, from her frequent communications, of

ideas ; and another, that language is elegant accounts, which will have previously appeared

late, with England.
WAR IN AMERICA. General Wilkin.

in proportion to its extravagance. This is not in the publick journals, it is my intention, in son's army, consisting of about 3,000, is at

the character of our academick exercises this part of the Spectator, to present my read

| merely-the productions of youth are generally the French mills, forty miles from Montreal. ers a summary, every Saturday, recapitulating

marked by this double errour, in all countries, the news of the preceding week. . General Hampton's army is at Plattsburgh,

and all ages. But many of our publick docuand consists of fifteen hundred men !! The This being the first number, I have no retro

ments, from the pens of gentlemen mature in | British are above Montreal ; their force is not spect to offer ; but shall give a view of the

years, and high in rank-the greater part of existing state of things, most interesting to the

known, but as they are but a few miles from
the French mills, we may expect soon to be

our anniversary orations, with which the press publick, at the point of time, when, to use a

is constantly teeming-official despatchesbetter informed. seaman's term, I take my departure.

CONGRESS are in session. They have al

speeches in congress-political pamphlets, STATE OF THE ARMIES IN EUROPE. ready produced an embargo law, which has

magazines and newspapers, are rendered al

most unintelligible, by their mock sublimity. If It is known that Bonaparte, whose sway

given the coup de grace to the remains of our has been some time on the decline. though yet commerce.

a general is about to attack a few Indian wigWar has been considered the

greatest of evils-it will soon be discovered that wams, he announces his purposes in a disdangerous to the civilized world, has entered .domestick tyranny is worse, and that the Uni

gusting attempt at the style of Milton's battle Germany, with an intention to strike a blow, | ted States are hurried on to ruin by both,

of the angels. which shall put Europe under his feet. Most

Our national character has suffered much by of the continental powers, as well as Great

A system of monstrous rigour in the treat

this foppery of words. It is a serious injury to Britain, are in active opposition to defend their independence. By the latest accounts, it apment of prisoners of war, is now in operation,

ourselves, and it makes us ridiculous abroad. | between the British and our own government,

It ought to be boldly stigmatized as the evi. pears that the following is the situation, and which threatens, in the event, the death of eve

dence of a corrupt and vulgar taste, both in as nearly as can be collected, the force of the ry captive on either side. See Remarks on

the author and those whom it gratifies. It is a respective armies in GERMANY.

foolish waste of labour; for if half the pains BONA PARTE is at Dresden, in person, with this subject_first page.

were taken to produce correct sentiment, an army of 200,000 men. His reserve is at

which are expended in tricking out shallow Frankfort, on the Mayne, with a force of


conceits, in the fashion, writers would be bet100,000, commanded by Kellerman. The The fire in Portsmouth, on the 22nd of De- ter informed ; the publick would receive more Viceroy of Italy is between the Tyrolese country cember, consumed about three hundred and instruction, and our reputation would rise and Trieste, at the head of 100,000 more. This fifty buildings. The number of sufferers, by among foreign criticks. may be considered the strength of the French this calamity will appear to many, even liberal It is certainly somewhat singular, that a imperial armies, amounting to about 400,000 persons, as an appalling claim upon their char- young gentleman, who has spent years at the men, though French papers rate them higher. ity. They will be struck with the idea, that university, where he'must have learned to adHis right wing, lately in Silesia, has been driv there is so much to be done, they cannot afford mire the simplicity and purity of the ancients, en back by Gen. Blucher, who has advanced to to do their part, and may therefore be deterred should display so little advantage from his Bautzen, but twenty-eight miles from Dresden. from contributing any. Theextent of the distress, studies, when they are completed, as to acHis centre is at Dresden. His left is upon however, appears great in this instance, only commodate his style of writing to the rage for Hamburgh, on the lower Elbe, under Davoust. because it is a rare occurrence. The objects, | fustian. He should remember that popularity,

Of the ALLIED FORCES, 200,000 are in Bo- 1 to be relieved, bear no proportion to the num- ¡ in this respect, is no compliment to his talents; hemia, commanded by the king of Prussia bers, who are so happy as to have something to and if he possess a laudable ambition, he will The Silesian army, consisting of 100,000, un. | bestow. Let the heaven born emotion of com- prefer the durable praise of the sensiblc few, to der Blucher, is at Bautzen; to which is at-passion be general, and their wants of nature the unmeaning plaudits of a mixed assembly ; tached 80,000 men, under Benningsen . At may be readily supplied ; it is by the diffusive he will value the approbation of him who com. Dessau, in Upper Saxony, about 75 miles north influence of the principle of benevolence, that mends because he does understand, rather than west of Dresden, is Bernadotte, with 100,000, its duties become light. Let all, who hear of of him who admires because he does not. If who is said to have crossed tire Elbc, at four this melancholy event, and are within the the term patriotism, were not so hacknied, as points, to intercept Davoust from the main sphere of aid, do what they can, consistently scarcely to convey any idea, and perhaps excite French army; which accounts for Bonaparte's with discretion, and enough will be done to disgust, I would say, that from patriotism, he concentrating his forces upon Leipsic, and relieve. To enrich the unhappy sufferers is ought to guard against sacrificing to false critdrawing his reserve towards Westphalia, evi. not expected. To feed, clothe, and protect icism. A very competent judge, himself an dently to support Davoust. If the allies press them from the inclemency of the season is elegant writer, speaking of such productions forward, a great and decisive battle may be practicable. If the community cordially engage as are frequent among us, says A bad taste expected, unless Bonaparte retreats to the l in it, it will certainly be accomplished.

seizes, with avidity these frivolous beauties. Rhine. It is obviously the intention of the al- A committee was chosen in this town, on | They multiply every day more and morc, in des, to pursue the plan, successfully adopted by Thursday, for the purpose of receiving and the fashionable compositions. Nature and


good sense are nglected ; laboured orna- 1 Christ, 'stones fell from the heavens, by the For genuine patriotism always fights, ments studied and dmired; and a total degen- / river Ægos, in Thrace. That they were of a | And dies, not for its own but others' rights. eracy of style and language prepares the way | burnt colour, and (as has been the case in mod- | But he, who ne'er was fix'd to any spot. for barbarism and gnorance."

ern instances were attended with the appear-Can feel no ties to that, which he has not. A man who thisks clearly, and who has been | ance of a comet. The Peloponnesians obtained

Hence vagabonds are privilegd alone tolerably familiar with standard works, in the one of them, and preserved it a long time, with

To live on others ; like the pamper'd drone, language he would use, need not be anxious the greatest reverence. One was kept at the

Who flies at large, and wheresoe'er he 'lights about his style. Indeed Voltaire, who is the school of Abydus, and either the same or anothbest writer France ever produced, seems to er was the subject of admiration at Potidæa.

Kindles a war, to guard his precious rights. consider strong conceptions alone, all that is The prevailing opinion was, that they came

Such is th’establish'd law of natur’lization, necessary. from the sun. Pliny, the philosopher, did not

And this the law too of the British nation ; « Qui pense fortement, parle de même.” believe this ; though he, as well as our natur" He who thinks vigorously, speaks so too." alists, was unable to propose any satisfactory

This I declare-you may believe or not, But experience proves that this aphorism can theory, on the subject. He says "The knowl

I care not for assertions now ajot ; not be admitted without qualification. edge of natural causes is destroyed, and all

But know full well the art of boldly stating, Perhaps I cannot conclude these remarks things confused, if it be believed, either that And study that, which is most aggravating. with better effect, than by giving a specimen of the sun is a stone, or that there ever were

is a stone, or that there ever were still I'm for peace, you must believe it still ; that absurdity which degrades too many of our stones in it, though there would be no room to My bosom is in truth a milky rill, literary productions. I shall not take the news. | doubt of their frequent fall."

Flowing with human kindness and sweet charity : paper essay of an imported patriot, nor the

I hate all savages and their barbarity; speech of a Kentucky member of congress


'Tis British venom, now well understood, but quote a passage from a book, an octavo

Which works such fury in their Indian blood ;. volume of respectable size, and by an author,


For in our service they are mild as love, who, when he published, was no less than the THE MESSAGE WELUCIDATED." The savage chang'd into the gentle dove. governour of South Carolina. It is entitled, « A View of South Carolina, as respects her MY fellow.citizens, I would premise,

“ Just” are my views, thus free from all partiality, natural and civil concerns." !! The title is While I express my sorrow and surprise,

Let Britain emulate my liberality. odd enough, but the manner in which this i That you must yield all further expectation

Th’affairs with France are scarcely worth digression, philosopher describes some of the “ natural From that just ground, the Russian mediation ;

But I'll amuse you with a new expression ; concerns" (f the state is superb. Though you can't doubt what I again impart,

I'll speak no more of changing the relation," “ For quantity of water, and grandeur of ap- | That peace is still the object of my heart.

But say there has been no “ elucidation." pearance, perhaps the Catawba Falls are the

This said, I now may boast the glorious slaughter, most interesting of any in this state. They are

The reins of the militia, understand, Accomplish'd by our arms on land and water. situated a little above Rocky Mount ; and the

You'll please to put entirely in my hand. approach to them is over hills, which line the The navy, true, is not of our creation,

And for the Emperor's accommodation, Its sons indeed have felt our execration ; sides of the river. On either side the rocks

I would propose a mutual regulation are piled up in a wall of many feet high, and Yet these have proudly triumph'd o'er their fate ;

Regarding cruisers ; such as he may choose, hills rising above them, in sharp conical sumThey have preserv'd our sinking ship of state.

To“ correspond” precisely with bis views. mits, nod over the rupture below. Now the | Then let us use them in a cause so good, Catawba is arrested in its course, and from a And praise their noble waste of human blood.

Who prizes honour, never thinks of cost ; width of one hundred and eighty yards, this On land our arms do not so much oxcel;

What we have gain'd, what lives and millions lost, river is forced by the hill, and the rocks on ei- |

Are topicks scarcely worth the talking o'er ; . But on the whole, they have done-pretty well. ther side to shoot down the gulph, in a channel

Ao to the cash, we want a great deal more!
Near that cold region callid the Uppermost,
of only sixty five yards wide. Collecting its
We have regain'd the wilderness, we lost ; .

You can't conceive how brisk and how elate waters, impetuous and noisy, it thunders down And Harrison's recovery of Detroit,

I feel to view our country's prosperous state. the falls ; tumbling over massy rocks, and foaming from shore to shore ; wheeling its May well be calla grand—a grand exploit ;

War is an evil, yet you'll understand large whirlpools, and glancing from rock to | Also the British army that he captur’d,

It is a sort of blessing to our land. rock with maddening fury. Nor ceasing its At this affair we ought to feel enraptur'd ;

We have much wealth, it is to be presum'd, troubled waves, until it has overleaped twenty | For, truly, judging from what had been done,

In military stores- not yet consum'd ; falls, in the distance of two and a half miles; 'Twas doubtful which would beat, though five to one, Loose powder, which our army sao'd, when beaten, and has precipitated from a depth of ninety | I say it was an “ honourable” feat,

Oats, flour, and salt provisions-not yet eaten. feet. Here below Rocky Mount it begins to Quite “ signal"-yes, I think 'twas “ signal," great. This war will teach what “ burthens" men can bear, : subside ; and spreads over a channel three

As to our army's last grand expedition,

And “ force of government"- how “ free" they are. hundred and eighteen yards wide ; but it is Which was commenc'd in such elate condition ;

Their wants will set their wits to work, no doubt, not composed. For miles below, rocks are

Those who can't make their clothes--must go without. It has not ended just as we surmis'd, scattered in its way : at times irritating its wa

We must not estimate cheap bargains lost, ters, and provoking the rapidity of its stream. Our hopes have not quite all been realiz'd.

But value things by the high price they cost. So a proud and haughty disposition cannot bear | But, making every just allowance due,

E'en half a loaf, as poet Jones would sing, control ; but rushes onward, with unabating Taking the “circumstances" into view,

In time of famine is a precious “ thing." violence, scorning all opposition which is sur. | By whom conducted and by whom projected, mountable. Repossessing its tranquillity by 'Tis quite as well as could have been expected !

Not that 'tis richer food to those who eat it, slow degrees, and becoming again incensed | And as to Canada, it now appears

But that it costs more toil and pains to get it. with whatever rises in its way." It may be ours in some few hundred years ! Merchants may now shear sheep, turn homespun dra

The enemy, in turn, have made some pillage,

Make needles, pins, and stick them in their papers,
Plund'ring sometimes a town and then a village ;

Mouse-traps ant many more such little things, Yet still our honour's safe, as I intended, Though the fall of stones from no one

And reign in their own shops like little kings. They've only ravag'd places " not defended." knows what region, to the earth, is a fact well And come what may, I still can make this boast,

In fine, this war's success may ope our eyes established by abundant testimony, afforded

To read the nation's future“ destinies,” Should they lay waste three quarters of our coast, within a few years, some are yet incredulous, because, say they, natural phenomena have a

What glorious prospects burst upon my view, How few would thus provoke a giant-foe,

And stand unguarded to sustain his blow. regular, uniform course ; and it would be sin. )

Tirice happy people, happy rulers too ! gular, after men have traversed the face of the | They threaten now our cities, let them burn;

Thrice happy people what wise rulers ! wifew !!! globe, near six thousand years in security, that | We'll place the ashes in bright honour's urn.

arounnarssrsrsrsrsrsrsrsrum they should now be in danger of having their should they come here, I'd not regard the thing, skulls broken, by showers of stones from the But Gales, poor fellow, might be caught and swing !

PRINTED AND PUBLISHED FOR clouds. The objection is rather humorous | He shall not swing, I heed not threats a feather ;

JOHN PARK, than forcible, for history proves it is no novelty. Or, if they please_ we'll all be hang'd together. Diogenes Laertius, Plutarch, Pliny, and seve- What greater love of country can be shown,

BY MUNROE & FRANCIS, fai other's m.Duod, that about 450 years before Than thus to die for those, who fy their ocha


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The first instance of burning private dwel- | had a colour for her conduct. She found her

ling houses or stores, which occurred in this own men fighting against her. They acknowlFOR THE BOSTON SPECTATOR.

unhappy war, was the destruction of several edged themselves her subjects. It is said they

British stores and houses at Queenstown by a were not Englishmen. Prima facie, they were The Temper with which the present unhappy

body of seamen and troops who landed for the traitors to her, or else we ourselves could punWAR has been carried on. purpose.

ish no man who should be taken in the eneDR. PARK,

I should not lay open the nakedness and de- my's ranks who had been once an American. It cannot appear surprising to those, who

formity of my country, if this act had not been If honest principles and exact retaliation know how small a degree of resentment and

triumphantly blazoned to the world by the had been the only object, and not settled purexasperation existed in this country against friends and advocates of the war.

poses of exasperation; the true course would Great Britain, more especially after the repeal of the Orders in Council, that the author of

In the course of this last spring, the church have been to seize the Americans caught in

of God at Newark, then in quiet and undis- arms on the British side, and hold them as hosthis unjust war should have thought it neces.

| turbed possession of our troops, was wantonly tages. This would be precisely reciprocal. If sary to excite the passions of the people, in or| reduced to ashes.

you hang your traitors, we will hang ours. der to induce them to submit to the priva

These facts, not so much dishonourable to the / Further than this. humanity, reciprocity, the tions, disgrace, and horrors, of which it must necessarily be the occasion. Whatever may

nation as to the persons under whose authori- laws and usages of nations forbid you to go. be said about the question of Impressment, it

ty they were perpetrated, preceded some Will it be said that we had no Americans, was certainly rather a metaphysical and theo

months the burning of Havre de Grace, the caught in British pay, on whom we could reretical, than a practical and feeling one. It

first act of similar outrage on the part of taliale ? never was so extensive in its worst state, as to Great Britain.

Mr. Madison is precluded from saying this, induce the navigating states, who were the

The second fact I would notice is the seiz- since in his message he declares such cases do

ure, both at Newark and in Lower Canada, of exist, and such prisoners are in his possession. only sufferers, to clamour for redress. But after Munroe and Pinkney's informal arrange

many private citizens included in the list of Why then not limit his retaliation (even if

non-combatants, the removal of them from his principle was right) to a case which is ment, it had utterly ceased to be a subject of actual excitement.

parallel ? The report of the able

their estates, and the returning of them as committee of the legislature of Massachu

prisoners of war. A friend of mine, who saw Who would think of murdering his neighsetts, that there were only eleven cases of Im

the unhappy collection of sufferers, trepanned bour because he trod upon his grass ? It is pressment, which came within their cogni.

by Col. Clarke, assured me they were nearly not more extravagant to imprison and take the zance, still existing as causes of complaint,

all of them private citizens, and objects of pity | lives of the innocent for those of the guilty. very well accounts for the calmness with which

rather than terror. We do not remember that I will not enlarge on this hateful subject of the Eastern States viewed this question, and

Bonaparte has even attempted this species of inhumanity. Enough has been said to satisfy for the just indignation, which they felt, in see. oppression, over his unhappy victims.

every man of ordinary virtue and sense, that if ing the back-woodsmen of Kentucky and Ohio,,

Shall we offend against the duties of patriot- / these two nations are to exhibit a novel spe(many of whom scruple not to murder an In

ism by asking Gen. Hull, Gen Van Rensselaer, cimen of ferocity in their awarfare-if princidian for his pack of furs) affecting to be en

and Gen. Harrison, whether Great Britain did ples, held sacred for more than 500 years, are

not release on parole all the militia taken in to be violated-if two nations, descended from gaged for the sufferings of the seamen of the arms fighting against her ?

common ancestors, breathing the same spirit of Eastern States.

This was indeed heaping coals of fire upon This state of calmness towards Great Brit

freedlom, and professing the same religion are ain, arising from a conviction of the exaggeraour heads.

to be forced into a contest of unmeasured cruted nature of the complaints against her, and

“Tros Tyriusve mihi nullo discrimine agetur.” elty, there are men in this country who will of the strong interest we had in cultivating a

i deserve, and receive from the moderate, hu

In a contest for humanity we ought to know no good understanding with her, rendered it ne- | national distinctions.

mane, and intelligent of both nations, a full

We should censure, cessary to rouse the people by provoking where censure is dae, and applaud where we

share of censure, if not execration. Great Britain to acts of severe retaliation. The can justly approve. same policy which drove us into a war on the Bonaparte was the first monarch in modern

Every American, who regards either jusside of France, who had injured and insulted ages, who ever retained the subjects of his en

| tice, or the honour of his country, will mainus beyond what any independent nation ever emy, found in his territory at the breaking out

tain this fact, with unyielding firmness, that before submitted to, led our rulers to meas- of war.

ibe PEOPLE of the United States are not at ures o an unexampled character.

It was to be boped the precedent would not

war with Great Britain. That it is a mere It is well known that individuals in this have found imitators. But the example of

I party affair, effected by the President and a town, in the interest of government, repeatedly | France seems to be too fascinating to our ru

few ambitious men around him. Who does declared, that they should be willing to lose lers to be resisted.

not well remember, that the Declaration of their own houses, if Great Britain would only The British subjects, many of whom came here

war, by Congress, was generally unexpected souse the nation to hostility by burning the under our own doctrine of the right of expa

by the people, until the clay it arrived ? town. triation, and all of them under the safeguard of

Should we be so unfortunate, as that these Great Britain adopted a contrary policy, and the laws of nations and hospitality, were arrest

alor'uve, disgraceful campaigns, against a fegthe hopes of the advocates of war were disap-ed, sent into the interior, and refused passports

ble British colony, defended by a few regi. pointed. to quit the country.

ments of soldiers, coming and supported from But a system of measures, has been steadily Britain has permitted ours to this day to

| across the Atlantick, could be considered a pursued, calculated, if not designed, to give traverse her country freely; to reside where

display of the nation's strength and character, the war a character of unusual asperity, and bou il leur semble," and to quit it as they

then indeed, we must make a deplorable figto provoke Great Britain to proceedings of a please. Some little check was given to the

| ure, and the eyes of Europe would turn upon severe and irritating nature. | last power, when she was first shocked with

us with scorn. We have noticed some instances of this file the almost perfidious treatment of her own

Does not patriotism then requirc, that we ture already, and we now proceed to call to the subjects here.

should join all at once, and show what Ameri. recollection of our readers some further exam. It would require more time than we can

ca can do ? ples. now afford to discuss the cruel and novel sys

What ! engage in a tremendous, sanguinary All modern nations forbid the unnecessary tem of retaliation which threatens to sacrifice

wal', on such grounds ? If we bring forth tbe destruction of private property ; the conflagra- the lives of many brave and innocent men on

united energy of the nation, to help a. cause, tion of private houses ; the capture and deten- both sides, and the devasition of our cities.

which has been weak, only because the virtue pion of private citizens as prisoners of war. Mr. Madison commenced it. Britain at least

ana good sense of the country were against it, | we must then. resolve to fight, until Great

Britain is destroyed. In such a struggle, it Prankfort and the Rhine ; his course was about ment of the United States, for the conquest of must evidently be her duty and interest to de two points south of west (we state this to aid | Canada, have been frustrated by the valour of fend herself with a vigour, rising in proportion readers who have not maps.) He could not his Majesty's troops, and by the zeal and loy. to her danger :-Day, if possible, to give a reach Erfurth, the passage being occupied by alty of his American subjects. deadly blow to a nation, which assaults her, his enemies. Failing in this, he took a north-! Whilst Great Britain, in conjunction with for the sake of proving that they have the wardly direction towards Brunswick : and the her allies, is exerting her utmost strength, power to injure. Every man can see, that if last accounts, dated on the 19th of October, against the common enemy of independent na. we are mad enough to make this a national from Leipsic, state that he was closely pursu- tions, it must be matter of deep regret to find war, because Mr. Madison and his party can ed, by the allies, and the total dispersion of an additional enemy in the government of a do nothing but disgrace themselves, there his remaining forces anticipated.

country, whose real interest in the issue of this could be no peace, until Great Britain could! In these three battles, the loss of the French great contest must be the same as our own. no longer meet us.

amounted to 82,000 men : besides which, on It is known to the world, that this country No-fellow citizens-You who disapprove of the 18th, 17 battalions of German infantry was not the aggressor in this war. this unjust and dishonourable contes-All the abandoned the tyrant, and joined their friends. I have not hitherto seen any disposition on world now know, this is but the war of the Thus discomfited, broken up and disgraced, the part of the government of the United democratick party. Keep up the important where will the invader find refuge ? His States to close it, of which I could avail mydistinction, which, happily, truth has made for course was not yet foreclosed, through Bruns | self, consistently with a due attention to the us. If we have no means to prevent the ad. | wick, Hanover, and Westphalia, to France. / interests of his Majesty's subjects. ministration from ruining our occupations, But a general insurrection against him is high. I am at all times ready to enter into discusand squeezing our property from us, to sur-| ly probable. The inhabitants, through the sions with that government, for a conciliatory port their servants, and corrupt the corrupti. | whole of this circuitous route, must participate adjustment of the differences between the two ble, let us preserve, what they cannot take, by in the regenerating spirit which has roused so countries upon principles of PERFECT RECIPforce-our integrity and our character. If we | large a portion of Germany to assert their ROCITY, not inconsistent with the established wish to see peace return, this is the only freedom. His enemies are continually multi- maxims of publick law, and the maritime rights means of hastening it. If we would save the plying, as his downfall advances. Bavaria, a of the British Empire." dear honour of the democratick party, it is a large circle, between Bohemia and the Tyrol, In reference to their domestick concerns the question, whether, to join them would accom- | has formally declared war against France, and Prince observes I congratulate you on the plish it. If we would preserve the honour of takes the field, with an addition of 20,000 to IMPROVED and FLOURISHING state of OUR the nation, let the woild see that with a large, the allied forces.

COMMERCE and I trust that the abundant a respectable, and we trust a growing portion The situation of the Viceroy's army, on the barvest which we have received from the of the community, THE WAR IS UNPOPU: | northern frontier of Italy is not known. But bountiful hand of Providence, during the pres. LAR.

as a report has been received, and not contra- ent year, will afford material relief to his Maj

dicted, that the Austrians have reached and' esty's people, and produce a considerable augThe compact between our government and possessed themselves of Venice, It is to

mentation to many branches of the revenue." France, with respect to John Bull, seems to cluded their passage could only have been efhave been ihis. “ You hold his head, and we fected, but by victory over Beauharnois. This, RUMOUR OF A NEGOCIATION FOR will bite his legs.” So we attacked Canada. if true, is not the only disaster, which has be

PEACE. But Bonaparte has been gored to the heart, fallen the imperial family. Independent of the Since the Declaration of war, this town has and we have been sadly kicked.

grand battles, mentioned above, about the close not been so much agitated, by reports, as withof September, the Russian GeneralChernicheff, in a few days past; growing out of the arri

commanding a distinct corps, penetrated to val of the despatch vessel, at Annapolis, from GENERAL REGISTER.

Cassel, the capital of Westphalia, about half | England, with communications to our governway between Leipsic and the Rhine, in a dia ment. Expresses have been forwarded from

rect westwardly line. When the city was at- merchants, south of us, ordering sales of im. BOSTON, SATURDAY,JANUARY 8, 1817. tacked, King Jerome, with his guards, and ported goods, with scarcely any restriction ;

1,000 cavalry, fled towards Frankfort. He and a surprising fall in the price of sugar, cof. THE WAR IN EUROPE.

was pursued and the rear of his escort taken. fee, &c. immediately succeeded.

Three hundred joined the Russians, and re- The remarks of the Government paper at Though it is both impossible and impious 1 turned to Cassel, which capitulated ; the Rus. | Washington, on the import of these despatchto speak with prospective confidence, as to the 1 sians entered on the 30th ; were received with es, are certainly not of a character to justify purposes of Providence, it may be permitted acclamations of joy ; and reinforced by the the sanguine hopes, which have been indulged, to hope, that Heaven has, at last, turned a pity. voluntary enlistment of above 1500 of the in- nor to produce that depression in the price of ing eye upon the suffering state of Europe. | habitants.

foreign goods, which has been experienced in The position of the powerful armies in the It is stated that Davoust was attacked on the our market. Coming from a source, where heart of Germany, we mentioned, as justifying 230 Oct, and lost 5,000 in prisoners. The sur-| the whole truth was known, we consider an the expectation of a sanguinary conflict. That I render of Bremen, on the Weser, to General | extract from the Intelligencer, of as much conconflict has taken place, the tyrant has fled, Tottenborn was announced at Leipsic, on the sequence, at least, as private letters, which are routed and beaten ; half of his main army be 19th of October. As this city is situated about very contradictory. « The following facts" ing slain, made prisoners, or united to the allies. 60 miles southwest of Hainburgh, the posses-says the Intelligencer, “ we believe may be Early in October, Bernadotte crossed the sion of it, by the allies, increases the peril of

sion of it, by the allies, increases the peril of relied on ; that a flag of truce has arrived Elbe to Dessau. General Blucher, who had Davoust's situation..

from England at Annapolis, with a despatch driven in Bonaparte's right wing upon Dres- | All the details, of which the above is the from the British Minister to the Secretary of den, and posted himself at Bautzen, moved in substance, were received at Annapolis (Md.) on State, bearing date early in November, which, front of Dresden, northwestward, overcoming the 30th ult. by a British Cartel, 40 days from although it contains no distinct proposition, all opposition, until he reached Wittenberg ; 1 England, bringing London dates to the 6th of may be considered as of a pacifick character. It thus forming a junction with the Crown Prince. November. A general illumination had taken is said that the British minister speaks in this

Bonaparte then withdrew his head quarters place in England, on account of these glorious despatch of a communication to the Russian to Leipsic ; on the 16th, General Ney was victories.

government, and through it, with our envoys at attacked by Blucher, and after a bloody battle,

St. Petersburgh, relating to a negotiation to was defeated, with the loss of 12,000 men. On The Prince Regent's speech, on the open.be entered into between the United States and the 18th, the combined forces under Berna ing of parliament, is received. It consists Great Britain for peace ; but that no document dotte, Blucher, and Prince Schwartzenburg at- l principally in allusions to the brilliant succes either from the Russian government or our tacked Bonaparte in all his positions. The | ses of the British arms, and of their allies, on Envoys, in reply thereto, has been forwarded. struggle was tremendous, but terminated de. the continent ; and of new and powerful con Uoder such circumstances it would seem to cidedly in favour of the allies, the French loss | nexions. The remarks of the acting Sovereign be impossible for our govem

| be impossible for our-government justly to apamounting to 40,000, and about 200 pieces of of that country, with respect to the Am

preciate the real object or intentions of the cannon. The Emperour still occupied Leip | war, will be deemed of consequence, and we British government. Their letter relating to sic ; but on the next day (the 19th) he was as insert them entire.

despatches from our Envoys might have been sailed by the conquerors and, after a furious 1 « The war,” says the Prince, “between this written on the presumption that those des. resistance, the city was stormed, and the Em-l country and the United States of America, still | patches had already reached our government. perour compelled to retreat, with a loss of continues : but I have the satisfaction to inform ] We must therefore await further arrivals be30,000. He attempted the direct route towards ! you, that the measures adopted by the govern. I fore we can form any correct idea of their me

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port. If, as we have reason to believe, the | vation to the throne of France, kept his sub- | be considered an imperfect being ; for he not Neptune, which took our Ministers to Peters- ljects engaged in foreign war, to secure his ! only feels that it would be absurd to claim a burgh, was to leave the Baltick in the latter endt own power, at home. Frenchmen fought- higher rank ; but in making this concession for of October with despatches for the U. States, fought bravely, for the “ liberty of the seas" | himself, he embraces all his fellow creatures. all doubt and uncertainty on this important too, and every day, became less free. Yet Touch his defects in detail, and he will either subject will soon be removed.”

thousands and thousands of times has it been think you unjust, or feel degraded. In either It is always necessary, in stating our infor- | inquired among us, “ What do you suppose is case, his sensibility is wounded. mation from this paper, to advert to what may | Mr. Madison's policy ?”

Pointed censure, therefore, promises no be the views of administration. We are of

good. In treating moral disease, we must not opinion that the accounts from Germany have,


only gild the pill, but conceal the hand which in a great measure, blasted their calculations on

administers it. This may be accomplished by Bonaparte. The basis, on which all their pol. 1

The capture of fort Niagara, by the British, transferring the defect or crror we would re. icy has rested, is shaken-it is fast giving is confirmed. They have destroyed the villag.

form, to an ideal character. We thus save the way; it may probably soon be demolished. es of Buffalo and Black Rock ; and taken four

pride of the original, and trust to his conThen a peace must, ere long, be made, not of | gun boat schooners at Buffalo Creek.

sciousness to make the application. choice, but of dire necessity.

It is stated, also, that they have landed a

In hopes to render a service to the commuThis being the case we presume, it has considerable force at Pensacola in W. Florida,

nity, as well as to excite a pleasing interest in been thought not inexpedient, that the ardour of which they have taken possession, and fears

favour of this publication, I shall therefore de. for war should have a checkthat some pros. | are entertained of an attack upon New Orleans.

vote a part of the Spectator to communications pect of peace should be excited ; and that the

written on this plan. The “ CONFIDANT" will measures already taken, through the Russian

Congress are taking no further publick

lend an ear to every grievance-every tale of embassy, should be considered as having led measurés. The news from Europe, and the

wo-every detection of foible, or denunciation to such a result. | recent disasters on our northern frontier, have

of vice. He will bear the message of friendly After attentively examining every fact, that i given a shock to the friends of the administra

stricture or council ; but only in the guise of has transpired, we are therefore disposed to

tion, who now give currency to the premature GENERAL INSTRUCTION. Like most conclude, that something like this has taken | expectations of peace.

other confidants, he may tell all he knows ; but place, and little or nothing more.

this promise he will sacredly observe-never The British government having declined to

The favour, with which the return of the

to utter a sentence, which shall direct the pubtreat with the United States, through the meEditor to publick duty has been honoured,

lick eye to an individual ; on the contrary, he diation of Russia, have thought proper to signi| gives him a satisfaction, second to no other

will scrupulously suppress every communica. fy to that court, and through that channel to but the consciousness of upright intentions. It

tion which can be suspected of such a mischievo our ministers, that they are still ready to enter awakens his gratitude ;-it will stimulate him

ous tendency. upon a direct pacifick negociation. It is probto assiduity in an enterprise, from which he

This department will give scope to writers able some new proposition of this kind may already de ives increasing pleasure.

of observing mind's, who study human nature. have been advanced by them, at this particular

He feels it proper, however, and necessary,

| Ingenuity will readily suggest many illustraseason of the year. The face of things on the to remind the candid, that to render such a

tions, founded on circumstances known to be European continent, has for some time given publication generally acceptable, is no very ea

common in society. Such illustrations will England just grounds to expect, that in the sy task. One friend urges, that Politicks are

benefit publick morals, afford innocent amusecourse of the next summer, it might not be the only interesting subject ; another that a

ment, and encourage literary taste. inconvenient to her to take more serious and l paper, wholly Literary, is much wanted. One effectual measures for prosecuting the war wishes the Spectator to be filled with good,

The intercourse of the Gods, among heathen with this country. She might well suppose | solid reading-another that it may abound in

mythologists, is ingeniously constructed, on the that our government could not but see, and be 1. fun, to relax the mind, exhausted by business.

relation between those various dispositions or affected, by the revolution of affairs in Europe. The good Parson desired his parishioners, in

states of the human mind, which those Gods, If we are mad enough to persist in war-they dividually, to cut his wig to their taste, and

figuratively, represented. From observation • will wish to make seasonable and extensive

they left him as bare as Crispin's lapstone.

on human life, Mars was often placed in the preparation. If under the apprehension of | There must be a degree of mutual conde

society of Venus-but I do not remember having eventually to resist Great Britain alone, scension in readers to their respective tastes,

when he was ever found in the circle of the our government should be struck with new Vent should be struck with new or a Dutch folio, instead of a sheet, would be

Muses. The moral of this is, that war has alviews of their claims, and become pacifick, the necessary, every Saturday, to furnish the re

ways been found unfavourable to the pursuits great expense which would be necessary to quisite bill of fare. The patronage of him,

I of literature, while it favours the licentiousness provide for an efficient warfare, might be spar- whom no portion of this paper shall gratily, is

of passion. ed, by now opening a door to negotiation. | not expected. Even if an armistice has been proposed, of Communications are received by the Publish

Of all literary slaves, French dramatists are which however, we see no satisfactory eviers, in the box, within the door of their Book

the most completely shackled by established dence, it will accord with such intentions. store, or addressed to the Editor through the

regulations. Some of their restrictions are Post Office.

conformable to nature, and may therefore be WHILE the extravagant rumours respecting

said to have originated in their taste ; but othsteps actually taken towards peace, which have MISCELLANEOUS AND LITERARY.

ers seem to have no other origin, than a desire been widely circulated, are worm wood to


to render the task of the writers difficult, and many of our most active democrats, we observe that several papers of that faction, affect to


to create a factitious merit, by obliging their

geniuses to perform, in the stocks, what others hail it as good news. As partizans, how can ALL the world profess to be desirous of do, at liberty. they rejoice ? My life on it, whenever, or if knowing their own faults-all lament the want The author of a legitimate French tragedy, ever, peace takes place, it will be found that of frankness in their associates, to aid in de- l in the first place, must adhere strictly to the our government, after subjecting us to years tecting and correcting them. Yet there is not three unities of time, place and action, as obof the most cruel self denial, after impoverish- one instance in a thousand, among either sex, served by the ancients. That is-every inciing us, and loadirg us with enormous taxes where friends who submit to the ungracious dent, constituting the plot of the piece, must for years to come, will not have gained a single task, do not destroy the attachment of the one, have happened in the actual space of time, in point, with Great Britain. I wish this predic. to whose importunity they have yielded. Pride which it can be represented on the stage ; or tion to be noted. If that prove true, in what takes the alarm the moment the office is exe- / at most, within twenty four hours. The estination can the enlightened or even the cuted. We may boast of our firmness-pride scene, all in one room-one building, or within most ignorant of the community, hold such an too stimulates us to affect a magnanimity, and in front of the same. Every character administration. They will have purchased to which is not in human nature ; but we turn must be subservient to the principal object, so themselves deep disgrace, and at a monstrous from our monitor, if not an acknowledged supe. that distinct interests shall not be excited, in price to the country to millions, whose hands rior, with an unpleasant impression. I know the breasts of the audience. The dignity of have been clcar of this wickedness and folly. I many will, deny this ;-I know as well that if style must, in no instance, be violated-of

they will appeal to their own experience, they course, the whole plot must be executed by It is singular how clearly we understand will find the remark is just.

I personages of high rank. This totally excludes the affairs of other nations, and how slow we This principle of self love is undoubledly those subalterns, who give relief to rank, on are to comprehend our own. Every American implanted in our nature for wise purposes ; the English stage ; and embarrasses the aureadily understands that Bonaparte, on his ele- I and it cannot be subdued. Man is willing to thor, by compelling him to effect all his pur

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