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war is carried on without just cause, and ex- | federalists. The treaty is a sacrifice of our

plicitly predicts failure and disgrace from the rights—but no better could be obtained, while FOR THE BOSTON SPECTATOR.

grand plan of our government, that plan on Great-Britain knew she had so strong a party

which the pecuniary resources of the country THE PRESENT POLITICAL STATE OF MASSA.

in the United States, as the federalists. Then have been squandered, and millions in debt curse the treaty, the federalists, and the EngCHUSETTS.

accumulated, to blast our future prosperity. It lish,—and begin to talk again of war, which, It would give us little satisfaction to assert was to a gentleman openly professing these sen. | in ten or fifteen years, may rise to actual a claim to superiority, in favour of the com- timents, that the party, which lately made Mr. hostilities. monwealth in which it is our happiness to re- Gerry our governour, gave their support ; i For ourselves, though we hope to be proved side, if that superiority depended merely on and the only opposition papers we have in this in an errour, we cannot imagine that evils, the degeneracy of other states; but it is our state, warmly recommended such a man, as which have grown from popular vices, will glory to find Massachusetts distinguished truly deserving the confidence of every citizen. / cease, until our popular vices are cured ; and among those states, which have good reason Let this, then, be recorded and published, to it seems that even bitter experience is but a to rejoice in their political regeneration. Wel the honour of Massachusetts. Her democra- slow physician. exhibit a character, without its parallel in the cy is prostrated-it dares not show its colours Union-a commonwealth in which democracy it moves, but to kiss the rod. When was it It is not in human foresight to anticipate, has fairly struck its flag. | ever so low, in this Commonwealth, since

precisely, the result of the sanguinary strugBut a short time since, Mr. Gerry, one of party-spirit has been known? Where can Igle of which France is now the scene. The the most violent anti-federalists in the United

in the United such an instance be produced in any part of point of honour may be decided against, or

such an instance be produced ?n any part of States ; a terrorist ; an idolater of France the Union ? We know of none.

in favour of Bonaparte ; but we have the saia and her sanguinary despot; a very jacobin in

isfaction to believe, and confidently, that the heart, was our Governour, and, in concert


great event, in which the civilized world was inwith his coadjutors, took every practicable

terested, is accomplished. EUROPE IS FREE ! measure, per fas et nefas, to perpetuate his We have recently heard men who wished | The Gallick yoke is shivered to pieces. France and his party's ascendancy. Their career was well to this country, frequently express great may, perhaps, retain a domestick tyrant-but active and daring ; but it was shori. A large satisfaction, at the failure of the federalists in

he will no longer trample upon the liberties of majority of the people withdrew their cung- attempting to get a majority in Congress, at

other nations. dence from Mr. Gerry and his friends; and on the last election of members. A peace, say The entry of the allies into France was not the next year, it was deemed expedient, by they, must be made ; and it must be made by merely a bold enterprise--it was one which the leaders of the faction in opposition to democratick rulers. If they make a peace, will do more towards establishing the securityGovernour Strong, to propose a man whom all democrats must believe it honourable—the of Europe, than any conditions which could they represented as more moderate, and who, I spirit of invective against Great Britain then

have been accepted from Buonaparte, north of in truth, was so. But he was an avowed de- must die ; and democracy must then die the Rhine. Frárice, already debilitated by her mocrat. The people would not have General also. Varnum for their Governour.

long exertions for universal domination, has, The popularity | It is true that, if our present rulers make a at last, immense armies, friends and foes, in of the cause to which he was devoted was peace with Great-Britain, it would seem that

her own bosom, spreading devastation, and

rapidly consuming her remaining resources. was worse supported, than Mr. Gerry.

ed, and that therefore the terms · British par- | She may, perhaps, destroy as many of the enThe prospects of the party now became de- ! tizan,' apologist for British wrongs,' &c.

emy, as she loses of her own subjects ; but plorable. A democratick governour was to- i would lose all their virtue. For fifteen years, the difference of circumstances is now incaltally out of the question. There was everythe democratick party have come to the polls

culably against her. Instead of ravaging othprobability, and their leaders seem to have with no other charge against federalists, than

er countries, and extorting contributions abroad been well aware of it, that, if another attempt that they were not willing and desirous to fight for the maintenance of her armies, as hereto. were made to carry a candidate of their own the English. Can they want us to fight, when

fore, she must now, in a great measure, fur. politicks, it would be found that the cause was they will not? They must then give up the pish means both for herself and her asstill sinking. At the late election, therefore, ground of their exclusive claims to the confi

| sailants. the struggle was abandoned ; the party had a dence of their fellow-citizens.

We repeat it--the downfal of Buonaparte is candidate, to be sure ; but were obliged to O no such tranquil days are not approach- 1

are not approach, rather a matter of feeling, than interest. In submit to the humiliation of supporting a man, ing. It is not from this or that idle imposture

her very centre, five hundred thousand men who publickly disavowed any political connex. l that democracy draws its aliment. It is inter

are carrying on the work of destruction. Re. ion with them, and threw in their teeth, for woven in the very moral constitution of cer

tributive justice is complete ; and were it postheir civility, the most pointed censures on the tain descriptions of society. The multitude

sible that not a regiment of the allied force very measures of which they had been the | run after demagogues, not because dema- should survive the conflict, the career of zealous advocates ! gogues blind their reason by false argument or

French sway is closed.
Such then is at present the democracy of unfounded pretexts ; but because they have
Massachusetts. The democracy of Massachu- diabolical prejudices and propensities, which

GENERAL HULL. setts! Where is it? What is it? Gover- they must and will indulge-a pretext is necesnour Strong has a majority of eleven thousand ; | sary, but no matter what. Abuse of the En- Ir seems, this officer was found guilty of Jess it is true than on the preceding year ; | glish has answered very well ; and, strange as cowardice by a late court-martial, and was. but the quality of opposition is of at least as it may seem, it may answer just as well after | sentenced to be shot. The General, however, much consequence to the political character a peace by Mr. Madison, as before. Nay, the was left at liberty to go where he pleased of the state, as the quantity. Governour very treaty he will make will be violently cen- |

until both his sentence and pardon were simul. Strong has sixty-two thousand votes, and who sured by the democrats ; odium will be exci taneously communicated to him. Is there not has the remainder ? A gentleman who was ted against it, and that odium will attach to something very extraordinary and novel in. one of the federal cabinet, at the time that it the federalists ! It will but be necessary to this proceeding? I have known an English was most obnoxious to the Jeffersonian par. say, the government was impeded by the officer, under sentence of dealh, allowed to ty-a gentleman, who, before thousands of his federalists they protested against the war occupy his room, under guard. His pistols fellow-townsmen, recently denounced the poli- ! they withheld their money they. so assailed / were intentionally left in his room, and even cy of our rulers, as a pernicious deviation from 1 the publick credit, that even friends were in- / this was considered an indulgence not strictly the principles of Washington-a gentleman timidated. Thus government was deprived of warrantable, and overlooked, on account of his who seems, so far as he has chosen to express the sinews of war, and by the federalists they very respectable connexions, that, if he chosen himself, to unite with us in opinion, that this were compelled to make peace, and by the be migbt avoid the ignommy Ol a pubuck em

ecution. Possibly it may be customary in our son to know or believe the same was insuffi-LITERARY AND MISCELLANEOUS. country to let a man, under sentence of death, cient; and the court acquit him of the residue

FOR THE BOSTON SPECTATOR. go at large--but this is the first and only in- of that specification). stance I can recollect. 6. The court find the said brigadier general | ON THE PRONUNCIATION OF THE LATIN LAN

GUAGE. Since writing the above, we have received William Hull guilty of the sixth and seventh

It is true that the most important object to Extracts from the proceedings of the Court specifications of that charge.

be attained in the study of the latin language, Martial, on Gen. Hull, pubiashed at Washing. " The court find the said brigadier general

is to possess ourselves of those literary stores, ton in a pamphlet, by goveroment. We have William Hull guilty of the third charge.

which have been handed down to us, from only room to insert the following particu “ March 26. The court in sonsequence of

those times when Rome was great, powerful, lars. their determination respecting the second and

and distinguished, no less by her learning, than The first charge was for Treason against third charges, and the specifications under

her arms. It is generally considered impossithe United States.” The second for 6 Cow- these charges, exhibited against the said brig

ble to ascertain now, what was the true proardice"--The third for “ Neglect of duty and adier general William Hull, and after due con

nunciation of the ancient Romans--and though unofficer-like conduct." sideration, do sentence him to be shot to death,

perhaps such a knowledge might lead to the The following opinion of the court was ex two-thirds of the court concurring in the sen

discovery of new beauties in both their prose pressed, on the 25th of March, after hearing | tence. The court, in consideration of briga

and poetry, it could not make us better acall the evidence. dier-general Hull's revolutionary services, and

quainted with the sentiments transmitted in 6 The accused having, in his final defence, his advanced age, earnestly, recommend him to

their writings. protested against the jurisdiction of ilie court the mercy of the President of the U. States.

But' independent of this consideration, a to try the charge of treason, and the opinion 1 « April 25. The sentence of the court is I kno

| knowledge of the latin, affords a great advanof the court being, that the objection, which approved, and the execution of it remitted.

tage, as a medium of communication between would have been tenable, if the same had been


literary men of different nations, respectively pleaded by the accused on his arraignment.; Aayurant and Inspecter General's Office, unacquainted with one another's proper lanand believing also, that the court cannot ac

Washington, 25th April, 1814. guage. On this account, a common mode of quire jurisdiction of the offence by the waiver


pronunciation were very desirable. or consent of the accused, they decline making & The roll of the army is not to be longer . It is a fact that the difference in the pronun. any formal decision on that charge. The evi- I dishonourbd by having upon it the name of ciation of this language, among modern nadence on the subject having, however, been brigadier general William Hull.

tions, depends principally on the power of publickly given, the court deem it proper, in « The general court martial, of which major. the vowels, a, e, and i. It is likewise to be justice to the accused, to say, that they do not general Dearborn is president, is hereby dis- remarked, that all continental Europe, the believe, from any thing that has appeared be solved. By order,

Scotch, the Irish, and some Americans, adopt, fore them, that brigadier general William

J. B. WALBACH, Adj. Gen.

very nearly, the Italian sound of these letters Hull has committed treason against the United

The English keep their own, and are followed States.

generally by the Americans. The consequence “On the second charge, and the specifications GENERAL REGISTER.

is, that as a medium of common verbal com. attached to that charge (after hearing all the

| munication, the latin language is of little use evidence and defence, and after due delibera- | BOSTON, SATURDAY, MAY 17, 1814. between Englishmen and Americans, and the tion thereon), the court find brigadier general

learned of other nations. William Hull guilty of the first, second, and EUROPEAN. We are informed, a Hali This is an evil, which might easily be obvi. fourth specifications under that charge ; and

fax paper was yesterday brought as far as ated ; and as I believe the government of our also guilty of the third specification under that

pecification under that | Newburyport, containing London dates to the University liberally permit the students, fin charge, except that part which charges the 20th of March, giyine official accou

20th of March, giying official accounts, on this respect, to follow their own taste, I would said brigadier general William Hull with both sides, of the battles, between the French I submit to the young gentlemen some remarks, “ forbidding the American artillery to fire on

and the Allies. The latter acknowledge a from different respectable writers, who are the enemy on their march towards the said loss in the whole, since their entering France, décidedly of opinion that the Italian pronunciafort Detroit."

of 40,000 in killed, wounded and prisoners. tion ought to be adopted by all who study the “The court find the said brigadier general

Another report from Halifax states that an latin language. William Hull guilty of the second charge. ARMISTICE between the French and allies SCALIGER, in his three hundred and fifty« On the third charge, the court, after having had actually taken place.

second Epistle, says, “ Even the best scholars heard the evidence, (as well as the defence),

DOMESTICK. The most important news | among the English speak Latin with so wretchand after due deliberation, find the said briga

| is the confirmation of an intention on the part | ed a pronunciation, that I remember being in dier general William Hull guilty of neglect of

of the British to enforce a rigorous blockade company with an Englishman of that description, duty, and unofficerlike conduct, as charged in

of the whole coast of the United States. Ad. į who talked Latin to me for a complete quarter the first specification under this charge, in

miral Cochran received, at Bermuda, on the of an hour, and whom I understood no more omitting, with sufficient care and frequency,

23d ult. the act repealing the Embargo laws, than if he had talked Arabick. I made ny to inspect, train, exercise, and order, and to

&c. On the 25th he proclaimed a general excuses for not answering him, as I did not cause to be trained, inspected, exercised, and

blockade of our coast, avowing it his object, by | very well understand English. On this my ordered the troops under his command, from

this measure, to prevent the government of friend, who introduced him to me, burst out the sixth day of July, until the seventeenth day

May the United States from deriving revenue from into a loud fit of laughter; so that I could of August, 1812, and acquit him of the residue

sique duties on importations, which was the cause of never afterwards see him without confusion." of the charge contained in that specification.

repealing the Embargo, and non-importation An English writer, after quoting the above « The court acquit the said brigadier general William Hull of the second and third specifi.

acts. Some additional force has already arriv. remarks of Scaliger, gives the following, as

ed on our coast from Bermuda, for the purpose his own opinion. cations of the same charge.

of publishing this proclamation, and carrying | The pronunciation of Latin by Englishmen, 6 The court find the said brigadier general it into effect.

setting aside all reasons deduced from the make William Hull guilty of the whole of the fourth

The President of the United States has of the letters, the sounds of the vowels, and the specification of that charge, except that part

gone to his seat at Montpelier, in Virginia. ! rules for the pronunciation of them that have which charges him with not seasonably repair

The British blockading squadron in the been laid down by Quintilian and by others, is ing, fitting, and transporting, or causing to be

Chesapeake frequently send parties on shore to surely defective, as it differs from the pronunfitted, repaired, and transported, the guns and

obtain supplies, but are strictly ordered not to ciation of all other nations, and renders an gun-carriages which were necessary to the op.

molest the inhabitants, nor to take any thing Englishman out of his own country, and even erations of the war in the said British province

from individuals, without payment, at the full in Scotland, when he speaks Latin, as unintelliof Upper Canada. value.

gible as if he were speaking the Hottentot lan. « The court find the said brigadier general

COMMODORE PERRY arrived in town lastsuage. It would be surely worth while in our William Hull guilty of so much of the fifth

Sunday--has accepted an invitation to a pub- schools to teach the Italian pronunciation ! specification to that charge as relates to neg.

© lick dinner, to be given as a testimony of re Latin, which we may necessarily suppose to be lect of duty and unofficerlike conduct, in sufspect, on Tuesday next.

the most perfect, and which was adopted by fering his communication with the river Raisin

Milton himself, when he taught school in and the state of Ohio, to be cut off, and send.

ERRATUM. In the 9th fine of the article, on “ The London. ing major Van Horne to attempt to open the Wores F M T . CICERO," in our last paper, pare 70, 1 I might multiply quotations, of the same same with an inadequate force ; he, the said read not unainbitious of sharing, for not unambitious of purport ; but I shall only add an extract from brigadier general William Hull having rea- 1 shewing.


tome speculations on this subject, introduced, books ei is used where later ones have i. But, tion, by the contemplation of the beauties of in the Edinburgh Review, No. XLII.

the examples which he gives, and especially nature, without effect ; I determined to com« But we will say a word or two upon the the first from Cicero, are equally applicable mit my feelings to a letter, and ascertain the mode of pronunciation ; and without meaning | to the two modes of pronouncing both the let-coreetness or impropriety of them. I did so, at all too infer from thence that any change ters. We must, however, repeat, that we informing a cousin of my conviction that my would now be advisable, we cannot help think- / draw no inference, practically, against the wife's father was Bead. This letter I put into ing it quite clear, that the foreign, and to a | English method, nor in favour of a narrow- | the post office before ten o'clock. · About four certain degree the Scottish-perhaps most of | minded adherence in this country to the old in the afternoon Teceived a letter informing all the modern Italian manner of pronouncing Scottish one; on the contrary, the assimilation me that Dr. Portet bad died suddenly the night -approaches much nearer the Roman, than of our mode of pronouncing is highly expedi. before : he had met in the street a friend, who that which is peculiar to England.

ent, indeed necessary, as a matter of conven- | informed him that he bad seen in one of the


may be given. The very circumstance of the of the present day so bigotted in their admira- | nell had engaged with Mr. Wignell to embark English mode being peculiar, is a strong one. tion of antiquity, as to feel with Milton, that for America. Dr. Porter procured the paper, It is improbable that all other traditions should to read Latin with an English mouth, is as and proceeded immediately to my wife's sister, be wrong, and this right. The place, moreo- 1 ill a hearing as law French."

to inquire respecting the truth of the report : ver, where we might most reasonably expect a

she was from home, and he, on being so informcorrect tradition, is Italy. Again, in the chief ORIGIN OF THE NINE MUSES. : | ed, with the show of considerable impatience, peculiarity of the English method, the sound The Muses consisted originally of only three

| left the house. He went home ; the next of the letter 1, a third reason occurs : the

| morning sent for a notary ; altered his will, in number.;e Mnemosyne, Memory-Melete, English make it a diphthong. Now, that any

left my wife one shilling, and died in the evenMeditation and Aede, Song. They were augone vowel should be either long or short, is mented to the number of nine, bécause the in

| ing suddenly, in a chair, while on a visit at a intelligible ; but that a diphthong should be habitants of their ancient town destibus of

neighbour's house, and at the moment when I sometimes short, appears quite anomalous.

I thought I saw him, being seventy-six miles placing in the temple of Apollo statues of the But there seems to be more precise and con

from London.” Muses, and possessing three of extraordinary' clusive proof still, in the writings of the an

beauty, they ordered three of the most skildi cient criticks.

CONDORCET. sculptors to execute, each, the statues of the If we examine the reasons. given by Quintilthree Muses. They completed the nine, from

Among the Girondists, prosecuted by Robe's, lian respecting the hiatus, and the remarks

pierre, on the 31st of May, 1793, Condorcet which it was proposed to select three, the most on the force of the vowels, on which his rules

was the very first on the list, and was obliged ! perfect ; but the nine were so exquisitely

to skulk in the most obscure corners, to elude beautiful, it was agreed to take them all and more nearly with the Italian than any other

the persecutions of the furious jacobins. A than any other place them in the temple, and call them the mode of pronouncing them, and are most of Kine M.

lady, to whom he was known only by name, beNine Muses. From this accident, they deri. all inconsistent with the English. Thus, · E ved their origin, and the six other attributes of

came, at the instance of a common friend, his plenior litera est I angustior ;' but he adds

generous protectress, concealing him in her poetry were given to the additional sisters. what is decisive, that those two vowels coming

house at Paris, at the most imminent hazard, together at the end and beginning of two con

till the latter end of April, 1794 : when the

FENNEL VISION. secutive words, make no great hiatus from the

apprehension of general domiciliary visils so nature of their sounds ; that they easily run

We insert the following extract from Mr. much increased, and the risk of exposing both into each other-a remark wholly inapplicable

Fennel's Anology for his life, not with an in- himself and his patroness, became so pressing to the sound of E, I, in English, when they

tention to make this paper a repository of hob- on the mind of Condorcet, that he sesolved to thus follow, as omne idem. Thus, too, the use

goblin stories. But as this book is in circula- quit Paris. of the ecthlinsis by Cato, who used « to softention. we take this occasion to remark, that, if Without either passport m into e in diem hanc :'-If the e were sound

Mr. Fennel's character is such, that his solemn contrived, under the disguise of a Provençal ed as in Engliah, there would be the most

asseveration entitles his statement to credibile country woman, with a white cap on his head, complete hiatus here ; it would scarcely be ity, it can even then be considered no more to steal through the barriers of Paris, and possible to sound the two words without the

than a singular circumstance as to the coinci- reached the plains of Mont Rouge, in the dism; and still more, if both the i and e were so dence of time, that when, in an agitated state trict of Bourg-la-Reine, where he hoped to pronounced : but pronounce the i and e as in

of mind, and perhaps an agitated state of have found an asylum in the country-house of Italian, or the former as the English do e in

animal spirits from the juice of the grape, a gentleman with whom he had once been inego, and the latter as they do a in amo, and the

| he saw his sprite, at that very time his uncle timate. This friend having, unfortunately, at ecthlipsis melts the vowels into each other died.'

that very time, gone to Paris, Condorcet was completely. So Quintilian tells us, that the

« But, before my embarkation, I went on under the necessity of wandering about in the fipalm is scarcely 'sounded in o multum ille' ! my usual rambles to take leave of my father | fields and woods for three successive days and and • quantum erat ;' being used only as the

and mother, and the rest of the family, with all nights, not venturing to enter into any inn unmark of a pause belween the two vowels ne

the relations hom I could visit in the neigh- provided with a civick card. coeant.' Were those vowels, or were the u

bourhood. I had appointed the watering place Exhausted by hunger, fatigue, and anguish, only, sounded as in England, there would be

before mentioned, seventy-six miles from Lon- | with a wound in his foot, he was scarcely able no fear of their running into each other, nor

don, as my head quarters, whither I had re. to drag himself into a deserted quarry, where would there be a possibility of pronouncing

quested all communications to be sent to me, he purposed to a wait the return of his friend. the u, and dwelling upon it, without the m

-I had returned one evening much fatigued. At length, having advanced towards the road so where them is cut out after u, and before and retired to bed early : I had scarcely | side, Condorcet saw him approach, was recog. a consonant, as serenum fuit. The soft sound

dozed, when I was alarined with what appear-nized, and received with open arms : but, as of sin ars, and its differing from the sound of

ed to be like the drawing of my curtains, at they both feared lest Condorcet's frequent inthe same letter at the beginning of a word, is the foot of my bed. I raised myself and saw, 1 quiries at his friend's house should have raised equally inconsistent with what Quintilian savs | or thought I saw (no matter which) the figure | suspicions ; and as, at any rate, it was not adof the riaxtio of similar consonants. & follow

of my wife's father, who immediately bade me visable for them to make their entrance togething & he says is bad_but o tristior etiam (ri. | adieu, and vanished. There was no lighted | er in the day-time, they agreed that Condorcet axtio) si binæ collidantur stridor est, ut ars

candle or lamp in the room ; yet, in spite of should stay in the fields till dusk. It was then studiorum.' Similar inferencees may be drawn | every thing that can be said to the contrary, I however, that imprudence threw him off his from other sources, particularly several parts

declare soleinnly, appealing to my God for the guard. of the Orator, as c. 48, with respect to the gut.

truth, that a something, bearing exactly the ap- The forlorn exile, after having patiently tural in ch. See, too, A. Gellius, VII. c. 20. ;

pearance of the Rev. Dr. Porter, in his usual borde hunger and thirst for three days together XIX. C. 14.

dress, appeared, or seemed to appear, at the without so much as approaching an inn,now finds With respect to the letter I, we ought to

foot of my bed,as plainly as I ever witnessed man. himself incapable of waiting a few hours longer, mention that some authors have held that it }

" After a restless and distracted, sleepless at the end of which all his sufferings were to had one sound among the ancients similar to

night, I arose at daybreak, and tried, by every subside in the bosom of friendship. Transits English pronunciation ; and J. Lipsius says

mental and physical exertion, to remove the ported with this happy prospect, and foregoing that he understands this sound only to be pre

impression made-in vain. Having walked all caution, which seemed to have becoinc ha

about for an hour or two, endeavouring to in- bitual to him, he entered an ion at Clamars, is, that a loug I is sometimes found in ancient | vigorate my mind with the pure air, and cor- , and called for an omelet. His attire, his dirty monuments written for EI : and that in old rect what I then thought an erring imagina-cap, and long beard, his pale meagre counte


nance, and the ravenous appetite with which, Now flames Andromeda's effulgent sire,

CONSCIOUS GUILT. he devoured the victuals, could not fail to ex- Now rages Procyon's kindled ray,

“But tell me ; why must those be thought to 'scape cite the curiosity and suspicion of the com- Now madd’ning Leo darts his stellar fire,

Whom Guilt, array'd in every dreadful shape, pany.

Fierce suns revolve the parching day. A member of the revolutionary committee,

Still urges, and whom Conscience, ne'er asleep, who happened to be present, taking it for

The shepherd now moves faint with languid lock Wounds with incessant strokes, not loud but deep, granted that this woe-begone figure could be that this woe-begone figure could be To riv'let fresh and bow'ry grove,

While the vex'd mind, her own tormentor, plies no other than some run-awry from the Bicetre, To cool retirements of high-arching rock,

A scorpion scourge, unmark'd by human eyes ! addressed and questioned him whence he came, O'er the mute stream no zephyrs move.

Trust me, no punishment the poets feign, whether he could produce a passport, &c.

Can match the fierce, th' unalterable pain, which inquiries, Cordorcet, having lost all selfYet weighing Subsidies and England's Weal,

He feels, who, night and day, devoid of rest, command, answered so unsatisfactorily, that he ! You still in anxious thought call forth

Carries his own accuser in his breast." BOW LEŚ: was taken to the house of the committee as a | Dark ills, which Gaul and Prussia deep conceal, suspected person. Thence, having undergone Or fierce may burst from lowering North. a second interrogatory, during which he ac

THE HEART-SICK MINSTREL. quitted himself equally ill, he was conducted to

All-seeing Wisdom, kind to mortals, bides Bourg-la-Reine : and as he gave very inconsis Time's future births in gloomy night ;

FOR him romantick solitude tent answers to the questions put to him by the Too-busy care, with pity, Heaven derides,

Shall pile sublime her mountains rude ; municipality, it was inferred, that this unknown Man's fond, officious, feeble might.

For him, with shades more soft imprest person must have some very important reasons

The lucid lake's transparent breast for wishing to continue undiscovered. Use then aright the present. Things to be,

Shall show the banks, the woods, the hill, Being sent to a temporary confinement till the Uncertain flow, like Thames; now peaceful borne

More clear, more beautiful, more still ; matter should be cleared up, on the next morn- In even bed, soft gliding down to sea ;

For him, more musical shall wave ing he was found senseless on the ground, with-! Now mould'ring shores, and oaks uptorn,

The pines o'er Echo's moonlight cave, out any marks of violence on his body; whence

While sounds as of a fairy lyre it was conjectured that he must have poisoned | Herds, cottages, together swept away, himself. It was well known Condorcet had for Headlong he rolls; the pendent woods

Amid the shadowy cliffs expire. BOWLES some time before carried about him the most And bellowing cliffs proclaim the dire dismay, deadly poison : and, not long before his fatal When the fierce torrente

When the fierce torrents rouse the tranquil floods.

THE WIDOWED MOTHER'S SOLACE. exit, he owned to a friend, that he had more than twenty times been tempted to make use of They, masters of themselves, they happy live, it, but was checked by motives of affection for | Whose hearts at ease can say secure,

RESTOR'd to life, one pledge of former joy, his wife and daughter. - This day rose not in vain ; let Heav'n next give

One source of bliss to come, remain'd-her boy! It was during his concealment of ten months “Or clouded skies, or sunshine pure."

Sweet in her eye the cherish'd infant rose, at Paris, that he wrote his excellent History of

At once the seal and solace of her woes ; the Progress of Human Understanding. Yet never what swift Time behind has cast,

When the pale widow clasp'd him to her breast, Thus perished one of the most illustrious of Shall back return. No pow'r the thing

Warm gush'd the tears, and would not be represt; the French literati that the present age had That was bid not have been ; for ever past,

In lonely anguish, when the truant child produced.

It flies on unrelenting wing.

Leap'd o'er the threshold, all the mother smiled.

In him, while fond imagination view'd
Fortune, who joys perverse in mortal woe,

Hasband and pareuts, brethren and friends renewed,
Still frolicking with cruel play,

Each vanish'd lock, each well remember'd grace,
Now may on me her giddy smile bestow,

That pleas'd in them, she sought in Javan's face.
Now wanton, to another stray.


If constant, I caress her ; if she flies
His lordship had, in early life, a very ele. On fickle plumes, farewell her charms !

gant turn for poetry, which occupations of All dower I wave (save what good fame supplies),
greater moment prevented him from cultiva. And wrap my soul in Freedom's arms.

I LOVE thee, Twilight ! as thy shadows roll, ting. His friends have preserved a few speci.

The calm of evening steals upon my soul, mens--the following is from the manuscripts | 'Tis not for me to shrink with mean despair,

Sublimely tender, solemnly serene, of the Marquis of Buckingham.

| Favour's proud slip should whirlwinds toss ; Still as the hour, enchanting as the scene.
| Nor venal idols sooth with bart'ring prayer,

I love thee, Twilight! for thy gleams impart
To shield from wreck opprobrious dross.

Their dear, their dying influence on my heart,
Midst all the tumults of the warring sphere,

When o'er the harp of thought, thy passing wind
My light-charged bark may haply glide ;

Awakens all the musick of the mind,

And joy and sorrow as the spirit burns
Some gale may waft, some conscious thought shall

And hope and memory sweep the chords by turns ;
From “ Tyrrhena Regum Progenies,” &c.

And the small freight unanxious glide.

While Contemplation, on seraphick wings,'
From Norman princes sprung, their virtues' heir,

Mounts with the flame of sacrifice and sings.

WILLIAM PITT, 1750. Cobham, for thee my vaults inclose

Twilight ! I love thee; let thy glooms increase Tokai's smooth cask unpierc'd. Here purer air,

Till every feeling, eyery pulse is peace ;
Breathing sweet pink and balmy rose,

Slow from the sky, the light of day declines,

Clearer within the dawn of glory shines,
Shall meet thy wish'd approach. Haste then away,

TOO late I staid...forgive the crime,

Revealing in the hour of nature's rest, Nor round and round for ever rove

A world of wonders in the poet's breast..
The magick Ranelagh, or nightly stray

Unheeded flew the hours,
How noiseless falls the foot of time,

MONTSOXERI.. In gay Spring Garden's glittering grove.

That only treads on flowers ! Dorsake the Town's huge mass, stretch'd long and wide,

What eye with clear account remarks Pall'd with Profusion's sickening joys ;

PRINTED AND PUBLISHED FOR Spurn the vain Capital's insipid pride,

The ebbing of the glass,
When all its sands are diamond sparks,

Smoke, riches, politicks, and noise.

Which dazzle as they pass !

BY MUNROE & FRANCIS, Change points the blunter sense of sumptuous pleasure ;

Oh! who to sober measurement, And neat repasts in sylvan shed,

Where Nature's simple bloom is all the treasure,

Time's happy swiftness brings,
When birds of paradise have lent

Price three dollars per annum, half in advance. Care's brow with smiles have often spread.

Their plumage for his wings !

! ** Subscribers may be supplied with the preceding • A seat of Mr. Pist on Lafield Chucc.





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| alarm-the nature of her government, and the from this, we trust, little need be apprehended.

manner in which she has met other nations, What greater satisfaction need they wish, FOR THE BOSTON SPECTATOR.

under not very dissimilar circumstances. than to see our swaggering war men reduced ON THE BRITISH NATIONAL CHARACTER.

1. The British government is always divided to the disgrace of giving up every principle,

into two parties ; not two parties really at. wbich they had made the factilious cause of THERE are not a few among those that have tached to different political principles, but a dispute. They know that a large proportion righteously detested the tyrannical charac-party possessing, and a party desiring power. of the American people have ever deprecated ter of France, and abstractedly wished suc- As opposition, there, is not considered morally the war. They have shewn, that they are incess to the arms of nations struggling against or politically criminal, ambitious men maintain fluenced by this knowledge, in the mode in her despotism, who have nevertheless indul- a constant struggle for office ; and those who which they have prosecuted the warfare ged some apprehensions, lest the triumph of do not attain that consequence at which they against this country, to the bitter disappoint. the Allies would be indirectly unfavourable to aim, are perpetually the rigorous inquisitors of those who brought this calamity upon us. the interests of the United States. They have of those who have been more successful. Another ground of our confidence, whatev. feared that Great-Britain, inflated by the unex- | The opposition always embraces splendid tal- er some may think of it, is our reliance on ampled glory she has acquired, confident of ents, interested to render the ministry and their the respect which the British government her own security, and conscious of her milita- friends unpopular. They watch every slip feel to the dignity and splendour of their na. ry power, would rise in her pretensions, as they always profess the keenest sensibility to tional character. She has long been the she has risen in the means of enforcing them. integrity of conduct the nation is the sole champion of the rights of other nations. She

Deeply as we execrate the wickedness and umpire in the dispute, a majority of whom cannot consistently invade ours. stupidity, which have attached the destinies must approve of the measures of administra To conclude, we have another security. Any of this country, as far as was possible, to the tion, or the ruling party cannot long maintain | material encroachment upon our rights, would sinking and universally hated cause of France, their ground. Now the mass of the people in be a just cause of alarm to other nations. the exultation we feel on the complete regen- every nation prefer peace to war. This is The power of Great-Britain is formidable ; a eration of European freedom is not damped particularly true of the English ; it is so true disposition to abuse it, would make Europe by any suspicion that it will induce Great-Brit- that the government have sometimes been see in her, with horrour, another France. As ain to advance new or unjust claims, as the obliged to make a peace, which they knew she desires a good understanding with her condition of peace with us, though her most was not safe, because the people desired it.

I was not safe, because the people desired it. | continental friends, she will wish to avoid exmalignant foe.

They are a brave nation ; a British subject | citing their jealousy. It is natural that those, who judge of the | will encounter any thing for his country's | From these several reasons, we have no policy of other nations by the recent conduct rights, but he must be made to believe that dread of a dishonourable peace, from the triof our own, should entertain such expecta- bis country's rights require war, or he will umph of that glorious cause in which Greattions. The American government, since it vote for peace. Among a people so disposed, Britain has been a distinguished actor. If has been administered by democratick rulers, the opposition have every advantage, if the none of our claims are voluntarily abandoned has displayed but a pitiful series of expedients; ninistry adopt a measure, calculated either to by our rulers, to gratify their own local prejuderiving their character from external cir- invite or protract a war with a foreign nation, |, dices, we may probably resume the exercise of cumstances. An eye was always kept on the which can be proved unjust. The opposition those rights 'which we enjoyed before the war progress of French aggrandizement ; and as it in England, whether from selfish motives or was declared. became more formidable to Great-Britain, and pure integrity is of no consequence, when the result more dubious, new obstacles were | England is at war, is always for peace; and MENE, MENE, TEKEL UPHARSIN, presented to accommodation, and new conces- prove the zealous and successful champions of

DEMOCRACY WEIGHED, AND FOUND WANTING. sions required, until at last, the conquest of all other nations' rights. her colonies was ridiculously pronounced es. The manner in which Great-Britain has con

The administration will soon be obliged to sential to our security, and to be obtained by ducted towards hostile nations, who, like us,

make peace, if it is not already effected. We intrigue or force, before we could accept a united with France to destroy her, is another

say obliged, and we say it without regret or peace ! reason why we believe an honourable peace

mortification, for we feel wholly free from Those too who reason from the conduct of practicable. She has stood alone with all Eu

any 'share of the disgrace which attaches to a France, if they make no discrimination, will rope against her. The nations of the continent

set of men, whom we have honestly, uni. expect, that England will now “ feel power have successively become her friends. We

formly, and zealously opposed, as enemies to and forget right." France, since she has been do not find that the exasperation of a contest

the honour and happiness of our country. The able to interfere with the peace of other na- for existence provoked her to advance upon

war was their own work--the peace must bo tions, has had but one limit to her pretensions ; her general doctrines, in any accommodation.

their's. Their's is the merit, such merit as one rule for the conditions she required-the As her cause strengthened by the acquisition

it was, of the one, and to them belongs the dis. utmost she could extort.

of new allies, we do not find in any instance grace now, of having to recede from their But history, particularly the recent history the least symptom of an overbearing policy ; ground. of Great-Britain, represents her in a very dif. no principle assumed, which she had not main

Surely the real friends of our republick ferent point of view. Her policy is subservi. tained in the worst of imes. The first are

will now have it in their power to silence efent to avowed principles. Tothose principles with her as the last, and the last as the first.

fectually the partizans of our rulers, if such a she adheres uniformly in prosperity and adver It may be said, and with justice, that she

class of men should still claim the confidence sity. It is true that, in adversity, she has some. must feel a spirit more vindictive towards

of the people. The objection which presents times made temporary concessions, of what the United States, than any other power of

itself is simple, and cannot be answered. If a she considered her rights, but with a reserva Europe, except France ; for, while they have

democrat dares to ask me for my yote, or tion of the principle. In prosperity, we can had some plea of necessity for their hostility,

dares to ask for a vote in my hearing, I will. recollect no instance, in which she has exceed intimidated by the enormous power of France,

inquire, what benefit these rulers wil} shew, ed her standard doctrine, or claimed more than we have wantonly, voluntarily, and malignantly

as a compensation for a publick debt now to was justified by jurists of other countries, who joined her foes, when the tyrant of Europe be paid, of sixty millions of dollars ? What have treated of publick law. had no means of compelling us, and when it

advantage we have procured, by six or seven There are many considerations which induce was our true interest to have acted in concert

years of the most perplexing and ruinous us to disbelieve that Great Britain will now with her arms. This is a fact, to the eternal

commercial restrictions ? What we have take advantage, with respect to us, of her re shame of our profligate rulers, and if evil re

gained by the blood of some thousands of our cent good fortune, and require the sacrifice of sults from it, we shall have the more reason

citizens ? What, by the loss of incalculable our rights. Two, however, are prominent, to execrate the folly and depravity of those millions, in the losses which

millions, in the losses which the country has which appear tous sufficient 10 obviate any who have exposed us to this danger. But | sustained, by the fu

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