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DEVOTED TO POLITICKS AND BELLES LETTRES.

VOL. I.

BOSTON, SATURDAY, MAY 28, 1814.

NO. XXII.

SOR

THE BOSTON SPECTATOR.

POLITICAL.

DESTRUCTION OF LIFE BY THE WAR., deep and able in all their other plans, could
A GENTLEMAN, for whose correctness we

not be so consummately shallow in this, as to can vouch, from a remote part of the District have expected the reduction of Canada, by The Legislature of Massachusetts is again : Maine, bas informed the Editor, that, in his such a process as they have pursued. They

And why not? assembled, and in this body, though much al vicinity, sixteen persons enlisted for the con- could not have wished it. tered for the better, will be recognized the quest of Canada. A letter was lately received Because the local situation of Canada is such,

that an acquisition of territory in that quarter, face of many of those sturdy approvers of from one of the sixteen, stating that he was

would probably, in the event, rather weaken commercial restrictions, and 'war, who have the only survivor of the number, and he was done all in their power to bring our devoted severely wounded. We khow not why this than strengthen their political influence.

But, if we turn our attention to another country to its present degraded and forlorn may not be considered a scale from which we situation! What must now be the reflections may infer the fate of the early enlistments, quarter, we shall see the same policy which of such men! They did not expect that the generally. What a subject for reflection ? rendered Canada indifferent, or not desirable, arın of the Almighty would be stretched out with all this sacrifice of life, not a foot of strongly illustrated, by a very different conagainst the imperial dictator, their support and conquered territory ; but defeats and disgra- been thought worth while to state to the pub

duct. Under pretexts, which it has scarcely their confidence ! Will they pretend to apolccs, enough to fill volumes.

lick, the Indian countries on the back parts of ogize to an indignant people, by confessing

South Carolina and Georgia are invaded. A s in whom they put their trust," and their cru

PEACE NO SECURITY.

sanguinary war against the Aboriginals, the el disappointment at his fall ?

I an well aware that, in spite of all the ef- yet acknowledged owners of the soil, has been The honest and inquiring have never mis: forts which have been adopted to make the prosecuted with vigour and effect. No terms taken the nature of American democracy. It was the foster child of the French revolution.

war with England popular, by seizing on every of accommodation are admitted, and their toIt received its poisonous aliment across the

means of irritation, and inflating our national tal extirpation is announced as almost comAtlantick ; it assumed the appearance of force vanity, it has been considered so great a ca- pleted. Here will be vast tracts open for a and vigour ; but for its seemingly firm step, 1 lamity, that the publick mind is ready to hail new population ; and population here will give and vigour ; but for its seemingly firm step: the return of peace, as about to bring with it a certain increase of strength to the southern it depended on its monstrous parent. It could never stand alone. Now the parent has falthe end of all our political evils. Peace cer

section. War has already driven thousands len ; and we shall see a hopeless stare of mis tainly is desirable ; it will seem a great re- and thousands from New-England and the trust. To drop the metaphor-our democrats

lief; and it is with reluctance I would offer a middle states to Kentucky and Tenessee. have ever boasted, that they were governed by such a prospect affords. Yet a moment's re- will be offered cheap to the impoverished em

humble suggestion to damp the joy, which The lands of our butchered “ red brethren" they cast down by the triumphs of a cause, in fiection must convince any one, that a war igrant from the East. He will be glad to fly which all the nations of Europe rejoice? Why of our rulers. There is a radical policy by by a commerce, which must, hereafter, be com

with Creat-Britain was not ihe ultimate object from a country, which subsists by commerce ; do they mourn, when France herself begins which they are actuated, which merely seized paratively very limited ; and yet he loaded, for to esult in her liberation ?

Because the world has never received such that opportunity of working popular prejudices ages to come, with the debts, which are now a lesson of instruction as the recent history of and as a means of acquiring power. Though becoming defunct in this section of the Union,

and passions up to the war pitch, for the sake, accumulating, S'hts though demacracy is. France has afforded. The lesson is now comthis war-scheme has availed them much, as an

that part of the country which now rules the plete ; an experiment is finished, which we expedient, it is by no means the only one on

whole, will gain more political weight by this must suppose cannot soon be forgotten. We have seen levellers and demagogucs strike at

which they have relied. Other engines, of artificial, forced population, than it will lose the first principles of government. We have

various kinds, are at work ; and if we, in this by the increasing unanimity of New-England.

part of the Union, look no further than the seen a nation involved in all the horrors of war, and we confess its real cause seems yet

LETTER OF LOUIS XVIII. anarchy. From anarchy we have seen to arise

to be but imperfectly understood, we may find the most unrelenting despotism. We have witnessed the progress of despotism ; a ourselves in the full enjoyment of Iranquillity,

Dr. Park, 11 may gratify some of your tion proud of their chains, with no remaining domestick slaves in the world. as to our foreign relations, and yet the veriest

readers to see a copy of the original letter ambition but to make all mankind as wretched

I know it is an ungracious task to preach king of Spain, on occasion of the latter send

transmitted by Louis XVIII. to Charles IV., as themselves. We have seen the end of these things, and thank heaven that the scene

alarm ; that the publick naturally hug their is closed so What can our unfledged

repose, and are little apt to thank him who ing Bonaparte the insignia that had been pretyrants now expect? France no longer daz

predicts danger, or recommends active vigi: viously sent to Louis, and which this noble zles : she can no longer enslave nations, nor

lance against impending evil. Yet, in the full emigrant disdained to retain in company with belief that the enemy is busy—that by peace,

the usurper of his throne. encourage those who would. Our rulers and which Providence seems about to force upon

u Calmar, ce 3. Aout, 1805. their minions are now left to manage us by the sole instrumentality of our us, little is accomplished towards our local se

* M. mon frère et mon cousin, own wicked passions, and that 100 with an awful warning curity, silence would be criminal.

« C'est avec regret que je renvoye à votre before us. It is no wonder, then, that demo

The grand object of those who now rule us, majesté l'insignia de l'ordre de la toison crats look aghast, or that the countenances of I repeat it, is party power. War was but an

d'or, que j'avais reçu du roi, votre père, de good men brighten. You, federalists, who

accessary consideration. Defeat, in this one glorieuse mémoire. Il ne peut y avoir rien de have stood firmly attached to your country project, is no defeat of the main purpose ;

commun entre moi et le grand criminel, que i's

and we shall soon good, in despite of all the lures of corruption

see that the dominant fac- sa propre audace, aidée de sa fortune, a misand apostacy, you now have the reward of doned in principle. tion are as prolifick in means, as they are aban

sur mon trône. Un trône, qu'il a taché avec

le sang pur d'un* Bourbon ! La religion your patriotism and perseverance. You can

Can hold up your heads ; while your revilers are

any man seriously suppose our govern

peut me disposer à pardonner un assassin, covered with confusion. Their predictions

ment have sincerely intended the conquest of mais il faut que le tyran de mes peuples doit are proved false their hopes are blasted

Canada, and exerted themselves to the most toujours être mon ennemi. their confidence is gone. The faction, which to effect it? The history of the manner, in

Dans notre situation présente il est plus enlisted themselves as the allies of Bonaparte, ducted, is positive proof to the contrary. which the pretended invasion has been con- glorieux de meriter un sceptre que de régner.

Dieu,dans ses ordonnances impenetrables,m'a, have survived the power of their principal ; but starding alone, in a regenerated world, tier, in succession, to skirmish, to be slain, or Handfulls of men have been sent to the froi- peut-étre, condamné à finir mes jours un

éxile ; mais ni la postérité ni l'âge present they cannot survive it long. to perish. Men who have shewn themselves

* Duc d'Enghein.

IN THE ORIGINAL FRENCH.

na

SOOD.

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FOR THE BOSTON SPEOTATOR.

ne pouvront jamais dire que je me suis ren- Oh, say, shall Glory's partial hand

olent feelings to be brought into exercise. du moi-même indigne d'être, placé et de

Withhold the meed to Pity due,

How do they succeed? asked a stranger. “ Not mourir sur le trône de mes ancêtres.

4. When plaintive Sorrow's grateful band

well,” replied a citizen; "they cannot get even For wreaths to deck their patrons sue? (Signé) ó LOUIS.”

a boy to break a window for them, for love or A tear-enameli'd chaplet weave

money." GENERAL REGISTER.

Round Bowpoin's venerated urn,

Such is the happy situation of Boston. We Where all the patriot virtues grieve,

are aware, however, there are not wanting And votive lamps of Science burn ;

those abroad, who affect to deplore these gen. BOSTON, SATURDAY, MAY 28, 1814.

Sweet Charity on Russell's tomb,

tle fruits of forbearance, and mutual charity, A shower of vernal flow'rets throws ;And bays of fadeless verdure bloom,

as the apathy of infidelity. Let them visit our EUROPEAN. Within the present week, O'er classick Minor's calm repose.

churches, and judge, so far as man is authowe have received a full confirmation of all

rized to judge of the heart of man, whether our recent good news from France, by the ar- Religion lights her hallow'd fire,

infidelity fills the temples of God. Let them rival of the Regent, at New York, from Nantz, Where pious Stillmar's relicks rest ;

search the scriptures; they will there find one day later than former accounts. She

New-England's worthies grace the pyre, abundant authority to suggest a more favourabrings no additional intelligence.

Whence BELKNAP soar'd, for ever blest!

ble construction.

Why mourns the Muse with tearful eyes DOMESTICK. A Quoruin of both branch

While pondering o'er the roll of death?

The whole christian dispensation was pereş of the Legislature of this state assembled Afresh her keenest sorrows rise,

fectly adapted to the nature of man, for whose on Wednesday last. A joint committee wait- With Emerson's departed breath !

benefit it was communicated. Thus, as the ed upon his Excellency the Governour, who

divine founder of the system gave instructions, with the Legislature attended divine service

Ah! heaven again demands its own,

personally, to the first converts, a perfect unain the Old South meeting house, in the after

Another fatal shaft is sped,
And Genius, Friendship, Learning, mourn

nimity was demanded, for it was practicable ; ► noon. An excellent sermon on the occasion,

Their BUCKMINSTER among the dead !

but the apostolic teachers did not aspire to the was delivered by President APPLETOX, of To Elior's tomb, ye Muses bring,

authority of their master. They reasonedBrunswick College. Above two thirds of the Fresh roses from the breathing wild,

they could not demonstrate. There will be, Senate and more than three fourths of the Wet with the tears of dewy Spring,

there must be, shades of variety in the deducHouse are federal.

For he was Virtue's gentlest child !

tions of human reason. They were convinced On Thursday, the joint committee, appoint

of this—they governed themselves accordingly,

Ye sainted Spirits of the just, ed for the purpose, examined the votes for

Departed friends we raise our eyes,

and charity became then the first injunction of Governour and Lieutenant Governour. Whole

From humble scenes of mould'ring dust,

christian morality.
number 102,477. Strong 56,374, Dexter To brighter mansions in the skies.-
45,359. Scattering 150.

Where Faith and Hope, their trials past,
The same day the Anniversary Convention
Shall smile in endless joy secure,

THE WRITER, No. III. sermon, was delivered before the convention

And Charitr's blest reign shall last,

As I am a man of leisure myself, and find a

While heaven's eternal courts endure. of Clergy. Sermon by the Rev. President

great many of my acquaintance and townsmen Appleton. Collection 580 dollars.

who appear to have equally nothing to do, I In the evening a concert of Sacred Musick,

commonly join these my fellow labourers, and by the Park Street Singing Society, and an LITERARY AND MISCELLANEOUS. whether they lounge about the Exchange Address by the Reverend Mr. Everett. The

Aoor, or reel round the principal corners in object, a donation to the Boston Asylum for

Cornhill, am seen among them in these their Indigent Boys.

CHRISTIAN CHARITY,

usual places of employ. When the general Yesterday at 11 o'clock A. M. an Address

court is in session, we have more business in was delivered at the meeting house, in Ghaun

I trust that many good things may be just hand, and very industriously crowd the lobbies cey Place, before the Massachusetts Society ly said of the good town of Boston; but I

that we may bear testimony to the spirit and for the suppression of Intemperance, by the

know of nothing more honoarable to the char eloquence of this representative body. Thus Reverend President Kirkland.

acter of its inhabitants, no stronger evidence it may be said that we have promoted laziness In the afternoon, an Address before the

that they are an enlightened,liberal people,ind, to a science, and, by a sort of community of Massachusetts Charitable Fire Society, by B. what is a bigher encomiun, attached to the

interests, a mutual support of each other's Whitwell, esq.

true spirit of Christianity, than that candour burdens, and that countenance and confidence which prevails among all religious sectaries. I

which number gives to each individual, we The following Hymn and Ode for the Anni have ever enjoyed a pleasure in the reflection

have nearly cleared ourselves of that disgrace versary of the Massachusetts Charitable Soci. that, to an observing stranger, the Sabbath, in which, in notable times, used to attach to habety were composed by John Lathrop, jun.esq.

this town, must make an impression of philo- its of idleness. But here I wish it to be dis

sophick complacency. On this sacred day, it tinctly understood, that although I join in the HYMN.

is a prevailing habit among all classes of peo- daily employment of this fraternity of gentleETERNAL GOD, accept our song, ple to attend divine service. At a particular

men, I solemily protest that I am never with To thee our grateful lays belong :

hour, the streets, from the most perfect still them when they assemble round the gaming Yet what can feeble mortals bring,

ness, are immediately crowded with the inhabMeet offerings to Creation's King !

table at night. This they say is one of my itants. Congregationalists, Episcopalians, Bap- oddities, and so it passes off; and I am receivWith humble confidence we bend, Before thy throne, our Sire and Friend,

tists, Methodists, Roman Catholicks, and varied amongst them in the morning with as With Angels and Arch-Angels raise ous other denominations, flock at once to their

much good humour, as though I had wasted The universal hymn of praise.

favourite place of worship. The diguity and the whole night in winning their money. When tempests rage, and foes assail, solemnity of the object seem to be impressed

This manner of passing our time is certainWhen fell Disease and Death prevail, on every countenance. But wbile crowds are

ly very amusing to us, but whether it affords In Desolation's darksome hour, pressing in different directions, bringing to

any. pleasure to the active part of the commuWe own thy justice and thy power.

mind not only that they are of different tastes nity, is another question : it is very pleasain to But, soon thy mercy's cheering ray,

but of different tenets, there is, among all, a see what is passing in the streets, and to make Dispels the gloom, restores the day,

respectful deportinent, which seems to say, our remarks on the character, dress, or gait of And joyful tribes in sweet accord,

“ We are going to adore the SAME CREATOR Proclaim the goodness of the Lord.

the passengers ; but it may not be equally -our work is holy-pass in peace." Then, mortals, with united voice,

agreeable to a stranger who visits the town, or Several attempts have een made to intro- to ladies who daily frequent the shops on In your protecting God rejoice, Angelick choirs shall join the song, duce a spirit of persecution and intolerance

their necessary concerns to support the steady And heaven and Earth the notes prolong. into this happy metropolis ; but the catholi

stare of an idle group who are always at their cism of the people prevails over every such ODE cabal. Sectarians who are disposed to it, can

posts. It is true, that, amongst our fraternity,

it is the general opinion that, with respect to neither persecute nor excite persecution. A the ladies, there is many a pretty female who

society was once instituted here, whose avow- flaunts along these frequented walks on purDedicated to the memory of the deceased Patrons of the Instied expectation was to make a noise, and pro

pose " to be seen of men." I declare, howervoke those uncharitable remarks, of which er, that I never gave any heed to the scandal, IF on the haughty warrior's brow

they themselves were so liberal. But their but on the contrary have used many good af; Is plac'd the crown of deathless fame

right to their opinion was so cheerfully recog- guments to prove the accusation false ; and And Earth's applauding Lords bestow

nized, their purpose failed for want of malcv-have often plead the propriety of retiring Their proudest titles on his name ;

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WRITTEN FOR THE TWENTIETH ANNIVERSARY OF THE

MASSACHUSETTS CHARITABLE FIRE SOCIETY.

tucion.

nence.

from these haunts and to sacrifice the pleasure the native country of Alexander so like the censured or absolycd. He sustains his own we enjoy, rather than give pain to others. But birth-place of Henry the Fifth. “ There is a good opinion, perhaps, by the hope that he I am sorry to say, that instead of convincing river in Macedon, and there is also moreover a shall be able to discover his true sentiments these gentlemen that they are wrong, I only river at Monmouth.”

when he has attained his object. But if he convince them that I am an odd fellow, and It has been remarked as a singular fact, suffers shipwreck before he gains the haven, have strange. notions. I am however deter- that the map which Mr. Pope composed, mere- if he is banished, when, like Brutus, he counmined to withdraw from these lounging resorts ly from the perusal of the Iliad, is no bad rep-terfeits the madman, vainly would he attempt myself, and hereby promise, if the ladies will resentation of the plain of the Mendere. It

to explain what were his intentions and his read my papers, I will stare at them no more. would be singular if it was a fact, but it is hopes. Actions are always more prominent

not. The fact is, that Mr. Pope's picture (for than commentaries, and what is said upon HOMER'S GEOGRAPHY.

it is not a map) bears not the least resemblance the theatre is never effaced by what is written It has been shewn, I believe, that the an. to the spot in question.

in retirement. What then can be a greater cient topographers looked for the scene of the Hobhouse's Journey through Albania, &c. calamity, than to have acquired a reputation Iliad on the shores of the Straits ; and that

which our true character contradicts ! the present state of the country corresponds

AMBITION.

The man who views himself in the same sufficiently with their accounts, to enable us The pains which are connected with the light which publick opinion has sanctioned, not only to understand, but to form a judgment pursuit of ambition begin with its first steps, who preserves in his own breast all the digniof the accuracy of their conclusions concern- and the term to which it leads affords more fied sentiments which accuse his conduct, ing the city of Priam and the plain of Troy. unmixed enjoyment, than the path which you who can hardly suppress his real character in Whether the fable of the poet was founded on must traverse. If a man of narrow under. the intoxication of success, must be placed in fact, or was altogether fiction, (a point which standing endeavours to attain an elevated sta- the most painful situation in the moment of it has been my wish entirely to leave out of this tion, can there be conceived a more painful calamity. It is from an intimate acquaintance inquiry,) I see no necessity for allowing, with situation, than that which arises from the in- with the traces which ambition leaves in the Mr. Blackwell, that Homer, although he may cessant hints which interest gives to self-love? | heart after it experiences reverse, and the imhave been acquainted with Phrygia, had a per. In the ordinary scenes of life, we impose upon possibility of fixing its prosperity, that we are sonal knowledge of the precise site of his war, ourselves as to the degree of our own merit: enabled to judge of the extent of the horror or had fixed upon any distinct spot for the but an active principle discovers to the ambi- which it must inspire. scene of his action. It is true indeed that an tious man the extent of his talents, and his We have only to open the book of history, inimitable air of truth is to be found in his de passion opens his eyes to his own defects, not to discover the difficulty of preserving the scription ; that he is simple, distinct, and every as reason to deter from the attempt, but in success which ambition attains. The majority where consistent with himself; but this is a the shape of desire, fearful of its success. of private interests is hostile to its permaportion of his art, this is the characteristick of Then he is employed chiefly in deceiving oth

Men join in demanding a new lottery, his genius ; it is an excellence less likely per-ers, and in order to succeed in this object, he as they are dissatisfied with the tickets which haps to be found in a painter of real scenery, must never lose sight of himself. To forget, they have drawn. The ambitious man is opthan in one who trusts'altogether to his in- for a moment, the part which it is necessary posed by the irresistible propensity of the vention, and is not incumbered with the to support, would be fatal : he must arrange publick to judge and to create anew, to bear adjustment of actual localities ; and the po- with skill the knowledge he possesses, and di-down a name too often repeated, to experiet" is equally minute, particular, and, it may gest his thoughts with art, that every thing ence the agitation of new scenes and new be almost said, credible, in his detail, when which he says may be considered, only as events. In a word, the multitude, composed he, conducts his delighted guests into the hinting what his discretion conceals. He of obscure men, desire to see, from time to coral groves of the ocean, or the silver pala- must employ able agents to second his views, time, the value of private stations raised by ces of Olympus. It is hardly necessary to add, without betraying his defects, and attach him. the example of signal falls, and lend an acthat he cannot be affected by any of the diffi- self to superiors, full of ignorance and vanity, tive force to the abstract arguments which exculties attendant upon the examination of the whose judgment may be blinded by praise. tol the peaceful advantages of ordinary life. question, and that there is no confusion in the He onght to impose upon those who are de

Lutroncs8 Starl on the Passions. descriptions of the Iliad, except when they are pendent upon him by the reserve which he compared with the topograghy of the Troad. inaintains ; and deceive, by his pretension to

The pain which is felt when we are first The author of the Inquiry into the Life and talent, those from whom he hopes for assist transplanted from our native soil,--when the Writings of Homer, talking of Demetrius's ance. In a word, he must constantly avoid ev

living branch is cut froin the parent trec_is commentary, says, “ there he ascertained the ery trial to which his true value might be as

Thus, harassed like a criminal endure through life. There are after griefs

one of the most poignant which we have to real places of Homer's descriptions, and poin- certained. ted out the scenes of the remarkable actions. who dreads the discovery of his guilt, he He shewed where the Greeks had drawn up knows that a penetrating mind can detect the them scars never to be effaced, which bruise

which wound more deeply, which leave behind their ships ; : where Achilles encamped with starched ignorance, in the reserve of gravity, the spirit and sometimes break the heart : but his Myrmidons; where Hector drew up the and discover, in the enthusiasm of Aattery, never, never so keenly do we feel the want of Trojans ; and from what country came the the affected animation of a frigid heart. The love, the necessity of being loved, and the auxiliaries.” It is astonishing with what bold- efforts of an ambitious man are constantly em

sense of utter desertion, as when we first ness these things are said, and with what fa- ployed to display and to preserve the laboured

leave the haven of home, and are, as it were, cilivy they are admitted. If any judginent is manner of superior talent. He at once expe- pushed off upon the stream of life. to be formed of Demetrius's whole work, from riences the uneasiness which arises from the

Southey's Life of Nelson. the allusions to, and extracts from it in Strabo, trouble he must undergo, and from the conhe destroyed rather than established the re- sciousoess of bis own humiliation. In order

HABIT. ceived opinions upon the subject, and as for to attain his object, therefore, bis attention the particular points abovementioned, we have must constantly be turned to the recollection

An action to become habitual is at first atno lint that he touched upon them at all. of his own contracted abilities.

tended with a low degree of pleasure, and ofThose who have seen the plains near cape If you suppose, on the contrary, that the ten even with a sensation of considerable pain. Janissary, or even have looked at the map of ambitious man possesses a superior genius, an

Taking snuff, smoking tobacco, and drinking the country, may with Homer before them, be energetick soul, his passion demands success.

fermented or distilled liquors, are not origiable to find objections to the supposed site of He must repress, he must curh every feeling nally pleasing: Men are influenced to begin the war, which have escaped Mr. Bryant, and which could raise any obstacle to bis desire.

such habits by some other motive than the other inquiries, but they may, perhaps, be in- He must not even be deterred by the wouids gratification of the senses, such as regard to clined to think, that if the Greeks of Phrygia of remorse, which attend the performance of health, the love of company, emulation, and were wrong in their conjectures, no such dis- actions at which conscience revolts ; but the the like. covery will ever be made of the true positions, constraint which present circumstances le- The speediest and surest method of acquiras shall be allowed on all hands to be unobjec- quire, is a source of real pain. The dictates ing a habit, is by the repetition of the action at tionable. The present plain of the Mendere of our own sentiments cannot be outraged regular and moderate intervals. A rapid suctowards cape Janissary is certainly the plain of with impunity. He whose ambition prompts cession in a very short time, or a very slow Troy of those Grceks; but the only resem. him to support in the tribune an opinion which succession through a considerable length of blance which a threc weeks residence on the his pride disdains, which his humanity con

tiine, or an irregular succession of actions in spot, with the poet in my hand, enabled me to demns, which the justice of his mind rejecis, any tiine, will not produce the habit. In the find out between that plain and Homer's scene, experiences a painful feeling, independent first case, the organs would grow weary, the was that which, in the eyes of Fluelfen, made even of the reflection by which he may be 'vibrations would not have time to fix, pain

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DULCE ET DECORUM EST PRO PATRIA MODI.

desire is not excited, at least in so perleatha Men fall insensibly under the power of hab

SELECTED.

would be excited, and disgust would follow. , ishes, and even after it is become almost im- The nations shake, he, good man, looks abroad In the second, the tendency to vibrare in a perceptible, may be explained thus. The From some high cliff, superior, and enjoys particular direction would be lost before a sec- simple sensible pleasure of the action consti- The elemental war. ond impulse was given. In the third case, tutes a very small part of the actual gratificathe associations would want that regular con- tion. The pleasurable feelings, which have ac

PATRIOTISM. nection which is necessary to constitute fixed companied the progress of the habit, having habit.

associated themselves with the persons, plaThe frequent regular repetition of an action ces, actions, and other circumstances which

DEAR is the tie, that links the anxious sire produces facility and dexterity in the per- have been the usual adjuncts of the situation

To the fond babe that prattles round his fire ; formance of it. By the law of association the in which the habit has been contracted, bave

Dear is the love, that prompts the generous youth actions gradually cling to and generate each thus, as it were, transferred a lustre to those other, without the intervention of the volunta- objects, which totally disappears when the

His sire's fond cares and drooping age to soothe ; ry power.

habit is interrupted. The student cannot rel- Dear is the brother, sister, husband, wife, Associated circumstances never fail to ex- ish his author, nor the disputant his argument, Dear all the charities of social life :cite the habitual inclination to the perform- if he is denied the accustomed indulgence of But not th’endearing springs that fondly move ance of the action at the regular time. The his pipe : nor can the convivial man enjoy the To filial duty or parental love, removal of the table-cloth and the appearance company, or the conversation of his friends, if Nor all the ties that kindred bosoms bind, of the bottle excite the desire of wine ; the the bottle does not circulate with the usual

Nor all the friendships' holy wreaths entwind, return of the season reminds the sportsman of freedom. Thus by the power of association

Are half so dear, so potent to control his dogs and gun, the fine lady of her routs the real pleasure of the gratification of habit

The generous workings of the patriot soul, and parties, and the school-boy of bis skates is in exact proportion to the pain of want,

As is that holy voice, that cancels all and snow-balls. Hence it follows, that if the though the immediate sensible pleasure may

Those ties, and bids him for his country fall. , the be lost.

At this high summons, with undaunted zeal

He bares his breast ; invites th' impending steel : degree. And this consideration leads to the it : and it is often remarked thai the influence best and indeed the only effectual means of of habit is most conspicuous, and even irre- Smiles at the hand that deals the fatal blow, breaking off inconvenient or bad habits, sistible, where the subject of it is least aware Nor heaves one sigh for all he leaves below. namely, by resolutely changing the associated of his bondage, and is most forward in boasting circumstances, flying from seducing company, of his liberty.

MAIDEN PASSION. altering the course of life, and the like.

BELSHAM. A person often suffers more from the denial

FROM BLAND'S GREEK ANTHOLOGI, of a factitious inclination, than from resisting a

POETRY

Agathias, 23. III. 41. natural appetite. But the pleasure, arising from the indulgence of a habit, is associated

Go, idle, amorous boys, with a greater variety of circumstances, and is

What are your cares and joys, therefore more moderate, and more perma

VIRTUE.

To love, that swells the longing virgin's breast? nent, than thc gratification of an instinctive

A Aame half hid in doubt, feeling, which, however exquisite, is of very VIRTUE, the strength and beauty of the soul,

Soon kindled, soon burnt out, It pleases and it lasts ;-a happiness limited duration.

A blaze of momentary heat at best ! The progress of the pleasure of gratifica- | That, even above the smiles and frowns of fate, tion, and of the pain of denial, in the case of Exalts great Nature's favourites : a wealth

Haply you well may find habits, is far from bearing an exact, or at least That ne'er encumbers, nor to baser hands

(Proud priv'lege of your kind) an obvious ratio to each other. Can be transferred. It is the only good

Some friend to share the secret of your heart; The action which becomes habitual is per- Man justly boasts of, or can call his own.

Or if your inbred grief haps originally in a slight degree painful. By Riches are oft by guilt and baseness earn'd ;

Admit of such relief, repetition the pain gradually diminishes, and Or dealt by chance, to shield a lucky knave,

The dunce, the chace, the play, assuage your smart. the uneasy sensations subside within the limits

Or throw a fairer sunshine on a fool. of pleasure. But by degrees this pleasure But for one end, one much neglected use,

Whilst we, poor hapless maids, vanishes, and the action is associated with

Condemn'd to pine in shades, ideas or sensations wliich are scarcely percepAre riches worth your care : (for Nature's wants

And to our dearest friends our thoughts deny, Are few, and without opulence supplied.) tible, and becomes secondarily automatick ;

Can only sit and weep, so that it is performed without any consciousThis noble end is to produce the soul ;

While all around us sleep, ness of the operation. To shew the virtues in their fairest light ;

Unpitied languish and unheeded die. The progress of the pain of denial is very To make humanity the minister different. It advances with the pleasure of Of bounteous Providence ; and teach the breast gratification till this rises to its highest de- That generous luxury the good enjoy.

EPIGRAMME. gree, it continues increasing while this de- Oh, blest of hear'n, whom not the languid songs

Avorr l'esprit bas et vulgaire clines, and is then strongest and most insup- of luxury, not the inviting bribes portable when the pleasure of gratification is of sordid wealth, nor all the gaudy spoils

Manger, dormir, et ne rien faire,

Ne totally lost, and the action is performed with. Of pageant honour can seduce to leave

savoir, n'apprendre rien ; out any exertion of the will. The truth of those ever blooming sweets, which from the store

C'est le naturel d'Isabelle, this observation is apparent in the common

Qui semble pour tout entretien Of Nature fair imagination culls habits of smoking tobacco, and of taking snuff,

Dire seulement-Je suis belle. and even in the odious custom of dram-drink. To charm th’enliven'd soul! For him, the spring

To have a talent base and low, ing: and it will be found to be equally appli- Distils her dews, and from the silken gem

To live in state of vegetation, cable to habits of the most important practical Its lucid leaves unfolds : for him the hand tendency. Of Autumn tinges every fertile branch

To eat, drink, nothing learn or know, In this state an habitual affection is said to With blooming gold, and blushes like the morn.

Such is the genius of Miss Kitty, be disinterested, because it has no further end | Each passing hour sheds tribute from her wings ;

Who seems for all her conversation, in view than its own immediate gratification, and still new beauties meet his lonely walk,

To say-Look at me-I am pretty. or the removal of the present pain. When And loves unfelt attract him. Not a breeze it has advanced to this stage, habit has attain. Flies o'er the meadow, not a cloud imbibes ed its highest degree, and cannot, without the the setting sun's effulgence, not a strain

PRINTED AND PUBLISHED FOR utmost difficulty, be opposed or changed. Mor. From all the tenants of the warbling shade al habits, when they are thus formed and ma

JOHN PARK, tured, constitute the perfection, either of the Ascends, but whence his bosom can partake virtuous or the vicious character. Disinte. Fresh pleasure, unreproved. When lightnings fire

BY MUNROE & FRANCIS, rested benevolence is the highest eminence of The arch of heav'n, and thunders rock the ground;

NO. 4 CORNHILL. virtue, disinterested malignity the lowest stage

When furious whirlwinds rend the bowling air, of vice. And ocean, groaning from the lowest bed,

Price three dollars per annum, half in advance. That the pain of denial should increase Heaves his tempestuous billows to the sky :

** Subscribers may be supplied with the preceding while the sensible pleasure of the habit dimiu. Amid the mighty uproar, while below

numbers.

DEVOTED TO POLITICKS AND BELLES LETTRES.

VOL. I.

BOSTON, SATURDAY, JUNE 4, 1814.

NO. XXMI.

FOR

THE BOSTON SPECTATOR.

POLITICAL.

among the people, has hitherto checked the down so rapidly ; and at a time when, if peace spirit of innovation. This is the best feature is not soon effected, we may expect fighting in

that remains in the character of our country ; ) good earnest will be necessary ? THE FEDERAL CONSTITUTION. and we trust and believe that the violent de.

TYRANNIES. This instrument appeared a very beautiful mocracy of Pennsylvania, which has produced structure, when just from the hands of its cre- an attack on the senate of the United States, There are two great tyrannies, the tyranny ators.

It certainly was beautiful ; it blended will find a large portion of American citizens, of a despot, and that of a multitude. Of these the antique and modern style—it displayed even of those professing the same political the most dreadful is popular tyranny. The symmetry and proportion—its columns were creed, who will oppose this proposition as un despot may receive the just blow, and fall from made of materials, which promised to be lasting necessary and dangerous.

his high elevation ; nothing is required but the There was but one defect ; it was by no

arm of a Brutus : but the destruction of the means adapted to the nature of such beings as

INJURY AND FORBEARANCE.

many-headed monster is an herculean labour. those, for whose use it was formed : it was

In despotick states, as well as in republicks, calculated for a people divested of human pasal Governour Strong, in his speech to the Legis. annually effected by the death of the parties..

“ The last Act laying an Embargo," says the downfal of the ministers of government is sions, and exempt from those vices which alone make government necessary. It could lature, “ interdicted the right of navigating in the former they quietly yield up their not be said that the constitution was not good and fishing on its coasts ; from this species of with a dreadful convulsion, and the superior

breath ; in the latter, the struggle is attended enough for us, if we had been good enough restraint, we have probably

suffered more than faction gains the ascendency, after a mighty curity of our liberty and rights were so ample, all the other states. But though these provis- carnage.

Dr. Thornton. it left us nothing to apprehend, but from a bad ions, and other parts of the act, were generally

FRENCH EPOCAS. system of administration. It was supposed that thought to be infringements of the constitution, the reservation of a power in the people to

we have not heard of any violence in opposing " Tue French literati distinguish three reamend, as might seem necessary from experi- them. Our fellow citizens are therefore enti- markable epochas in their history. The first ence of its operation, was its most striking fled to much credit, for the exercise of that commences with the opening of the sixteenth

forbearance, which was recommended by the century, after the revival of classical learning perfection. We are not disposed to imagine, that men so late Legislature.”

and the polite arts in Italy ; and from thence distinguished for their wisdom, as those vene

they were brought into France under the prorable statesmen, who produced our national

THE ARMY.

tection and encouragement of Francis the compact, did really suppose this was an excel. The measures which the government is First, cotemporary with Henry the Eighth of lence, on which they could rely. We rather taking with this creature of its folly afford a England, a prince whose temper sympathized imagine it was a condition which they thought new evidence of its increasing weakness, in many respects, with that of the French monnecessary to prevent its rejection. If it failed, which musi produce among our democrats a arch ; in emulation of whom, probably, he not by a defect in the mode of its administration stare of surprise and confusion It will be only patır sized letters, but cultivated thema --the people had the power of changing the ad- recollected that the necessity of raising an himseit. This era of Francis the First, they ministration, if they chose, without altering augmented military force to carry on the invas called le siécie des savans, the age of learning. the constitution. The only case that could re- sion of Canada with effect, success, and hon

6. The second epocha is marked by the quire any amendment would be, where a our, was the theme of every ministerial spont- splendid reign of Louis XIV.; and is esteemwrong administration was popular. Could it er, during the last session of Congress.' To ed in France le siécle du génie, the age of then be expected that a people, incapacitated accomplish this grand object, an enormous

genius. by their own corruption to reform the admin. bounty and other inducements were offered to

" The third, the reign of Louis XVI., they istration, should be capable of obviating evils sccure the enlistment of soldiers. To meet have thought proper to style le siécle du gout, in the theory of the government, to which they these and other war expenses, about thirty the age of taste.” were attached in practice ? Man is certainly millions of dollars were appropriated, and ten Thus far, the progress of intellect, if we adan inconsistent being, but his inconsistency is millions have actually been borrowed already. mit the scale, appears to be ascending. But not of this kind ; which supposes that, at the We immediately heard of soldiers enlisting, in

if the French literati do not blusb to continua same time, our passions should control our all parts of the Union-but what comes next. their annals, they will denounce the Bonapartean reason, and our reason control our passions. An order from government, dismissing a le- dynasty as le siecle du sang--the age of blood

One or more amendments in the constitution gion of officers, from the publick service, with have been proposed, which undoubtedly would three months' wages and

their expenses

EUROPE. have obviated evils that have grown out of a home !!

One cannot contemplate the solemn events corrupt administration. But the administration This really looks formidable ! This prom- which have recently crowded upon each other, was popular, or those evils would have been ises a summer of tremendous carnage ! The bastening to the glorious close-a general remedied by a change of rulers ;-and what advocates of « Free trade and sailors' rights" peace, without those strong emotions which was the fate of the proposed amendments ? | whom we recently saw parading our streots, a climax of sublimity inspires. We discover Rejected by the people of course. This being waving the emblem of their disinterested zeal, the wonderful hand of Providence the mighty the case, we venture to say, an alteration now themselves turned adrift by Mr. arm of him who rules terribly in battle, amidst for the better will never be proposed, but by Madison !

the sanguinary strugglc. We cannot but adore the minority, and therefore never will prevail, The voluminous history of this Canaaian riat mercy, which never scourges but to reform by voluntary suffrage.

war, which government has published, from or improve : and which restores repose to man, Reasoning and experience therefore reach the edifying despatches of the officers in that when his moral character is adapted to its preus, that it is the duty of the real friends of our quarter, may probably have led to this expedi.. servation. Happy Europe--thy crimes are excountry to cherish a sacred respect for the Officers without men have succeeded so piated ! Unhappy America, having wantonly federal constitution, such as it is, until it be miserably, it may be intended to try men with spurned the best blessings heaven ever showfound necessary to appeal 0 other mcans out officers.

ers on nations, courted misery, and sacrificed than votes. It is indeed a happy circum- But to be serious—what does this mean ?

your own peace, your day of trial is come. stance that the rage of folly, which has Have government had in pay such a host of There is no miracle, though there is an Als brought upon us many calamitics, has not supernumerary officers, for the purposes of mighty Providence, in this. Sooner or later been directed against our form of government political corruption ? Or are the soldiers all the relation between effect and cause in the Efforts have been made, and are now making dead, whom they commanded ? Or, after all moral worid will always evince the prevalencs to weaken what was already 100 weak for our the vapouring and threats which we have of an eternal rule of right. The end vices--but something like a political religion I heard, is tbe army establisbment dwindling calamities will be the good of our country, an i

are

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