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the curses which will accumulate on the heads, ment of France. His Royal Highness answer. | pothesis, and discoursed from it as learnedly, of those who have wantonly sacrificed our in- eď by sketching the outlines of an admirable and with as much apparent conviction of its exampled felicity will teach our children's constitution, which he assured them would be truth and reality as Berkely and Hume, Deschildren wisdom.

recognized as the basis of the system to which cartes or Malebranche ever did of theirs.

. obser

many expressions of the warmest sympathy vations as near as I can recollect them, and GENERAL REGISTER.

for his country, and those around him. The confine myself as much as possible to his own

scene was deeply affecting and his speech language, that my readers may justly appreBOSTON, SATURDAY, JUNE 4, 1814. was frequently interrupted and the conclusion ciate the character and learning of my venerafollowed by universal acclamations.

ble friend. GLORIOUS CONSUMMATION.

JATI

April 15. The Emperour of Austria enter- “ One of the most extraordinary fashions," We cannot denominate the agreeable, im- ed Paris, in style.

said he, “ that ever prevailed among the fe. portant, AWFUL. Intelligence, just received, April 17. The Provisional Government is males of this or any other country, was that of under the usual head"* EUROPEAN.” It dissolved. The government of the kingdom wearing those enormous cushions on their announces events which are in the highest is conferred on the Count d' Artois, until the headls. These false and preposterous ornadegree interesting to the civilized world. The arrival of Louis XVIII. Part of the allied ments were undoubtedly produced by the war most extensive system of tyranny that ever troops have left France and recrossed the for our Independence, as they regularly inmankind suffered or witnessed ; the most for- Rhine. Addresses flow into Paris from every creased with the difficulties of those times, and midable power that ever triumphed over the part of France. Loyal enthusiasm is the or- disappeared with the rest of our troubles after freedom of nations, and threatened a general der of the day.

the peace of 1783. degradation of the human species—are annihi- April 18. The Mars, a French vessel, ar- « Another very remarkable article, in the felated France is restored to Jiberty and peace, rived at Portsmouth, England, inviting Louis male dress, was the hooped petticoat ; these Europe to repose--for 10 use a French ex- XVIII over to his kingdom and people. The have had their ups and dow is in the world, pression, which appears to us strictly appro- blockading squadrons are ordered from off the having appeared in France just before priate-TIIE REIGN OF CRIME IS OVER. French ports into Plymouth.

the murder of Henry the Fourth by. Ravaillac, In the short space allowed us, we shall AMERICAN AFFAIRS. A London and subsided during the next reign ; revived merely make record of the events which pre- article of April 8th. mentions a report that in England under the great Duke of Mariboceded the destruction of the revolutionary the British ministry had declined to treat rough, whose Duchess then led the fashions of Despotism of France.

with our commissioners, until the question of the court : and, as it is well known that she ruMarch 31, 1814. Four hours' armistice the hostages should be settled, as they could led the Queen, and the Queen ruled the realm, having been agreed to by the allies, at the not negotiate on that subject, nor while these , it may be said einphatically that the nation gates of Paris, to receive a formal surrender of hostages were detained.

were then under petticoat government. The the city, at two o'clock in the morning the ar- It is added that 25,000 troops are immedi- last time they prevailed in this country was ticles of capitulation were arranged and signed. ately to be transported to America ; and that about the revival of commerce, after the peace;

The Emperour Alexander with the King of England will now meet our hostile proceedings and although our navigation did not thrive so Prussia entered this morning and were with all her strength.

much at that particular period as afterwards, ceived by all ranks of the people with the

STATE LEGISLATURE. Busily engage

yet we carried on a considerable trade uoder the warmest acclamations. ed in local and individual concerns.

hooped petticoat. Pockets totally disappeared The same day, the Emperour Alexander

during the heat of the French revolution, and proclaimed, in the name of all the allies, that LITERARY AND MISCELLANEOUS.

LAN were succeeded by a foreign race of usurpers, they came to meet the wishes of the French

which, though submitted to by a sort of impepeople ; and that they would treat no more

rious necessity, have never been admitted to with Napoleon Bonaparte, nor with any of his

THE WRITER, No. IV.

so close and friendly a connection as the old family ; inviting the Senate to appoint a pro- It is very common for people of ore class favourites, but have been kept at arm's-length visional government. in society to make themselves merry with the

ever since. Naked arms brought contagion April 6. The Provisional Government being fashions of another : thus the present race of into this country; for 'tis a fact, that yellow organized, published an address to the people beaux, with their round toed shoes and crop- fever never left the West Indies till our ladies of France, stating the deplorable situation to ped hair, are extremely witty upon any gentle adopted the practice of the warm climates by which the nation had been reduced by the man, who appears to them in the costume of going with their arms bare ; and I verily be merciless barbarity of Napoleon's tyranny, and their grandfathers; and who, obstinately attach- lieve, that this unseasonable and calamitous announcing that the Senate had declared that ed to the customs of his jovial years, ventures fashion swept of more of the citizens of the Napoleon had forfeited the throne. The pro- abroad with pointed shoes, and a bag wig or a

United States, than were ever destroyed by gunvisional government declared that all emblems, long queue to his hair.

powder. Patches were generally worn the year cyphers, and arms, which characterised the Female fashions, either from being more im- the sun was totally eclipsed, and Spanish mangovernment of Bonaparte should be suppres- portant, or more prolifick of objects, have tles came in and went out with the first emsed and effaced, wherever they cxist.

been considered fair game ever since the time bargo. As to the more transitory form of the Napoleon Bonaparte formally abdicated the of Addison and Steele, and the success with bonnet, the colour of the ribbons,or the manner crowns of France and Italy in the following terms. which these celebrated essayists attacked the of putting them on, these are smaller events;

“ The allied powers having proclaimed that fashionable follies of their day, has induced and, as they vary about as often, they may reathe Emperour Napoleon was the only obstacle almost every periodical writer, since, to sport sonably be attached to the wind and weather, to the reestablishment of the Peace of Europe, in the same field. Although I am a strict ob- or the usual changes of the atmosphere, for the Emperour Napoleon, faithful to his oath, server of the female world, and the first to their operative causes. declares, that he renounces for himself and his | take notice of the most trifling alteration in “ These few instances," continued the Dr. heirs, the thrones of France and Italy; and their dress or ornaments, yet I never view « are sufficient I think to convince any reasonthat there is no personal sacrifice, even that of these occasional changes as matters of 'mere able man, that fashions and politicks, and I may life, which he is not ready to make for the in-caprice or evanescent fancy, but rather as con- add philosophy and physicks, are all connected terest of France. Done at the Palace of Fon- nected by cause or effect, with other great | by some secret chain, and go hand and hand tainbleau. April 1814."

events, which are often taking place in the together." The same day (April 6) the Emperour Alex- natural or political world. Perhaps some per- Here the old gentleman ceased, and as he ander sent a proposition to Bonaparte to choose sons may be disposed to laugh at this idea, found no one to enter the lists to oppose him, a place of residence for himself and family. and consider it as another of my oddities, yet I he looked as though he was conscious he had

April 13. Monsieur, the Count d’Artois, have the happiness to say, that I am not en- won over the whole company to bis system. made his publick entry into Paris.

tirely alone in this opinion. I have an old and But, whether they were ready to subscribe to April 14. His Royal Highness, the Count valuable friend, whom I shall call Dr. Reverie, his theory or not, I am sure they were all ad'Artois, received the Senate and Legislature, to whom I am indebted for this original thought, mused with the warmth and ingenuity with who by their President presented him their and who carries it to greater perfection, and which he supported it. respectful submission, their ardent expressions refines upon it with much more ingenuity of of love, and the joy they experienced in wel- reasoning and acuteness of argument, than I

LIGHT FOOD. coming, at last, a descendant of St. Louis and could ever do myself. I lately spent a very AMONG Other remarkable instances adduced Henry IV.

pleasant evening with the old gentleman, when by way of proof, that the lightest food is best The Senate likewise committed to the care the conversation happening to turn upon this calculated to leave the mind entire possession of H. R. H. the present Provisional Govern subject, he brought forward his favourite hy. ! of itself, and invest it as it were with its fullest

FOR THE BOSTON SPECTATOR.

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powers,it is recorded of Sir Isaac Newton, that from this may perhaps appear inconclusive ; it The hopeless past-the hastening future driren when he applied himself to what is esteemed may be said, the difference of pain is owing to Too quickly on to guess if hell or heaven ; the greatest stretch of human penetration, the the different structure of the limb. Then Deeds, thoughts, and words, perhaps remembered not study, investigation, and analysis of the theory there is another argument more decisive. If so keenly till that hour, but ne'er forgot ; of light and colours,—to quicken his faculties, an external irritating application is found to Things light or lovely in their acted time, and fix his attention, he confined himself, dur- produce the same effect, when operating on the

But now to stern reflection each a crime ; ing that time, to a small quantity of bread, with muscle of a Polyphemus or a Homunculus; The withering sense of evil unreveal’d, a little sack and water, of which, without obser- does it not prove that the excitability in both cases is equal ? If the fibre is in both cases

Not cankering less because the more concealdving any regulation of time, he took, as he was prompted either by desire or a failure of spirit. equally sensible, it must follow, without de- All-in a word--from which all eyes must start,

It is likewise related of Mr. Law, the fac scending further into the particulars of the That opening sepulchre--the naked lieart. mous projector of the Mississippi scheme, and cockpit, that the degree of pain will be in pro

Bares with its buried woes."

Page 4 an inveterate gambler, that to keep his head portion to the actual extent of organick lesion ;

LEVITY IN DESPAIR. clear, and faculties acute, and in order to obtain and if so, Shakspeare's doctrine is altogether a superiority of skill in gaming, he lived many erroneous, not only in the extreme case he

Strange though it seems yet with extremest grief years on half a chicken a day, with about a

Is link'd a mirthấjt doth not bring relief supposes, but in every disparity of subject. pound of bread, and drank nothing but water,

That playfulness of Sorrow ne'er beguilcs,

And smiles in bitterness-but still it smilesor aqueous liquors; and to this was attributed

THE CORSAIR. his great success, for he was as famous for

And sometimes with the wisest and the best, plundering his friends,as defrauding the publick. In ac eur bori perusah of The Corsair," a pleasing little Till even the scaffold echoes with their jest !

poem by Lord Byron, just published, I have marked Yet not the joy to which it seems akin, Lord Byron seems likewise to be of the

the following passages--some for their poetick beau. opinion, that abstemiousness favours intellec- ties-others for sake of the sentiment.

It'may deceive all hearts, save that within.” Page 53. tual vigour, in the following passage in his last poem. Speaking of the commander of PASTIME OF THE PIRATES ON SHORE. POWER AND DANGER OF WOMAN'S TEARS. the pirates, he says

“ Ix scattered groupes upon the golden sand,

" Oh ! too convincing-dangerously dear-
** And for his fare, the rudest of his crew
They game-carouse-converse-or whet the brand ;

In woman's eye the unanswerable tear!
Would that, in turn, have pass'd untasted too.
Select the arms to each his blade assign,

That weapon of her weakness she can wield,
Earth's coarsest bread, the garden's homeliest roots,
And scarce the summer Juxury of fruits,
And careless eye the blood that dims its shine :

To save-subdue-at once her spear and shield

Avoid it-Virtue ebbs and Wisdom errs,
His short repast in humbleness supply

Repair the boat-replace the helm or oar,
With all a hermit's board would scarce deny.
While others straggling, muse along the shore ;

Too fondly gazing on that grief of hers !
But while he shuns the grosser joys of sense
For the wild bird the busy springes set,

What lost a world, and bade a hero fly?
His mind seems nourish'd by that abstinence."

The timid tear in Cleopatra's eye.
Or spread beneath the sun the dripping net :

Yet be the soft triumvir's fault forgiven,
LE REVEUR, No. IV.

Gaze where some distant sail a speok supplies,
With all the thirsting eye of Enterprizem

By this—how many lose not earth—but heaveu ! “ The sting of death is most in apprehension ; Tell o'er the tales of many a night of toil,

Consign their souls to man's eternal foe, And the poor beetle, that we tread upon,

And seal their own to spare some wanton's woe !" In corporal sufferance, feels a pang as great

And marvel where they next shall seize a spoil :
As when a giant dies."
No matter where--their chief's allotment this

Page 58. The first of these positions is undoubtedly Theirs-to believe no prey nor plan amiss.” Page 3 true-the latter, is a poetical flourish, contain

ACCIDENTS OF LIFE.

ANCHORING AND LANDING. ing more of fancy, than probability ; I say pro

“ Hoarse o er her side the rustling cable rings ;

Few subjects are more intitled to our conbability, for it is impossible to prove it either The sails are furld; and anchoring, round she swings: or those fortuitous events, which happen with

sideration and regard, than the Accidents of life, true or false : But it is a subject of curious speculation. And gathering loiterers on the land discern

out either our knowledge or expectation. And Nothing is more common than this arguHer boat descending from the latticed stern.

these chances are so incidental to our nature, mentum ad misericordiam ; it begins in the

'Tis mann'd-The oars keep concert to the strand, that in the histories of many we are surprised nursery, and we hear it through life, from per. Till grates her keel upon the shallow sand.” Page 6. with a thousand uncommon and unforeseen cirsons who have or affect to have great acute

cumstances ; each treating upon the heels of ness of sensibility, particularly for the inferior INFLUENCE OF COURAGE AND SUCCESS, IN A

another, and of which we can only see the efclasses of animated being. The absurdity of

COMMANDER.

fect, without being able to trace the cause.

“ Still sways their souls with that commanding art this universal scale of corporal sufferance on

If every man was to carry retrospection to the destruction of the vital functions, cannot

That dazzles-leads-yet chills the vulgar heart. his earlier days, and review also the latter stabe rendered more striking, than by the strongWhat is that spell, that thus his lawless train

ges of his journey through life, he would be ly contrasted instances which Shakspeare ad. Confess and envy—yet oppose in vain ?

astonished at the acciderits he has encountered duces. If the beetle be but a millionih part

What should it be ? that thus their faith can bind ? on the road; and, as he looked more cautiousas large as the giant, the power of sensation in The power of Thought-the magick of the mind ! ly into the records of memory, he would start the component matter of its little body must Linked with success--assumed and kept with skill, at the recollection of dangers, which he has be a million times more exquisite, than that of That moulds another's weakness to liis will

escaped by the most sudden turns of happy the giant, or the great poet's doctrine is incor Wields with their hands--but still to these unknown,

fortune, and tremble at the remembrance of rect. I know of no evidence that the sensi. Makes even their mightiest deeds appear his own.

miseries, which it seemed to require the interbility of living matter is inversely in proportion such hath it been-shall be-beneath the sun

vention of a deity or a iniracle to avoid. to the tenuity of the organ; and besides, the

The revolutions of Fate are indeed so vari.

still must labour for the one ; idea is shocking, if we suppose an infinity of

ous and complicated, that we can have no inliving atoms crushed every moment, each of 'Tis Nature's doom—but let the wretch who toils,

surance of a moment, since it is not possible for Accuse not-hate not-him who wears the spoils. which experiences a pang as great, as when a

him, who now revels in the joyousness of giant dies by violence. We must imagine Oh! if he knew the weight of splendid chains,

health, and whose cheeks bloom with the rudourselves in a world of torture, at once inevita- How light the balance of his humbler pains !” Page 10. dicst roses of life, to ascertain that the breath, ble and useless.

which now imbibes the balm of the morning,

CONSCIOUS DEPRAVITY, SUSPICIOUS. Is it thought this speculating on the proba

shall not desert its station in his body, before, ble sufferance of a poor bug is not very inter

“ He knew himself a villain—but he deem'd

the setting of the suo : since innumerable esiing; it will be found worth attention, if we The rest no better than the thing he seem'd ;

whirls may possibly happen,to sweep him froin leave these extreme cases, and take others And scorn'd the best as hrpocrites who hic

existence, within the narrow limits of a day. more approximate. Does a small man suiter Those dieds the holder spirit plainly did.” Page 14 In less time than that in which the sun perless from the loss of a limb, than a large one ?

forms his circuit, batties have been decided,by

REMONSE. Is there then a great advantage, in being of

the blood of thousands on one hand, and naa diminutive figure, considering the accidents

“ There is a war, 2 chaos of the mind,

tions have been sold by avaricious stratagem to which we are all equally exposed ? Undoubt when all its elements convulsed, combin's,

on the other ; cities have been sacked, and ediy there is; and I think this can be proved Lie dark and jarring with peiturbed force,

kingdoms capitulated; the wretch has been to a demonstration. It is surely less painful ind gnashing with IMPENITENT Re:onse ;

clated from despair to extasy, and the hapny for the same person to suffer thic amputation That jięg'ing fiend-uho nerer spake before-- have been overwhelmed in sudden anguishi. of a linger, than of an arm. The inference | But cries, " I wara'd thee!" when the deed is o'er, It would indeed fill the soul with accumulated

The many

SELECTED.

POETRY. horror, were we to consider the havock that curse of possible prediction. What in nature may possibly happen, in the course of i wenty- (however pious our conduct or uniform our four hours, among the hopes of human nature. rectitude) could equal the terror of foreseeing To reflect, how momentously the schemes of the manner and the moment of our dissolu

PROVIDENCE. the libertine and the statesman, and the fairy tion ? to prognosticate the chance, by which

Otrou Omnipotent! whose ways expectations of felicity and grandeur, arc blast- the limb of a friend shall be shivered away ; ed or destroyed! How some are circumvent- or to foresee the day when our babes shall Man's daring opticks trace in vain ! ed by death, and some by the treachery of man, writlie in convulsions, or ourselves parch with who dare with doubting heart arraign while others resign the hopes of an intemper- an inflammatory fever ; and when every dear- Tho'storms and clouds obscure the wisdom of thy ate imagination to the numbing power of de- er relative shall sink under the shocks of some

reign ? crepitude or age. He who is, in the present fatal distemper.

Tho'through the nether world, elate instant, employing his intellectual powers to

Let us for a moment invest an human being The ruffian stalks, upheld by fate ; elucidate the understanding of others, in the with this distressful superiority ; and let us

Tho' murderous treason, scoffing tread next may be deprived of every capacity to in. suppose him the father of a family ; with what

On the crown'd martyr's sacred head : struct, and want that reason himself, the use unutterable agonies does he groan? He can of which he before taught to his friends : with .certainty look forward to the fate and Tho' myriads bleed, tho’ kingdoms fall, destruction of all his race ; he foresees the

Tho' wrath in whirlwinds burl the ball, “ From Marlboroughi's eyes the streams of Jotage fow,

time when his daughter shall fall a sacrifice 10 Eternal Wisdom governs all ! Miss HOLCROIT. " And Swift expired a driv'ler and a shew.”

the delusions of the rake ; his tender partner
DR. JOHNSON
be confined for a series of years to the cham-

MODERN GRECIANS.
Such reflections will strikingly impress us

ber of disease ; his sons plunge in dissipation, France are Albania's children, yet they lack with a manifest assurance of our own imbecil- if not in debauchery; and himself expire, with

Not virtues, were those virtues more mature: ity, and of the brevity of life ; it will repress out leisure for a groan, in apoplectick anguish.

Where is the foe that ever saw their back ! the towerings of ambition, stifle the swellings But, to prevent the horror of a scene like of opinion, and silence the clamours of discon- this, Providence has kindly thrown an impen- Who can so well the toil of war endure ? tent. In the silent conviction of these impor- etrable veil over all but the page prescribed, Their native fortresses not more secure tant truths, in this manner may the conscious our present state.

Than they in doubtful time of troublous need : creature argue with himself :

An universal uncertainty of human concerns 'Their wrath how deadly! but their friendship sure, “ I am now alive, and rejoicing in the vivac- is therefore entirely necessary to reinind us of When Gratitude or Valour bids them bleed, ity of health ; I am in the blossom of youth, our frailty, to alarm our attention to that sol. Unskaken, rushing on, where'er their chief may lead. and in the summer of human life. Yet let me emn hour, when every work of this world shall

Brror. not presume on such advantages, since they “ be done away," and to limit the excursions are all dependent on the will of Heaven, and of our fancy, that, as we are ignorant how or

EVE'S PARTING BEAM. subservient to vicissitude and change ; youth when we shall die, we may learn early to live has no exemption from the invasions of mise- a life of preparation.

SWEET is it when the spirit is at rest, ry or the darts of death, and the spirits, which Since then we are convinced, by more than And peace attunes the mind, occasion my gaiety, may in a moment yield to the experience of a thousand years, that a mo- On the green down, at summer tide reclin'd the attack of innumerable natural distempers, ment may render useless the toils of an age, To listen to the whisper of the wind : sink by depression, or languish by sickness : and that the wing of fate may brush every And on the clouds that canopy the west, the health which now flushes my cheek, and insignificance away, such convictions may Round the slope sun's vast orbit rollid the tide which enriches my heart, are obedient point out to us the duty of exerting ourselves,

O’er billows of the molten gold, to a capricious pulse, which disease my alarm, with resolute industry, to perpetuate our mem- Catch in quick colours ere they fade, pain enfever, and the extremitles either of joy ory, and leave for the use of posterity some

The seraph's plume with light inlaid, or sorrow discompose. I am a being of compli- laudable testimonials of our genius, benevocated weaknesses : my passions may counter- lence, or application. The same certainty

And picture fair in blissful dream act the designs for which they were implanted; will also whisper humility to presumption, and Bright visions floating on eve's roseate beam! and my powers, by sinking too meanly, or soar. hope to distress ; for it perhaps often happens

SOTHEBI ing too rashly, may again mingle me with the that insolent prosperity is sacrificed to supply earth.” the deficiencies of modest want.

THE FORSAKEN MAID'S DREAM. A man, sensible of his own insufficiency, There is no contemplation, at the same time,

Is one wild vision, 'midst a land unknown, will not suffer such arguments to be long ab- so soothing and stupendous, as on the secret

By a dark river as she sat alone, sent from his mind ; they will recur to him, as and supernatural means by which we are prethe salutary principles and exercises of his du- served from the crush of surrounding disas. Javan beyond the stream, dejected stood; ty ; and, being improved into an habit, they ters ; especially, as from the exquisite me

He spied her soon, and leap'd into the flood : will attend him to his pillow, and be called in to chanism of our bodies, and the still finer for

The thwarting current urg'd him down its course, close the day.

mation of our souls, it seems almost a miracle But love repell’d it with victorious force ; In the moment of trial, when passions in that every ungentler motion does not relax She ran to help him landing, where at length fame, desires solicit, and temptations assail, the somc organ of sense or spring of life, or that He struggled up the bank with tailing strength ; good man will refer to these for the power of some wheel in the natural machine is not She caught his hand ;-when downward from the day, resistance, and gladly shield his invaded vir- strained into disorder. Yet, such is the nicety A water monster dragg'd the youth away. tues under their sanctuary.

of our contexture, that we see multitudes of She follow'd headlong, but her garments bore In respect of accident, however, tliat which those, who from their infancy have bathed their

Her form, light floating, till she saw no more. we call so is often the regular though mysteri-brows in drudgery, and encountered the storm

MONTGOMERY's World before the Flood ous design of Heaven, and chance is the invis. and hurricanes of life, wearing out their ible order of Omiiipotence : there is (in fact) strength in slow and gradual decay, till they no such thing as chance ; it is an absolute sink at last, with the weight of years, in perfect

EPIGRAM. misnomer in language ; all is infinitive con- sanity to the grave.

As gallant Edward, in a lively freak trirance, and immense direction. The Author I do not know any thing which so strongly of Nature has indeed concealed from the cu- marks the Divine character ; for, as he has

Kiss'd antient Margaret (for the dame was kind) riosity, or the impertinent desires of man, such laid us open to the power of what must of Me found, although the rose had left her cheek, mysteries of his Providence as his wisdom consequence appear to us under the disguise The thorn upon her chin remain'd behind. judged necessary to secure his felicity, to ex- of accident, he has with equal beneficence cite his industry, and awaken his apprehension ; shielded us from them, when it was consistent

PRINTED AND PUBLISHED FOR at the same time he has bountifully revealed with his plan to spare.--It ought not therefore so much of his plan as is requisite to evince to be a means to frighten any man either from

JOHN PARK, the dignity and eternity of his nature, and shew the pleasure or the business of life, because the importance of his creatures. his being is held upon a precarious tenure,

BY MUNROE & FRANCIS, It is true he has denied us prescience, his since every circumstance passes under the in

NO. 4 CORNHILL. own peculiar and sacred prerogative, and spection of a Power that will not stamp it with in the refusal of this pre-eminence his benevo- his sacred sanction, unless his authority is some Price three dollars per annum, half in advance." Jence is strongly seen. A power of prophecy way conducive to the general felicity of hu- Subscribers may be supplied with the preceding ip man would perhaps be the most aggravated man nature.

Europ. Mag.

numbers,

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FOR

THE

BOSTON SPECTATOR.

exer

POLITICAL,

required to thank and adore Satan, who seduced It is not improbable that a third intermediand tyrannized over mankind, for the glorious ate estate will be yet established, in the new

plan of redemption. Far be it from me to in government. The materials are ready, but FRANCE.

timate any analogy in the merits or importance their heterogeneous quality presgots an obstaThe time has now arrived, and we rejoice of the events, but the parallel in reasoning is cle, which it will require some ingenuity to in its unexpected advent, when we can prove perfect.

remove-an ancient and an upstart class of that we are not, and have not been actuated It is neither true that the object of the French noblesse. To this difficulty alone, we preby any undue prejudice against the French people, when they murdered the good Louis sume, it was owing, that Louis bas not offered nation. We feel and cheerfully profess a live- XVI., nor of Bonaparte, when he dissolved the to his people, at once, the most perfect plan ly satisfaction at the prospect of happiness, directory and drove the legislative body from that human wisdom ever devised, or experiwhich now opens upon this great people. Na- their seats, at the point of the bayonet, have ence recommended. tions like individuals have their characteristick been accomplished, by the present establish- Before we close these remarks, it may not faults—the French are ambitious, and, under ment of a limited monarchy. The former be unnecessary to guard against a misconall sorts of government, ever disposed to ag- swore eternal enmity to monarchy, and volun: struction of our political sentiments, with regrandize themselves by political intrigue. Of tarily submitted to all the horrors of democra- spect to the government of our own country. this, we cannot expect that they are cured ; it cy, until Bonaparte took the command, and It will be said by cavillers that we are recomis a disposition which would probably never placed upon their necks the yoke of military mending an ORDER OF NOBILITY, and are deend, but with their extirpation, and that is nei- despotism. His usurped power was sirous to see it recognized in the constitution ther practicable nor desirable. Providence, by cised with progressive cruelty, until his insa- of the United States. This is far from true ; the full swing of their predominant vice, has tiable ambition roused all Europe against him, it would be the madness of folly to think of reduced them to such a situation, that they and at last the allied armies entered France in such an innovation. There can be no House will not soon be able to disturb the peace o. triumph, occupied the capital, áud banished the of Lords in any country, unless constituted by other states, unless internal corruption pave the despot. By destroying the armies of Bona- a natural, acknowledged aristocracy, or apway for this influence ; and the same Provi. parte, Frenchmen have been magnanimously pointed by a military despot. The perfection dence has left the other nations of Europe to liberated ; by the generosity of their King, of the British constitution has grown out of a undergo such a scene of discipline, from their shackled by no condition whatever, they are state of society, which has subsisted for many want of political virtue and firmness that the offered a free government, which, having am- centuries. We must struggle on, with our goveroments of the continent are meliorated, ply experienced the folly and madness of their parties and our factions--our checks and bal. and their subjects instructed in the duties and whole revolutionary scheme, they will un- ances on parchment, and our total want of advantages of patriotism.

doubtedly accept. What stupid folly to pre- them in pri ctice. All power, among us, cumes Louis the Eighteenth has agreed with his tend, that, in this compact between the res. from the people, and the best way to get it is people on an excellent constitution. His long bored king and the people, the exiled emperor not unfre. Atly to cajcle and deceive them. residence in England has afforded him a field had a voice ! He has gone, sorely against his They will bear almost any abuse of power of observation, which he seems to have im- will, bearing with him the execrations of all thus obtained. But were we all to feel and proved like a wise statesman, and a virtuous the world, except of his ininions, the demo- regret the evils, which attend our system, we sovereign. He has there seen that a people crats of our country.

cannot have a better, for the materials do not may be free their rights secured by law- We have said that France is now favoured exist, and cannot be fabricated. We are a their prosperity the dearest charge of the Prince, with a constiqution of government, resembling, new people—all started together in the race without derogating from the dignity of the in its outlinel, the features of British freedom of competition for distinction but thirty eight monarch. As the harbinger of his return to At present, however, it loses much in the years ago ; and none have yet so distanced his distressed and exhausted subjects, and of comparison, and leaves her liberty less se- their companions, that a line can be drawn, to the felicity which they may anticipate, he has, It wants that excellent regulating pow. the propriety of wlrich the whole community voluntarily, without the least requisition or er, which is found in England in a hereditary would' assent. suggestion, that we can discover, proposed to nobility, constituting a permanent branch of

Until after the above remarks were them the outlines of the British Constitu. the legislature. A monarch and an entirely written and in type, we were under an erroTION for their adoption !* This, it must be popular legislature is not a well balanced gove neous impression, as to the new French conconfessed, is a vast improvement on the an- ernment. One or the other will inevitably stitution, from having before iis a paper concien régime, and what Frenchmen will more preponderate, in the course of its operation, taining an imperfect sketch of its plan, in which strongly feel, compared to their situation either when it may become a democracy or a des. the hereditary, aristocratick character of the under the name of Republick or the enqualifi- potism. As it is impossible to divest human Senate was carefully kept out of sight. We ed and inexorable despotism of Bonaparte, it beings of that strongest of all human propen- now find that what is technically called the Lewill be a new existence.

sities, self-love, that system is the most per- gislative Body, which is a House of Commons, Some, who bave been the eulogists and par- fect, which makes this passion, so hostile to is the only elective branch. That the old and tizans of France, through all the infamous con- publick liberty, Deutralize itself. Where a new Nobility are to constitute a body of legisduct of her cut-throat rulers and insolent ty: nobility is established, constituting a part of lative peers, whose honours and functions are rant, though blasted in all their hopes and pre- the legislature, it is their interest to give their hereditary. The whole system, therefore, dictions, now attempt to conceal their mortifi-weight to the popular branch of the govern- which has been so warmly recommended in cation, by expressing their approbation of this ment, if the influence of the crown threatens to some of our democratick papers, is modelled new government, and, with an absurdity, equal. | become too powerful ; for an ambitious movie upon the British constitution. It only remains led only by its impudence and falsehood, assert arch will ever be found more jealous of aris- now to be ascertained by experience, whether that this great national blessing is the work of toeratick, than of popular consequence. On such a popular form of government as the Brithe Corsican usurper ! As well might we be the other hand, popular ascendancy, over regal tish, is adapted to the French character.

• The whole substance of the Constitution, as drawn power, tends to destroy all artificial distincup in form by the provisional government, will be tions in society-a nobility therefore is a safe. We take the liberty to republish an editorial article. found in the speech of the Count d'Artois, which he guard against levelism and anarchy, and be- from the Repertory, written by the present editor gives as previously authorised by his brother, the

comes a shield to the dignity of the monarch, of this paper, about seven years ago. We ask the King Besides this, as the provisional government when it is assailed. As I am now only speak

privilege of this satisfaction, because such speculawas constituted at the request of the Allies in possession

tions were at that time, and have been ever since, of Paris, and acting in concert with the King, there can ing of the apparent defect in the French con

sneered at by the advocates of Frenchi despotism be no doubt, but the whole systein had been suggested stitution, as published, it is not necessary to among us, as ridiculous and visionary. to them as his wish. It would otherwise be very sin. shew how the other two branches respectively « Since France began her career of aggrangular, that there should be such perfect concert be- operate in preserving the balance, and pre- dizement, which has terminated in the subjutween his intentions and the result of the deliberations venting abuse or assumption, in either of the gation of continental Europe, the many bunof the provisional government.

divisions of power.

cure,

94

CANNOT

AND

WILL

dreds of thousands who have perished in aiding had serious provocation, and I should imagine the 10th and 11th of April, in which the foror resisting its progress afford a subject of re- every man of sense would perceive, that to mer was victorious and took Toulouse. greiful reflection to the humane mind. There bristle up, now, when we are left alone, and London was illuminated three nights in suc. are but few so callous to the natural philan- | sullenly to repress our joy at an event, which cession, in consequence of the ever memorathropy of the human soul, as to contemplate is certainly of immense benefit to us, merely i ble events, which have occurred in France. the sacrifice of numberless hosts of fellow because it leaves her independent and secure, Messrs. Bayard and Gallatin arrived in Engunortals, and all the concomitant scenes of would neither display a very noble spirit on land, on the 8th of April.. misery produced by this sanguinary triumph of our part, nor tend to conciliate her friendship. The American frigate John Adams, with ambition, without sensations revolting and It is for correct men throughout the United Messrs Clay and Russel on board, has arrived pa nul. Yet, when we see France the empress States to show, to the uttermost of their power, at Gottenburg. of all the kingdoms, states, and republicks of how many are correct, how many are opposed DOMESTICK. The Hon. CHRISTOPHER Europe, and satiated with the blood of those to the foolish and wicked policy of our govern-Gore has bcen reelected Senator in the Con. who struggled to maintain their freedom, it is ment in making common cause with Napolean gress of the United States, from Massachuthe most melancholy reflection of all, that the Bonaparte ; how many exult in the destruction setts, for six years. tragedy is but half completed. In many ages of his tyranny ; how many hail the return of a A party of 300 men and six officers, Eng. there does not appear but one Bonaparte, and pacifick government in France, and the trium- lish, have been taken at Sandy creek. no one less than Bonaparte can preserve the phant close of Great Britain's magnanimous Commodore McDonnough is with his integrity of that immense empire he has form- contest for the general cause of human free- squadron on lake Champlain, off Plattsburg. ed. That consolidation of nations, which he dom. How many are untouched by the un- A solemn Religious FESTIVAL will soon be has effected, is a forced state of things. It friendly, malignant spirit which our rulers have observed in this town, in gratitude to the Al

NOT ENDURE. There is displayed ; how many desire and fondly antici- MIGHTY Ruler of Nations, for his mercy perhaps no strong reason to assert that it will pate a peace, just in its principles, and honour. in liberating the world froin the most cruel not exist, while he remains to direct and con- able to the nation, though disgraceful to the and destructive Tyranny that ever wasted hu. trol. But his creatures will owe ng allegiance authors of the war.

man life or desolated the face of the earth. nor gratitude to his successor ; and though This first step is certainly due to ourselves. Fifty-nine British prisoners near Chilicothe the sword destroy forms of government, it docs Be just and fear not. It may produce much have been ordered by Mr. Madison, into close not materially change the long established good, it can do no harm. If any exigency confinement. Fresh irritation. habits of nations, nor those relations which na- should unfortunately require that the whole On Thursday last was deposited, with approture has founded. The Emperor Napoleon, energy of the country should be brought into priate ceremonies, in the north-east corner of with all his power, cannot make all Europe defensive operation against Great Britain, it the “ Church Green,” in Summer-Street, a Frenchmen. Spaniards, Germans, Dutchmen, will be favourabite to our cause, and a consola- PLATE with a Latin inscription, of which the and Prussians will still feel that they are a dis- tion in the trial, that we have acquitted our following is a translation : tinct people : and for one nation to be volunta- selves with individual integrity, and discharged

A CHURCH

on this spot, was originally dedicated by our Forefathers our consciences, rily in a state of perpetual dependence on

to God All-mighty and All.good, Jan. A.D. 1717.

Such an evil sve do not yet apprehend, though it was enlarged A.D. 1729.-1e was taken down April, another, is not in the nature of man. Arguing therefore from the experience of some alarms have been circulated. We un

A. D. 1814. former ages, from the constitution of the hu- doubtedly can provoke Great Britain to exert

The foundation of a new Edifice man mind, the time will come when the strides the utmost of her power ; but we see no rea- (may God prosper and bless our design) of Gallick power must all be retraced. The son to expect she will require more than the

was laid April 14, A. D. 1814. time will come, when he who may sit on the relinquishment of those new claims whieh the The Rev. SAMUEL Cooper Taschen being Pastor of our

Church. throne of France will not have the capacity, i present administration made the PRETEXT for

On the reverse. This transaction took place, while

It is suggested that she may deny us like Bonaparte, to preserve her sway.

His Excellency CALEB STRONG was Governour of the But what monarch ever contracted his em- those privileges for our fisheries, which we

Commonwealth of Massachusetts ; His Honour WILpire but from necessity ?-Where the capaci obtained by the treaty of peace. The sugges- LIAM Phillips, Lieutenant-Governour ; and Rev. JOAX ty to rule may be deficient, lust of power and tion is thought to be countenanced by the me. THORNTON KIRKLAND, D.D. lately Pastor of this Church,

was President of Harvard University. personal pride will prompt the future Empe- morial of the Newfoundlanders! The London rour of France to maintain his ascendancy. merchants memorialized the government, and Nations will throw off the yoke ; but, as the used very powerful means, to prevent our ves- LITERARY AND MISCELLANEOUS. present state of things has resulted from the sels going to France and other parts of the hard earned triumphs of a despot's subjects continent, under Erskine's unauthorised ar

THE CONFIDANT, No. X. over people struggling to retain their inde-rangement; but they did not succeed. The pendence, so their independence will never be inhabitants of Jamaica, and various portions of “Every thing by turns, and nothing long," reestablished, unless human nature change, but British colonists not unfrequently petition in It is a part of the national policy and reliby successful triumphs of people struggling to

favour of their local interests; and the govern-gion of India, which has prevailed at least for be free, over their enslavers. The battles of ment accords or not, according to its sense of some thousands of years, not only that every Marengo, Austerlitz, Eylau, and Friedland justice and sound policy. They will do so now. man shall be restricted, as long as he lives, to must be fought over again.

But the consequences of the French revolu- the exercise of that occupation with which he For this reason, the success of Bonaparte's tion, and of French ambition directed by Bon- shall begin active life, but that every individuarms, his monstrous extent of domination, aparte, have hurried us into calamities more al, generation after generation and century afwhich every man must know cannot be per

serious than any we can apprehend. Our sal- ter century, shall follow exclusively the occupetual, must sicken every heart, that does not vation has come ; let us be grateful to that pation of his father. Absurd as such a reguladelight in the perspective of incalculable mis- Providence which delivers us from evil, while | tion may appear to us, there have been both ery and carnage !

we endeavour to destroy ourselves. Let the philosophers and statesmen, who have thought Yet-Heaven forgive the unfeeling deprav great allied powers of Europe hear the voice | it favourable to the happiness and prosperity ity of man !-there are beings who call them of congratulation from tlie shores of America. of society. “ When every man,” says Dr. Robselves human, who rejoice in every conquest of

inson, " is at full liberty to direci bis efforts this Alexander, as though the consequences

towards those objects and that end, which the would be everlasting peace and happiness.”

GENERAL REGISTER. impulse of his own mind prompts him to pre

fer, he may be expected to attain that high From the manner in which the liberation of BOSTON, SATURDAY, JUNE 11, 1614. degree of eminence to which the uncontrolled

exertions of genius and industry naturally conthe world from French tyranny will be receiv

duct. The regulations of Indian policy with ed in this country, we may form some opinion EUROPEAN, A few further particulars respect to the different orders of men must whether there is or is not room to hope, that are received. Bonaparte left Fontainbleau for necessarily, at some times, check genius in its our folly is approaching the end of its career, his place of banishment on the 16th of April, career, and confine, to the functions of an infe. and that we are preparing ourselves for the guarded by 1500 men from the allied army, rior cast, talents fitted to shine in a higher return of prosperity, by resuming the exercise commanded by a Russian, Austrian and Prus sphere. But the arrangements of civil gov. of our senses. How far Great Britain will be sian general, and an English colonel.

ernment are made, not for what is extraordinar disposed to indulge a just resentment for the The courier which was sent to announce ry, but what is cominon ; not for the few, but baseness of our government, in aiding her the peace, in the south of France, being detain the many. The object of the first Indian ledeadly foe to crush her, we cannot determine. ed on the road, a bloody battle took place be gislators was to employ the most effectual Every honest man, I think, will confess, she has tween Lord Wellington and Marshal Soult on means of providing for the subsistence, the se.

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FOR THE BOSTON SPECTATOR.

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