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creatures cannot. In the mean time let him cònsider whether he deserved not á more severe reprehenfion, than I gave him formerly, for using so little respect to the memory of those, whom he pretended to anfwer; and at his leisure, look out for some original treatise of humility, written by any Protestant in English; I believe I may say in any other tongue: for the magnified piece of Duncomb on that subject, which either he must mean, or none, and with which another of his fellows has upbraided me, was translated from the Spanish of Rodriguez; tho' with the omission of the feventeenth, the twentyfourth, the twenty-fifth, and the last chap. ter, which will be found in comparing of the books.
He would have insinuated to the world, that her late highness died not a Roman Catholick. He declares himself to be now fatisfied to the contrary, in which he has given up the cause: for matter of fact was the principal debate betwixt us. In the mean time, he would dispute the motives of her change; how preposterously, let all men judge, when he seemed to deny the subject of the controversy, the change itself. And because I would not take up this ridiculous challenge, he tells
the world I cannot argue: but he may as well infer, that a Catholic cannot fast, because he will not take up the cudgels against Mrs. James, to confute thë Proteftant religion.
I have but one word more to say concerning the poem as such, and abstracting from the matters, either religious or civil, which are handled in it. The first part, consisting most in general characters and narration, I have endeavoured to raise, and give it the majestic turn of heroic poesy. The second being matter of dispute, and chiefly concerning church authority, I was obliged to make as plain and perspicuous as possibly I could, yet not wholly neglecting the numbers, tho' I had not frequent oceasions for the magnificence of verse. The third, which has more of the nature of domestic conversation, is, or ought to be, more free and familiar than the two formér.
There are in it two episodes, or fables, which are interwoven with the main de. sign; so that they are properly parts of it, tho they are also distinct stories of themfelves. In both of these I have made use of the common places of fatire, whether true or false, which are urged by the members of the one church against the other: at which I hope no reader of either party will be scandalized, because they are not of my invention, but as old, to my knowledge, as the times of Boccace and Chaucer on the one side, and as those of the Reformation on the other,
HIND and the PANTHER'.
Milk-white Hind, immortal and unchang'd,
Without unspotted, innocent within,
1 This piece is a defence of the roman catholic church, by way of dialogue between a hind, who represents the church of Rome, and a panther, who sustains the character of the church of England. These two beasts very learnedly debate the principal points controverted between the two churches, as transubstantiation, infallibility, churchauthority, &c. This poem was immediately attacked by the wits; particularly by Montague, afterwards card of Halifax, and Prior, who
Yet had the oft been chas'd with horns and hounds,
Not so her joung; for their unequal line
Panting and pensive now she rang'd alone,
joined in writing “ The hind and panther parodied in the story of the country mouse and the city mouse."
But notwithstanding the severity of these censures, and the just exceptions which may be taken to the plan of this poem, it abounds with poetical beauties, and, in that respect, is not unworthy of Mr. Dryden.
2 The ravages and disorders committed by the Scotch covenanters gave occasion to these lines,