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Carve for himself; for on his choice depends
The safety and the health of the whole state ;
And therefore must his choice be circumscribed
Unto the voice and yielding of that body,
Whereof he is the head. Then, if he says he loves

you,
It fits your wisdom so far to believe it,
As he in his particular act and place
May give his saying deed: which is no further

Than the main voice of Denmark goes withal.
Then weigh what loss your honour may sustain,
If with too credent ear you list his songs ;
Or lose your heart; or your chaste treasure open
To his unmaster'd importunity.
Fear it, Ophelia, fear it, my dear sister;
And keep you in the rear of your affection,
Out of the shot and danger of desire.
The chariest maid is prodigal enough,
If she unmask her beauty to the moon:
Virtue itself scapes not calumnious strokes :
The canker galls the infants of the spring,
Too oft before their buttons be disclosed;
And in the morn and liquid dew of youth
Contagious blastments are most imminent.
Be wary, then: best safety lies in fear;
Youth to itself rebels, though none else near.

Oph. I shall the effect of this good lesson keep, As watchman to my heart; but, good my brother, Do not, as some ungracious pastors do, Show me the steep and thorny way to heaven; Whilst, like a puffad and reckless libertine, Himself the primrose path of dalliance treads, And recks not his own read. Laer.

Oh, fear me not
I stay too long. But here my father comes.

Enter POLONIUS.
A double blessing is a double grace;
Occasion smiles upon a second leave.

Pol. Yet here, Laertes ! aboard, aboard, for shame,
The wind sits in the shoulder of your sail,
And you are staid for: There--my blessing with

you; [Laying his hand on LAERTES' head.
And these few precepts in thy memory
Look thou character. Give thy thoughts no tongue,
Nor any unproportion'd thought his act.
Be thou familiar, but by no means vulgar.
The friends thou hast, and their adoption tried,
Grapple them to thy soul with hooks of steel ;
But do not dull thy palm with entertainment
Of each new hatch'd, unfledg'd comrade. Beware
Of entrance to a quarrel : but, being in,
Bear it that the opposer may beware of thee.
Give every man thine ear, but few thy voice:
Take each man's censure, but reserve thy judgment.
Costly thy habit as thy purse can buy,
But not express'd in fancy; rich, not gaudy:
For the apparel oft proclaims the man:
And they in France, of the best rank and station,
Are most select and generous, chief in that.
Neither a borrower nor a lender be:
For loan oft loses both itself and friend;
And borrowing dulls the edge of husbandry.
This above all : to thine own self be true;
And it must follow, as the night the day,
Thou canst not then be false to any man.
Farewell; my blessing season this in thee!

Laer. Most humbly do I take my leave, my lord.
Pol. The time invites you; go, your servants

tend.
Laer. Farewell, Ophelia ; and remember well
What I have said to you.
Oph.

'Tis in my memory lock’d, And you yourself shall keep the key of it.

Laer. Farewell.

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ROBERT SOUTHWELL. 1560–1595.

LOOK HOME.

Retired thoughts enjoy their own delights,
As beauty doth in self-beholding eye:
Man's mind a mirror is of heavenly sights,
A brief wherein all miracles summed lie;
Of fairest forms, and sweetest shapes the store,
Most graceful all, yet thought may grace them more.
The mind a creature is, yet can create,
To nature's patterns adding higher skill
Of finest works; wit better could the state,
If force of wit had equal power of will.
Devise of man in working hath no end;
What thought can think, another thought can mend.
Man's soul of endless beauties image is,
Drawn by the work of endless skill and might:
This skilful might gave many sparks of bliss,
And, to discern this bliss, a native light,
To frame God's image as his worth required;
His might, his skill, his word, and will conspired.
All that he had, his image should present;
Ali that it should present, he could afford;
To that he could afford his will was bent;
His will was followed with performing word.
Let this suffice, by this conceive the rest,
He should, he could, he would, he did the best.

EDWARD VERE, EARL OF OXFORD.

1534–1604.

FANCY AND DESIRE.

When wert thou born, Desire ? In pride and pomp

of May. By whom, sweet boy, wert thou begot? By fond

conceit, men say. Tell me who was thy nurse? Fresh youth, in su

gard joy. What was thy meat and daily food? Sad sighs with

great annoy: What hadst thou then to drink? Unsavoury lover's

tears. What cradle wert thou rock'd in? In hope devoid

of fears. What lull’d thee, then, asleep? Sweet sleep, which

likes me best. Tell me where is thy dwelling-place? In gentle

hearts I rest.

What thing doth please thee most? To gaze on

beauty still. What dost thou think to be thy foe? Disdain of my

good-will. Doth company displease? Yes, surely, many one. Where doth Desire delight to live? He loves to

live alone. Doth either Time or Age bring him into decay? No, no, Desire both lives and dies a thousand times

a day. Then, fond Desire, farewell! thou art no mate for

me:

I should, methinks, be loth to dwell with such a one

as thee.

CHRISTOPHER MARLOW E. 1562–1593.

THE PASSIONATE SHEPHERD TO HIS LOVE.

COME live with me and be my love,
And we will all the pleasures prove,
That valleys, groves, and hills, and fields,
Woods, or steepy mountain yields.

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And we will sit upon the rocks,
Seeing the shepherds feed their flocks,
By shallow rivers, to whose falls
Melodious birds sing madrigals.

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And I will make thee beds of roses,
And a thousand fragrant posies;
A cap of flowers, and a kirtle,
Embroider'd all with leaves of myrtle.

A gown made of the finest wool,
Which from our pretty lambs we pull ;
Fair lined slippers for the cold,
With buckles of the purest gold

A belt of straw and ivy buds,
With coral clasps and amber studs :
And if these pleasures may thee move,
Come live with me and be my love.

The shepherd swains shall dance and sing,
For thy delight, each May morning.
If these delights thy mind may move,
Come live with me and be my love.

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