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HAT beck’ning ghost, along the moon-light shade

Invites my steps, and points to yonder glade ? 'Tis she ;-but why that bleeding bosom gor’d, Why dimly gleams the visionary sword! Oh ever beauteous, ever friendly! tell,

5 Is it, in heav'n, a crime to love too well? To bear too tender, or too firm a heart, To act a Lover's or a Roman's part ? Is there no bright reversion in the sky, For those who greatly think, or bravely die?

Why NOTEŚ. * See the Duke of Buckingham's verses to a Lady designing to retire into a monastery, compared with Mr. Pope's Letters to several Ladies, p. 206. quarto Edition. She seems to be the fame person whose unfortunate death is the subject of this poem.

P. Ver. 1. What beck'ning ghost,] Who does not, by this striking abruptness, imagine, with the poet, that he suddenly beholds the phantom of his murdered friend? He might, perhaps, have a passage of Ben Jonson in his head, in an elegy on the Marchioness of Winchester, which opens thus;

“ What gentle ghost besprent with April dew,

Hails me fo folemnly to yonder yew?
And beck’ning wooes me?”-


Why bade ye else, ye Pow'rs! her soul aspire
Above the vulgar flight of low desire ?
Ambition first sprung from your blest abodes;
The glorious fault of Angels and of Gods:
Thence to their images on earth it flows,

And in the breasts of Kings and Heroes glows.
Most souls, 'tis true, but peep out once an age,
Dull fullen pris’ners in the body's cage:
Dim lights of life, that burn a length of years
Useless, unseen, as lamps in fepulchres ;



NOTES. The cruelties of her relations, the desolation of the family, the being deprived of the rights of fepulture, the circumstance of dying in a country remote from her relations, are all touched with great tenderness and pathos, particularly the four lines from the 51 ft.

By foreign hands thy dying eyes were clos’d; Which lines may remind one of that exquisite stroke in the Philoctetes of Sophocles, who, among other afflicting circumstances, had not near him any cúvleo@cv öppear ver. 171. The true cause of the excellence of this elegy is, that the occasion of it was real ; fo true is the maxim, that nature is more powerful than fancy; and that we can always feel more than we can imagine ; and that the most artful fiction must give way to truth, for this Lady was beloved by Pope. After many and wide enquiries, I have been informed that her name was Wainsbury; and that (which is a fingular circumstance) she was as ill-Ihaped and deformed as our author. Her death was not by a sword, but, what would less bear to be told poetically, she hanged herself. Johnson has too severely censured this elegy, when he says, “ that it has drawn much attention by the illaudable fingularity, of treating suicide with respect ;” and, “ that poetry has not often been worse employed, than in dignifying the amorous fury of a raving girl.” She seems to have been driven to this desperate act by the violence and cruelty of her uncle and guardian, who forced her to a convent abroad; and to which circumstance Pope alludes in one of his letters,

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Like Eastern Kings a lazy state they keep,
And, close confin'd to their own palace, deep.

From these perhaps (ere nature bade her die)
Fate snatch'd her early to the pitying sky.
As into air the purer fpirits flow,

And sep’rate from their kindred dregs below
So flew the soul to its congenial place,
Nor left one virtue to redeem her Race.

But thou, false guardian of a charge too good, Thou, mean deserter of thy brother's blood ! 30 See on these ruby lips the trembling breath, These cheeks now fading at the blast of death ; Cold is that breast which warm'd the world before, And those love-darting eyes must roll no more. Thus, if eternal justice rules the ball,

35 Thus shall your wives, and thus your children fall: On all the line a sudden vengeance waits, And frequent herses shall besiege your gates ; There passengers shall stand, and pointing say, (While the long fun'rals blacken all the way) 40 Lo! these were they, whose fouls the Furies steeld, And curs'd with hearts unknowing how to yield. Thus unlamented pass the proud away, The gaze

of fools, and pageant of a day! So perish all, whose breast ne'er learn'd to glow 45 For others good, or melt at others woe.

What can atone (oh ever-injur'd shade !) Thy fate unpity'd, and thy rites unpaid ?



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No friend's complaint, no kind domestic tear
Pleas'd thy pale ghost, or grac'd thy mournful bier.
By foreign hands thy dying eyes were clos'd, 51
By foreign hands thy decent limbs compos’d,
By foreign hands thy humble grave adorn'd,
By strangers honour'd, and by strangers mourn'd!
What tho' no friends in fable weeds appear, 55
Grieve for an hour, perhaps, then mourn a year,
And bear about the mockery of woe
To midnight dances, and the public show!
What tho' no weeping Loves thy ashes grate,
Nor polish'd marble emulate thy face?
What tho' no facred earth allow thee room,
Nor hallow'd dirge be mütter'd o'er thy tomb?

Yet NOTES. Ver. 59. What tho' no weeping Loves, &c.] “ This beautiful little Elegy had gained the unanimous admiration of all men of taste. When a critic comes—But hold; to give his observation fair play, let us first analize the Poem. The Ghost of the injured person appears to excite the Poet to revenge her wrongs. He describes her Character-execrates the author of her misfortunes expatiates on the severity of her fate the rites of sepulture denied her in a foreign land: Then follows,

" What tho' no weeping Loves thy alhes grace," &c.

“ Yet shall thy grave with rising flowers be drest,” &c. Can any thing be more naturally pathetic? Yet the Critic tells us, hé can give no quarter to this part of the poem,

which is eminently, he says, discordant with the subject, and not the language of the heart. But when he tells us, that it is to be ascribed to imitation, copying indiscreetly what has been said by others, [Elements of Crit. vol. ii. p. 182.] his criticism begins to smell furiously of old John Dennis. Well might our Poet's last wish be to commit his writings to the candour of a sensible and reflecting judge, rather than to the malice of every short-lighted and malevolent critic."


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