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6. Name the chief rivers of North America, and the most important towns

on the banks of each. 7. Write a geographical description of either

describing their physical features, boundaries, climate, productions,

inhabitants, &c. 8. Mention any remarkable points (1) of resemblance, (2) of contrast, between Africa and Europe, as regards their physical geography.

Another paper:

(Time allowed 2} hours.)
1. On the accompanying map of Europe insert the names of the seas,

islands, chief bays, and headlands; trace the course of the Tagus,
Loire, Volga, Tornea, Po, Rhine, Rhone, Dniester; and the line of
the Alps, Balkan, Grampian, Carpathian, and Oural mountains; and
mark the position of Stockholm, Berlin, St. Petersburgh, Ratisbon,
Lyons, Lisbon, Constantinople, Athens, Naples, Cologne, Odessa,

Copenhagen.
2. Name in order the countries and the most important towns through

which a traveller would pass in going from Berlin to Naples; and

mention any objects of special interest which he might see. 3. Describe as minutely as you can the position of the following places,

and mention any circumstances of interest which attach to them :

- Marseilles, Palermo, Leghorn, Jaffa, Herat, Simla, New Orleans,

Paraguay, Aden, Lhassa, Quito. 4. From what countries are the following articles imported in the greatest

quantities into England :-Tea, sugar, corn, timber, tobacco ? 5. Name the chief rivers which flow into the Mediterranean, and the chief

towns on the banks of each. 6. Write a minute description of either France or Egypt-its physical

geography, products, population, &c. 7. What are the chief points of contrast between the physical geography

of Europe and that of Asia ? Trace the effect of the differences on

the character of their inhabitants.
8. On the accompanying map of Scotland, insert the names of the chief

harbours and headlands; trace the course of any four important
rivers, and mark the position of any six important towns.

Another paper :

(Time allowed, 3 hours.)
1. On the accompanying map of Europe insert the names of the seas,

islands, chief bays, and headlands ; trace the course of the Loire,
Po, Drave, Rhone, Spree, Adige, Dnieper, Guadalquivir; and mark
the position of Trieste, Palermo, Rotterdam, Nice, Vienna, Hanover,
Pesth, Constantinople, Prague, Gallipoli, Corunna, Genoa, Cape St.

Vincent, Athens.
2. On the accompanying map of Scotland or Ireland insert the names of

the principal lochs, bays, harbours, rivers, and headlands, and of

ten of the most important towns.
3. Name in order the countries and most important towns through which

a traveller would pass in going from Paris to Vienna, and mention
any objects of special interest he might see.

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4. What is meant by a strait ? Describe the position of any you re

member, mentioning the countries which they separate. 5. Describe as accurately as you can the position of the Gulf of Mexico,

Bight of Benin, Hudson's Bay, Barbadoes, Java, Luffoden Isles, the

Pyrenees, Hindoo Koosh, and Rocky Mountains. 6. Name the chief rivers and lakes of North America, describing as well

as you can the courses of the former, and mentioning the most im

portant towns on their banks, and where they flow into the sea. 7. Write a geographical description of either Denmark or Switzerland,

describing its physical features, boundaries, climate, productions,

inhabitants, &c. 8. Describe as minutely as you can the position of the following places,

and mention any circumstances of interest connected with any of them :-Ehrenbreitstein, Bunker's Hill, Komorn, Pitcairn's Island, Delhi, Toulon, Moultan, St. Jean d'Acre.

Another paper :

or

(Time allowed, 3 hours.) 1. On the accompanying map of Europe insert the names of the seas,

gulfs, straits, and capes; mark the line of the principal mountain ranges; trace the course of the Vistula, Danube, Po, Dwina, Loire, and Tagus; and mark the position of Cadiz, Bergen, Venice, Moscow, Palermo, Antwerp, Nice, Nantes, Strasburg, Warsaw, Silistria, Bur

gos, Archangel, Hamburgh, and Dantzic. 2. Write a description of either

; describing its boundaries, divisions, climate, physical features, products, inhabitants, &c. 3. On the accompanying map of England insert the names of the leading

mountain peaks, naval and military stations, bays and lakes; trace the course of the four principal rivers, marking the positions of the

leading towns on their banks. 4. Mention six of the leading colonial possessions of Great Britain ; state

how and when they were acquired, and how they are governed.

What are their principal exports to this country? 5. Sketch a map of Hindostan, marking the principal mountain ranges,

rivers, gulfs, and seas; and insert the names of Calcutta, Bombay,

Madras, Delhi, Agra, Hyderabad, Pondicherry, Goa, and Benares. 6. Describe the overland mail route from London to Sydney, mentioning

any objects special interest in the countries and towns on the

line. 7. How is Asia bounded? What are its political divisions ?

What are the general features of the continent as compared with those of

Europe ? 8. Describe as minutely as you can the position of the following places,

and mention any circumstances of interest which attach to any of them:- Cape Race, Santarem, Herat, Rangoon, Ottawa, Hobart Town, Aden, Penzance, Chamouni, Lake Aral, Otaheite, Maynooth,

Inverness. 9. Estimate roughly the latitude and longitude of any four of the places

above mentioned.

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Questions set to Candidates for Clerkships in the Office of the

Committee of Council on Education. Note to Candidate. - In this examination Geography is not prescribed,

but may be selected by any candidate who has “ made it his especial

study, with a view of displaying his industry and intelligence. 1. Supposing yourself to sail round Great Britain, starting from Dover

northward, describe briefly the chief features of the coast. 2. Descending the Danube from its source to the Black Sea, mention

the states through which it flows, and the chief places of interest

on its banks. 3. Draw a map —

Of the Black Sea, and the Sea of Azoff.
Of the Baltic.
Of the Persian Gulf.

(One of the maps must be chosen.) 4. Write a letter describing the overland route to Calcutta viá Marseilles. 5. Two ships meet in 15° 55' South lat. and 5° 4' West long. In

what part of the world would they be? 6. Describe the four great water-systems into which North America is

divided by its natural conformation. 7. Draw a map of New Holland, assigning their proper position to the

British colonies on that island. 8. Enumerate the several states which form the confederation of the

United States of America, distinguishing Free from Slave States. 9. In what degrees of latitude and longitude are London, Paris, Peters

burgh, Vienna, Rome, Constantinople, Kars, Teheran, Herat,

Bushire, Singapore, Canton, and Pekin? 10. Describe the mountain chains which form the frontier of the Indian

Peninsula on the North and West, and mention the chief passes

which lead from India into Turkistan and Persia. 11. Where are the Straits of Belle Isle, the Straits of Yenikale, the Straits

of Magellan, Cook's Straits, Bass' Straits, and Torres Straits ? 12. Mention any lakes or seas which have no outlet; and explain the

causes of the phenomenon. 13. Describe minutely any one of the volcanic regions of the earth. 14. Write a full description of any one of the following countries, its

physical geography, climate, productions, inhabitants, &c. &c.—

Sweden, Mexico, New Zealand, the Brazils. 15. State any remarkable phenomena regarding the currents of the ocean

in different places.

Questions set to Candidates for the situation of Unpaid

Attache, Who are required to show a knowledge of “so much of M-Culloch's

Geographical Dictionary as relates to the country to which they are about to proceed.”

GEOGRAPHY, HISTORY, AND STATISTICS OF SWITZERLAND. 1. Into how many cantons is Switzerland divided ? Name them, giving their principal towns, and stating what language is ordinarily em.

ployed in each of them respectively. 2. State the population of Switzerland, and what proportion of it consists

of Roman Catholics. In which cantons especially do the Protestant inhabitants form a

majority ? 3. Describe accurately the course of the river Aar, mentioning its chief

tributaries on either bank. What other rivers of importance have

their sources in Switzerland ? 4. Draw a map of Switzerland, giving in the margin the heights of the

principal mountains. 6. What are the principal manufactures of Switzerland ? Under what

advantages and disadvantages are they carried on? 6. What are the laws and customs prevalent in Switzerland with regard

to the division of property? 7. What is the form of government now established in Switzerland; and

when was it placed on its present footing ? How is the Federal Assembly composed, and where are its meetings

held ? 8. What course has been adopted by the Swiss government with regard to public education ?

Another paper :

GEOGRAPHY AND STATISTICS OF PRUSSIA. 1. Enumerate the provinces and regencies into which Prussia is divided,

and mention some of the chief towns in each. 2. Describe the position of the chief sea-ports of Prussia, and the course

of her principal rivers. 3. What are the most important mineral products of Prussia, and in what

provinces respectively are they found ? 4. State approximately the population of Prussia and of Berlin, the

number of the Prussian regular army, and the Prussian contingent

to the Germanic Confederation. 5. At what annual cost is the Prussian army maintained ? State the

regulations with regard to the Prussian landwehr. 6. Explain fully the nature of the important change which was introduced

in the tenure of land in the year 1811, and its effects both present and probable. What was the state of the law regarding landed

property previous to the change? 7. What are the present regulations concerning the collection of duties

on imports in Prussia, and how do they affect the internal trade of

the country? 8. Mention the most important imports and exports of Prussia, and give

a rough estimate of their value. 9. Give an outline of the constitution promulgated by the King of Prussia

in December 1848. To what extent has it since been carried out ?

Another paper :

GEOGRAPHY AND STATISTICS OF SWEDEN. 1. Mention the three principal divisions of Sweden and the Governments

into which they are subdivided. What is the population of Sweden, and its area, as compared with that of England ?

2. Describe the most striking features in the physical geography of

Sweden, mentioning particularly the position of its four principal

lakes, and the situation and course of its four largest rivers. 3. Describe the system of the “Gotha Navigation.” What were the

difficulties in its construction, and how were they surmounted ? 4. What districts in Sweden are most favourable to Agriculture ? Describe

the state of agricultural progress, the principal products, the rate of wages, and the manner in which the arable surface of the land is

divided. 5. From what sources is the revenue of Sweden derived, and what is its

approximate amount? How does the 5 per cent assessment on the

annual value of estates operate ? 6. Describe, as accurately as you can, the position of the following

places :- Helsingborg, Linkopping, Ionkopping, Tornea, Wanas,

Waxholm, Upsala, Carlscrona, Christianstad, Bornholm. 7. What religions prevail among the Swedes ? To what extent is

religious toleration carried ? 8. Explain the terms hemman, läus häsere, fögderier, indelta, kronofogde,

hoerades, rixdollars banco, ricks-geld-dollar. 9. Give the dates of the battles of Pultowa and Lutzen ; and of the reigns

of Gustavus Adolphuş, Gustavus Vasa, Charles XII., and Marshal Bernadotte, and mention briefly the most important events in the history of Sweden connected with these names.

Another paper: GEOGRAPHY, STATISTICS, &c. OF PORTUGAL. 1. Fill up the accompanying map of Portugal as completely as you can,

with special reference to the natural features of the country. 2. Enumerate the chief coins, weights, and measures in use in Portugal,

with the English equivalents. 3. At what time and under what circumstances did Portugal become an

independent kingdom ? 4. At what period was Portugal most powerful? What causes can be

assigned for (1) the rise, (2) the fall of its power ? 5. What is the nature of the Portuguese constitution, and what changes

has it undergone during the last 50 years ? 6. What do you know of Vasgo de Gama, Camoens, Marquis de Pombal ? 7. With what countries does Portugal chiefly trade, and what are the

chief articles of export and import? 8. Enumerate the foreign dependencies of Portugal, and describe their

position. 9. What are the chief vegetable, animal, and mineral products of Portugal ?

and what changes are requisite in order to increase them ? 10. State roughly the population of the country. What is the character

of the inhabitants, and to what causes may it be attributed ?

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