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the vanquished Whigs with undiminished hatred, still flattered himself that the design formed fourteen years before at Dover might be accomplished, daily represented to his brother the impropriety of suffering one who was at heart a Republican to hold the Privy Seal, and strongly recommended Rochester for the great place of Lord Treasurer."

Another paper:

In all cases dates should be given.

(Time allowed, 2 hours.)

1. Give an account of the chief events that occurred, and the chief persons who flourished, either between 1600-1650 or between 17501800.

2. Give some account of the Wars of the Roses; the causes which led to them; the chief events and actors in them; and their results.

3. What do you know of Stephen Langton, Robert Bruce, General Monk, Lord Bacon, Bishop Burnet, Milton.

4. Explain the nature of the Reform Bill; the Petition of Right. 5. State briefly the occasions of the following battles, the parties engaged in them, and their results:-Bannockburn, Corunna, Cressy, QuatreBras, La Hogue, Bunker's Hill, Prestonpans, Ramillies.

6. Name any men who have distinguished themselves in India, and specify what has rendered each famous.

7. When did England gain possession of the following places, and from whom were they taken respectively:- Gibraltar, Corfu, Ceylon, New York?

8. What do you regard as the most interesting and important period of English History ?-Give reasons for your opinion.

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1. By what title did the following monarchs claim the crown of England: William I., Henry II., Henry VII., William III., George I., Queen Victoria?

2. What do you know of Perkin Warbeck, Titus Oates, Duke of Monmouth, Lord Bute, John Wilkes, Lord George Gordon, Bishop Latimer?

3. When were the following battles fought; who were the contending parties; who were the leaders; and what were their results? Hastings, Shrewsbury, Marston Moor, the Boyne, Blenheim, Fontenoy, Saratoga, Navarino, Fuentes d'Onor.

4. Sketch the lives and characters of any three of the following:-Lord Bacon, William III., Harley Lord Oxford, Henry Pelham, Edmund Burke, Lord Castlereagh.

5. Give some account of the trials of (1) Charles I., (2) the Seven Bishops, (3) Warren Hastings.

6. In whose reign was the Union of England and Scotland effected? What were the principal articles of the Act of the Union?

7. What wars were ended by the treaties of Ryswick, Utrecht, and Versailles? What were the chief articles of each?

8. Give the names of any celebrated men who lived in the reign of (1) Elizabeth, (2) Anne, (3) George III.; and specify for what they were severally remarkable.

9. Enumerate the leading constitutional changes produced by the Revolution of 1688.

Another paper:

In all cases dates should be given.

(Time allowed, 3 hours.)

1. Give some account of the Spanish Armada, the Mutiny at the Nore, the First Crusade.

2. What do you know of Stephen Langton, Sir T. Munro, Bishop Latimer, Strongbow Earl of Pembroke, the Master of Stair, Lord Somers, John of Gaunt? 3. Give an account of either of the following periods of English History, mentioning the chief persons and events connected with it:

4. State very briefly the

(1) from 1500 to 1550,

(2) from 1650 to 1700.

occasion, the chief events, and the results of the following wars: the Thirty Years' war, the American war, the Peninsular war, the Succession war.

5. Give an account of the political and social state of England, (1) at the death of William the Conqueror, (2) at the accession of Henry VII.

6. Enumerate in succession the ministries which held office in England during the reign of George III., mentioning the leading features of the policy of each, and the chief persons who formed it.

7. Give an account of the circumstances under which the Union between England and Ireland was brought about; and state briefly the terms of the Union, and what have been its results.

OUTLINES OF HISTORY.

Questions set to Candidates for Clerkships in the War
Department.

In all cases dates should be given.

1. Sketch briefly the history of the Peloponnesian War; mentioning the states concerned in it on each side; its origin; the principal events that occurred in it; the chief men who took part in it; its results.

2. Who were the contending parties in the following battles, and what were their results:-Marathon, Wagram, Naseby, Culloden, Zama, Granicus, Marengo, Poictiers?

Describe minutely the circumstances of any three of them.

3. Trace briefly the causes of the rise and fall of the power (1) of Venice, (2) of Spain. At what period was each at its greatest height of prosperity? In what condition is each at present?

4. Draw a parallel between the war with Russia and any other war in ancient or modern history.

5. Give a brief account of the life and character of any three of the Popes 6. Sketch briefly the causes of the Great Rebellion in England.

7. Sketch briefly the life and character of any three of the following persons:-Vespasian, Mary Queen of Scots, Alcibiades, Francis I. of France, Frederic the Great, Henry VIII.

8. Name the English sovereigns of the House of Plantagenet. Whom do you consider (1) the best, (2) the worst of them? Give reasons for your opinion.

Another paper :

The same, with the following alterations:

For Questions 4, 5, 6, substitute

1. Mention the most important events which occurred, and the most remarkable persons who flourished, between 1700 and 1750 A.D. 2. Who were the parties, and who the most remarkable individuals, engaged in the following wars? What were their causes and results, and what were the most important actions fought in them?—The Peninsular War, the Thirty Years' War, the American War.

MODERN HISTORY.

Questions set to Candidates for Clerkships in the Office of the Committee of Council on Education.

Note. In this examination History is not prescribed, but may be selected by any candidate who has "made it his especial study," with a view of displaying his industry and intelligence.

1. Enumerate the chief provisions of Magna Charta.

2. Plantagenet, Tudor, Stuart, Guelph. In what way did members of each of these families first rise to the English throne?

3. Give a character of Henry the Fifth of England before and after his accession to the throne, and a sketch of his campaigns and conquests in France.

4. Write a short life of Oliver Cromwell, and give some account of the relations between his Government and the other European Powers. 5. Write short lives of Louis the Eleventh of France, and of Charles the Rash of Burgundy. Show how the character and policy of the one was likely to strengthen, and of the other to weaken, his hereditary

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power, and state if you can the substance of the remarkable judgment passed on the character of Louis by Philip de Commines.

6. Write a short description of the life and manners in England in the time of Henry the Eighth or Queen Anne.

7. Explain the allusions in the following passages:

(a)" There was a Bishop of Winchester in King Henry the "Sixth's days. This bishop was a great man born, and did bear "such a stroke that he was able to shoulder the Lord Protector. "Well! it chanced that the Lord Protector and he fell out, and the bishop would bear nothing at all with him, but played me the "satrapa; so that the Regent of France was fain to be sent for from "beyond the seas to set them at one, and go between them."Latimer's Sermons.

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(b)" While England was agitated, first by the dread of an in"vasion, and then by joy at the deliverance wrought for her by the "valour of her seamen, important events were taking place on the "Continent. On the sixth of March William had arrived at the "Hague, and had proceeded to make his arrangements for the "approaching campaign. The prospect which lay before him was gloomy. The coalition of which he was the author and the chief "had during some months been in constant danger of dissolution."Macaulay.

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8. Give a sketch of the Thirty Years' War, mentioning the chief leaders on either side, and their fate.

9. Compare France under Louis the Fourteenth with England under Charles the Second and James the Second.

10. From what great Russian family did Peter the Great spring? At what period in Russian history was the first of that family raised to the throne?

11. "From Macedonia's madman to the Swede:" Illustrate this line by describing the career of Charles the Twelfth.

12. State very briefly when, and with what result, the following battles were fought-Stamford Bridge, Evesham, Stoke, Dunbar, Sedgemoor, Morgarten, and Morat.

Questions prepared for the "Final Examination "* of Candidates for the Colonial Office.

MODERN HISTORY.

1. What causes led to the revival of the spirit of commerce in the middle ages? Where was it first developed?

2. What was the origin of standing armies, and what made them general throughout Europe?

3. Give a sketch of the political state of Europe in the reign of Queen Elizabeth.

4. What was the origin of the Thirty Years' War? Mention the names of the principal leaders engaged in it, and the terms of the treaty by which it was concluded.

* See p. 3.

5. When did the French monarchy first become powerful in Europe? Trace its growth.

6. Give the date and circumstances of the " Sicilian Vespers."

7. What is the Salic Law? In what countries has it been accepted? Mention instances in which it has operated.

8. What were the objects of the League of Cambray, the Partition Treaty, the Edict of Nantes, the Treaty of Tilsit?

9. Write a short biography of the following persons:-Lorenzo de' Medici, Cardinal Ximenes, Mirabeau, Washington, Frederic the Great.

10. Mention the dates, the names of the commanders on each side, and the political results of the following battles :-Rocroi, Nancy, Pavia, Lutzen, Fontenay, Jena.

11. What were the principal causes of the French Revolution?

BRITISH HISTORY.

1. Explain briefly how the political and social state of England was affected, (1) by the Crusades; (2) by the wars of the Roses.

2. Mention any instances of struggles in the 12th, 13th, and 14th centuries, between the ecclesiastical and civil powers in England, and state what measures were taken to control the former.

3. State distinctly the claims of the different aspirants to the throne of Scotland on the death of the Maid of Norway. Under what pretext did Edward I. of England interfere?

4. Mention in chronological order the principal rebellions in Ireland, and how they were suppressed.

5. Why is the reign of Henry VII. an important epoch in English history? Contrast the present extent of the royal authority with its extent at that period.

6. Sketch briefly the causes which led to the Rebellion in England. 7. Give a short account of the following eminent persons:-Humphrey of Gloucester, Sir Thomas More, Anselm, Lord Peterborough, Stephen Langton, Prince Eugene.

8. Give the dates, the names of the commanders on each side, and the results, of the following battles:- Stoke, Homildon Hill, Lincoln, Killicrankie, Pinkie, Towton, and Prestonpans.

9. How far was the origin of the several States of North America in each case connected with religious or political causes at home?

10. When did England acquire possession of Malta, Gibraltar, Ceylon, Jamaica, New York, Aden, and Canada; and from whom were they taken respectively?

Give an account of the manner in which one of these was acquired. 11. Enumerate the dependencies now administered through the Colonial Office by distinct subordinate governments.

12. Write a short history of British India from the beginning of the present century, with the dates of the principal battles, and the names of the generals engaged in them.

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