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Questions set to Candidates for the Situation of Unpaid Attache; who are required to show "a general Knowledge of Modern History, since the Year 1789."
Note. The text-books prescribed are "the fourth volume of Russell's Modern Europe, and so much of Heeren's Historical Manual of the Political System of Europe and its Colonies as treats of History since the year 1789."
1. What was the political creed of the Montagnards? Why were they so called? Give a brief sketch of the lives and characters of some of the leading men among them.
2. Describe the course of events in France from the opening of the StatesGeneral to the taking of the Bastille.
3. Give some account of the celebrated retreat of Moreau in 1796. 4. Important European treaties were made in the following years, 1795, 1807, and 1814; mention the powers which concurred in them, and the principal articles of agreement.
5. With what events in Switzerland is the name of D'Erlach connected? 6. Sketch the political state of Europe in 1808.
7. Give the dates, and state briefly the circumstances under which the following battles were fought :-Millesimo, Tudela, Bautzen, Fuentes d'Onor, Assi, Aschaffenberg, Borodino.
8. Who were the following persons? Mention when and where they flourished, and the most important facts connected with them: Jourdan, Carnot, Brissot, Marshal Berthier, Marshal Radetzky, Prince Bagration, Barthélemy, Pichegru, Runjeet Singh, Brueys, Dost Mohammed, Hoffer.
9. What alterations have been made in the Government and Constitution (1) of Sardinia, (2) of Savoy, in the present century?
10. Give the dates of the Repeal of the Test and Corporation Act, the Bank Charter Act, and the Reform Bill.
Enumerate very briefly the chief provisions of these enactments. 11. What was the Constitution of the Canadas established in 1791? Mention the most important alterations which have been subsequently introduced.
1. Give a list of the ministries which held office in England successively between 1789 and 1820.
2. What obstacles arose in carrying out the provisions of the peace of Amiens? How long did it continue? By whom was war again declared, and on what grounds?
3. Point out any permanent traces of Napoleon's conquests still existing on the map of Europe.
4. Give some account of the following congresses and conferences, stating when they took place, what powers were represented, and what were the results-Erfurt, Presburg, Pilnitz, Rastadt, Vienna.
5. Who were the following persons? Mention the most important facts connected with them:-Vergniaud, George Cadoudal, Argenteau, Edmund Burke, Dom Pedro, Kutusoff, Casimir Perrier.
6. When and under what circumstances did Prussia become a kingdom? Trace the rise of her power as a state. On what occasions has she either made important acquisitions or sustained material losses of territory?
7. Mention in order the most memorable engagements which took place in the Peninsular war, and describe any one of them minutely. 8. Write a short account of the Revolution in Belgium in 1830.
1. Make a sketch of the political state of Europe (1) in 1807, (2) in 1830. 2. Who were the parties to the Quadruple Alliance in 1814? Where was it signed, and what were its provisions?
What was the Holy Alliance, and why so called?
3. State briefly, with dates, the circumstances with which the following battles were fought, the names of the commanders on each side, and the results-Amberg, Busaco, Meeanee, Jemappes, Maida, Wurtzburg, Millesimo.
4. What are the colonial possessions at present (1) of Portugal, (2) of Denmark?
Mention when and from whom they were acquired.
5. Important European treaties were made in the following years, 1795, 1797, 1814. Mention the powers which concurred in them, and the principal articles of agreement.
6. Who were the following persons? Mention the most important facts connected with them:-Junot, Carnot, Ney, Danton, Godoy, Prince Bagration, Lord Castlereagh.
7. Write a short account of the struggle in Germany in 1848, and of its political results.
8. Give the dates of the Repeal of the Test and Corporation Act, the Bank Charter Act, and the Reform Bill.
Enumerate very briefly the chief provisions of these enactments.
HISTORY OF ENGLAND AND THE CONSTITUTION. Questions set to Candidates for the Situation of Clerk in the Parliament Office or House of Commons.
1. Describe shortly the principal political events which occurred between the execution of Charles the First and the assumption of the Protectorate by Cromwell.
2. What is the constitutional position of the cabinet council?
3. Under what limitations were the regal powers exercised by the Prince Regent during the mental incapacity of George III. ?
4. What are the privileges of the House of Commons in regard to moneybills?
5. When the House of Commons and the House of Lords disagree as to amendments introduced into a bill by one or other of them, what course has to be pursued?
6. What was the nature of the claim to the English Crown advanced by or on behalf of the following persons: -(1) Perkin Warbeck, (2) Lady Jane Grey, (3) Mary Queen of Scots, (4) the Duke of Monmouth?
1. Enumerate the leading English statesmen in the reign of William III., and write a short account of the life and character of any two of them.
2. Divide English history, since the Conquest, into periods, and state the grounds of your division.
3. What claims had Henry VII., James I., and George I., to the English throne? What European sovereigns were contemporary with any of them?
4. State when the following measures were enacted, and discuss briefly their social and political effect:-The Habeas Corpus Act, Poyning's Law, the Self-denying Ordinance, the Test Act.
5. When and under what circumstances were the following battles fought? Mention the names of the commanders on each side:- Shrewsbury, Hexham, Lincoln, Pinkie, Dettingen, Vittoria, Lexington, Flodden. 6. In whose reign did the following persons flourish, and for what were they famous respectively? - Lord Hastings, Lord Peterborough, Marquis of Montrose, Protector Somerset, Milton, Humphrey Duke of Gloucester.
7. Trace the rise and progress of the power of the British Parliament, noticing the most important changes which have from time to time been introduced into its constitution.
HISTORY OF INDIA.
Questions set to Candidates for the India House.
1. When was the Mogul dynasty established? Mention, with dates, the names of some of the most distinguished of the great Moguls.
2. What was the first origin of the East India Company? When did it first establish itself in India? Describe its gradual extension. 3. What important measures in reference to the government of India were introduced in the years 1773, 1784, 1833, respectively?
4, On what occasions has the city of Delhi been taken and plundered? 5. Who were the following persons, mention when and where they flourished, and the most important facts connected with them? Hyder Ali, Sivajee, Akhbar Khan, Runjeet Singh, Scindiah, Holkar, Sir William Macnaghten, Sir Eyre Coote.
6. What are the principal sources of the revenue of British India? How is the land-tax assessed? What was the zemindaree settlement established by Lord Cornwallis in 1793 ?
7. Mention the date and the occasions on which the following battles were fought, and their results:-Moodkee, Plassy, Chillianwallah, Ghuznee, Buxar, Prome, Ferozeshah.
8. Mention with dates the names of the most eminent governors of India in the present century, and briefly sketch the most important events which occurred during the government of each.
Questions set to Candidates for the Education Office.
Note to Candidate.-Write the following transactions into the "Cash Book" and "Ledger" given you herewith; observing —
1. That you are not allowed to re-copy your work, but must write everything at once into the books provided.
2. That no erasures will be permitted. If you think any entries wrong and desire to alter them, you may cancel them by drawing a pen through them, so as to leave the original clearly visible.
3. Perfect accuracy is deemed of essential importance, and the marks will be assigned according to your success or failure in this respect. The calculations in the printed paper may be taken as correct, and need not be checked.
£ 3. d.
Jan. 1. Cash in hand
1325 1 7
Jan. 3. Lent to Rushbell and Co., on Warrant Demerara
264 11 0
Jan. 6. Received of Rushbell and Co.
100 0 0
Jan. 9. Lent Thomas Smith on Bill of Landing for Silk per Margaret Mitchell" at 7%
500 0 0
Jan. 12. Lent Stevenson and Co. on 34 Qr. Casks Brandy per" Pearl" at 7%
250 0 0
Lent Thomas Jackson on Warrant for Jute per
54 0 0
£ s. d.
Jan. 15. Lent Jones, Son, and Co. on Warrant of Surat
Lent James Parker on Bill of Landing of Brandy
Jan. 17. Received of Thomas Jackson
Jan. 29. Received of Jones, Son, and Co.
Jan. 30. Lent James Smith on Brandy per "Maria Jane".
Feb. 7. Paid John Brown for new Office Desk
Feb. 11. Received of Thomas Jackson
viz. Balance of Loan
Interest on 401. for 5 days
Feb. 19. Received of Stevenson and Co. viz. Loan
Interest for 38 days
Feb. 24. Paid Clerk (a/c of wages)
Feb. 25. Received of James Smith
320 0 0
40 0 0
135 0 0
175 10 0
12 15 0
Received of John Smith as composition for a debt
1. What is book-keeping by double entry, and why is it so called?
2. What books are used in double entry?
3. Could any of the books you have named be dispensed with, and which? Which of them is necessary to any system of book-keeping?
4. Every transaction must be between two persons. J. Smith makes an entry "R. Brown Dr. to Goods," who are the two persons interested in the transaction so recorded?
5. On which side of a Cash Book should amounts paid away be entered; on which side must the balance always fall?
6. What is called the balance of an account? When is an account said to be "balanced?" What is it to balance the Ledger in double entry? What is a trial balance? and a balance sheet?