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GREEK AND ROMAN LITERATURE - COLONIAL OFFICE. 111
Grote :- History of Greece, vol. ii. p. 186, pt. 1, cap. xxi.
Among the number of rhapsodies .Johnson :— Rasselas, cap. ix. 6 When at first I entered ...... the inland
country.” Goldsmith :— Vicar of Wakefield: (1.) Cap. xx. “ After we had supped
could not depress me. (2.) Cap. xx. “In this manner I proceeded to Paris ..... Pietro
Perugino." (3.) Cap. xxvi.
“ The next morning early port." (4.) Cap. xxx. “Ah, Mr. Burchell entreated his help." (5.) Cap. xxxü. “ The next morning as soon as I awoke ...
for our sup
Scott :-Life of Napoleon. Conclusion. “ The external appearance..
effects of age.” Parliamentary Paper :- - Correspondence relating to Central America,
Let. No. 4. Ditto, ditto, Let. No. 8.
QUESTIONS ON GREEK AND ROMAN LITERATURE.
Prepared for an Examination of Candidates for the Colonial
1. State briefly the arguments for and against the opinion, that the
Homeric poems are the work of one man. 2. Sketch the history of the Greek drama. 3. Draw a parallel between Thucydides and any historian, ancient or
modern, to whom you consider that he bears resemblance. 4. What do you consider to be the chief merits and defects, as philosophers,
of Plato and of Aristotle respectively ? 5. Describe the daily life of a citizen (1) of Athens in the time of Pericles:
(2) of Rome in the time of Augustus. 6. Distinguish the different grades of political right enjoyed by various
classes at Rome; and trace historically the progressive extension of
the franchise. 7. What were the distinctive opinions of the Old, Middle, and New
Academies? Who were the founders of each ? Which philosophical sect found the greatest number of adherents at Rome? Can you
account for this? 8. Enumerate, with brief notices of their lives and writings, the Latin
dramatic poets who devoted themselves to the adaptation of Greek
models. Can you cite any passages of Horace in illustration ? 9. Write a short review, or criticism, of any one Latin poet.
QUESTIONS ON FRENCH LITERATURE. Prepared for an Examination of Candidates for the Colonial
Office. 1. What are the chief periods of French literature ? Name some of the
most celebrated authors in each period. 2. Who are the chief tragic poets of France ? Name some of their greatest
works. What are the chief characteristics of the French drama as
compared with the English: 3. Mention the most important works of the following authors, and the
period at which they flourished :— Montesquieu, Voltaire, Madame
de Staël, Lamartine, Rousseau, Molière. 4. Who were the chief “ Encyclopædist” writers ? What was their infla
ence on their age? 5. Name the chief masters of pulpit oratory in the 17th and 18th cen
turies; and the chief political orators who flourished at the end of the
18th and beginning of the 19th century. 6. Who was the author of the “Provincial Letters ?" For what purpose were
they written? 7. Trace the influence of “the English School" on modern French litera
ture. 8. What are the distinguishing characteristics of the Classical and
Romantic schools? What writers belong to each ?
OPEN COMPETITION FOR WRITERSHIPS IN
The following Examination Papers are Specimens of those used
at an Open Competitive Examination for Eight Writerships in the India Office, held on January 18th, 19th, and 20th, 1859.
Reduction. 1. In 523,769 grains how many lbs. oz. dwts.? 2. Reduce 3 acres, 20 rods, 12 square yards, and 7 square feet to square feet.
Proportion. 3. If the yearly profits of an investment be 11l. 9s. 6d. per cent, how
much must be invested in order to produce an annual return of
6401. 13s. 9d.? 4. If a pocket of hops, weighing 1 cwt. 3 qrs. 12 lbs. cost 71. 13s., what is
the price per cwt. ?
Practice. 5. Find the cost of 75 cwt. 1 qr. 16 lbs. of sugar at 21. 4s. 11d. per cwt. 6. A bankrupt owes 25,9621. 10s. What must his assets be worth in order that he may pay 7s. 11 d. in the pound?
Interest. 7. Find the simple interest on 1,9231. 15s. for 2 years and 8 months at
3ž per cent per annum. 8. Find the amount of 4,8001. in 3 years at 31 per cent per annum compound interest.
Vulgar Fractions. 9. Add together 7j, is, ži, and 27. 10. Subtract 533 from 73. 11. Multiply 2:21 by 4. 12. Divide 19% by tj.
Decimal Fractions. 13. Add together 42:79, 2105, .047, and 140. 14. Subtract 42.946 from 161.06. 15. Multiply 65.43 by •00376. 16. Divide 39.49 by 13.476 to 4 places. 17. Divide 154.28 by .0064. 18. Reduce 2 furlongs 11 yards 1 foot 9 inches to the decimal of a mile.
MISCELLANEOUS. Note to Candidate. _“You are not required to answer any of the following
questions ; but if you have time (after finishing those on the preceding
page) it will be well for you to do as many as you can.” 19. If 56 cubic feet, 1,014 cubic inches of timber, are required to floor a
room 29 feet 3 inches by 25 feet 4 inches, what is the thickness of
the boards? 20. A tradesman starts with a capital of 9601. and after 3 years takes
another into partnership with 2,1001. After 4 years more the whole profits amount to 2,3041. How ought this to be divided between
them ? 21. Extract the square root of 2854.7649. 22. Extract the cube root of 1194389981. 23. Multiply, by the method of duodecimals, 6 feet 7 inches 5 parts by
8 feet 3 inches 10 parts. 24. Express the result obtained in the last question in square feet, square
inches, and a fraction of the square inch. 25. A tradesman's annual losses during 5 years average 11 per cent on
the capital with which he began, and at the end of the 5 years his
effects are worth 2,5311. 5s. What capital did he begin with ? 26. A person sells out of the 3 per cent consols at 99, and invests in
exchequer bills, bearing interest at the rate of 2 d. a-day per cent, when the bills are at a premium of 7s. 6d. What effect has this on
his income? 27. In the month of December last the number of paupers in a certain
union was 336, the number of women being double that of the men, and the children being as the men and women together. If a man cost f more than a woman, and 3 children as much as a man and a woman together, and the whole cost for the month be 831. 68., how
much is the daily cost of each man, woman, and child ? 28. In 1858 the value of 1001. tithe-rentcharge, reckoned on the average
price of corn in the 7 years immediately preceding, was 105..; in 1859, reckoned in the like way, it is 3 per cent more. If it were reckoned on the price in 1851 only, it would be but 691. What
would it be if reckoned on the price in 1858 only? Note to Candidate.—“Be careful throughout the examination to write your
name and number on the printed paper given you, and on every sheet of answers which you send up. You are particularly recommended not to send up your answers on scraps of paper, which are liable to be lost. Write the number of each question before the answer. Before leaving the room arrange your papers in proper order, and leave them unfolded at your seat, and the printed paper of questions with them.”
SEPARATE ADDITION. Twelve sums in Compound Addition, of twenty-three lines each, were given to each Candidate, with the following note.
Add up as many of the columns as you can in the time allowed (of an hour), placing the answers in the spaces below the columns.
It is important the addition should be quite correct; additional credit will also be given for rapidity.
DICTATION AND ORTHOGRAPHY were tested in the usual manner, after the examples given at p. 69–71.
(Time allowed, 11 hour.)
COPYING EXERCISE. Candidates were required to copy distinctly, correctly, neatly, and as rapidly as possible, some lithographed specimens of MSS. purposely interlined, and containing many abbreviations, which were to be written by the Candidate at full length.
SUBJECTS FOR ENGLISH COMPOSITION.
(Time allowed, 24 hours.) Note to Candidate.—“In this Exercise attention should be paid to hand
writing, spelling, punctuation, grammar, and style.” I. A review of any book which has been published within the last ten years.
II. A short essay in the form of a lecture or an article for a magazine or newspaper on one of the following countries:-British Columbia, Corfu, Australia, New Zealand, Cuba, Algeria.
III. The benefits or evils which have resulted from any law passed in England during the present century.
IV. Anonymous journalism—its advantages and disadvantages.
Note.-One or two of these subjects, but not more than two, may be attempted.
EXERCISES TO TEST ENGLISH COMPOSITION.
(Time allowed, 23 hours.) Note to Candidate.—Express as concisely and clearly as you can, in
your own words, the meaning of the following passage :No. 1. Of the various kinds of speaking or writing which serve necessity or promote pleasure, none appears so artless or easy as simple narration; for what should make him that knows the whole order and progress of an affair unable to relate it? Yet we hourly find such an endeavour to entertain or instruct us by recitals, clouding the facts which they intend to illustrate, by losing themselves and their auditors in wilds and mazes, in digression and confusion. When we have congratulated ourselves upon a new opportunity of inquiry, and new means of information, it often happens that, without designing either deceit or concealment, without ignorance of the fact, or unwillingness to disclose it, the relator fills the ear with empty sounds, harasses the attention with fruitless impatience, and disturbs the imagination by a tumult of events, without order of time, or train of consequence.
No. 2. Write a short essay, letter, or lecture, on the “ Proclamation of Queen Victoria in India,” touching on the following heads :
Great benefits anticipated from it.
It came at a most fortunate time; when vengeance was nearly satiated, and when the Great Mogul was dethroned.
Evils of “Double Government;" especially division of responsibility and waste of time.
Measures now most required :—to extinguish the rebellion : to guard against famine next year : to develop railways, &c.; to promote education.
(You are at liberty to give the substance of the above in any form that you please, and to add any other considerations which occur to you.)
No. 3. Write the following passage in prose, so as to show that you understand its construction and exact meaning :
“ To die; to sleep