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GEOGRAPHY.

(Time allowed, 3 hours.) 1. On the accompanying map of Europe insert the names of the chief

seas, capes, and mountain chains; trace the course of the Guadalquivir, Rhone, Arno, Oder, Theiss, and Dniester; and place Bremen, Turin, Munich, Jassy, Seville, Helsingfors, Cracow, Lucerne, Corfu,

Inverness, Limerick, and Palermo. 2. Sketch a rough outline map of India (as large as your paper will

admit), marking the positions of the British territories, the dependent and independent native states, the principal mountain ranges,

six principal rivers, and eight principal towns. 3. Write a brief geographical description of Scotland, or Ireland, or Wales.

N.B.—One country only is to be described. 4. Where are the following places, to whom do they belong, and for what

are they known: Burgos, Panama, Jellalabad, Utrecht, Port Mahon,

Nankin, Trebizond, Rangoon, Medina, Londonderry, and Amiens ? 5. Mention the rivers which flow into the German Ocean, and describe

carefully the course of any one of them. 6. Where are the rivers Murray, Mackenzie, and Fraser: the lakes

Tchad and Erie; the Platten See; the sea of Okhotsk; capes Guardafui and Race; the mountains Tabor, Valdai, and Cevennes; the straits of Belle Isle, and the gulfs of Manaar and Obi; the

Bight of Benin ? 7. What are the principal esports and imports of Brazil, Western

Africa, and France ? 8. Explain the following terms :- longitude, isothermal lines, plateau,

simoon, gulf stream, frith, and mirage. 9. Mention the principal discoverers of North America, and give some

account of the travels and discoveries of any one of them.

HISTORY.

(Time allowed, 3 hours.)

In all cases dates should be given. 1. Give a list of the sovereigns of England from Richard II. to James I.

inclusive, stating the title of each monarch to the throne, and

mentioning any one important event in each reign. 2. Show clearly the relationship between the Kings Stephen and John,

Henry VI. and Henry VII., Charles II. and George I. 3. For what events in English History are the following places famous:

Acre, Seringapatam, Copenhagen, Quebec, Runnymede, Carisbrook,

St. Alban's, Torbay, and St. Helena ? 4. What do you know of the following persons:-John of Gaunt, Lord

Burleigh, Lord Bacon, Lady Arabella Stuart, Lord Peterborough,

Sir Robert Walpole, Lord Clive, Warren Hastings? 5. With respect to any six which you may select of the following battles,

state when they were fought, who were the contending parties, who were the leaders, and what were the results :—Hastings, Barnet,

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Bosworth Field, Worcester, Sedgemoor, the Boyne, Prestonpans,
Culloden, Agincourt, Crecy, Blenheim, Minden, Bunker's Hill,

Saratoga, Maida, Salamanca, Plassy, Assaye. 6. Mention the principal causes and circumstances of the Revolution

of 1688, or of the American War of Independence. 7. Mention the date and the principal terms either of the union with

Scotland or of the union with Ireland. 8. What intermarriages have taken place between the royal families of

England and Spain ? Mention briefly the circumstances in which

the history of the two countries has been connected. 9. Mention the names of any four of the principal writers of English

history, and give some account of the work of any one of them. 10. Give the dates of the following enactments, and describe fully the

nature and most important provisions of two of them :-Habeas Corpus Act, Statute of Præmunire, Petition of Right, Bill of Rights, Act of Settlement.

OPEN COMPETITION FOR THE CIVIL SERVICE

OF INDIA.

CANDIDATES ARE REFERRED TO THE FOURTH REPORT OF THE CIVIL SERVICE

COMMISSIONERS, WHICH MAY BE OBTAINED THROUGH ANY BOOKSELLER. IN IT WILL BE FOUND VERY FULL PARTICULARS OF A SIMILAR OPEN COM. PETITION HELD IN JULY, 1858, FOR APPOINTMENTS IN THE CIVIL SERVICE OF INDIA.

REGULATIONS. 1. In July, 1860, an Examination of candidates will be held in London.* Notice will hereafter be given of the days and place of examination.

2. Any natural-born subject of Her Majesty, who shall be desirous of entering the Civil Service of India, will be entitled to be examined at such Examination, provided he shall, on or before the 1st May, 1860, have transmitted to the Civil Service Commissioners, Dean's Yard, London, S. W.

(a) A certificate of his birth, showing that his age on the 1st May,

1860, will be above eighteen years and under twenty-two

years; (6) A certificate, signed by a physician or surgeon, of his having no disease, constitutional affection, or bodily infirmity, unfitting him for the Civil Service of India;

(c) Satisfactory proof of good moral character;

(d) A statement of those of the branches of knowledge hereinafter enumerated in which he desires to be examined.

* The competition will be for Eighty appointments; the number in each presidency will be hereafter made known.

3. In any case in which a doubt may arise as to the eligibility of a candidate in respect of age, health, or character, such inquiries as may be necessary will be instituted by the Civil Service Commissioners.

4. The Examination will take place only in the following branches of knowledge :

Marks.

500

English Language and Literature.

Composition
English Literature and History, including that of the

Laws and Constitution

1000

1500 750 750 375 375 375 1250

9

500

Language, Literature, and History of Greece .

Rome
France
Germany

Italy
Mathematics, Pure and Mixed
Natural Science; that is, (1) Chemistry, (2) Electricity

and Magnetism, (3) Natural History, (4) Geology,
and (5) Mineralogy
* No candidate will be allowed to be examined

in more than three of the branches of know-
ledge included under this head, and the
total (500 marks) may be obtained by ade-

quate proficiency in any three.
Moral Sciences; that is, Logic, Mental and Moral Phi-

losophy
Sapskrit Language and Literature
Arabic Language and Literature

500 500 500

7375

5. The merit of the persons examined will be estimated by marks, and the number set opposite to each branch in the preceding regulation denotes the greatest number of marks that can be obtained in respect of it.

6. No candidate will be allowed any marks in respect of any subject of Examination unless he shall be considered to possess a competent knowledge of that subject.

7. The Examination will be conducted by means of printed questions and written answers, and by viva voce examination, as may be deemed necessary.

8. The marks obtained by each candidate, in respect of each of the subjects in which he shall have been examined, will be added up, and the names of the

candidates who shall have obtained a greater aggregate number of marks than any of the remaining candidates will be set forth in order of merit; and such candidates, if found duly qualified, shall be deemed to be selected candidates for the Civil Service of India. They shall be permitted to choose, according to the order in which they

500

stand, as long as a choice remains, the Presidency to which they shall be appointed.

9. In July, 1861, a further examination of the selected candidates will take place in the following subjects :

Marks.
Sanskrit
1.
Vernacular Languages of India (each)

350 *** Each candidate may name one or two languages. If

he names one .only, he must name either Sanskrit
or a vernacular language current in the Presidency

which he has selected.
2. The History and Geography of India

500 3. The General Principles of Jurisprudence and the Elements of Hindu and Mohammedan Law

1000 4. Political Economy

500 In this, as in the preceding examination, the merit of the candidates examined will be estimated by marks, and the number set opposite to each subject denotes the greatest number of marks that can be obtained in respect of it. The examination will be conducted by means of printed questions and written answers, and by viva voce examination, as may be deemed necessary.

10. No candidate will be permitted to proceed to India until he shall have passed the Further Examination, or after he shall have attained the age of twenty-four years.

11. The selected candidates, who at the Further Examination shall be found to have a competent knowledge of the subjects specified in Regulation 9, shall be adjudged to have passed, and to be entitled to be appointed to the Civil Service of India.

12. The seniority in the Civil Service of India of the selected candidates shall be determined according to the order in which they stand on the list resulting from the Further Examination.

13. No person will, even after passing the Further Examination, be allowed to proceed to India unless he shall comply with the regulations in force at the time for the Civil Service of India, and shall be of sound bodily health and good moral character.— The Civil Service Commissioners will require such further evidence on these points as they may deem necessary before granting their Certificate of Qualification.

14. Applications from persons desirous to be admitted as candidates are to be addressed to the Secretary to the Civil Service Commissioners, Dean's Yard, London, S.W.

Note to Candidate. The Secretary of State for India in Council has

authorised the Civil Service Commissioners to state that, with the view of meeting the expenses to be incurred by selected candidates during the interval which must elapse before they can proceed to India, it is his intention to allow the sum of 1001. to each selected candidate who shall have passed the Further Examination in July 1861 to the satisfaction of the Commissioners, and shall have complied with such rules as may be laid down for the guidance of selected candidates.

PRÉCIS.

SPECIMEN OF THE PARLIAMENTARY PAPERS, FROM WHICH CANDIDATES ARE

REQUIRED TO DRAW UP A Précis. (See p. 72.)

Hon. H.

1857.

Copies or Extracts of any Correspondence with Sir John BOWRING on

the subject of his Application for a vote from Parliament to defray the Expense of Measures of Precaution and Defence at Hong Kong, re

quired by the state of Affairs in China. No. 1. Governor Sir

No. 1. Bowring to Right

(No. 18.)

Copy of Despatch from Governor Sir John BOWRING to the Right Hon. Labouchere,

H. LABOUCHERE, M.P. M.P. 28 Jan.

Government Offices, Victoria, Hong Kong,

28 January, 1857.

(Received 20 March, 1857.)

(Answered, No. 63, 9 May, 1857, page 125). SIR,—I have the honour to inform you that, in consequence of the expense to which the colony has been and will be put by the measures of defence necessary in the present state of affairs between Her Majesty's forces and the neighbouring province of Kwangtung, I have laid before the Executive Council the question of an application to Her Majesty's Government for a grant of 10,0001., to be duly accounted for.

The Members of the Council, considering that the colony is in no respect responsible for the heavy expenses entailed by our present position, unanimously agreed that a Parliamentary Grant should be applied for; and I have now to make the formal application, with a full sense of its propriety and urgency

The sum may be regarded as a loan to be hereafter claimed from the Chinese Government, as a necessary indemnity for wrongs suffered by the violation of treaty engagements.

I have, &c.

(Signed) John BOWRING. No. 2.

No. 2.
W.T. Mercer,
Esq. to J.

Copy of Letter from W. T. MERCER, Esq. to J. BALL, Esq.
Ball, Esq.
27 April,

14 Moray Place, Edinburgh, 27 April, 1857. 1857.

SIR,—I have the honour to acknowledge receipt yesterday evening, on my return home, of yours of 24th instant, covering despatch from Sir John Bowring, No. 18 of 28th January last, in which application is made for a Parliamentary Grant of ten thousand pounds (10,0001.) to meet the increased expenditure to which the colony of Hong Kong has been and

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