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“ on the day, or rather the night, of the 27th* of June, 1787, that I wroto “ the last lines of the last page of my history in a summer-house in my “garden. After laying down my pen, I took several turns in a covered “ walk which commands a prospect of the country, the lake, and the “ mountains. The air was temperate, the sky was serene, the silver orb 6 of the moon was reflected from the waters, and all nature was silent. “I will not dissemble the first emotions of joy on recovery of my freedom, " and perhaps the establishment of my fame. But my pride was soon “ humbled, and a sober melancholy was spread over my mind, by the idea “ that I had taken an everlasting leave of an old and agreeable com“panion, and that, whatsoever might be the future date of my history, the “ life of the historian must be short and precarious."
ORTHOGRAPHICAL EXERCISES. Set only to Candidates for Clerkships and similar positions. The Candidate is requested to copy the following passage clearly and
legibly, correcting mistakes of spelling and grammar, but not other wise altering either the words or their order.
(Time allowed, 14 hour.) The grate leeding feeture of that sistem of internel adminestration which owes its orrigin to the Marques Cornwalis, consists in the totall separation of the too dipartments of justice and revinue, by dipriving the collecter of all authorety as judge and majestrate, and vesting it in the hands of a destinct functionery. To this may be added the intire subversion of evry native instetution, the transfer of the propperty in the soile to a destinct class of pursons, dignefied with the apelation of Zemindars; tha ovarthrow of all hereddetary jurissdictions, the abbolition of all hereddetary ofices and the remooval as much as posible out of the hands of the natives of evry species of powar and influance. According to the anchient custems of this country, as they prevaled under the rule of the Mogul dynasty, the oficer to whom was commited the charge of adminestering the revinue in evry distrect, was (by whatever title recognised) vested with extencive juidicial authorety. It was his business, in an espescial maner, to hear and to ditermine all desputes arrising out of the colection of the landtax: to defend the rayets or cultevaters against 'the tyrany of his own. oficers, and to cause restetution to be made whenevar he saw reeson to bilieve that more than the estabblished ammount had been exacted from them. Both the titles of these functioneries, and the extent of there jurissdiction, necessarilly varied in diffirent parts of India; but there powar, whether it extended over a provvince, a portion of provvince, or a singal vilage, was evry were in effect the same. But the most remarkeble of all the native instetutions was perhapps the Punchayet. This was an asembly of a certain number of the inhabbitents, bifore whom parties maintaining a despute with one another pleeded there own cause, and who, like an English juery, herd both sides paciently, and then gave a dicision according to there own views of the case. (N.B.- The words printed in Italics do not require correction.)
* The numbers should be written in letters, not in figures.
(Time allowed, 11 hour.) The Candidate is requested to copy the following passage clearly and
legibly, correcting mistakes of spelling and grammar, but not otherwise altering either the words or their order.
The fact that the sum razed in Ingland by taxsation has, in a peariod not exceding two long lives, been multeplyed therty fold, is stranje, and may at first site seam appaling. But those who are allarmed by the increese of the pubblic burdens, may perhaps be reashurred when they have considderd the increese of the pubblic ressorces.
In the yeare sixteen hunderd and eigty five, the valew of the prodduce of the soyle far exceded the valew of all the othar frutes of uman indusstry. Yet aggreculture was in what would now be considderd a verry rood and impurfect stait. The arrable land and passture land were not suposed by the best polliticle arithmatecians of that age to ammount to much more than half the aria of the kingdom : the rimainder was bileived to consest of moore, forrest, and fenn. These compewtasions are strongly confermed by the rodebooks and mapps of the seventeenth century : from wich it is clere that meny roots which now pass threw an endless succession of orcherds, heyfeilds, and beenfeilds, then rann threw nothink but heeth, swomp, and warren. In some drawings of Inglish Landscaps made at that peariod for a forein nobelman, scarsely a hedjerow is to be sean, numarous trackts, now ryche with cultevation, appeare as bare as Saulsbery Plane. Hardly out of site of the smoake of the capitol, was a rejion of five and twenty miles in sercumfarence, wich contaned onley three howses and scarsely enny inclosed fealds. Dear, as free as in an Amerricen forrest, wandered their by thousends. The last wild bores, indeed, which had been priserved for the royel divversion, had been slautered by the exasparated russtics dureing the licence of the civil war. The last woulf that has romed our island had been slane in Scotland a short time before the close of the rein of Charles the Second. But menny breedes, now exstint or raire, both of quodruppeds and berds, were still
PRÉCIS OF CORRESPONDENCE.
See also p. 120. The following “ Instructions” are placed in the hands of the Candidates, along with the Correspondence of which a Précis is required :
(Time allowed * hours.) Having read the accompanying correspondence1. Make a short Abstract, Schedule, or Docket of the several letters. 2. Draw up a short Memorandum or Précis, stating briefly and distinctly what passed, in the form of a narrative.
DIRECTIONS. (1) The object of the Abstract, Schedule, or Docket, is to serve as an
• The timo allowed varies according to the length of the correspondense.
Index to be referred to when required. It should contain the date of each letter; the names of the persons by whom and to whom it is written; and, in as few words as possible, the main substance of it. The merits of such an Abstract are (1) to give the really important point or points of each letter, omitting everything else; (2) to do this briefly; (3) distinctly; and (4) in such a form as readily to
catch the eye. (2) The object of the Memorandum, or Précis, is that any one who had
not time to read the original letters might, by reading the Précis, be put in possession of all the leading features of what passed. The merits of such a Précis are- -(1) to contain a concise history of the correspondence, including all that is important in its substance, and nothing that is unimportant; (2) to present this in a consecutive and readable shape, expressed as distinctly as possible; (3) to be
as brief as is compatible with completeness and distinctness. You are recommended to read the whole Correspondence through carefully before beginning to write, as the goodness of the Abstract and of the Précis will depend very much on a correct appreciation of the relative importance of the different parts.
I. Parliamentary Paper. Persia. Sess. No. 63, 1857.
II. Parliamentary Paper. New Palace at Westminster. Sess. No. 405, 1856.
III. Parliamentary Paper. Vancouver's Island. Sess. No. 229, Sess. 2, 1857.
IV. Correspondence respecting Consular Interference for the Prevention of
Smuggling in China. Presented to both Houses of Parliament by command of Her Majesty, 1857.
This paper is given in full at p. 120.
The above Parliamentary Papers may be obtained through any bookseller.
ABSTRACT OF PAPERS.
The Abstract should contain the evidence, clearly and distinctly stated, and as briefly as is consistent with omitting nothing of importance.
Sir R. Mayne's Evidence before the Select Committee on Transportation, p. 134-145.
Sir A. Alison's Evidence before the Select Committee on Transportation, p. 28-37.
(Time allowed, 2 hours.)
Continue, in the manner indicated below, an Index to the Correspondence appended to the Report of the Civil Service Commissioners, beginning at page 71.
Correspondents and Date of Letter.
1. General Register Office.
The Registrar General to Mr.
2. Do. to Do., 20 Nov. 1855.
Mr. T. Taylor to Mr. H. Mann. (No date.)
Substance of Communication.
Fixing limits of age and qualifications for Clerks.
Altering limits of age.
No appointments made since 21 May, 1855. No special rules laid down.
Note to Candidate.-This exercise is intended to test the following qualifications::
1. The power of seizing the important point or points in each letter, and expressing the same correctly, briefly, and distinctly.
2. Distinctness and neatness of handwriting.
Set to all Candidates who are required to show a knowledge of Arithmetic, with the exception of Tidewaiters, Weighers, Letter-carriers, and Messengers.
(Time allowed, hour.)
It is important the addition should be quite correct.
£ S. d. 8204 15 2
£ S. d. 7319 2 52 1211 6 7
1067 17 9
211 6 8
7743 13 31
3144 18 9
6917 11 91
2376 0 94