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Set to Tidewaiters and Weighers.


(Time allowed, 11 hour.) 1. Write out the tables of

Avoirdupois weight.
Troy weight.
Long measure.
Square measure.
Wine measure.

Ale and Beer measure. 2. In 42 miles, 4 furlongs, 3 poles, 4 yards, how many feet ? is. In 457,241 lbs. avoirdupois weight, how many tons, cwts. and qrs. ? 4. In 640,825 seconds, how many weeks, days, &c. ?



Set to Candidates for the Office of the Committee of Council for Education, and for the Constabulary in Ireland.

AVERAGES AND PERCENTAGES. (Time allowed, 2 hours. Time occupied, from

.) 1. The population of five parishes being 1,236, 452, 364, 516, and 3,130

respectively, find what the population of a sixth parish must be in

order that the average population of the six may be 12565. 2. A person has ļ of a ship, worth 3,4841., which is insured for 91; per

cent of its real value; what would he lose in case of the ship being lost? 3. The population of 3 towns in the year 1841 were 21,320, 42,324, and

0,706; and in the year 1851 it was found that the first two had increased 12 and 10 per cent respectively, and the last decreased 18 per cent ;

find the average population of the three towns in the year 1851. 4. If a person sells 22 articles for the same money which he paid for 30,

what does he gain per cent on his outlay? 5. By selling tea at 5s. 4d. a-pound, a grocer clears įth of his outlay; he

then raises the price to 6s. 2d. ; what does he clear per cent upon

his outlay at the latter price? 6. A person sells out of the 3 per cents at 96, and invests his money in

railway 5 per cent stock at 1061. 13s. 4d.; find how much per cent

his income is increased. 7. Having given the following table :

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find (1) the average number per mile of each class, (2) the percentage proportion of each of the three classes.

Another paper :

(Time allowed, 13 hour.) 1. Find the average of 13, 27, 0, 46, 72, 86; and express the fractional

part decimally. 2. The populations of 3 towns in the year 1841 were 20,325, 41,304, and

6,117; and in the year 1851 they had increased respectively 9, 10,

and 12 per cent; find the average population of the 3 towns in 1851. 3. If goods which were bought at 27. 5s. 10d. per cwt. be sold at

21. 11s. 4d., what is the gain per cent ? 4. What is the premium upon a policy of assurance for 6,4171. 14s. 2d. at

2. 12s. per cent? 5. If by selling an article at 11. ls. Id. a pound I gain 16 per cent on my

outlay, what was its prime cost? 6. A grocer buys 3 cwt. of sugar at 5d. per pound, and 7 cwt. at 6d.; he

sells 53 cwt. at 51d. per pound; at what rate per pound must he

sell the remainder in order to make 50 per cent on his whole outlay? 7. When the 3 per cents are at 914, find how much can be bought for

5401., allowing for commission ; per cent upon the stock bought. 8. A person sells out of the 3 per cents at 96, and invests his money in

railway 5 per cent stock at par; find how much per cent his income is increased.

LAW, &c.
Used in Voluntary Examinations.

LAW OF REAL AND PERSONAL PROPERTY. 1. Explain the nature of a feoffment and of livery of seisin. Why are

feoffments not now in use? 2. What is the effect of a limitation to uses since the Statute of Uses ?

How does the assurance called a bargain and sale operate? 3. What is the difference between the estates in land created by a gift

to a man for life, and by a gift to a man for 100 years, if he so

long live? 4. Define a remainder of lands. What is the meaning of the doctrine

that every limitation, which can possibly be construed as a re

mainder, shall always be so construed ? 5. What is the effect of giving land to A (simply) in a conveyance inter

vivos ? What is the effect of a devise of lands to A (simply): 0. Define an easement. When running water passes through a man's

land, what is the nature of his right to the use of the water, as

against proprietors lower down the stream ? 7. Explain carefully the operation of a mortgage in the ordinary form.

What is foreclosure, and what redemption ? 8. When a mortgagee dies intestate, to whom does the estate in the

mortgaged lands pass, and to whom the interest in the debt'secured

by the mortgage ? 9. What are the contracts which, according to the Statute of Frauds,

must be evidenced by writing ?

10. Explain the nature of a bill of exchange. When it is dishonoured,

what steps must the holder take in order to perfect his power of

recovering the amount due on it ? 11. What is an act of bankruptcy? Describe generally the nature of the

interest which passes from a bankrupt to his assignees. 12. Define the contract of insurance. What interest must the insured

have in the subject of the insurance, in order that the contract may stand ?

REAL PROPERTY LAW. 1. How many kinds of estates in fee simple are there? How do they

differ as to quality, and what effect had the statute De Donis on

their quantity ? 2. What is the principle of merger ? Give a reason for the co-existence

in the same person of an estate tail and the immediate reversion

in fee.

3. In whom is the legal or equitable estate vested in the following

examples : — a bargain and sale to A to the use of B; a demise by one seised in fee to A to the use of B; an assignment of a term of

years to A to the use of B? 4. A man has one son A, and two daughters, C and D. A purchases an

estate in fee, and dies intestate and without issue. To whom does

his estate descend, and why? 5. Explain what is meant by a nudum pactum. What is the rule of

law with reference to it, and why has the rule in question been

established ? 6. Give a definition of an indictment; and state what test you would

apply for determining whether a particular wrongful act is indictable or actionable? Under what circumstances may an act done

give rise as well to an indictment as to an action ? 7. State concisely what is the peculiar office of the grand jury, of the

common jury, and of the judge on a criminal trial. 8. Can a written contract, not required to be in writing by the statute

law, be varied by evidence, (1) of a contemporaneous, (2) of a

subsequent verbal agreement ? 9. Distinguish between executory and executed trusts, and between the

rules of construction applicable to trusts of each species. 10. In what manner is the creation of trusts affected by the Statute of

Frauds? Is any exception made to the general provision ? 11. Is a plea of purchase for valuable consideration without notice, a

good defence against a legal title? State the reasons on which

your opinion is founded. 12. The executor of a testator who has bequeathed pecuniary legacies and

the residue of his personal estate commits a devastavit. By whom shall the loss be sustained ?

MERCANTILE AND COMMERCIAL LAW. Questions set to Candidates for the Consular Service. These Candidates are required to show “a sufficient knowledge of British

Mercantile and Commercial Law to enable them to deal with questions

arising between British Shipowners, Shipmasters, and Seamen.” 1. What are the duties of a British consular officer at a foreign seaport,

in reference to the proposed discharge of seamen by the master of

a vessel : 2. By what acts may the right of a vendor of goods to “stop in transitu”

be taken away? 3. What limitations are there to the doctrine that the slave trade stands

on the footing of piracy? 4. By whom are the expenses of a ship incurred in a port of refuge to be

primarily borne? 5. What sort of misrepresentation to the underwriter will avoid a policy.

of maritime insurance ? 6. Ought an agreement for seamen's wages to be written or verbal ? If

such an agreement be not made in accordance with the provisions

of the governing statutes, is it absolutely void ? 7. What is a seaman's " allotment ticket,” and what is its legal effect? 8. Describe a bottomry bond, and state briefly in what particulars the

rules of law regarding it differ from those which govern other se

curities for money. 9. What are the functions of a consular officer in reference to the secu

rities to be given to salvors where salvage services have been ren

dered by one of Her Majesty's ships ? 10. Under what circumstances may seamen quit a British ship against the

will of the master, without being guilty of desertion ? 11. What effect has a blockade of the port of destination on contracts for

the maritime carriage of merchandize ? 12. When a ship is sold or mortgaged at a port which is not her port of

registry, what functions may a consular officer have to exercise in reference to the transaction ?

Questions set to Candidates for the Situation of Third-class Clerk in the Solicitor's Office of the Post Office, &c. &c.

(1) EQUITY. 1. Explain and illustrate the maxim “ Where there is equal equity the

law must prevail." 2. For what purpose can a summons be employed by the Court of Chan

cery? State the general nature of the proceedings which can be

founded on a summons. 3. A trustee aliens the true estate ; will the estate be still subject to the

trust under any and what circumstances ? Consider more particularly the cases, (1) where the alienee has given no consideration for the estate, (2) where he has given a valuable consideration.

4. A testator directs his executors to sell his leasehold property, and to

lay out one half of the monies so to be produced in erecting a monument to himself in a particular church, and the other half in pur

chasing an organ for the same church. Are these valid bequests? 5. In what cases will a bill for an account lie in equity ? 6. In an ordinary foreclosure suit, has the Court of Chancery authority

to direct a sale instead of a foreclosure at the instance of the mortgagor, without the consent of the mortgagee? and if so, whence is such authority derived ?


(2.) COMMON LAW. 1. Explain the proposition that a mere voluntary courtesy will not up

hold an assumpsit.” 2. What is meant by “special endorsing” a writ of summons ? and when

may it be proper to endorse the writ specially ? 3. In what does a “pawn” differ from a “ lien ?" and from a mortgage?” 4. What kind of property in a “chattel” has its finder? and under what

circumstances may the owner of a bank-note be guilty of larceny in

appropriating it?" 5. What is the doctrine of the common law as to“contributory negligence ?" 6. State what things are (1) absolutely, (2) conditionally privileged from

being distrained for rent.


Questions prepared for an Examination of Candidates for the

Colonial Office.

(1.) CONSTITUTIONAL LAW. 1. What are the “ Three Estates of the Realm ?” On what occasions

have attempts been made to limit the number of the Peerage ? 2. What are the functions of the House of Lords in regard to “Money

Bills ?" Enumerate the principal descriptions of enactment which

are considered to be included under the term “ Money Bill.” 3. What is the nature of the writ of Habeas Corpus ? By what statute is

it regulated ? Did that statute create it? 4. Describe briefly the constitutional position and functions of the “ Privy

Council.” În what relation does the Cabinet stand to it? 5. Has the Queen any greater authority over a Colony which has not yet

received a charter or constitution than she has over her English dominions ? Is there any portion of the English Common Law which does not, without special provision, extend to a newly-settled

dependency of the British Crown? 6. In what King's reign was Magna Charta made part of the English

Statute Law ? Mention any provisions of Magna Charta which you consider to have been peculiarly beneficial to the middle and lower

classes. 7. Describe concisely the purport of the following laws and ordinances :

The Constitutions of Clarendon; the Bill of Rights; the Act of
Settlement; the Roman Catholic Emancipation Act.

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