« ПретходнаНастави »
Set to Tidewaiters and Weighers.
WEIGHTS AND MEASURES.
(Time allowed, 11 hour.) 1. Write out the tables of
Ale and Beer measure. 2. In 42 miles, 4 furlongs, 3 poles, 4 yards, how many feet ? is. In 457,241 lbs. avoirdupois weight, how many tons, cwts. and qrs. ? 4. In 640,825 seconds, how many weeks, days, &c. ?
Set to Candidates for the Office of the Committee of Council for Education, and for the Constabulary in Ireland.
AVERAGES AND PERCENTAGES. (Time allowed, 2 hours. Time occupied, from
.) 1. The population of five parishes being 1,236, 452, 364, 516, and 3,130
respectively, find what the population of a sixth parish must be in
order that the average population of the six may be 12565. 2. A person has ļ of a ship, worth 3,4841., which is insured for 91; per
cent of its real value; what would he lose in case of the ship being lost? 3. The population of 3 towns in the year 1841 were 21,320, 42,324, and
0,706; and in the year 1851 it was found that the first two had increased 12 and 10 per cent respectively, and the last decreased 18 per cent ;
find the average population of the three towns in the year 1851. 4. If a person sells 22 articles for the same money which he paid for 30,
what does he gain per cent on his outlay? 5. By selling tea at 5s. 4d. a-pound, a grocer clears įth of his outlay; he
then raises the price to 6s. 2d. ; what does he clear per cent upon
his outlay at the latter price? 6. A person sells out of the 3 per cents at 96, and invests his money in
railway 5 per cent stock at 1061. 13s. 4d.; find how much per cent
his income is increased. 7. Having given the following table :
find (1) the average number per mile of each class, (2) the percentage proportion of each of the three classes.
Another paper :
(Time allowed, 13 hour.) 1. Find the average of 13, 27, 0, 46, 72, 86; and express the fractional
part decimally. 2. The populations of 3 towns in the year 1841 were 20,325, 41,304, and
6,117; and in the year 1851 they had increased respectively 9, 10,
and 12 per cent; find the average population of the 3 towns in 1851. 3. If goods which were bought at 27. 5s. 10d. per cwt. be sold at
21. 11s. 4d., what is the gain per cent ? 4. What is the premium upon a policy of assurance for 6,4171. 14s. 2d. at
2. 12s. per cent? 5. If by selling an article at 11. ls. Id. a pound I gain 16 per cent on my
outlay, what was its prime cost? 6. A grocer buys 3 cwt. of sugar at 5d. per pound, and 7 cwt. at 6d.; he
sells 53 cwt. at 51d. per pound; at what rate per pound must he
sell the remainder in order to make 50 per cent on his whole outlay? 7. When the 3 per cents are at 914, find how much can be bought for
5401., allowing for commission ; per cent upon the stock bought. 8. A person sells out of the 3 per cents at 96, and invests his money in
railway 5 per cent stock at par; find how much per cent his income is increased.
LAW OF REAL AND PERSONAL PROPERTY. 1. Explain the nature of a feoffment and of livery of seisin. Why are
feoffments not now in use? 2. What is the effect of a limitation to uses since the Statute of Uses ?
How does the assurance called a bargain and sale operate? 3. What is the difference between the estates in land created by a gift
to a man for life, and by a gift to a man for 100 years, if he so
long live? 4. Define a remainder of lands. What is the meaning of the doctrine
that every limitation, which can possibly be construed as a re
mainder, shall always be so construed ? 5. What is the effect of giving land to A (simply) in a conveyance inter
vivos ? What is the effect of a devise of lands to A (simply): 0. Define an easement. When running water passes through a man's
land, what is the nature of his right to the use of the water, as
against proprietors lower down the stream ? 7. Explain carefully the operation of a mortgage in the ordinary form.
What is foreclosure, and what redemption ? 8. When a mortgagee dies intestate, to whom does the estate in the
mortgaged lands pass, and to whom the interest in the debt'secured
by the mortgage ? 9. What are the contracts which, according to the Statute of Frauds,
must be evidenced by writing ?
10. Explain the nature of a bill of exchange. When it is dishonoured,
what steps must the holder take in order to perfect his power of
recovering the amount due on it ? 11. What is an act of bankruptcy? Describe generally the nature of the
interest which passes from a bankrupt to his assignees. 12. Define the contract of insurance. What interest must the insured
have in the subject of the insurance, in order that the contract may stand ?
REAL PROPERTY LAW. 1. How many kinds of estates in fee simple are there? How do they
differ as to quality, and what effect had the statute De Donis on
their quantity ? 2. What is the principle of merger ? Give a reason for the co-existence
in the same person of an estate tail and the immediate reversion
3. In whom is the legal or equitable estate vested in the following
examples : — a bargain and sale to A to the use of B; a demise by one seised in fee to A to the use of B; an assignment of a term of
years to A to the use of B? 4. A man has one son A, and two daughters, C and D. A purchases an
estate in fee, and dies intestate and without issue. To whom does
his estate descend, and why? 5. Explain what is meant by a nudum pactum. What is the rule of
law with reference to it, and why has the rule in question been
established ? 6. Give a definition of an indictment; and state what test you would
apply for determining whether a particular wrongful act is indictable or actionable? Under what circumstances may an act done
give rise as well to an indictment as to an action ? 7. State concisely what is the peculiar office of the grand jury, of the
common jury, and of the judge on a criminal trial. 8. Can a written contract, not required to be in writing by the statute
law, be varied by evidence, (1) of a contemporaneous, (2) of a
subsequent verbal agreement ? 9. Distinguish between executory and executed trusts, and between the
rules of construction applicable to trusts of each species. 10. In what manner is the creation of trusts affected by the Statute of
Frauds? Is any exception made to the general provision ? 11. Is a plea of purchase for valuable consideration without notice, a
good defence against a legal title? State the reasons on which
your opinion is founded. 12. The executor of a testator who has bequeathed pecuniary legacies and
the residue of his personal estate commits a devastavit. By whom shall the loss be sustained ?
MERCANTILE AND COMMERCIAL LAW. Questions set to Candidates for the Consular Service. These Candidates are required to show “a sufficient knowledge of British
Mercantile and Commercial Law to enable them to deal with questions
arising between British Shipowners, Shipmasters, and Seamen.” 1. What are the duties of a British consular officer at a foreign seaport,
in reference to the proposed discharge of seamen by the master of
a vessel : 2. By what acts may the right of a vendor of goods to “stop in transitu”
be taken away? 3. What limitations are there to the doctrine that the slave trade stands
on the footing of piracy? 4. By whom are the expenses of a ship incurred in a port of refuge to be
primarily borne? 5. What sort of misrepresentation to the underwriter will avoid a policy.
of maritime insurance ? 6. Ought an agreement for seamen's wages to be written or verbal ? If
such an agreement be not made in accordance with the provisions
of the governing statutes, is it absolutely void ? 7. What is a seaman's " allotment ticket,” and what is its legal effect? 8. Describe a bottomry bond, and state briefly in what particulars the
rules of law regarding it differ from those which govern other se
curities for money. 9. What are the functions of a consular officer in reference to the secu
rities to be given to salvors where salvage services have been ren
dered by one of Her Majesty's ships ? 10. Under what circumstances may seamen quit a British ship against the
will of the master, without being guilty of desertion ? 11. What effect has a blockade of the port of destination on contracts for
the maritime carriage of merchandize ? 12. When a ship is sold or mortgaged at a port which is not her port of
registry, what functions may a consular officer have to exercise in reference to the transaction ?
Questions set to Candidates for the Situation of Third-class Clerk in the Solicitor's Office of the Post Office, &c. &c.
(1) EQUITY. 1. Explain and illustrate the maxim “ Where there is equal equity the
law must prevail." 2. For what purpose can a summons be employed by the Court of Chan
cery? State the general nature of the proceedings which can be
founded on a summons. 3. A trustee aliens the true estate ; will the estate be still subject to the
trust under any and what circumstances ? Consider more particularly the cases, (1) where the alienee has given no consideration for the estate, (2) where he has given a valuable consideration.
4. A testator directs his executors to sell his leasehold property, and to
lay out one half of the monies so to be produced in erecting a monument to himself in a particular church, and the other half in pur
chasing an organ for the same church. Are these valid bequests? 5. In what cases will a bill for an account lie in equity ? 6. In an ordinary foreclosure suit, has the Court of Chancery authority
to direct a sale instead of a foreclosure at the instance of the mortgagor, without the consent of the mortgagee? and if so, whence is such authority derived ?
(2.) COMMON LAW. 1. Explain the proposition that a mere voluntary courtesy will not up
hold an assumpsit.” 2. What is meant by “special endorsing” a writ of summons ? and when
may it be proper to endorse the writ specially ? 3. In what does a “pawn” differ from a “ lien ?" and from a mortgage?” 4. What kind of property in a “chattel” has its finder? and under what
circumstances may the owner of a bank-note be guilty of larceny in
appropriating it?" 5. What is the doctrine of the common law as to“contributory negligence ?" 6. State what things are (1) absolutely, (2) conditionally privileged from
being distrained for rent.
Questions prepared for an Examination of Candidates for the
(1.) CONSTITUTIONAL LAW. 1. What are the “ Three Estates of the Realm ?” On what occasions
have attempts been made to limit the number of the Peerage ? 2. What are the functions of the House of Lords in regard to “Money
Bills ?" Enumerate the principal descriptions of enactment which
are considered to be included under the term “ Money Bill.” 3. What is the nature of the writ of Habeas Corpus ? By what statute is
it regulated ? Did that statute create it? 4. Describe briefly the constitutional position and functions of the “ Privy
Council.” În what relation does the Cabinet stand to it? 5. Has the Queen any greater authority over a Colony which has not yet
received a charter or constitution than she has over her English dominions ? Is there any portion of the English Common Law which does not, without special provision, extend to a newly-settled
dependency of the British Crown? 6. In what King's reign was Magna Charta made part of the English
Statute Law ? Mention any provisions of Magna Charta which you consider to have been peculiarly beneficial to the middle and lower
classes. 7. Describe concisely the purport of the following laws and ordinances :
The Constitutions of Clarendon; the Bill of Rights; the Act of