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THE

LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC

CLASS BOOK,

EMBRACING THE

LEADING FACTS AND PRINCIPLES OF SCIENCE.

Xllustrated by Engravings,

WITH MANY DIFFICULT WORDS EXPLAINED AT THE HEADS OF THE

LESSONS, AND QUESTIONS ANNEXED FOR EXAMINATION ; DESIGNED AS
EXERCISES FOR THE READING AND STUDY OF THE HIGHER CLASSES
IN COMMON SCHOOLS.

SELECTED FROM THE

REV. JOHN PLATTS'

Literary and Scientific Class Book,

AND FROM VARIOUS OTHER SOURCES, AND ADAPTED TO THE WANTS AND

CONDITION OF YOUTH IN THE UNITED STATES.

BY LEVI W. LEONARD.

STEREOTYPED BY T. H. CARTER & co. BOSTON.

Stene, N. Da.
PUBLISHED BY J. & J. W.PRENTISS.

1830.

Fluet g8, 20.511

HARVARD COLLEGE LIBRARY

GIFT OF

JULIUS R. WAKEFIELD

FEB 20 1932
DISTRICT OF NEW-HAMPSHIRE, to wit :

District Clerk's Ofice. BE IT REMEMBERED, that on the twelfth day of November, A. D. 1825, and in the fiftieth year of the Independence of the United States of America, John Prentiss of the said District, has deposited in this office the title of a book, the right whereof he claims as proprietor, in the words following, to wit :

“ The LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC CLASS BOOK, embracing the leading facts and principles of Science. Illustrated by engravings, with many difficult words explained at the heads of the lessons, and questions annexed for examination ; designed as exercises for the reading and study of the higher classes in common schools. Selected from the Rev. John Platts' Literary and Scientific Class Book, and from various other sources, and adapted to the wants and condition of youth in the United States. By LEVI W. LEONARD.”

in conformity to the Act of the Congress of the United States, entitled, “ An Act for the encouragement of learning, by securing the copies of maps, charts, and books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies, during the times therein mentioned;" and also to an Act, entitled, “ An Act, supplementary to an Act, entitled, An Act for the encouragement of learning, by securing the copies of maps, charts, and books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies, during the times therein mentioned ; and extending the benefits thereof to the arts of designing, engraving, and etching historical, and other prints" SAMUEL CUSHMAN ( Clerk of the District

" of New-Hampshire. A true Copy of Record :

Attest SAMUEL CUSHMAN, Clerk.

ADVERTISEMENT.

The following Extracts are introduced as recommendatory of the design of the Literary and Scientific Class Book.

In teaching the art of reading it is an obvious waste of the precious period, devoted to education, to confine the exercises in that art to mere combinations of words; or to compositions, the sole object of which is to prove the wit and genius of the writer ;--to compositions which do not teach any thing, and which, after a volume of them has been perused and re-perused for years, leave the mind in a state of listless curiosity. In proof of the justice of this remark, we need only appeal to the feelings of those persons, who, while they were at school, read no other books than the selections published under the titles of Speakers, Readers, Extracts, and Beauties. As exercises in elocution, and as examples of elegant composition, such books cannot be sufficiently commended; but they are ill adapted to the more important objects of instruction, and with regard to the purposes of general knowledge, they bear the same relation that gilding bears to gold, or pastime to useful labour.- Rev. D. Blair.

It is evident that want of time will prevent the great mass of mankind from pursuing a systematic course of education in all its details; a more summary and compendious method therefore must be pursued by them. The great majority

ADVERTISEMENT.

must be content with never going beyond a certain point, and with reaching that point by the most expeditious route. A few, thus initiated in the truths of science, will no doubt push their attainments further; and for these the works in common use will suffice; but for the multitude it will be most essential that works should be prepared adapted to their circumstances...... It is not necessary that all who are taught or even a considerable proportion should go beyond the rudiments; but whoever feels within himself a desire and an aptitude to go further will do so,--and the chances of discovery, both in the arts and in science itself, will be thus indefinitely multiplied. EDINBURGH Review, No. 81.

PREFACE.

The Literary and Scientific Class Book, by the Rev. John Platts of Doncaster, England, was published in the beginning of the year 1821. "The grand object aimed at," he says in his Preface, “ is, that while the pupil reads hia daily lesson, he shall not only learn to pronounce words, but shall also treasure up a valuable stock of ideas, to enlarge his mind, to interest his heart, and to prepare him for his future scenes on the theatre of life."

The plan and leading title of the above-mentioned publication have been adopted in the present work, and many of the lessons have been retained either in full, or in an abridged and altered form. The notes, appendix, and engravings, have been added ; and such materials have been selected from other sources as were judged best adapted to improve the hearts and enlarge the minds of youth in this country. Most of the lessons have been selected with a particular reference to the instruction which they contain on important branches of knowledge. Although the work is designed for the higher classes, yet it is believed that all young persons, who are able to read with facility, and are acquainted with the rudiments of arithmetic and geography, may use it with advantage.

The names of authors are given in many instances, but, in general, the quotations have been so much altered, or the same lesson taken from so many different sources, that it could not be done with convenience. The works consulted or from which extracts have been made, are noticed in the Appendix. A list of select books has been furnished for the use of those who wish to make further attainments,

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