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Lieutenant Mix reports from Osceola, Mississippi county, in letter dated October 31:

"I have released three colored persons from slavery, one of whom was a woman, having been held for the last three years without any pay or agreement for pay, her life having been threatened if she left. She was badly beaten and horse-whipped several times; all of which is sworn to. The other two, man and wife, were under contract at fifteen cents a day, with their lives threatened if they attempted to leave the plantation."

Reports are being monthly received from nearly all sections of the State, showing a disposition on the part of the employers to defraud the freedmen out of their dues. The above extracts are given as illustrations.

The following is an extract from the official report of Brevet Major General Sprague, late assistant commissioner, dated October 18:

"I give it as my opinion that the freedmen of Arkansas will be defrauded the present year out of fully one-third of their just dues. Doubtless there can be found men in every community who would scorn such baseness, but they are too few to make their scorn felt by the community at large."

In relation to the treatment the freedmen receive from the local civil officers throughout the State, I will say that, with few exceptions, justice has not been nor is impartially administered. The civil officers of Helena and vicinity are exceptions.

Brevet Major Sweeney reports, October 31:

"The various justices, so far as I can learn, appear to be exercising the duties of their office with impartiality and justice. Any freedman can obtain legal redress as readily as white persons.





"Some of the oldest lawyers in Helena undertake their cases."

Outrages, assaults, and murders committed upon the persons of freedmen and women are being continually reported from nearly all sections of the State, and a decided want of a disposition to punish the offenders apparently exists with the local civil officers and in the minds of the people.

There have been reported fifty-two (52) murders of freed persons by white men in this State to this office in the past three or four months, and no reports have been received that the murderers have been imprisoned or punished.

In some parts of the State, particularly in the southeast and southwest, freedmen's lives are threatened if they report their wrongs to the agent of the bureau; and in many instances the parties making reports are missed and never heard of afterwards. It is believed that the number of murders above reported is not half the number actually committed during the time mentioned.

I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

Official copy:

E. O. C. ORD,

Breret Major General U. S. Army, Assistant Commissioner.
Assistant Adjutant General, in absence of the General.

Brevet Major of Volunteers, Acting Assistant Adjutant General.

2d Session.





General A. W. BISHOP,

The treatment of Union men in that State.


No. 15.

JANUARY 4, 1857.-Referred to the Committee on Reconstruction and ordered to be printed.

Adjutant General.

SENATE CHAMBER, November 14, 1866.

DEAR SIR: The joint committee of the senate and house of representatives desire that you furnish such information as may be in your possession in relation to the "development of a proscriptive party spirit in portions of the State," referred to in the late message of his excellency Governor Murphy, together with the measures adopted to suppress the same.



Chairman Senate Committec.
Chairman House Committee.


Adjutant General's Office, Little Rock, November 16, 1866. GENTLEMEN: In reply to your communication of the 14th instant, in which I am asked by the joint committee of the senate and house of representatives to furnish such information as may be in my possession in relation to the "development of a proscriptive party spirit in portions of the State," referred to in the late message of his excellency Governor Murphy; together with the measures adopted to suppress the same, I have the honor to state, that from time to time during the past year, but more particularly since the general election in August last, numerous letters have been received both at this office and by the executive of the State that indicate the existence of the spirit referred to. The attention of the executive has also been called to the fact, and this office has been informed that similar communications have been received at headquarters of the department of the Arkansas by the officers in charge of the Freedmen's Bureau for the State, and those at the head of the Internal Revenue department. These communications are generally of a private character, and of such I do not consider myself at liberty to disclose the names of the writers.

Some, however, are submitted, and the substance of the remainder is substantially this: that in many portions of the State those citizens who advocated the cause of the general government during the late war, and especially those who took up arms in its defence, are now insecure in their persons and property, and cannot receive impartial justice from the civil tribunals; that their lives have been threatened, and several murders committed, for no known cause except adhesion to the government of the United States, or the seizure of property under military order in time of war.

Copies of the following communications received at headquarters department of the Arkansas are on file in this office, and a transcript thereof is respectfully furnished :


September 25, 1866.

SIR: I have the honor to enclose here with copy of an order issued by me to the sheriff of Fulton county, and also affidavits of the citizens to the facts in the case of Simpson Mason, superintendent refugees, freedmen and abandoned lands of Izard county.

By reference to the post letter-book I find that this case was investigated and reported to headquarters department of Arkansas on the 25th of June, 1866. The letter is not signed, so I cannot tell by whom the report was made.

I have taken pains to inquire particularly of this case among reliable men, and believe the facts to be as stated in the affidavits.

Captain Mason has undoubtedly rendered good service to the government of the United States, both during and since the war, in consequence of which he is universally hated by the rebels, and I am convinced that no efforts would be spared to drive him from the country.

He is regarded as one of the most reliable Union men in this part of the country, and I am satisfied that the acts committed by him were done in what he considers the line of his duty.

In this communication I would also state, that it seems to me that here offences of this nature are only prosecuted against Union men, and not against those who were rebels.

The prosecuting attorney for this district, Mr. Padgett, told me that "the grand jury will seize every opportunity to indict Union men for old offences, but no power on earth can induce them to indict a bushwhacker or a rebel." This is, perhaps, too strong an assertion, but I believe it to be in a great

measure true.

Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

WALTER O. LATTIMORE, Captain 19th C. S. Infantry, Commanding Post.

Lieutenant HUGH G. BROWN,
A. A. A. General, Department of Arkansas.

September 25, 1866.

SIR: It is represented at these headquarters by Simpson Mason, that two indictments are now pending against him in Fulton county, one for the murder of Hollingsworth and Payre, and the other for stealing a horse; and that the said Hollingsworth and Payne were rebels and bushwhackers, and were killed by him while in the discharge of his duty as a United States soldier, and that the horse was taken by him for the use of the government and was afterwards returned.

The affidavits of two men who were with him at the time are presented i

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support of the above. You are hereby directed not to serve a writ of capias upon the person of Mr. Mason, or to in any way molest him on account of any proceedings had against him for any acts committed against the said Hollingsworth and Payne, or for taking the said horse, or for any acts committed by him in the discharge of his duty, while the country was overrun by the rebel forces.

Respectfully, your obedient servant,

W. O. LATTIMORE, Captain 19th U. S. Infantry, Commanding Post.

The SHERIFF of Fulton County, State of Arkansas.

STATE OF ARKANSAS, Independence County:

This is to certify that I am well acquainted with Captain S. Mason, and have been for several years, and know him to have been a commissioned captain by the governor of Arkansas; and I further state that, from the best authority, one John Hollingsworth and one Samuel Payne, who are reported to have been killed by Captain S. Mason, were rebels of the worst character; and I do further certify that Captain S. Mason was acting under his commission at the time the said Hollingsworth and Payne were reported to have been killed; and I do further certify that the above statements can be substantiated by a number of good loyal citizens of Fulton county, Arkansas.

Given under my hand on this the 24th day of September, A. D. 1866.
Sworn and subscribed before me, this 24th day of September, 1866.
Justice of the Peace


STATE OF ARKANSAS, County of Independence:

This is to certify that I am well acquainted with Captain S. Mason, of Fulton county, Arkansas, and know that he was a commissioned officer of the State, in the State service, subject to the orders of the United States forces within the State of Arkansas; and I further certify that one John Hollingsworth and one Samuel Payne, who are reported to have been killed by the said Captain S. Mason, in the year 1865, were notorious rebels, bushwhackers, murderers, and robbers, which facts can be established by a number of good, loyal citizens of Fulton county.

This the 22d day of September, 1866.


From the county of Pope a communication has been received by his excellency the governor of the State, under date of September 10, 1866, representing that the county is on the eve of serious trouble; that the citizens are being murdered by unknown men; that no one is safe, and that it is all thinking men can do to prevent a general outbreak. It is represented also that many good citizens are compelled to "sleep in the brush," and military aid is earnestly asked for. Since the re-establishment of civil law in that county, two sheriffs, A. D. Napier and William H. Williams, and William Stout, clerk of the circuit court for the county, all of whom were known as Union men, have been murdered.

Latterly a document of which the following is a copy, and which, it is represented, was circulated somewhat at and in the vicinity of the county seat of the county where found, has been brought to the notice of this office. Its character is, to say the least, diabolical, and though it may be the emanation of a single depraved mind, inasmuch as it has produced additional apprehensions of personal violence, I have thought proper to submit it to you:

[Despatch. J

BRIGPORT HELL, August 31, 1866.

Gentlemen of Pope County:


SIRS: You seem to be troubled with a man-eater. I am glad that he has made appearance in your county. It is no more than I expected, and I am in need of some more men. Mr. Williams has made his trip through safe; he says Ray will be here to-morrow. As he was troubled with his burns he lay over a day. Mr. Mankiller, you will please send me several more as soon as you can conveniently. I have found a new country two degrees south of El Campo Diable. I am in need of all the men I can get in Pope-such men as you, sir Mankiller, send me. Please sent me more as good as those you have sent me.

We want some officers. Captain Clear is a good man-sent him; and Major Mason, of Lewisburg, would just suit me-sent him; two of the Brown boys I want, so the citizens of Pope county need not be holding meetings to prevent me from getting those men, for I will have them.

Such men as I have named I want, and no others will I have in my new kingdom. The old devil may have them, but I want such men as I call for. I know many don't want to go as privates, and all the offices are filled in the old kingdom. This is why I came to prospect for a new country, so I am commander-in-chief of my kingdom. The man-killer has thirteen sons; eleven out of the thirteen are perfectly well trained. They can kill a man without having any conscientious scruples, so you can't think anything of his taking two or three men out of your county a week, as he has such a large family; so no more at this time.

I was once your honorable servant, but could not stay with you.


The authorship of this document is believed to be known.

Complaints of threats, of personal violence, and in several instances of the murder of Union men, come also from the counties of Johnson, Carroll, Marion, Independence, Perry, Sevier, Ouachita, Hot Springs, St. Francis, Craighead, and others, and it is charged in some of them that the civil authorities make no efforts to arrest the perpetrators of these crimes. In some instances the facts are sworn to, and the information generally is considered worthy of attention.

From time to time during the past six months advices have been received by the executive of the State, and at this office, of the murder of Union men for alleged offences, prosecution for which is forbidden by General Orders No. 3, War Department, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, January 12, 1866, entitled "An order to protect loyal persons against improper civil suits and penalties in late rebellious States."

The attention of the commander of the department of Arkansas has also been called to this subject, and in a communication from Major General J. J. Reynolds, then commanding the department, to D. C. White, esq., clerk of the circuit court for the county of Jefferson, dated Little Rock, April 20, 1866, it was directed that prosecutions in certain cases alleged to come within this order should be dismissed, unless satisfactory evidence could be produced to depart

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