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K I N G H E N R Y VI.
Xing Henry the Sixth.
Vaux, a Sea Captain, and WALTER WHITHUMPHREY Duke of Gloster, Uncle to the King.
MORE, Pirates. Cardinal BEAUFORT, Bishop of l’inchester.
A Herald. Hume and SOUTHWELL, two Duke of YORK, pretendi.:g to the Crown.
BOLINGBROKE, an Astrologer.
THOMAS HORNER, an Armourer.' PETER, Earl of SALISBURY, } of the York Faction.
his Man. Earl of WARWICK,
Clerk of Chatham. Mfayor of Saint Albans. Lord CLIFFORD, of the King's Party.
Simpcox, an Impostor. Lord Say.
Jack Cade, Bevis, MICHAEL, JOHN HotLord SCALES, Governor of the Torrer.
LAND, Dick the Butcher, SMITH the Sir HUMPHREY STAFFORD.
Weaver, and sereral others, Rebels.
Margaret, Queen to King Henry VI.
Dame ELEANOR, Wife to the Duke of Gloster.
Wife to Simpcor.
gers, and other Attendants.
A CT I.
In sight of England, and her lordly peers,
Deliver up iny title in the queen
To your most gracious hand, that are the substance Flourish of Trumpets: then Hautboys. Enter King Of that great shadow I did represent;
Henry, Duke Humphrey, Salisbury, Wartrich, 5 l'he happiest gift that ever marquess gave,
The fairest queen that ever king receiv'd.
garet : I had in charge at my depart for France, I can express no kinder sign of love, As procurator to your excellence,
10 Than this kind kiss-O Lord, that lends me life, To marry princess Margaret for your grace; Lend me a heart replete with thankfulness ! So, in the famous ancient city, Tours, –
For thou hast given me, in this beauteous face, In presence of the kings of France and Sicil, A world of earthly blessings to my soul, The dukes of Orleans, Calabar, Bretaigne, Alen If sympathy of love unite our thoughts. çon,
(shops, -15 2. Mar. Great king of England, and my graSeven earls, twelve barons, twenty reverend bi
cious lord; I have perforni'd my task, and was espous'd: The mutual conference that my mind hath had And humbly now upon my bended knee, By day, by night; waking, and in my dreams;
'This and the Third Part, (which were first written under the title of The Contention of York and Lancaster, printed in 1600, and afterwards greatly improved by the author) contain that troublesome period of this prince's reign, which took in the whole contention betwixt the houses of York and Lancaster; and under that title were these two plays first acted and published. The present scene opens with king Henry's marriage, which was in the twenty-third year of his reign; and closes with the first battle fought at St. Alban's, and won by the York faction, in the thirty-third year of his reign: so that it comprises the history and transactions of ten years. It is apparent that this play begins where the former ends, and continues the series of transactions of which it pre-supposes the First Part already known.
In courtly company, or at my beads
Did he so often lodge in open field, With you mine alder-liefest' sovereign, In winter's cold, and summer's parching beat, Makes ine the bolder to salute my king
To conquer France, his true inheritance?
K.Henry. Her sight did ravish : but her grace in Have you yourselves, Somerset, Buckingham,
Early and late, debating to and fro [awe? 2. Alar. We thank you all. [Flourish. How France and Frenchmen might be kept in
Suf. My lord protector, so it please your grace, Or hath his highness in his infancy Here are the articles of contracted peace, 15 Been crown'd in Paris, in despight of foes; Between oursovereignandthe Frenchking Charles, And shall these labours, and these honours, die? For eighteen months concluded by consent. Shall Henry's conquest, Bedford's vigilance,
Glo. reads.] Impriinis, “ It is agreed between Your deeds of war, and all our councils die? “ the French king, Charles, and William de la O peers of England, shameful is this leaguc! “ Poole,marquess of Sutfolk, embassador for Hen-20 Fatal this marriage! cancelling your fame;
ry king of England, -that the said Henry shall Blotting your names from books of memory;
espouse the lady Margaret,daughter to Reignier Razing the characters of your renown; “ king of Naples, Sicilia, and Jerusalem; and Reversing monuments of conquer'd France; “crown her queen of England, ere the thirtieth Undoing all, as all bad never been ! [course? “ of May next ensuing.”
Cur. Nephew, what means this passionate disItem,'« That the dutchies of Anjou and of This peroration with such circumstance“? “ Maine shall be released and delivered to the For France, 'tis ours; and we will keep it still, “king her fa
Glo. Ay, uncle, we will keep it, if we can; K. Henry. Uncle, how now?
But now it is impossible we should ; Glo. Pardon me, gracious lord;
30 Suttolk, the new-made duke that rules the roast, Some sudden qualm hath struck me to the heart, Hath given the dutchies of Anjou and Maine And dimm'd mine eyes, that I can read no further. Onto the poor king Reignier, whose large style
K.Henry.Uncle of Winchester, I pray, read on. Agrees not with the leanness of his purse.
Win. Item, “It is further agreed between them, Sul. Now, by the death of Him who dy'd for all, " that the dutchies of Anjou and Maine shall be 35 These counties were the keys of Normandy:“ released and delivered to the king her father ; But wherefore weeps Warwick, my valiant son ? “ and she sent over of the king of England's own Mar. For grief that they are past recovery:
proper cost and charges, without having any For, were there hope to conquer them again, “ dowry."
Mysword should shed hotblood, mine eyes notears, K.Henry.They please us well.—Lord marquess, 40 Anjou and Maine! myself did win them both; kneel down;
|Those provinces these arms of mine did conquer : We here create thee the first duke of Suffolk, And are the cities, that I got with wounds, And gird thee with the sword.
Deliver'd up again with peaceful words? Cousin of York, we here discharge your grace
Mort Dicu! From being regent in the parts of France, 45 York. For Suffolk's duke_may he be suffocate, 'Till terin of eighteen months be full expir'd. That diins the honour of this warlike isle! Thanks, uncle Winchester, Gloster, York, and
France should have torn and rent my very heart, Buckingham,
Before I would have yielded to this league. Somerset, Salisbury, and Warwick;
I never read but England's kings have had We thank you all for this great favour done, 50 Large sumns of gold, and dowries, with their wives : In entertainment to my princely queen.
And our king Henry gives away his own, Come, let us in; and with all speed provide To match with her that brings no vantages. To see her coronation be perform'd.
Glo. A proper jest, and never heard before, [Ereunt King, Queen, and Suffolk. That Suttolk should demand a whole fifteenth, Glo. Brave peers of England, pillars of the state, 55 For costs and charges in transporting her! To you duke Humphrey must unload his grief, She should have staid in France, and starv'd in Your grief, the common grief of all the land. Before
[France, What did my brother llenry spend his youth, Car. My lord of Gloster, now ye grow too hot; His valour, coin, and people, in the wars? It was the pleasure of my lord the king.
· According to Warburton, alder-lievest is an old English word given to him to whom the speaker is supremely attached; lierest being the superlative of the comparative levar, rather, from lief; but Mr. Steevens asserts aider-liefest to be a corruption of the German word alder-tiebste, beloved above alį things; and adds, that the word is used by Chaucer. - Meaning, this speech crowded with so inany instances of aggravation.
Gln. Mylord of Winchester, I know your mind; Hoin we together, for the public good;
5 And, as we may, cherish duke Humphrey's deeds, We shall begin our ancient bickerings".- While they do tend the profit of the land. Farewell
, my lords; and say, when I am gone, War. So God help Warwick,as he loves the land, I prophesy'd-France will be lost ere long. [Erit. And common profit of his country!
Car. So, there goes our protector in a rage. York. And so says York, for he hath greatest
Sal. Then let's make haste, and look unto the And no great friend, I fear me, to the king.
main. Consider, lords-he is the next of blood,
War. Unto the main! Oh father, Maine is lost;
(Ereunt Warwick and Salisbury.
Suffolk concluded on the articles;
I cannot blame them all: What is't to them?
Pirates maymakecheappennyworthoftheirpillage, Cousin of Somerset, join you with me,
And purchase friends, and give to courtezans, And all together with the duke of Suffolk,- 130 still revelling, like lords, 'till all be gone: We'llquickly hoise duke Humphrey from his seat. While as the silly owner of the goods
Cur. This weighty business will not brook delay; Weeps over them, and wrings his hapless hands, I'll to the duke of Suffolk presently:
[Erit. And shakes his bead, and trembling stands aloof, Som. Cousin of Buckingham, though Hum
While all is shar'd, and all is borne away; phrey's pride,
35 Ready to starve, and dares not touch bis own. And greatness of his place, be grief to us, do York must sit, and fret, and bite his tongue, Yet let us watch the haughty cardinal;
While his own lands are bargain'd for, and sold. His insolence is more intolerable
Methinks, the realms of England, France, and IreThan all the princes in the land beside;
Bear that proportion to my fresh and blood, [land,
Buck. Thou, or h, Somerset, will be protector, Unto the prince's heart of Calydon
[Ereunt Buckingham and Somerset. Cold news for me; for I had hope of France,
And therefore I will take the Nevils' parts,
, and proud, as he were lord of all, Nor shall proud Lancaster usurp my right,
Nor wear the diadem upon his head,
Whose chureb-like humour fits not for a crowd.
, 'till time do serves
With his new bride, and England's dear-bought
And in my standard bear the arms of York, Elean. What, what, my lord ! are you so choleric
[Exit York. 5
Glo. Nay, be not angry, I am pleas'd again.
Enter a Messenger.
Mes.Mylordprotector, 'tis his highness'pleasure, Enter Duke Humphrey and his wife Eleanor.
You do prepare to ride unto Saint Albans,
Whereas the king and queen do mean to hawk. Elean. Why droops my lord, like over-ripen d 10 Glo. I go.--Come, Nell, thou wilt ride with us? corn,
Elean. Yes, my good lord, I'll follow presently. Hanging the head at Ceres' plenteous load?
[Exit Gloster. Why doth the great duke Humphreyknit hisbrows, Follow I must, I cannot go before, As frowning at the favours of the world? While Gloster bears this base and humble mind. Why are thine eyes fix'd to the sullen earth, 15 Were I a man, a duke, and next of blood, Gazing on that which seems to dim thy sight? would remove these tedious stumbling-blocks, What see'st thou there? king Henry's diadem, And smooth my way upon their headless necks: Inchas'd with all the honours of the world?
And, being a woman, I will not be slack If so, gaze on, and grovel on thy face,
To play my part in fortune's pageant. [man, Until thy head be circled with the same. 20 Where are you there? Sir John! nay, fear not, Put forth thy hand, reach at the glorious gold : We are alone; here's none but thee and I. What, is't too short? I'll lengthen it with mine: And, having both together heav'd it up,
Erter Hume. We'll both together lift our heads to heaven; Hume. Jesu preserve your royal majesty! And never more abase our sight so low 125) Elcan. My majesty! why, man, I am but grace. As to vouchsafe one glance unto the ground. Hume. But, by the grace of God, and Hume's Glo. O Nell, sweet Nell, if thou dost love thy
advice, Banish the canker of ambitious thoughts:. [lord, Your grace's title shall be multiply'd. And may that thought, when I imagine ill
Elean. What say'st thou, man? hast thou as
And will they undertake to do me good?
Hume. This they have promised,—to shew With sweet rehearsal of my morning's dream. 135
your highness Glo. Methought, this staff, mind oftice-badge A spirit rais’d from depth of under ground, in court,
That shall make answer to such questions, Was broke in twain; by whom, I have forgot, As by your grace shall be propounded him. But, as I think, it was by the cardinal ;
Elean. It is enough; "I'll think upon the And on the pieces of the broken wand [set, 40 questions: Were plac'd the heads of Edmund duke of Somer When from Saint Albans we do make return, And William de la Poole first duke of Suffolk. We'll see those things effected to the full. This was my dreain; what it doth bode, God knows. Here, Hume, take this reward: make merry, man, Elean. Tut, this was nothing but an argument,
With thy confederates in this weighty cause. That he, that breaks a stick of Gloster's grove, 145
[Exit Eleanor. Shall lose his head for his presumption.
Hume. Hume must make merry with the But list to me, my Humphrey, my sweet duke:
dutchess' gold; Methought, I sat in seat of majesty,
Marry, and shall. But, how now, Sir John Hume? In the cathedral church of Westminster, Seal up your lips, and give no words but—inum! And in that chair where kings and queens are 50 The business asketh silent secrecy. crown'd;
Dame Eleanor gives gold, to bring the witch: Where Henry, and dame Margaret,kneel'd to me, Gold cannot come amiss, were she a devil. And on my head did set the diadem.
Yet have I gold flies from another coast : Glo. Nay, Eleanor, then must I chide outright: I dare not say, from the rich cardinal, Presumptuous dame, ill-nurtur'd Eleanor ! 55 And from the great and new-made duke of Suffolk; Art thou not second woinan in the realm; Yet I do find it so: for, to be plain, And the protector's wife, belov'd of him? They, knowing dame Eleanor's aspiring humour, Hast thou not worldly pleasure at command, Have hired me to underinine the dutchess, Above the reach or compass of thy thought ? And buz these conjurations in ber brain. And wilt thou still be hainmering treachery, 60 They say, A crafty knave does need no broker?; To tumble down thy husband, and thyselt,
Yet am I Suffolk's and the cardinal's broker. From top of honour to disgrace's feet
Huine, if you take not hecd, you shall go near Away from me, and let me hear no more. To call them both a pair of crafty Knaves, ! Ilhereas is the same as there. : This is a proverbial expression.
Well, so it stands: And thus, I fear, at last, Away, base cullions !-Suffolk, let them go. | Hume's knavery will be the dutchess' wreck; All
. Come, let's be gone. [Exeunt Petitioners. And her attainture will be Humphrey's fall: 2. Mar. Mylord of Suffolk, say, is this the guise, Sort' how it will, I shall have gold for all. [Exit. Is this the fashion in the court of England?
5 Is this the govrenment of Britain's isle, SCENE III.
and this the royalty of Albion's king? An Apartment in the Palace.
What, shall king Henry be a pupil still, Enter three or four Petitioners, Peter, the Ar Under the surly Gloster's governance ? mourer's Man, being one.
Am I a queen in title and in style,
. My masters, let's stand close; my lord 101 Ind must be made a subject to a duke?
. Marry, the Lord protect him, for he's a And stoľst away the ladies' hearts of France; good man! Jesu bless him!
I thouglit, king Henry had resembled thee,
15 In courage, courtship, and proportion :
But all his mind is bent to holiness, with him: I'll be the first, sure.
To number Are-Maries on his beads: ? Pet. Come back, fool; this is the duke of His champions are—the prophets, and apostles; Suffolk, and not my lord protector,
His weapons, holy saws of sacred writ; Suf. How now," fellow? wouldst any thing 20 His study is his tilt-yard, and his loves with me?
are brazen images of canoniz'd saints. 1 Pet. I pray, my lord, pardon me! I took ye I would, the college of the cardinals for my lord protector.
Would chusc him pope, and carry him to Rome, 2. Šlar. For my lord protector! are your sup
And set the triple crown upon his head; plications to his lordship: Let me see them :25That were a state fit for his holiness. what is thine?
Suf. Madam, be patient : as I was cause 1 Pet
. Mine is, an't please your grace, against Your highness came to England, so will I John Goodman, my lord cardinal's man, for In England work your grace's full content. keeping my house, and lands, and wife and all, 2. Mar. Beside the haught protector, have we
Beaufort, Suf. Thy wife too? that is some wrong, indeed. Theimperiouschurchman; Somerset, Buckinghan, What's your's! what's here! [reads.] Aguinst And grumbling York: and not the least of these, the duke of Suffolk for enclosing the commons of But can do more in England than the king. Melford. How now, sir knave?
Suf. And he of these, that can do most of all, 2 Pet. Alas, sir, I am but a poor petitioner of 35 Cannot do more in England than the Nevils : our whole townsbip.
Salisbury and Warwick are no simple peers.
2. Mär. Not all these lords do vex me half so saying, That the duke of York was rightful heir
As that proud dame, the lord protector's wife. be 2. Mar. What say'st thou? Did the duke of 40 She sweeps it through the court with troops of York say, he was rightful heir to the crown?
ladies, Peter. That my mistress was ? No, forsooth: More like an empress,thanduke Humphrey'swife; my master said, That he was; and that the king Strangers in court do take her for the queen:
She bears a duke's revenues on her back,
. Who is there?Take this fellow in, and 45 And in her heart she scorns our poverty:
Shall I not live to be aveng'd on her?
[E.rit Peter guarded. She vaunted?mongst her minions t'other day,
The very train of her worst wearing-gown tected
50 Was better worth than all my father's lands, l'nder the wings of our protector's grace,
"Till Sutfolk gave two dukedoms for his daughter.
Suf. Madam, myself have lim'da bush for her;
, implies no more ob; than our written or pern'd supplications. Mr. Toliet supposes it may mean, with great exactness and
oliservance of forin, or with the utmost punctilio of ceremony; that it seems to be taken from part of
customary to use the similar phrase of a thing being in print, to express the same circumstance of er's exactness
. Another critic and commentator, however, conjectures, that this may be supposed to have been a phrase formerly in use, and the same with the French en quille, which is said of a man when he stands upright upon his feet without stirring from the place. The proper sense of quille in French is a nine-pin, and in some parts of England nine-pins are still called cuyls. Quelle in the cold British language also significs any piece of wood sct upright.
to the crown.
was an usurper.
' i. e. happen.