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STATISTICS OF NATURALIZATION IN RESPONSE TO RESOLUTION OF MR. LINCOLN.
Number of persons naturalized in each county of the State of New York in the year 1893, as reported by the clerks of the courts of the several counties:
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Classification as to nationality of persons naturalized in the State of New York in the year 1893, as reported by the clerks of the courts of the several counties:
OF THE COMMITTEE ON LEGISLATIVE ORGANIZATION ON REAPPORTIONMENT OF SENATE AND ASSEMBLY DISTRICTS.
To the Constitutional Convention:
The Committee on Legislative Organization reports herewith to the Convention a proposed amendment of article 3 of the Constitution, which provides,
First. For an increase in the number of Senators from thirtytwo to fifty, and of Members of Assembly from 128 to 150.
Second. For a new apportionment of the Senate and Assembly districts.
Third. Rules governing all future apportionments which insure, in the opinion of the committee, equality and fairness, and guard against the inequalities and unfairness, which have heretofore obtained.
In proposing a new apportionment of the Senate districts and fixing the number of members of the Assembly in each county, your committee follows the precedents established by the Constitutional Conventions of 1821, 1846 and 1867, and remedies the gross inequalities and injustices of the Apportionment Act of 1892.
The provisions of the amendment reported by your committee are in substance:
First. That an enumeration of the inhabitants of the State shall be taken in 1905, and in each tenth year thereafter, under the direction of the Secretary of State, and when taken shall be taken during the months of May and June. The Secretary of State is named for the reason that much conflict has heretofore arisen, and may arise again between the legislative and executive branches of the State government, as to the officer who should have the direction and the management of the. census bureau. If it is thus settled in advance, and before it is known what
political party will be in power at the time that the census is taken, upon what department of the government this duty shall rest, one of the most serious sources of conflict and difficulty in taking enumeration will be removed. The power of the Legislature to control and regulate the expenditure necessary to make the enumeration is still preserved. The provisions that the enumeration shall be taken in the months of May and June will insure fairness to both the rural and city districts.
Second. In the formation of Senate districts, it is provided, that no town or block in a city shall be divided, and that no districts shall contain a greater excess in population over an adjoining district in the same county, than the population of a town or block therein which is so situated that it can be put in either of the two adjoining districts. As the population of a town or block is not apt to exceed 2,000, and probably never exceeds 5,000 citizens, this will reduce to a minimum the opportunity to create any great inequality between the districts. Heretofore, there has been no unit of population in cities. Without the establishment of such a unit, your committee can discover no practicable rule for equality which will be more definite than the existing provisions of the Constitution, which the Court of Appeals has pronounced inadequate. The further provision that an additional Senator shall not be apportioned on less than one-half the ratio, is so manifestly proper that it demands no explanation. Your committee have also deemed it wise to incorporate a provision that an additional Senator shall not be apportioned to any county, on less than the full ratio (obtained by dividing the total citizen population of the State by the whole number of Senators) when the average number of inhabitants, including aliens in all the Senate districts in such county, would not otherwise exceed by one-tenth the full ratio. The working of this principle may be illustrated as follows: If seven Senators are apportioned to the county of Kings, there would be a remainder of 58,264 citizens, being just in excess of one-half the present ratio, which is 115,817. If an additional Senator was apportioned to that county, each of the eight adjoining Senatorial districts in that county would have to contribute so many of its citizens that each would have less than said ratio, but under the plan proposed by your committee, each district would have only 8,323 more than the ratio. According to the plan of your committee, there will be in no other part of the State, except Kings county, eight districts in block, each one of which is below the ratio, and it is