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Demonfirative, and the lowest for the Judicial. These shall be subdivided into Loci or Places, being repositories for Matter and Argument in the several kinds of oration or writing; and every drawer shall again be subdivided into Cells, resembling those of Cabinets for Rarities. The apartment for Peace or War, and that of the Liberty of the Press, may

few days be filled with several arguments perfectly new; and the Vituperative Partition will as easily be replenished with a most choice collection, entirely of the growth and manufacture of the present age. Every composer will soon be taught the use of this Cabinet, and how to manage all the Registers of it, which will be drawn out much in the manner of those in an Organ.

in a very

The Keys of it must be kept in honeft hands, by some Reverend Prelate, or Valiant Officer, of unquestionable Loyalty and Affection to every present Establishment in Church and State; which will sufficiently guard against any mischief which might otherwise be apprehended from it.

And being lodged in such hands, it may be at discretion let out by the Day, to several great Orators in both Houses; from whence it is to be hoped much Profit and Gain will accrue to our Society.

IBID. p. 182.


NOW of what necessity the foregoing Project may prove, will appear from this fingle confidera


tion, tion, that nothing is of equal consequence to the success of our Works as Speed and Dispatch. Great pity it is, that solid brains are not, like other folid bodies, constantly endowed with a velocity in finking proportionable to their heaviness: For it is with the flowers of the Bathos as with those of Nature, which, if the careful gardener brings not hastily to market in the Morning, must unprofitably perish and wither before Night. And of all our Productions none is so short-lived as the Dedication and Panegyric, which are often but the Praise of a Day, and become by the next utterly useless, improper, indecent, and false.

This is the more to be lamented, inasmuch as these two are the forts whereon in a manner depends that Profit, which muft ftill be remembered to be the main end of our Writers and Speakers.

We shall therefore employ this chapter in shewing the quickest method of composing them : after which we will teach a port way to Epic Poetry. And these being confeffedly the works of moft Importance and Difficulty, it is presumed we may leave the rest to each author's own learning or practice.

First of Panegyric. Every man is bonourable, who is so by Law, Custom, or Title. The Public are better judges of what is honourable than private Men. The Virtues of great Men, like those of Plants, are inherent in them, whether they are exerted or not; and the more strongly inherent, the


less they are exerted; as a man is the more rich, the less he fpends. All great Minifters, without either private or economical Virtue, are virtuous by their Pofts, liberal and generous apon the Public Money, provident upon Public Supplies, juft by paying Public Interest, courageous and magnanimous by the Fleets and Armies, magnificent upon the Public Expences, and prudent by Public Success. They have by their Office a right to a share of the Public Stock of Virtues; besides, they are by Prescription immemorial invested in all the celebrared virtues of their Predecesors in the same stations,' especially those of their own Ancestors.


As to what are commonly called the Colours of Honourable and Dishonourable,' they are various in different countries : In this, they are Blue, Green, and Red.

But, forasmuch as the duty we owe to the Public doth often require that we should put some things in a strong light, "and throw a shade over others, I shall explain the method of turning a vicious Man into a Hero.

The first and chief rule is the Golden Rule of Transformation; which consists in converting Vices into their bordering Virtues. A Man who is a Spendthrift, and will not pay a juft Debt, may have his Injustice transformed into Liberality; Cowardice may be metamorphosed into Prudence ; In


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temperance into Good-nature and Good-fellow'híp : Corruption into Patriotism; and Lewdness into Tenderness and Facility.

'The second is the Rule of Contraries : It is certain, the less a man is endued with any Virtue, the more need he has to have it plentifully bestowed, especially those good qualities of which the world generally believes he has none at all: For who will thank a Man for giving him that which he has ?

The Reverse of thefe Precepts will serve for Satire; wherein we are ever to remark, that whoso loseth his place, or becomes out of favour with the Government, hath forfeited his share in public Praife and Honour. Therefore the truly public-spirited writer ought in duty to strip him whom the Government hath ftripped; which is the real poetical Justice of this age. For a full collection of Topics and Epithets to be used in the Praise and Difpraise of Ministerial and Unministerial Persons, I refer to our Rhetorical Cabinet ; concluding with an earnest exhortation to all my brethren, to observe the Precepts here laid down; the neglect of which has cost some of them their Ears in a Pillory.

IBID. p. 184.


AN Epic Poem, the Critics agree, is the greateft work human nature is capable of. They have already laid down many mechanical rules for compofitions of this fort, but at the same time they


cut off almost all undertakers from the possibility of ever performing them; for the first qualification they unanimously require in a Poet, is a Genius. I shall here endeavour (for the benefit of my countrymen) to make it manifeft, that Epic Poems may be made without a Genius, nay without Learning or much Reading. This muft neceffarily be of great use to all those who confess they never Read, and of whom the world is convinced they never Learn. Moliere observes of making a dinner, that any

Man can do it with Money; and if a professed Cook cannot do without it, he has his Art for nothing: the same may be said of making a Poem ; it is easily brought about by him that has a Genius, but the skill lies in doing it without one. In pursuance of this end, I shall present the reader with a plain and sure Recipe, by which any author in the Bathos may be qualified for this grand performance.

IBID. p. 185.


FOR THE FABLE : TAKE out of any old Poem, History-book, Romance, or Legend (for instance, Geoffry of Monmouth, or Don Belianis of Greece), those parts of story which afford most scope for long Descriptions: Put these pieces together, and throw all the adven

fancy into one Tale. Then take a Hero, whom you may chuse for the found of his name, and put him in the midst of these adventures :

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tures you

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