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T'here let him work for twelve books: at the end of which you may take him out, ready prepared to conquer or to marry; it being necessary that the conclufion of an Epic Poem be fortunate.


Take any remaining adventure of your former collection, in which you could no way involve your Hero; or any unfortunate accident that was too good to be thrown away; and it will be of use, applied to any other person, who may be loft and evaporate in the course of the work, without the least damage to the composition,


you may extract out of the Fable afterwards, at your leisure: Be sure you ftrain them Sufficiently.

FOR THE MANNERS. For those of the Hero, take all the best qualities you can find in the most celebrated Heroes of antiquity : if they will not be reduced to a Consistency, lay them all on a heap upon him. But be sure they are qualities which your Patron would be thought to have; and to prevent any mistake which the world may be subject to, select from the alphabet those capital letters that compofe his name, and set them at the head of a Dedication or Poem. However, do not observe the exact quantity of these Virtues, it not being determined whether or no it be necessary for the Hero of a Poem to be an honest Man. For the Under-Characters, gather them from Homer and Virgil, and change the names as occafion ferves.



Take of Deities, male and female, as many as you can use: Separate them into two equal parts, and keep Jupiter in the middle: Let Juno put him in a ferment, and Venus mollify him. Remember on all occasions to make use of volatile Mercury. If you have need of Devils, draw them out of Milton's Paradise, and extract your Spirits from Talso. The use of these Machines is evident: fince no Epic Poem can possibly subsist without them, the wiseft way is to reserve them for your greatest neceflities: When you cannot extricate your Hero by any human means, or yourself by your own wit, seek relief from Heaven, and the Gods will do your bufiness very readily. This is according to the direct Prescription of Horace, in his Art of Poetry:

Nec Deus interfit, nis dignus vindice Nodus

That is to fay, A Poet should never call upon the Gods for their Alistance, but when he is in great perplexity.


For a Tempeft. Take Eurus, Zephyr, Aufter, and Boreas, and cast them together in one verse : add to these of Rain, Lightening and Thunder (the loudeft you can) quantum fufficit; mix your Clouds and Billows well together till they foam, and thicken your Description here and there with a Quicksand. Brew your Tempest well in your head, before you set it a-blowing:


For a Battle. Pick a large quantity of Images and Descriptions from Homer's Iliad, with a spice or two of Virgil; and if there remain any overplus, you may lay them by for a Skirmish. Season it well with Similes, and it will make an excellent Battle.

For a Burning Town. If such a description be necessary (because it is certain there is one in Virgil), old Troy is ready burnt to your hands : But if f you fear that would be thought borrowed, a Chapter or two of the Theory of the Conflagration, well circumstanced and done into verse, will be a good Succedaneum.

As for Similes and Metaphors, they may be found all over the Creation; the most ignorant may gather them : but the dificulty is in applying them. For this advise with your Bookfeller. .

IBID. p. 188.

THE DUTY OF A CLERK. No sooner was I elected into my office, but I laid aside the powdered gallantries of my youth, and became a new man. I considered myself as in some wise of ecclefiaftical dignity ; since by wearing a band, which is no smail


of the ornament of our Clergy, I might not unworthily be deemed, as it were, a fhred of the linen vestment of Aaron.



Thou may'st conceive, O Reader, with what concern I perceived the eyes of the congregation fixed upon me, when I first took my place at the feet of the Priest. When I raised the psalm, how did my voice quaver for fear! and when I arrayed the shoulders of the Minister with the surplice, how did my joints tremble under me! I said within myself, “ Remember, Paul, thou standelt be“ fore men of high worship ; the wise Mr. Justice Freeman, the grave Mr. Juftice Tenfon, the

good Lady Jones, and the two virtuous gentle

women her daughters ; nay, the great Sir Thomas Truby, Knight and Baronet, and my young “ master the Esquire, who shall one day be Lord “ of this Manor.” Notwithstanding which, it was my good hap to acquit myself to the good liking of the whole congregation ; but the Lord forbid I should glory therein.

The next chapter contains an account how he dif

charged the several duties of his office : in parti. cular he insists on the following:

I was determined to reform the manifold Corruptions and Abuses which had crept into the Church.

First, I was especially fevere in whipping forth dogs from the Temple, all excepting the lap-dog of the good widow Howard, a sober dog which yelped not, nor was there offence in his mouth.

Secondly, Secondly, I did even proceed to moroseness, though fore against my heart, unto poor babes, in tearing from them the half-eaten apples which they privily munched at Church. But verily it pitied me ; for I remember the days of my youth.

Thirdly, With the sweat of my own hands, I did make plain and smooth the dogs-ears through. out our great Bible,

Fourthly, The pews and benches, which were formerly swept but once in three years, I caused every Saturday to be swept with a besom, and trimmed.

Fifthly, and lastly, I caused the surplice to be neatly darned, washed, and laid in fresh lavender (yea, and sometimes to be sprinkled with rosewater) ; and I had great laud and praise from all the neighbouring Clergy, forasmuch as no parish kept the Minister in cleaner linen.

Notwithftanding these his public cares, in the ele

venth chapter he informs us he did not neglect his usual occupations as a handy-craftsman.

Shoes, faith he, did I make (and, if intreated, mend) with good approbation. Faces also did I shave; and I clipped the hair. Chirurgery alfo I practised in the worming of dogs; but to bleed adven


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