The Balkan Wars, 1912-13: The War Correspondence of Leon Trotsky

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Pathfinder Press, 1981 - 714 страница
The Russian Revolution of 1905 "produced a strong upsurge of the proletarian movement in Europe" and "has drawn the people of Asia into political life," wrote Lean Trotsky in 1908. Trotsky describes the "Young Turk Revolution" and how European powers circled the rotting Ottoman Empire "like so many hungry dogs" ... the 1905-11 "Constitutional Revolution" in Iran ... the fight to end pogroms of the Jews in Romania ... and the devastation inflicted on workers and peasants during the 1912-13 Balkan wars on the eve of World War I. Book jacket.

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Superb reportage; Trotsky should have stuck with writing. Прочитајте целу рецензију

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О аутору (1981)

Leon Trotsky was born Lev Davidovich Bronshteyn on November 7, 1879 in Yanovka, Ukraine. As a teenager, he became involved in underground activities and was soon arrested, jailed and exiled to Siberia where he joined the Social Democratic Party. He escaped from exile in Siberia by using the name of a jailer called Trotsky on a false passport. During World War I, he lived in Switzerland, France, England, and New York City, where he edited the newspaper Novy Mir (New World). In 1917, after the overthrow of Tsar Nicholas II, he went back to Russia and joined Vladimir Lenin in the first, abortive, July Revolution of the Bolsheviks. A key organizer of the successful October Revolution, he was People's Commissar for Foreign Affairs in the Lenin regime. He was then made war commissar and in this capacity, built up the Red Army which prevailed against the White Russian forces in the civil war. Antagonism developed between him and Joseph Stalin during the Civil War of 1918-1920. When Lenin fell ill and died, Stalin became the new leader and Trotsky was thrown out of the party in 1927. Trotsky fled across Siberia to Norway, France, and finally settled in Mexico in 1936. He began working on the biography of Stalin. He was able to complete 7 of the 12 chapters before an assassin, acting on Stalin's orders, stabbed Trotsky with an ice pick. He died on August 21, 1940. The construction of the remaining five chapters was accomplished by the translator Charles Malamuth, from notes, worksheets, and fragments.

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