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preceding the expiration of the term of office of their predecessors respectively. The term of office of all hereafter elected shall commence on the first day of January succeeding their election, and continue three years. Their compensation is fixed by the supervisors of the respective counties; and all fees received by them shall be paid to the county treasurer of their respective counties, to be applied towards the payment of county charges.
1 R. S., 314, §§ 18, 20.
In Chenango, Washington and Tompkins counties the term is now four years, while in other counties it is three. There seems to be no reason for retaining this anomaly. We have accordingly followed the term prescribed for the majority of counties in which the office exists.
§ 166. The special county judge in the county special of Essex shall keep his office in the village of judge in Elizabethtown.
Laws of 1857, ch. 461.
§ 167. The mode of election and term of office Justices of of justices of the peace, is prescribed by title IV of part IV of this Code, entitled " General laws for the government of towns." They may be removed by the county court after notice of charges and an opportunity of being heard in defense, as prescribed in the CODE OF CRIMINAL PROCEDURE.
1 R. S., 321, §§ 68, 69.
Election of New York superior
§ 168. The justices of the superior court of the court and city of New York, and the judges of the court of
Justices of the superi or court of Buffalo.
Recorders in cities.
common pleas thereof, are elected by the electors of that city and county; and the term of office of each is six years. Two of the justices of the superior court and one of the judges of the court of common pleas are to be elected at the general election in the year 1861, and every alternate year thereafter.
1 R. S., 317, §§ 37, 40.
§ 169. The justices of the superior court of the city of Buffalo are elected by the electors of that city at an election on the first Tuesday of June. One is to be elected in the year 1861, one in 1862, and one in 1863, and thereafter one in each year preceding the expiration of a term. The term of office of all hereafter elected is eight years, except when elected to fill a vacancy.
Laws of 1854, ch. 96.
§ 170. The recorders of cities are elected by tho electors of their respective cities, and each holds his office for four years, except when elected to fill a vacancy.
1 R, S., 316, § 31.
There seems to be no reason why the term of office of the recorder of the city of New York should be different from that of the recorders of other cities. It is now three years. 1 R. S., 316, § 33. The above provision makes the term of all uniform.
§ 171. The city judge of the city of New York and the city judge, police justices and justices of the peace of the city of Brooklyn. The term office of the city judge of Brooklyn is six years, that of each of the others four years; except in the case of one elected to fill a vacancy.
1 R. S., 316; Laws of 1854, ch. 314. The present statute provides that the term of office of the city judge and justices of Brooklyn shall commence on the first of May. It is supposed that one uniform provision contained in section 199, ought to apply to all these offices.
§ 172. The justices of the marine court of the city of New York are elected by the electors of that city and county, and those hereafter elected hold their offices six years. One of the three is to be elected at the general election in the year 1861, and one in each alternate year thereafter.
Laws of 1852, ch. 389.*
§ 173. Whenever the supervisors of the city of New York are satisfied that any justice of the marine court is guilty of gross misconduct or habitual neglect of duty, or is incapable of performing his share of the duties of the court, they may by vote of a majority, suspend him from office and terminate his compensation. They shall thereupon present a statement of the grounds of their action to the court of common pleas of the city and county of New York, and serve a copy thereof
Justices of district courts
upon the justice suspended. The court of common pleas shall, upon notice to the justice, proceed, without unnecessary delay, to hear the parties, and the testimony, and shall restore or remove the justice, as may be just.
Modified form 1 R. S., 319, § 57.
§ 174. The justices of the district and police courts of the city of New York are elected by the New York electors of their respective districts at the charter election in the year 1863, and every sixth year thereafter, and each holds his office six years. No person is eligible to the office except a counselorat-law.
Laws of 1857, ch. 793; 1851, p. 937; 1852, p. 51; id. ch. 324.
§ 175. The mode of electing the justices of justices' courts in cities, justices of the peace in cities, and of police justices in cities, when not provided in this article, is provided by the several charters and by special statutes.
MINISTERIAL AND OTHER OFFICES CONNECTED WITH THE COURTS.
ARTICLE I. Number and designation.
II. Mode of election or appointment.
NUMBER AND DESIGNATION.
§ 176. The number and designation of ministerial and other officers connected with the courts is as follows:
A sheriff, a county clerk, a deputy for each county clerk, and if necessary a special deputy, a district attorney, and four coroners for the city and county of New York; and the same for each other county, except that in the county of Rensselaer the number of coroners is five, one of whom must reside in the village of Greenbush,' and in the county of Queens the number of coroners is six, who must be so chosen that one shall reside in each town in that county;'
A register for the city and county of New York, and for each of the counties of Kings and Westchester;
A clerk of the court of appeals, and a deputy clerk ;'
A state reporter for the court of appeals ;*
1 R. S., 305; Laws of 1852,
ch. 289; 1857, ch. 715.
1859, ch. 127.
Const., art. VI., § 19; 1 R. S.,
328, § 10.
1 R. S., 304, § 1.