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§ 3. The sovereignty of the state resides in the sovereignty people thereof; and all writs and processes are issued in their name.
§ 4. The people, as a political body, consist:
1. Of citizens who are electors:
2. Of citizens not electors.
§ 5. The citizens of the state are:
1. All persons born in this state and domiciled within it, except the children of transient aliens and of alien public ministers and consuls;
2. All persons born out of this state who are citizens of the United States and domiciled within this state.
Who are the people.
Who are citizens.
§ 6. Residence may be permanent or tempo- Residence rary. Domicil is the place of permanent residence; the home. There may be a domicil in one place and a residence for a particular purpose in another. For the purpose of jurisdiction a cor
Domicil, how determined.
poration has a residence wherever it has an office or agency for the transaction of business.
§ 7. Every person has, in law, a domicil. In determining the domicil, the following rules are to be observed:
1. It is the place where one remains, when not called elsewhere for labor or other special or temporary purpose, and to which he returns in seasons of repose.
2. There can be only one domicil;
3. A domicil cannot be lost till another is gained;
4. The domicil of the father during his life, and, after his death, the domicil of the mother, while she remains unmarried, is the domicil of the unmarried minor child;
5. The domicil of the husband is the domicil of the wife;
6. The domicil of an unmarried minor who has a parent living cannot be changed by either his own act or that of his guardian;
7. The domicil can be changed only by the union of act and intent.
All persons within the state sub
§ 8. Every natural person while within this
ject to its state is subject to its jurisdiction and entitled to its
protection. Every corporation which has a resi
dence in this state may be sued in the courts of this state, and is subject to the laws of this state in respect to all transactions within the state.
§ 9. Allegiance is the obligation of fidelity and Allegiance. obedience which every citizen owes to the state.
§ 10. Allegiance may be renounced by a formal Renouncing act of renunciation and a change of domicil.
§ 11. Persons in the state, not its citizens, are Persons not either:
1. Citizens of other states, or
§ 12. Besides the political rights and duties General prescribed by the Constitution of the United States and the Constitution of this State, every person within this state has the following legal rights, among others:
1. Exemption from all authority over his person or property but such as is derived from the people of this state through their grant to the United States, by the Constitution of the United States or through their own constitution and laws;
2. The right to do any act not forbidden by law.
§ 13. Every elector is eligible to the office for Eligibility which he is an elector, except where otherwise
Rights and duties of persons not electors.
Of citizens of other states.
specially provided; and no person is eligible who
Trade with belligerent state.
§ 14. An elector has no rights or duties beyond those of a citizen not an elector, except the right and duty of holding and electing to office.
§ 15. A citizen of the United States, who is not a citizen of this state, has the same rights and duties as a citizen of this state not an elector, except as provided by section 14.
§ 16. An alien has the same rights and duties as a citizen of the United States who is not a citizen of this state, except that he cannot hold real property in this state without having, in due form of law, declared his intention of becoming a citi
Transient aliens and citizens of
§ 17. A transient alien, or a citizen of the
other states United States who is not a citizen of this state, is
when not liable to tax
not liable to taxation in this state, for personal
§ 18. During a war between the United States and any other government or country, all trade and intercourse between persons in this state and the subjects or citizens of that government or country is illegal, except under special license from the government of the United States.
§ 19. The rights and duties of persons in this other state are not affected by a state of war between state of the United States and any other government or country, or between any foreign governments or countries, otherwise than as provided in the last section, except that they cannot trade with either of the belligerents in articles contraband of war, or enter places regularly blockaded.