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UNITED STATES MILITARY ACADEMY.-STUDIES AND CLASS BOOKS.

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ENGINEERING.

Science of Artillery.-Field Fortification.-Permanent Fortification.

Treatise on the Science of War and Fortification,

by Gay de Vernon.
-Grand Tactics.
Civil and Military Architecture and Traité des Machines, par Hachette.- Programme
Constructions.

d'un Cours de Construction, par Sganzin.

FIRST CLASS-Fourth Year's Course.

HISTORY

and ETHICS.

Geography.
History.
Moral Philosophy.
Law of Nations.

Morse's Geography. Tytler's Elements of General History. Paley's Principles of Moral and Political Philosophy. Vattel's Law of Nations.

CHYMISTRY

ard MINERALOGY.

Application of Chymistry to the Arts.
Mineralogy

No Work yet selecterl.
Cleveland's Treatise on Mineralogy and Geology.

School of the Soldier, Company and

Battalion.—Evolutions of the Line. S Exercise and Manæuvres of Artillery.

Rules and Regulations for the Field Exercise and Ma

næuvres of Infantry. Lallemande's Treatise on Artillery.

TACTICS.

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MATHEMATICS.

THIRD CLASS-Second

Year's Course,

Fluxions.
Analytical Geometry.
Perspective, Shades and Shadows.
Covic Sections,
Descriptive Geometry.

Traité du Calcul différentiel et intégral, par Lacroix.
Essai de Géométrie analytique appliquée aux Courbes

et aux Surfaces du second ordre, par Biot.
Crozet's Treatise on Perspective, Shades and Shadows.
Crozet's Treatise on Descriptive Geometry and Conic

Sections.

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Treatise on Plane and Spherical Trigonometry, and

on the Application of Algebra to Geometry, trans-
lated from the French of Lacroix and Bézout, by

Professor Farrar.
Legendre's Geometry.
Complément des élémens d’Algébre, par Lacroix.
Lacroix's Elements of Algebra.

Geometry. Algebra.

FRENCH LANGUAGE.

Translation from French into Eng.

lish. French Grammar.

Histoire de Gil Blas, le tome pre:nier.
Berard's Lecteur François.
Berard's French Grammar.

There is no vacation allowed at the institution ; but furloughs are granted to a few cadets in the months of July and August, when the remainder leave the College and encamp in different parts of the country, attending only to practical military operations.

Upon looking over the table of studies, it will be seen that the subjects are not very varied; but the greatest possible pains are taken, in order to make the cadets perfect in all of them. Indeed I have no hesitation in saying, that for severity of study, for order, regularity, and quiet, this institution very far exceeds any place of either military or civil education I have ever visited or even heard of.

The College, without considering it merely in a military point of view, will be of incalculable benefit to the United States, as a nursery for science ; for it is the only place where the higher branches of mathematics are attended to, and the education which the cadets receive is such, that if they prosecute their studies, they may vie with the scientific men of any part of the world.

Many, after entering the army, remain in it but a short time, and are appointed civil engineers to different States, or are employed in superintending public works and topographical surveys.

As I have before mentioned, it is only since Colonel Thayer was appointed superintendent of the College, that its present admirable system has

been organized. As yet therefore it is but a very young establishment; but its advantages are beginning to be sensibly felt, and will every year be more highly appreciated. In a short time, the United States, though with a very small army, will be able to boast a much larger body of scientific and well educated officers, than any other country in the world.

Every traveller who ascends the Hudson should stop a few days at West Point, if it be only to view the natural beauties of the place. He cannot also fail to admire the neatness of the barracks, the pleasing appearance of the houses and gardens of the Professors, which are ranged along the table land at the foot of the mountain. But I think myself, that the little battalion, dressed in their neat well made grey uniform, and manoeuvring in front with the utmost precision and regularity, must interest him more than any thing else, particularly when he reflects upon the matériel of which that battalion is composed.

CHAPTER XXI.

THE ARMY.

By an act of March 2, 1821, the army of the United States is limited to 6,000 men, four regiments of which are of artillery, and seven of infantry. Small detachments are kept in the different forts scattered along the vast frontier, for the purpose of keeping them in order, and preventing them from falling to decay. But there is no one place where an entire regiment is assembled; I believe, not even half a regiment. Such being the case, there is great room for improvement in the discipline and instruction of the privates ; for a certain number of men are necessary to perform any of even the more simple maneuvres with a good effect. It is clear therefore, that the reduction of the army to its present low state was neither a liberal nor even an economical policy. Moreover, one of the best means of avoiding war is to be always prepared for it. It must indeed be acknowledged, that in all the Governments of Europe the people bear a very just and natural dislike to a large standing army; for the governor, whether called King or what not, can always employ it against the liberties of the nation. But this is not the case in the United States; for though the President is nominally commander in

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