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evincing the ability of the performers port of an additional number of cou soon to execute the noblest specimens tributors. of sacred music. The fifth concert, on
a smaller scale, was performed on the 13th of General View of the Measures taker December, in Charlotte Chapel, by for the Relief of ike Labouring permission of the vestry.
Classes in EDINBURGH; with som. The last performance of the year notices on the sume Subject fron. took place on Friday, 17th Jan. 1817, GLASGOW and ABERDEEN. and fully sustained the character of the institution. The noble chorus of IN our last Number, we gave an ac. “ The Heavens are telling," was pro count of the formation of the plan duced on this night, and powerfully for affording relief to the labouring executed by the band, both vocal and classes in this city and its suburbs, instrumental. Mr Graham also gave under the very severe pressure now two original psalm tunes, which were arising from want of employment.brought forward on this occasion.
The following information, relative to The Society express their high sa. the mode in which it has been cartisfaction with the conduct of the pro- ried into execution, derived from aufessional musicians, who gave every tbentic sources, will, we hope, be graaid in their power with little or no tifying to our readers-remuneration, also with the attention The very judicious principle here and regular conduct of the pupils acted upon, is, that the relief should themselves.
be given in work rather than in moAt the suggestion of Mr Mather, ney; that the latter should not be bein a letter to Dr Baird, the Society stowed, unless some corresponding have resolved to publish a collection equivalent in the former. It was alof psalm tunes, on a new and impro- so very wisely determined, that the ved plan.
employment thus afferded should not The Society anticipate the most interfere with any of the ordinary favourable results from the great num channels of industry; that it should ber of persons whom they have now consist of works useful, convenient, trained to great excellence in church and'orpaniental to the city, but which inusic. These will afford to the dif- would not have been carried into exferent churches the nieans of obtain. ecution, but for the extraordinary exing good precentors; the means also ertions now making. For this reaof forming a band to support them; son, no work could with propriety be and the example is also leading the afforded to artizans in their own lines parishes to establish schools of church of employment. The simplest species masic, A school for this purpose has of out-door work was the kind requialready been formed in the High red. This evidently pointed to the Church; and similar establishments improvement of roads; not the reguare forming in the Old Grey Friars, lar and necessary lines of roads, but the Tron Church, St George's Church, those fornied for pleasure, and which and the Old Church.
might be considered as luxuries. The The sum required for carrying all Calcon-bill has long been the most the views of the institution into effect, eligible pleasure walk for the greater is very considerable; yet the Society part of the inhabitants; and when the have determined not to raise the an new and excellent approach is opened nual contribution, but to trust to the by the Wellington Bridge, it most public experience of the benefits de- become more than ever a place of gerived from their labours, for the sup- neral resort. Messrs Jardine and
301, Civil Engineers, whose when the rate of payment was proper. Det and taste in this depart- ly made very moderate. But it was en are undisputed, have drawn out found, that there were motives which er, bo which the roads round this induced some persons to apply when she bil may be extended and im- they might have found employment in sored
. They have also formed a the regular channels. An easier task,
lise through the King's Park, the allowances of soup, &c. given to mich will form an important im- those who had families, the labouring Es Ellent to those by whom that only during the day, while they could maiful walk is frequented. Mr Pa- employ the night in other occupations, exa, Architect, has particularly at. were motives impelling several to apended to other improvements which ply, who could not be considered as e carrying on in Burntsfield Links. worthy objects.
Sme difficulty having been found A strict investigation was therefore a procuring a sufficient pumber of necessary, and it was undertaken and mis
, orders have lately been sent by performed, with the most meritorious Government to supply them as requi- diligence, by Principal Baird, J. H. from the stores in the Castle. Forbes, Esq. Robert Johnston, Esq. and
la erder to secure the due perform- several other gentlemen, who have almet of the work assigned, the whole ways devoted their labours to objects moher employed has been divided connected with the public good, with sto parties of 100, with an overseer the same zeal as if it had been to pro1 each. These have been divided mote their own private interests. The te smaller parties of 25, which have town was divided into twenty-six disuch a sob-overseer. The whole bas tricts, to each of wbich a Visitor and en placed under the superinten- Elder was appointed, to whom appli. dence of a retired military officer of cations were to be made, and who mal and experience.
were to report upon them to the ComThe next, and the most laborious mittee. À schedule was furnished tsak, was that of discriminating the to them, in which they were first to proper objects to be employed, and the insert the statements of the applicant, detection of imposture. This latter as given by himself, and then the corevil
, it might have been supposed, responding result of their own personuld have been less to be feared, al enquiries. It may not be uninteruten money was to be given, only esting to exbibit the form of the schecabined with employment, especially dule
Particulars of the Case of
This schedule, when filled up, is ing on the cases of the applicants.delivered to the Committee for report- The Committee communicates its re
solution January 1817.
solution to the Visitor and Elder, to out of employment, Dr Baird, Count be by them reported to the person applying.
4. For visiting and reporting on It was afterwards determined, that applicants, Mr Jolin Wigham, Conthe Visitors and Elders should make a new visitation every fortnight, in 5. For food, Adam Duff, Esq. order to learn whether any change Convener. had taken place in the cases of those 6. For printing and accounts, who were under their superintend- Robert Dundas, Esq. Convener.
The number of applicants has very The rate of wages was at first a greatly exceeded the expectations of shilling a-day, but on the 20th Januthe Committee. It was not supposed ary, it was reduced to 10d. Those that they would be beyond four or who have families receive no higher five hundred; whereas in a very few wages; but they are allowed soup, days they amounted to twelve bundred, meal, and coals, in proportion to the and on the 29th of January had reachnumber of children. 'The wages are ed 1913. Of these, at the latter paid on Wednesdays and Saturdays: period, about 1200 were actually emthe meal and coal tickets are distri- ployed by the Committee.. On the buted weekly, the soup tickets daily. same date, the subscriptions (including The latter are marked as to be pre- £.1000 from the Prince Regent) sented at each successive half hour amounted in all to £.6,619.11. 1. from 12 to 2, so that all confusion is prevented. 720 of these tickets are
Glasgow. now distributing. It is found, that
We do not possess any
information excellent and nutritious broth can be from this quarter later than the midmade at 1d. per chopin. The follow- dle of December. At that time the reing are the materials allowed for 430 lief had been given in money only. Dischopins
tributions to labourers out of employ30 tb. of Beef
ment had begun about the middle of 15 Mutton
July, and were first drawn from the 35 Barley
residue of a fund raised several years 10 Groats
ago for the same purpose. The al. 3s. value of White Cabbage
lowances given were, to a single per1s. 3d. Salt.
son, 2s. P week; to a man and wife,
3s.; and for every child, 6d. When Cabbages are found to make the there was any employment, the relief broth thicker than Greens. Pepper was proportionally reduced. This sum - tending to make it thin, is not em of £.1500 was expended about the ployed.
middle of October. The Magistrates The following are the Sub-com. then undertook the distribution, and mittees appointed for managing this the expenditure was made to fall upon useful establishment.
the assessment imposed for the gene1. For examining and deciding on ral relief of the poor. applications, John Wood, Esq. Ad
2. For procuring work to out-door Here, as in Edinburgh, the relief labourers, and regulating all the con is given in work. The clergymen ancerns of that department, Robert Dounced from the pulpits, that they Johnston, Esq. Convener.
and the elders would attend to take 3. For regulating the measures to down the cases of applicants. Tbese be taken for the relief of artizans were entered in printed schedules,
sich fere then transmitted to the of the wearers, we are glad to per(meaittee, who decided upon them. ceive, bas evidently improved within The labourers were employed in re. our recollection; so that any very exparing the streets and approaches to travagant departure from nature is he town, which, from its utility to now scouted ; and the greater the apikia ubitaats, was conceived to be proach to a resemblance of real ikind of work that would encourage flowers, the more highly, we believe, 2.criptions. Tbe whole number are such articles now prized. It is rio appaied were 120, consisting of pleasing to observe, that this mark of butus, a few tradesmen, and a good good taste prevails at Edinburgh ; of sailors.
Of those not more and still more so, to find, that perau 0 were employed at any one fectly correct imitations of nature is, which were divided into two have first been produced by an artist ads, working in separate streets. of our city, Miss Jack. So close and The allowances are, to a single man, faithful are her imitations, that one in a-rak; to a married man, 6s.; might absolately have botanized in fr every child not exceeding four, the bouquet above alluded to. 3. additional, thus making the maxi. This lady constructs her flowers 2. Sc. A soup kitchen has been chiefly of a kind of fine inner bark of raployed for the relief of poor house some tree, which she procures in lahe: dars, but has not been connected minæ from the East Indies. It is vih the general plan for employing supposed to be the delicate bark from
the suckers of the East Indian breadfruit tree. This tree, in India, is also called Jack-tree; rather a curious
coincidence of names! The layers of POSTHLY MEMORANDA IN NATURAL bark are dyed of different colours by HISTORY.
the natives; but Miss Jack frequent.
ly finds it necessary to alter the tints; I the absence, this month, of more and in closely following the hues of legisimate objects of natural liis- nature, she has made many experitary for our nemoranda, we shall ments in extracting delicate vegetaitsiure to stray into a by.path, a ble colours, and has fixed them with drmed with artificial flowers, (but in mordants of her own devising. the Lope that ihe gallantry of our A judicious flower painter, it is crilics will excuse us), for the pur- well known, always prefers for the 1832 of noticing a bouquet destined subjects of his art, the most common for the centre compartinent of an “ garniture" of the garden or the perine belonging to the Princess field; so that every one being acCharleite of Wales, and which, we quainted with the natural production wdrstand, was intended as a present may be more able duly to estimate the te ler Royal Highness on her birth-fidelity of the copy. In like manner, er, br Lord James Murray, Miss Jack, in selecting flowers for It is scarcely necessary to remark the Princess's bouquet, instead of
very remote from nature artifi- culling the rarer showv exotics, seems cial towers, even the most costly, in to have given a preference to the most pre neral appear. In many cases, those familiar plants-the common white
early styled gum-flowers, bear no narcissus, liyacinth, double wall-flower, itxmblance to any thing that ever laburnum, lilac, thick - leaved saxiFtes on the face of the carth. Even fraye, apple and pear tree Llossom, the best Parisian dress: Nowers are and one of our most common kinds of sery imperfect imitations. The taste geranium (Pelargonium inquinans.)
In all of these, as well as in the bun- it is quite delightful and refreshing to ches of roses, particularly the Pro- gaze on so striking an effort of skill vence, the imitation of nature is com in such a representation of nature.” plete, and the spectator really expe We may observe, that we believe riences a disappointment on discover the artist admits the just ness of the ing that they have “10 sweet airs and objection made to the shades of her odours to bestow."
greens, and that the reason of the The bouquet, in its perfect state, paleness is, that the material employwas, with permission of the noble ed is not susceptible of dark green owner, shewn by Miss Jack to her and shining colours ; but doubtless a friends for two or three days previous person of ber ingenuity may, for very to its being dispatched to London.- dark leaves, such as those of the everA gentleman distinguished for supe- greens mentioned, devise some other rior taste in the fine arts, having and more tractable material. viewed it, remarked, in a card to the This notice concerning artificial writer of this article, in which he flowers will, we latter ourselves, prove partly adopted musical language), agreeable, and eke profitable, to our That “ curious persons have occasion fair readers, and save them, in future, ally observed bow much one may ex.
both from the anxiety of procuring cel in contriving a solo, or how close- and the necessity of paying exorbitant Jy some single flowers may in appear- prices for such ornaments as ance approach to nature, both in form wont to be furnished them by the and colour; but it certainly remained hands of foreigners, certainly very far for Miss Jack to compose a full piece." inferior to those of our home manuHe added, that “ from the scientific facture. manner in which the different speci Having already mentioned the immens are disposed, bringing those of provement of taste in regard to dress warm and cold tones in opposition, flowers, we cannot refrain from taking and keeping one of these always prin- this opportunity of adding, that we cipal to those that surround it, she should like to see the same chastness las evinced much knowledge of the of taste gaining ground among our harmony of colour.” And he conclu. cotton printers. Why should not the ded with saying, that “if it were ex. pattern-drawers employed by opulent cusable to offer
any hint on this effort, companies be instructed in flowerwhich comes so near to perfection, it drawing by the best teachers, and be would be to recommend, that, in her enjoined to copy real leaves, flowers, next attempt, she should introduce and sprigs, in all their designs? Or some darker greens, for instance, who can doubt that patterns designed sprigs of laurustinus, bay-laurel, or after Nature with the accuracy of a alaternus ; for perhaps the only defect pupil of the school of Syme, would is, the monotony of yellowish greens have a decided preference in the eyes in all the leaves. Even as it is, I of every purchaser, possessed of any have no hesitation in pronouncing this degree of discernment, when compabouquet to be one of the finest assem red with the monstrosities which are blages of closely imitated beautiful at present blazoned in the bay-winfowers ever formed, and certainly at dows of our haberdashers, where the this season, when
only competition seems to be, whicle
shall excel in outraging Nature. -storms let loose Do drive the trunks of tallest cedars down, And kill the tender flowers, pot yet half
27th Jun. 1817. S