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-A manent members of the Security Council, due regard be- 2. Decisions of the Security Council on procedural mating specially paid, in the first instance to the contribution ters shall be made by an affirmative vote of seven memof Members of the United Nations to the maintenance of bers. international peace and security and to the other pur- 3. Decisions of the Security Council on all other matposes of the Organization, and also to equitable geo- ters shall be made by an affirmative vote of seven memgraphical distribution.

bers including the concurring votes of the permanent 2. The non-permanent members of the Security Council members; provided that, in decisions under Chapter VI, shall be elected for a term of two years. In the first elec- and under paragraph 3, of Article 52, a party to a distion of the non-permanent members, however, three shall pute shall abstain from voting. be chosen for a term of one year. A retiring member shall not be eligible for immediate re-election.

Procedure 3. Each member of the Security Council shall have one

Article 28 representative.

1. The Security Council shall be so organized as to be Functions and Pourers

able to function continuously. Each member of the SeArticle 24

curity Council shall for this purpose be represented at

all times at the seat of the Organization. 1. In order to ensure prompt and effective action by

2. The Security Council shall hold periodic meetings at the United Nations, its Members confer on the Security

which each of its members may, if it so desires, be repreCouncil primary responsibility for the maintenance of

sented by a member of the government or by some other international peace and security, and agree that in carry

specially designated representative. ing out its duties under this responsibility the Security

3. The Security Council may hold meetings at such Council acts on their behalf.

places other than the seat of the Organization as in its 2. In discharging these duties the Security Council

judgment will best facilitate its work. shall act in accordance with the Purposes and Principles of the United Nations. The specific powers granted to the

Article 29 Security Council for the discharge of these duties are laid down in Chapters VI, VII, VIII, and XII.

The Security Council may establish such subsidiary 3. The Security Council shall submit annual and, when

organs as it deems necessary for the performance of its

functions.
necessary, special reports to the General Assembly for
its consideration,

Article 30
Article 25

The Security Council shall adopt its own rules of proThe Members of the United Nations agree to accept

cedure, including the method of selecting its President. and carry out the decisions of the Security Council in accordance with the present Charter.

Article 31
Article 26

Any Member of the United Nations which is not a In order to promote the establishment and mainten- member of the Security Council may participate, without ance of international peace and security with the least vote, in the discussion of any question brought before the diversion for armaments of the world's human and Security Council whenever the latter considers that the economic resources, the Security Council shall be re- interests of that Member are specially affected. sponsible for formulating, with the assistance of the

Article 32 Military Staff Committee referred to in Article 47, plans to be submitted to the Members of the United Nations Any Member of the United Nations which is not a for the establishment of a system for the regulation of member of the Security Council or any state which is no: armaments.

a Member of the United Nations, if it is a party to a dis.

pute under consideration by the Security Council, shall Voting

be invited to participate, without vote, in the discussion Article 27

relating to the dispute. The Security Council shall lay 1. Each member of the Security Council shall have one down such conditions as it deems just for the participation vote.

of a state which is not a Member of the United Nations.

CHAPTER VI

PACIFIC SETTLEMENT OF DISPUTES

or give rise to a dispute, in order to determine whether the continuance of the dispute or situation is likely to endanger the maintenance of international peace and security.

Article 33 1. The parties to any dispute, the continuance of which is likely to endanger the maintenance of international peace and security, shall, first of all, seek a solution by negotiation, enquiry, mediation, conciliation, arbitration, judicial settlement, resort to regional agencies or arrangements, or other peaceful means of their own choice.

2. The Security Council shall, when it deems necessary, call upon the parties to settle their dispute by such means.

Article 34 The Security Council may investigate any dispute, or any situation wii: i m'ght lead to international fr'c ion

Article 35 1. Any Member of the United Nations may bring any. dispute or any situation of the nature referred to in Article 34 to the attention of the Security Council, or of the General Assembly.

2. A state which is not a Member of the United Nations may bring to the attention of the Security Council or of the General Assembly any dispute to which it is a party,

7

if it accepts in advance, for the purposes of the dispute, parties to the International Court of Justice in accordthe obligations of pacific settlement provided in the pres- ance with the provisions of the Statute of the Court. ent Charter.

Article 37 3. The proceedings of the General Assembly in respect of matters brought to its attention under this Article will 1. Should the parties to a dispute of the nature referred be subject to the provisions of Articles 11 and 12.

to in Article 33 fail to settle it by the means indicated

in that Article, they shall refer it to the Security Council. Article 36

2. If the Security Council deems that the continuance 1. The Security Council may, at any stage of a dispute of the dispute is in fact likely to endanger the mainteof the nature, referred to in Article 33 or of a situation nance of international peace and security, it shall decide of like nature, recommend appropriate procedures or whether to take action under Article 36 or to recommend methods of adjustment.

such terms of settlement as it may consider appropriate. 2. The Security Council should take into consideration

Article 38 any procedures for the settlement of the dispute which have already been adopted by the parties.

Without prejudice to the provision of Articles 33-37, the 3. In making recommendations under this Article the Security Council may, if all the parties to any dispute so Security Council should also take into consideration that request, make recommendations to the parties with a legal disputes should as a general rule be referred by the view to a pacific settlement of the dispute.

CHAPTER VII

ACTION WITH RESPECT TO THREATS TO THE PEACE,
BREACHES OF THE PEACE, AND ACTS OF AGGRESSION

Article 39 The Security Council shall determine the existence of any threat to the peace, breach of the peace, or act of aggression and shall make recommendations, or decide what measures shall be taken in accordance with Articles 41 and 42, to maintain or restore international peace and security.

Article 40 In order to prevent an aggravation of the situation, the Security Council may, before making the recommendations or deciding upon the measures provided for in Article 41, call upon the parties concerned to comply with such provisional measures as it deems' necessary or desirable. Such provisional measures shall be without prejudice to the rights, claims, or position of the parties concerned. The Security Council shall duly take account of failure to comply with such provisional measures.

Article 41 The Security Council may decide what measures not involving the use of armed force are to be employed to give effect to its decisions, and it may call upon the Members of the United Nations to apply such measures. These may include complete or partial interruption of economic relations and of rail, sea, air, postal, telegraphic, radio, and other means of communication, and the severance of diplomatic relations.

Article 42 Should the Security Council consider that measures provided for in Article 41 would be inadequate or have proved to be inadequate, it may take such action by air, sea, or land forces as may be necessary to maintain or restore international peace and security. Such action may include demonstrations, blockade, and other operations by air, sea, or land forces of Members of the United Nations.

Article 43 1. All Members of the United Nations, in order to contribute to the maintenance of international peace and security, undertake to make available to the Security Council, on its call and in accordance with a special

agreement or agreements, armed forces, assistance, and facilities, including rights of passage, necessary for the purpose of maintaining international peace and security.

2. Such agreement or agreements shall govern the numbers and types of forces, their degree of readiness and general location, and the nature of the facilities and assistance to be provided.

3. The agreement or agreements shall be negotiated as soon as possible on the initiative of the Security Council. They shall be concluded between the Security Council and Members or between the Security Council and groups of Members and shall be subject to ratification by the signatory states in accordance with their constitutional processes.

Article 44 When the Security Council has decided to use force it shall, before calling upon a Member not represented on it to provide armed forces in fulfilment of the obligations assumed under Article 43, invite that Member, if the Member so desires, to participate in the decisions of the Security Council concerning the employment of contingents of that Member's armed forces.

Article 45 In order to enable the United Nations to take urgent military measures, Members shall hold immediately available national air-force contingents for combined international enforcement action. The strength and degree of readiness of these contingents and plans for their com. bined action shall be determined, within the limits laid down in the special agreement or agreements referred to in Article 43, by the Security Council with the assistance of the Military Staff Committee.

Article 46 Plans for the application of armed force shall be made by the Security Council with the assistance of the Military Staff Committee.

Article 47 1. There shall be established a Military Staff Committee to advise and assist the Security Council on all questions relating to the Security Council's military require- the appropriate international agencies of which they are ments for the maintenance of international peace and members. security, the employment and command of forces placed at its disposal, the regulation of armaments, and possible

Article 49 disarmament.

The Members of the United Nations shall join in afford2. The Military Staff Committee shall consist of Chiefs ing mutual assistance in carrying out the measures deof Staff of the permanent members of the Security Coun: cided upon by the Security Council. cil or their representatives. Any Member of the United Nations not permanently represented on the Committee

Article 50 shall be invited by the Committee to be associated with it

If preventive or enforcement measures against any when the efficient discharge of the Committee's responsi

state are taken by the Security Council, any other state, bilities requires the participation of that Member in its

whether a Member of the United Nations or not, which work.

finds itself confronted with special economic problems 3. The Military Staff Committee shall be responsible

arising from the carrying out of those measures shall under the Security Council for the strategic direction of

have the right to consult the Security Council with regard any armed forces placed at the disposal of the Security to a solution of those problems. Council. Questions relating to the command of such forces shall be worked out subsequently.

Article 51 4. The Military Staff Committee, with the authorization

Nothing in the present Charter shall impair the inher.' of the Security Council and after consultation with appro

ent right of individual or collective self-defense if an priate regional agencies, may establish regional sub

armed attack occurs against a Member of the United Nacommittees.

tions, until the Security Council has taken the measures Article 48

necessary to maintain international peace and security. 1. The action required to carry out the decisions of Measures taken by Members in the exercise of this right the Security Council for the maintenance of international of self-defense shall be immediately reported to the peace and security shall be taken by all the Members of Security Council and shall not in any way affect the authe United Nations or by some of them, as the Security thority and responsibility of the Security Council under Council may determine.

the present Charter to take at any time such action as it 2. Such decisions shall be carried out by the Members deems necessary in order to maintain or restore interof the United Nations directly and through their action in national peace and security.

CHAPTER VIII

REGIONAL ARRANGEMENTS

Article 52 1. Nothing in the present Charter precludes the existence of regional arrangements or agencies for dealing with such matters relating to the maintenance of international peace and security as are appropriate for regional action, provided that such arrangements or agencies and their activities are consistent with the Purposes and Principles of the United Nations.

2. The Members of the United Nations entering into such arrangements or constituting such agencies shall make every effort to achieve pacific settlement of local disputes through such regional arrangements or by such regional agencies before referring them to the Security Council.

3. The Security Council shall encourage the development of pacific settlement of local disputes through such regional arrangements or by such regional agencies either on the initiative of the states concerned or by reference from the Security Council.

4. This Article in no way impairs the application of Articles 34 and 35.

Article 53 1. The Security Council shall, where appropriate, utilize such regional arrangements or agencies for enforcement action under its authority. But no enforcement action shall be taken under regional arrangements or by regional agencies without the authorization of the Security Council, with the exception of measures against any enemy state, as defined in paragraph 2 of this Article, provided for pursuant to Article 107 or in regional arrangements directed against renewal of aggressive policy on the part of any such state, until such time as the Organization may, on request of the Government concerned, be charged with the responsibility for preventing further aggression by such a state.

2. The term “enemy state" as used in paragraph 1 of this Article applies to any state which during the Second World War has been an enemy of any signatory of the present Charter.

Article 54 The Security Council shall at all times be kept fully informed of activities undertaken or in contemplation under regional arrangements or by regional agencies for the maintenance of international peace and security.

CHAPTER IX

INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COOPERATION

economic, social, cultural, educational, health, and related fields, shall be brought into relationship with the United Nations in accordance with the provisions of Article 63.

2. Such agencies thus brought into relationship with the United Nations are hereinafter referred to as “specialized agencies."

Article 55 With a view to the creation of conditions of stability and well-being which are necessary for peaceful and friendly relations among nations based on respect for the principle of equal rights and self-determination of peoples, the United Nations shall promote: a. higher standards of living, full employment, and con

ditions of economic and social progress and develop

ment; b. solutions of international economic, social, health,

and related problems; and international cultural

and educational cooperation; and c. universal respect for, and observance of, human

rights and fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race, sex, language, or religion.

Article 56 All Members pledge themselves to take joint and separate action in cooperation with the Organization for the achievement of the purposes set forth in Article 55.

Article 58 The Organization shall make recommendations for the coordination of the policies and activities of the specialized agencies.

Article 59 The Organization shall, where appropriate, initiate negotiations among the states concerned for the creation of any new specialized agencies required for the accomplishment of the purposes set forth in Article 55.

Article 60 Responsibility for the discharge of the functions of the Organization set forth in this Chapter shall be vested in the General Assembly and, under the authority of the General Assembly, in the Economic and Social Council, which shall have for this purpose the powers set forth in Chapter X.

Article 57

1. The various specialized agencies, established by intergovernmental agreement and having wide international responsibilities, as defined in their basic instruments, in

CHAPTER X

THE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COUNCIL

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Composition

Article 61 1. The Economic and Social Council shall consist of eighteen Members of the United Nations elected by the General Assembly.

2. Subject to the provisions of paragraph 3, six members of the Economic and Social Council shall be elected each year for a term of three years. A retiring member shall be eligible for immediate re-election.

3. At the first election, eighteen members of the Economic and Social Council shall be chosen. The term of office of six members so chosen shall expire at the end of one year, and of six other members at the end of two years, in accordance with arrangements made by the General Assembly.

4. Each member of the Economic and Social Council shall have one representative. Functions and Powers

Article 62 1. The Economic and Social Council may make or initiate studies and reports with respect to international economic, social, cultural, educational, health, and related matters and may make recommendations with respect to any such matters to the General Assembly, to the Members of the United Nations, and to the specialized agencies concerned.

2. It may make recommendations for the purpose of pro

moting respect for, and observance of, human rights and fundamental freedoms for all.

3. It may prepare draft conventions for submission to the General Assembly, with respect to matters falling within its competence.

4. It may call, in accordance with the rules prescribed by the United Nations, international conferences on matters falling within its competence.

Article 63 1. The Economic and Social Council may enter into agreements with any of the agencies referred to in Article 57, defining the terms on which the agency concerned shall be brought into relationship with the United Nations. Such agreements shall be subject to approval by the General Assembly.

2. It may coordinate the activities of the specialized agencies through consultation with and recommendations to such agencies and through recommendations to the General Assembly and to the Members of the United Nations.

Article 64 1. The Economic and Social Council may take appropriate steps to obtain regular reports from the specialized agencies. It may make arrangements with the Members of the United Nations and with the specialized agencies to obtain reports on the steps taken to give effect to its own recommendations and to recommendations on matters fall

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ing within its competence made by the General Assembly. of human rights, and such other commissions as may be

2. It may communicate its observations on these reports required for the performance of its functions. to the General Assembly.

Article 69
Article 65

The Economic and Social Council shall invite any Mem-
The Economic and Social Council may furnish informa- ber of the United Nations to participate, without vote, in
tion to the Security Council and shall assist the Security its deliberations on any matter of particular concern to
Council upon its request.

that Member. Article 66

Article 70 1. The Economic and Social Council shall perform such

The Economic and Social Council may make arrangefunctions as fall within its competence in connection with ments for representatives of the specialized agencies to the carrying out of the recommendations of the General participate, without vote, in its deliberations and in those Assembly.

of the commissions established by it, and for its repre2. It may, with the approval of the General Assembly, sentatives to participate in the deliberations of the perform services at the request of Members of the United specialized agencies. Nations and at the request of specialized agencies.

Article 71 3. It shall perform such other functions as are specified elsewhere in the present Charter or as may be assigned The Economic and Social Council may make suitable to it by the General Assembly.

arrangements for consultation with non-governmental

organizations which are concerned with matters within Voting

its competence. Such arrangements may be made with

international organizations and, where appropriate, with Article 67

national organizations after consultation with the Mem1. Each member of the Economic and Social Council ber of the United Nations concerned. shall have one vote.

Article 72 2. Decisions of the Economic and Social Council shall be made by a majority of the members present and voting. 1. The Economic and Social Council shall adopt its own

rules of procedure, including the method of selecting its Procedure

President.

2. The Economic and Social Council shall meet as reArticle 68

quired in accordance with its rules, which shall include The Economic and Social Council shall set up commis- provision for the convening of meetings on request of a sions in economic and social fields and for the promotion majority of its members.

CHAPTER XI

DECLARATION REGARDING NON-SELF-GOVERNING TERRITORIES

Article 73 Members of the United Nations which have or assume responsibilities for the adminstration of territories whose peoples have not yet attained a full measure of self-government recognize the principle that the interests of the inhabitants of these territories are paramount, and accept as a sacred trust the obligation to promote to the utmost, within the system of international peace and security established by the present Charter, the well-being of the inhabitants of these territories, and, to this end : a. to ensure, with due respect for the culture of the

peoples concerned, their political, economic, social, and educational advancement, their just treatment,

and their protection against abuses; b. to develop self-government, to take due account of

the political aspirations of the peoples, and to assist them in the progressive development of their free political institutions, according to the particular circumstances of each territory and its peoples and

their varying stages of advancement; c. to further international peace and security; d. to promote constructive measures of development,

to encourage research, and to cooperate with one an-
other and, when and where appropriate, with special-
ized international bodies with a view to the practical
achievement of the social, economic, and scientific

purposes set forth in this Article; and
e. to transmit regularly to the Secretary-General for

information purposes, subject to such limitation as
security and constitutional considerations may re-
quire, statistical and other information of a technical
nature relating to economic, social, and educational
conditions in the territories for which they are
respectively responsible other than those territories
to which Chapters XII and XIII apply.

Article 74
Members of the United Nations also agree that their
policy in respect of the territories to which this Chapter
applies, no less than in respect of their metropolitan areas,
must be based on the general principle of good-neighbor-
liness, due account being taken of the interests and well-
being of the rest of the world, in social, economic, and
commercial matters.

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