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Beaux Esprits, where Wit Sparkled sometimes at the expence of Good-nature--- It was proposed to write Epitaphs on him; his Country, Dialect and Perfon, furnished subjects of Witticism! He was called on for Retaliation, and at their next meeting be produced the following Poem, which I think adds one Leaf to his immortal Wreath.



{ome ACCOUNT of the LIFE of the late


Liyer GOLDSMITH was born at Roscommon in Ireland, in the

7 year 1731. His father, who polic fled a 1mall estate in that county, had nine fons, of which Oliver was the third. He was originally intended for the church ; and with that view, after being well instructed in the classics, was, with his brother the Rev. Henry Goldfinith, placed in Trinity-college, Dublin, about the latter end of the year 174.9. In this seminary of learning he continued a few years, when he took a Bachelor's degree; but, his brother not being able to obtain any preferment after he left the college, Oliver, by the advice of Dean Goldfinith of Cork, turned his thoughts to the profeffion of phyfic, and, after attending some courses of anatomy in Dublin, proceeded to Edinburgh in the year 1751, where he studied the several branches of medicine under the different Professors in that University, which was deservedly ranked among the first schools of physic in Europe. His beneficent disposition soon involved him in unexpected difficulties, and he was obliged precipitately to leave Scotland, in consequence of engaging himłelf to pay a considerable sum of money for a fellow-student.

A few days after, about the beginning of the year 1754, he arrived at Sunderland, near Newcastle, where he was arrested at the fuit of one Barclay, a taylor in Edinburgh, to whom he had given security for his friend. By the good graces of Laughlin Maclane, Esq; and Dr. Sleigh, who were then in the college, he was foon delivered out of the hands of the Bailiff, and took his passage on board a Dutch ship to Rotterdam, where, after a short stay, he proceeded to Brussels. He then visited great part of Flanders, and, after passing some time at Strasbourg and Louvain, where he obtained a degree of Bachelor in phylic, he accompanied an English gentleman to Geneva.

It is undoubtedly fact, that this ingenious, unfortunate man, made most part of his tour on foot! He had left England with very little money, and, being of a philosophical turn, and at that time possessing a body capable of sustaining every fatigue, and a heart not easily terrified at danger, he became an enthusiast to the design he had


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formed of seeing the manners of different countries. He had some knowledge of the French language, and of music; he played tolerably well on the German flute; which, from an amusement, became at some times the means of fubfiitence. His learning produced him an hospitable reception at most of the religious houses, and his music made him welcome to the peasants of Flanders and Germany. • Whenever I approached a peasant's house towards night-fall,' he ufed to say, 'I played one of my most merry tunes, and that genesally procured me not only a lodging, but subģistence for the next day: but in truth,' his constant expreslion, 'I must own, whenever I attempted to entertain persons of a higher rank, they always thought my performance odious, and never made me any return for my endeavours to please them.'

On his arrival at Geneva, he was recommended as a proper person for a travelling tutor to a young man, who had been unexpectedly left a considerable sum of money by his uncle Mr. S : This youth, who was articled to an attorney, on receipt of his fortune determined to see the world; and, on his er.gaging with his preceptor, made a proviso, that he should be permitted to govern himfelf; and our traveller foon found his pupil understood the art of directing in money concerns extremely well, as avarice was his prevailing pallion.

During Goldsmith's continuance in Switzerland, he assiduously cultivated his poetical talent, of which he had given fome striking proofs at the college of Edinburglı. It was from hence he sent the first sketch of his delightful epistle, called the Traveller, to his brother the clergyman in Ireland, who, giving up fame and fortune, had retired, with an amiable wife, to happiness and obscurity, on an income of only 4ol. a year.

From Geneva Mr. Goldsinith and his pupil visited the south of France, where the young man, upon some disagreement with his preceptor, paid him the small part of his falary which was due, and embarked at Marseilles for England. Our wanderer was left once more upon the world at large, and passed through a number of difficulties in traversing the greatest part of France. At length his curiosity being gratified, he bent his course towards England, and arrived at Dover, the beginning of the winter, in the year 1758.


so) His finances were so low on his return to England, that he with difficulty got to this metropolis, his whole stock of cash amounting to no more than a few halfpence! An entire stranger in London, his mind was filled with the most gloomy reflectionis in consequence of his embarrassed situation ! He applied to several apothecaries in hopes of being received in the capacity of a journeyman, but his broad Irish accent, and the uncouthnefs of his appearance, occasioned him to meet with insult, from most of the medicinal tribe. The next day, however, a chymnist near Fish street, struck with his forlora condition, and the límplicity of his manner, took him into his laboratory, where he continued till he discovered his old friend Dr. Sleigh was in London. This gentleman received him with the warmest affection, and liberally invited him to share his purse till some establishment could be procured for him, Goldfinith, unwilling to be a burden to his friend, a short time after eagerly embraced an offer which was made him to assist the late Rev. Dr. Milner, in instructing the young gentlemen at the Academy at Peckham; and acquitted himself greatly to the Doctor's satisfa&tion for a short time; but, having obtained some reputation by the criticisms he had written in the Monthly Review, Mr. Griffiths, the principal proprietor, engaged him in the compilation of it; and, resolving to pursue the profession of writing, he returned to London, as the mart where abilities of every kind were fure of meeting distinction and reward. Here he determined to adopt a plan of the strictest economy, and tuok lodgings in Green Arbour court in the Old Bailey, where he wrote several ingenious pieces. The late Mr. Newbery, who, at that time gave great encouragement to men of literary abilities, became a kind of patron to our young author, and introduced him as one of the writers in the Public Ledger, in which his Citizen of the World originally appeared, under the title of Chinese Letters.'

Fortune now seemed to take some notice of a man The had long neglected. The simplicity of his character, the integrity of his heart, and the merit of his productions, made his company very acceptable to a number of respectable persons, and he emerged from his shabby apartments near the Old Bailey to the politer air of the Temple, where he took handsome chambers, and lived in a genteel style. The publication of his Traveller, his Vicar of Wakefield, and his Letters on the History of England, was followed by the performance of his co


ney othea (ni-5.-9. roj? 5129 2: Cesent Gaisantheue, as pared bun in the fusht 121.6 cítit pris of the prelent aze.

Our Dijun1, he was con universalin cales, bed a co:7291 letee of loss of rock cow'7$1.45.; wir fe wants, as far as he was acs, be always rclicy, 25.1 belias been often known to leave hinteli ere] without a zuinta, 1. odca tu fe oply the necefiues of c:hers!

1.1.0ther feature in lis character we cannot hely laying before the Itser. Previous to the publication of his Deserted Vlage, the Problemer han given him a note for one hundr C , Wiich the Doctor mentioned, a few hours after, to one of his friends, who observed it was a very great sum for so short a performance. In truth,' replied Goldsmith,' I think so too, it is much more than thic honest man can afford, or the piece is worth, I have mot been caly lince I received it; therefore I will go back and return hiin his note, which he absolutely did, and left it entirely to the Book leller to pay hiin according to the profits produced by the sale of the proem, which turned out very considerable...

During the last rchearsal of his comedy, intitled, She stoops to Conquer, which Mr. Coleman had no opinion would succeed, on the Doctor's objecting to the repetition of one of Tony Lumpkin's freechen, being apprehensive it might injure the play, the Manager, with great keenness replied, Pfha, my dear Doctor, do not be fearful of fquibs, when we have been sitting almost these two hours upon à

wever, contrary to Mr. Cole. man's expectation, was received with uncommon applause by the Audiences and Goldsmith's pride was so hurt by the severity of the above obfervation, that it entirely put an end to his friendship for the gentleinan who made it.

Notwithstanding the great success of his pieces, by some of which, it is alerted, upon good authority, he cleared 1800l. in one year, his circumstances were by no means in a prosperous situation ! partly owing to the liberality of his disposition, and partly to an unfortunate habit he had contracted of gaming, the arts of which he knew very little of, and consequently became the prey of those who were unprincipled enough to take advantage of his ignorance.


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