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, to take, to have.



(un, taking, having, who has.


ш, taken, had; taking, having.


Ունելի or ունելոց, who has to take or to



Ձոքայ or



go. puu, thou goest. p

Էրթամ, I Puy, he goes. թայ,

րթամք, we go, երթայք, ye go. երթան,

they go.


I went or I am gone. ¿

án, thou wentest or art gone. np, he

went or is gone.

Qnpup, we went, etc. pup, ye went.¿ pu, they went or they are gone.

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brb gone; going.


րթալոց օր երթալի, who is to go.


Those verbs are called Impersonal which are used only in the third person, as,

, it begins to cloud.

1p, it rains. 3975, it rains little.

qkquunt, it comes pouring, it runs over.

Qh, it snows.

unwquy, it shines.


very hard.

Lom, it begins to be day-light, Մ՝րրկէ, it blows փայլատակէ, it lightens. quelph, it produces fruit.

, it bellows, it roars. hq4, it howls. Pun, it bellows, it roars.

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Ադանայ, it clears Prunomшny, it dawns. Էրեկոյանայ, it darkens. buy, it is become night. Luw, it brightens. յաւարանայ, it grows dusky. py, it kindles. Apuy, it thunders.

b, it is reported, they say. bob, it appears, it seems. Երեւի, ուի, it seems. lup, 'tis believed, it is thought. Lub, it is noised abroad.

հասանէ or Հասանի, it happens, it falls out.

, it happens. Հանդիպի, it happens.

, it must, it behoves. Ցաւէ օր ցաւի, it pains. 14, it becomes, it is fit.

pd, it is convenient, it becomes. 14up, it is impossible. Pawpng 5, it is good, it is well. Jufum, it is hard.

կամ Է օր կամք են, it is wished, it wills. up, it must, it is necessary. Մարթ է, it may be. Buj, it is clear.

uim , it is enough, it sufficies. up 5, it must.

5, , it is fit, it is proper. er, it must, it is necessary. Op or opp b, 'tis lawful, it allows.

, it is cared for.

One 4, it is expedient.

445, it is suitable, it is convenient, it becomes, it is fit.


A preposition is an indeclinable word or

particle which placed before a noun changes either it's case, or it's signification.

The prepositions which change the cases of nouns are called Formers of cases.

The prepositions which change the meaning of nouns by governing their cases, are called Rulers of cases.

Prepositions',, 't, and ......

Dative and the Ablative.

't form the


3,' are placed before the vowels.
forms the Dative.

forms the Dative. Before a consonant

it is pronounced ye, as, yet.

O forms the Accusative. Before a consonant it was formerly pronounced 2, but at present it is pronounced CL

forms the Dative and the Ablative. According to the modern usage the Prepositions forming the cases, and Zare written prefixed and joined to nouns, and the others detached from them.


Iz , un', to, unto, towards, at: by, near, nigh: for, for the sake, on account: on, upon: under: against: amongst. govern the dative, the genitive, and the instrumental


P'uq, with: by: instead: for: under: between: to, unto, towards: on, upon: amongst. governs the genitive, the dative, the ablative, and sometimes the instrumental. Pum, according: for: out, without: after. governs the genitive, the dative, and the ablative.

Okpq or qkpl, as, like. governs the accu



Ver, beph or bep, as, like, about. govern generally the accusative.

Bring or wing, without, out, unless. governs the genitive.

wu, for, in order to, concerning. governs the genitive. Pur, than, much. նը see Ընդ: Ühing or Mush, till, untill, to, unto. governs the dative with a preposition.

governs the accusative.

wuqp, with, by. governs the instrumental.

bp, over, above, upon, more, before, past. governs generally the accusative, and sometimes the dative.

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