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after Mrs. Graham's removal to America, until the death of Mr. Anderson in 1802. Such was the acknowledged integity of this gentleman, that he was very generally known in Glasgow by the ap pellation of "honest George Anderson."
During her residence in Edinburgh, she was honored with the friendship and counsel of many persons of distinction and piety. The Viscountess Glenorchy; Lady Ross Baillie; Lady Jane Belches; Mrs. Walter Scott, (mother of the poet ;) Mrs. Dr. Davidson; Mrs. Baillie Walker, were amongst her warm and personal friends. The Rev. Dr. Erskine, and Dr. Davidson, (formerly the Rev. Mr. Randall of Glasgow,) and many respectable clergymen, were also her friends. She and her family attended on the ministry of Dr. Davidson, an able, evangelical, useful pastor.
Her school soon became respectable in numbers and character. Her early and superior education now proved of essential service to her. She was indefatigable in her attention to the instruction of her pupils. While she was faithful in giving them those accomplishments which were to qualify them for acting a distinguished part in this world, she was also zealous in directing their attention to that Gospel, by which they were instructed to obtain an inheritance in the eternal world. She felt a high responsibility, and took a deep interest in their temporal and spiritual welfare. As a mother in Israel,' she wished to train them up in the ways of the Lord.
She prayed with them morning and evening; and on the Sabbath, which she was careful to devote to its proper use, she took great pains to imbue their minds with the truths of religion. Nor did she labor in vain. Although she was often heard to lament of how little use she had been, compared with her opportunities of doing good, yet when her children, Mr. and Mrs. B—, visited Scotland in 1801, they heard of many characters, then pious and exemplary, who dated their first religious impressions from those seasons of early instruction which they enjoyed under Mrs. Graham, while in Edinburgh,
Mrs. Graham's manner in the management of youth, was peculiarly happy. Whilst she kept them diligent in their studies, and strictly obedient to the laws she had established, she was endeared to them by her tenderness; and the young ladies instructed in her school, retained for her in after life a degree of filial affection, which showed itself unequivocally wherever opportunities offered to test it. This was afterwards remarkably the case with her pupils in America. Her little republic was completely governed by a system of equitable laws. On every alledged offence, a court-martial, as they termed it, was held, and the accused tried by her peers. There was no arbitrary punishments, no sallies of capricious passion. The laws were promulgated, and must be obeyed. The sentences of the courts-martial were always approved, and had a salutary effect.
In short, there was a combination of authority, decision, and tenderness, in Mrs. Graham's government, that rendered its subjects industrious, intelligent, circumspect, and happy. She enjoyed their happiness; and in cases of sickness, she watched her patients with unremitting solicitude and care, sparing no expense to promote their restoration to health.
A strong trait in her character was distinctly marked by one rule she had adopted, viz: to educate the daughters of pious ministers at half price. This was setting an example worthy of imitation. It was a conduct conformable to scriptural precept. Said Paul, 'If we have sown unto you spiritual things, it is a great thing if we shall reap your carnal things! Do ye not know that they which minister about holy things live of the things of the temple? Even so hath the Lord ordained that they which preach the gospel should live by the gospel.'
Always conscientious in obeying the commandment of her God, she observed them in this matter, giving in her proportion, at least the widow's mite.
By another plan (for she was ingenious in contrivances to do good,) she greatly assisted their slender circumstances, especially such as were of the household of faith. Believing that the use of sums of ten, fifteen, or twenty pounds in hand, would be serviceable by way of capital to persons in a moderate business, she was in the habit of making such advances, and taking back the value
in articles they had for sale. She charged no interest, being amply repaid in the luxury of her own feelings, when she beheld the benefit it produced to her humble friends. The board of her pupils being paid in advance, she was enabled to adopt this plan with more facility. Were her spirit more prevalent in the world, what good might be done! The heart would be expanded, reciprocal confidence and affection cherished; and instead of beholding worms of the dust, fighting for particles of yellow sand, we should behold a company of affectionate brethren, leaning upon, and assisting each other through the wilderness of this world. Look not every man on his own things,' said Paul, 'but every man also on the things of others. Bear ye one another's burdens, and so fulfil the law of Christ.'
On the subject of promoting the external accomplishments of her scholars, it became a question of importance how far Mrs. Graham was to countenancé them in their attendance on public balls -to what length it was proper for her to go, so as to meet the received opinion of the world in these concerns. She consulted with her pious friends, and wrote to Lady Glenorchy on the subject. Her ladyship's letter in reply is so excellent, that it is given at full length, with Mrs. Graham's letters, and will consequently be found in her publications. In after life, Mrs. Graham was of opinion that she and her scholars had gone too far in conformity with the opinions and manners of the
world. A reference to this deviation from what she considered a close Christian walk in life, will be frequently found in her subsequent exercises; the tenderness of her own conscience, however, often made her speak of her departure from a strictly religious course, with more severity than it really deserved, considering the delicacy of her situation, as an instructress over the children of parents, who probably were averse from restraining their children so much in the style of their education, as might better have suited Mrs. Graham's views of a christian circumspection, and abstraction from worldly amusements and pursuits.
It was customary with Lady Glenorchy to remark, that two of Mrs. Graham's friends held a band around her waist, when she approached the boundaries between religion and the world, to prevent her from falling over.
Lady Glenorchy being in a delicate state of health, made frequent use of Mrs. Graham as her almoner to the poor. On one of these visits, Mrs. Graham called on a poor woman, with a present of a new gown. I am obliged to you and her ladyship for your kindness," said the poor woman, rich in faith; "but I maun gang to the right airth first, ye wad na hae come, gin ye had na been sent; the Lord hath left me lately wi but ae goon for week day and sabbath, but now he has sent you wi' a sabbath-day's goon." Meaning, in plain English, that her thankfulness was first due to thẻ