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SOME OF THE CHIEF CONTRIBUTORS.

Johnson, Gen. Bradley T.,

Member of Maryland Bar. Johnson, Rossiter,

Author “ History of the War of 1812," etc. Johnston, William Preston,

President of Tulane University. Jones, Horatio Gates,

Vice-President of Pennsylvania Historical Society. Jones, John William,

Secretary of Southern Historical Society, Jones, William Alfred,

Author “ Character and Criticism," etc. Lathrop, George Parsons,

Author "A Study of Hawthorne," etc. Latrobe, John H. B.,

Member of Maryland Bar. Leach, Col. J. Granville,

Member of the Philadelphia Bar. Lincoln, Robert T.,

Ex-Secretary of War. Lodge, Henry Cabot,

Author “Life of Hamilton." Long, Col. Charles Chaillé,

Late of the Egyptian Army. Lowell, James Russell,

Late Minister at Court of St. James. MacVeagh, Wayne,

• Ex-Attorney-General, U. S. Mathews, William,

Author “ Orators and Oratory," etc. McMaster, John Bach,

Author - History of the People of the United States." Mitchell, Donald G.,

Author “ Reveries of a Bachelor," etc. Norton, Charles Eliot,

Professor in Harvard University. O'Connor, Joseph,

Editor Rochester, N. Y., “Post-Espress." O'Neal, Edward A.,

Governor of Alabama. Parker, Cortlandt,

Meńber of New Jersey Bar. Parkman, Francis,

Author “ Frontenac," “ French in Canada," etc. Parton, James,

Miscellaneous Writer. Phelan, James, M.C.

Editor Memphis, Tenn., “ Avalanche." Phelps, William Walter,

Member of Congress from New Jersey, Pierrepont, Edwards,

Ex-Attorney-General United States. Porter, David D.,

Admiral United States Navy. Porter, Gen. Horace,

Late of Gen. Grant's Staff. Preston, Mrs. Margaret J.,

Author and Poet.

Puron, Dr. Juan G.,

Spanish Author and Editor. Read, Gen. J. Meredith,

Late Minister to Greece. Reid, Whitelaw,

Editor New York - Tribune." Ricord, Judge Frederick W.,

New Jersey Historical Society, Robinson, Ezekiel G.,

President of Brown University. Romero, Mattias,

Mexican Minister to the United States. Scharf, Col. J. Thomas,

of the Confederate Army. Schurz, Carl,

Ex-Secretary of the Interior. Sherman, William T.,

Late General of United States Army. Smith, Charles Emory,

Editor Philadelphia “ Press." Spencer, Jesse Ames,

Author and Professor. Stedman, Edmund C.,

Author “Poets of America," etc. Stiles, Henry R., M. D.,

Author “ History of Brooklyn, N. Y." Stoddard, Richard Henry,

Author Songs of Summer," etc. Stone, William L.,

Author “Life of Red Jacket," etc. Strong, William,

Ex-Justice United States Supreme Court. Stryker, William S.,

Adjutant-General of New Jersey. Tenner, William Christian,

Graduate of the University of Paris. Tucker, J. Randolph,

Member of Congress from Vorginia. Waite, Morrison R.,

Chief Justice United States Supreme Court. Warner, Charles Dudley,

Author and Editor. Washburne, Elihu B.,

Late Minister to France. Welling, James C.,

President of Columbian University.
Whittier, John Greenleaf,

Author and Poet.
Wilson, Gen. Jas. Grant,

President Genealogical and Biographical Society. Winter, William,

Poet and Theatrical Critic. Winthrop, Robert C.,

Ex-United States Senator. Wright, Gen. Marcus J.,

Of the Confederate Army. Young, John Russell,

Miscellaneous Writer.

To this list other names will be added as the work progresses.

Among the Contributors to the fourth volume of Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biogra

phy" are the following: Richard Meade Bache.

Elbridge Thomas Gerry. MEADE, GEORGE GORDON, AND FAMILY.

NoYES, WILLIAM CURTIS. Henry Carey Baird.

Daniel Coit Gilman, LL. D. MERCHANT, CHARLES SPENCER,

MONROE, JAMES. MULLANY, JAMES ROBERT MADISON.

James Roberts Gilmore. Prof. William M. Baskervill.

MCGILLIVRAY, ALEXANDER, LONGSTREET, AUGUSTUS BALDWIN,

OVERTON, John. McFERRIN, John BERRY.

Rev. George Robert Gleig. Lieut. William H. Beehler, U. S. N.

PAKENHAM, Sir EDWARD MICHAEL. ARTICLES ON U. S. NAVAL OFFICERS.

Rt. Rev. William Mercer Green, D. D. Prof. Henry Augustin Beers.

OTEY, JAMES HERVEY. MITCHELL, DONALD GRANT.

Capt. Francis Vinton Greene.
Marcus Benjamin, F. C. S.

McPHERSON, JAMES BIRDSEYE.
MORSE, SAMUEL F. B.,
PENN, WILLIAM.

Rev. William Elliot Griffis, D. D.

PERRY, MATTHEW CALBRAITH, Samuel G. W. Benjamin, M. A.

PERRY, OLIVER HAZARD ARTICLES ON PAINTERS AND SCULPTORS.

Reuben Aldridge Guild, LL. D.
Arthur Elmore Bostwick, Ph. D.

MANNING, JAMES.
MINUIT, PETER,
PEMBERTON, John CLIFFORD.

George J. Hagar.

PALMER, RAY, Joseph P. Bradley, LL. D.

PEABODY, ANDREW PRESTON. MARSHALL, John.

Jacob Henry Hager. Junius Henri Browne.

LOGAN, JOHN ALEXANDER, PERKINS, JAMES HANDASYD.

THE MASON AND MORRIS FAMILIES. Rev. James Buckley, D. D.

Charles Henry Hart. ARTICLES ON BISHOPS OF THE METHODIST EPISCO MALBONE, EDWARD GREENE, PAL CHURCH.

NEAGLE, John. Mrs. Isa Carrington Cabell.

Oliver Wendell Holmes, M. D. MANN, HORACE,

MOTLEY, John LOTHROP. The Nelson FAMILY OF VIRGINIA.

Cecil H. C. Howard. Prof. Henry Coppée, LL. D.

PENHALLOW, SAMUEL, MCCLELLAN, GEORGE BRINTON, AND FAMILY. Phelps, John WOLCOTT. Edward Floyd De Lancey.

Frank Huntington. THE NICOLL FAMILY OF LONG ISLAND,

Lyon, NATHANIEL, NICOLLS, Sir RICHARD.

MOTT, VALENTINE. Eugene Lemoine Didier.

Abram S. Isaacs, Ph. D.
MAGRUDER, JOHN BANKHEAD,

ARTICLES ON HEBREW CLERGYMEN.
NEAL, JOHN.
William Henry Egle, M. D.

Gen. Bradley T. Johnson.
MONTGOMERY, John,

LONGSTREET, JAMES, NEAD, BENJAMIN MATTHIAS.

MURDOCK, WILLIAM. Prof. John Fiske.

Col. William Preston Johnston. MADISON, JAMES,

MARMADUKE, John SAPPINGTON, MARION, FRANCIS,

MAXEY, SAMUEL BELL. OTIS, JAMES, AND FAMILY.

Horatio Gates Jones, D. C. L. Rev. Octavius Brooks Frothingham.

MORGAN, ABEL, AND FAMILY, PARKER, THEODORE.

Owen, GORONWY.

William Alfred Jones.

MATHEWS, CORNELIUS.
Charles Penrose Keith.

PALMER, ANTHONY,
ARTICLES ON THE PENN FAMILY.

Rev. James Ryland Kendrick, D. D.

ARTICLES ON BAPTIST CLERGYMEN.
Rufus King.

ARTICLES ON THE ODELL FAMILY.
Samuel Archer King.

ARTICLES ON AËRONAUTS.
Charles Lanman.

PERINCHIEF, OCTAVIUS.
Col. Josiah Granville Leach.

ARTICLES ON NOTED PENNSYLVANIANS.

Eugene Coleman Savidge.

PAGE, SAMUEL Davis,

PANCOAST, JOSEPH.
Col. J. Thomas Scharf.

MALLORY, STEPHEN RUSSELL,
MAURY, MATTHEW FONTAINE.
Rt. Rev. Edmund de Schweinitz, D. D.

ARTICLES ON MORAVIAN CLERGYMEN.
Miss Esther Singleton.

ΜΙΑΝΤΟΝΟΜΟ,
PAINE, ROBERT TREAT.
Prof. T. O'Conor Sloane, Ph. D.

O'CONOR, CHARLES,

O'CONOR, THOMAS.
Rev. Jesse Ames Spencer, D. D.
ARTICLES ON CLERGYMEN OF THE PROTESTANT

EPISCOPAL CHURCA.
George Stewart, D. C. L.

MACDONALD, SIR JOHN ALEXANDER,
MACNAB, SIR ALLAN NAPIER, BART.

Col. Charles Chaillé-Long.

Loring, William Wing,
MOTT, THADDEUS Phelps.

Neil Macdonald.

ARTICLES ON CANADIAN STATESMEN.
Gabriel Edward Manigault, M. D.

ARTICLES ON THE MANIGAULT FAMILY.

William Leete Stone.

McCREA, JANE
MARKHAM, JARED CLARK.

Frederick Gregory Mather.

ARTICLES ON THE MATHER FAMILY.

William Mathews, LL. D.

Paine, HENRY W.

Prof. Charles Eliot Norton.

LONGFELLOW, HENRY WADSWORTH,

NORTON, Joun.
Rev. S. E. Ochsenford.

ARTICLES ON LUTHERAN CLERGYMEN.

Joseph O'Connor.
McCLOSKEY, JOHN,
MOORE, EDWARD MOTT.

William Christian Tenner.

MURAT, NAPOLÉON ACHILLE,

PEDRO II.
William H. Walter, Mus. D.

ARTICLES ON ORGANISTS.
Charles Dudley Warner.

LOWELL, JAMES RUSSELL.
John William Weidemeyer.
MACREADY, WILLIAM CHARLES,

PHILIP, King.
Frank Weitenkampf.

ARTICLES ON ARTISTS AND MUSICIANS.
Everett P. Wheeler.

PEPPERRELL, SIR WILLIAM.
Gen. Jas. Grant Wilson.

PAULDING, JAMES KIRKE,
PAYNE, John HOWARD.

PEABODY, GEORGE.
John Laird Wilson.
MORRIS, ROBERT,

OGLETHORPE, JAMES.
Gen. Marcus J. Wright.

PEGRAM, Joun,

PENDER, WILLIAM Dorsey,
John Russell Young.
MACKAY, Joun WILLIAM.

Mrs. Jenny Marsh Parker.

MILLER, William.

Prof. Francis Parkman.

MONTCALM, MARQUIS DE.
Frederick Eugene Pond.

MCLELLAN, ISAAC.
Rev. Alfred P. Putnam, D. D.

ARTICLES ON THE Low FAMILY.
Whitelaw Reid.

Phelps, William WALTER.

CYCLOPÆDIA OF AMERICAN BIOGRAPHY.

LODGE

LOEWENTHAL

LODGE, Giles Henry, translator, b. in Boston, , spondence and many hitherto unpublished docuMass., 13 March, 1805. He was graduated at ments, with an introduction and notes (9 vols., Harvard in 1825, and at the medical school in New York, 1885). 1828, and has passed his life in Boston, Mass. He LOEFLING, Peter, Spanish-American botanist, is an enthusiastic student of the Greek language b. in Tollsforsbro, Sweden, 31 Jan., 1729; d. in the and art, and has published translations of Johann mission of Amaracure, South America, 22 Feb., 1756. Wincklemann's "History of Ancient Art among He was a pupil of Linnæus, and, when the Spanish the Greeks” (4 vols., Boston, 1849–73), and Baron ambassador requested the latter to select a botanist von Steinberg's “ Breughel Brothers” (1854). He for service in the American colonies, the professor is the author of several medical essays, and has in at once named Loefling, who left Stockholm in manuscript a “Dictionary of Aristophanes.”—His 1751. He remained two years in Spain, and then nephew, Henry Cabot, author, b. in Boston, embarked with other scientists for South America Mass., 12 May, 1850, was graduated at Harvard in in February, 1754. He had entire charge of the 1871, and at the law-school in 1874, and in 1875 department of natural history, and was assisted was given the degree of Ph. D. for his thesis on by two young Spanish doctors. His premature

Anglo-Saxons" (Bos and especially to botany. Linnæus believed the
ton, 1877). He was loss irreparable. The manuscripts of Loefling,
university lecturer which were found after his death, were preserved
on American history by his two assistants. The work that gives an
in 1876–9, edited the account of his scientific labors in Spanish America
“ North American is entitled “Iter hispanicum” (Stockholm, 1758;
Review” in 1873–26, Swedish translation by Linnæus; German transla-
and the “Interna- tion by Kolpin, Berlin, 1766; English translation
tional Review” in by J. G. A. Forster, 1771). Linnæus gave the
1879—'81, and served name Loeflingia to a plant of the caryophillaceous
two terms in the family, one species of which grows in Spain and
Massachusetts legis- the other in Spanish America.
lature in 1880-'1. He LOEWENSTERN, Isidore, Austrian traveller,
was a delegate to the b. in Vienna in 1807; d. in Constantinople, 6 May,
Republican national | 1856. After completing his studies in Germany,
conventions of 1880 he travelled extensively in the United States,
and 1884, and was Mexico, and the West Indies, and on his return to
for two years chair- Europe published "Les États-Unis et la Havane,
man of the Republi- souvenirs d'un voyageur” (Paris, 1842), and “Le

can state committee. | Mexique, souvenirs d'un voyageur” (1843). He was unsuccessful as a candidate for congress in LOEWENTHAL, Isidor, missionary, b. in Po1884, but was elected in 1886. Mr. Lodge has been sen, Prussian Poland, in 1826; d. in Peshawur, Inan overseer of Harvard since 1884, and is a mem dia, 27 April, 1864. He was educated in the Jewish ber of various scientific and historical societies, faith, and, after completing his studies in the gymHe was vice-president of the commission that su- | nasium of Posen, entered a mercantile establishperintended the celebration of the framing of the ment as a clerk. In consequence of a political U.S. constitution, in 1887. He has published “Life poem that he published he was compelled to flee and Letters of George Cabot” (Boston, 1877); | the country. He arrived in New York in the au“Short History of English Colonies in America" tumn of 1846, and attracted the attention of a (New York, 1881); lives of Alexander Hamilton clergyman in Wilmington, Del., through whose (Boston, 1882) and Daniel Webster (1883) in the efforts he was appointed professor of German in “American Statesmen” series; and “Studies in Lafayette college. He quickly mastered the EngHistory” (1884). He has edited two series of “ Pop-| lish language, entered the senior class in the folular Tales" and a volume of selected “ Ballads and lowing year, acting at the same time as tutor of Lyrics” (Boston, 1881), and “The Works of Alex- French, German, and Hebrew, and was graduated ander Hamilton," including his private corre- in 1848. He then taught for four years at Mount

VOL. IV.-1

[graphic]

Holly collegiate school, N. J., while pursuing philo- | assured, a messenger arrived from Col. Bowman logical studies, which he afterward continued in with orders to retreat. Logan's men were soon connection with theology at Princeton seminary, found, and united themselves to Bowman's party. where he obtained a scholarship in 1852. After who, from some strange panic of their commander, graduation in 1855 he offered his services to the had stood all night near the spot where Logan had Presbyterian board of missions, was ordained an left them. By great exertions some degree of evangelist in New York, and departed for India in order was restored and the retreat begun. The August, 1856, with the object of establishing a mis- Indians surrounded and assailed them furiously on sion among the Afghans of the Punjaub. He ac- all sides. Logan and his aides formed the men in quired with readiness the Pushtu or Afghan lan- | a large hollow square, and after several combats guage, and learned to preach also in Persian, Arabic, drove off the savages. A part of Chillicothe, with and Hindustani. In the seven years of his mission- much property, was destroyed, and 160 horses ary life at Peshawur he published a translation of brought away. The next important affair in the New Testament in Pushtu, and nearly com- which Gen. Logan engaged was to lead the main pleted a dictionary of that language. He contrib- body of volunteer re-enforcements to the relief uted to American and British quarterlies, collected of Bryan's station, and the pursuit of the savages a valuable library of oriental literature, and ac- under Simon Girty. The haste of the advanced quired such acquaintance with the life and man- guard in not waiting for Logan's party led to the ners and the religious and political sentiments of fatal battle of the Blue Licks. In 1788 Logan led a the peoples of northern India that his services were force of 600 men against the northwestern Indian sometimes solicited by the Indian government. He towns, engaged in several skirmishes, and destroyed was accidentally slain, in his garden at night, by many houses and large fields of growing crops. an attendant, who mistook him for a robber. For the remainder of his life he quietly pursued

LOGAN, Benjamin, pioneer, b. in Augusta his favorite occupation of farming in Shelby county, Va., about 1752; d. in Shelby county, Ky., county, where he had removed. He took an active 11 Dec., 1802. He was the son of Irish parents interest in public affairs, and was a member of the who had removed to Virginia from Pennsylvania. conventions that framed the first constitution of His father died intestate when the son was fourteen 1792 and that of 1799. He repeatedly held a seat years old, and left the family to his care. He was in the legislature. Logan is described as six feet the eldest son, and by the laws of England, which two or three inches in height, powerfully framed, were then in force in Virginia, was heir to the of iron nerves and will, and great courage.--His entire estate; but he divided it with his mother, brother, John, for years his comrade and friend, brothers, and sisters. He then went westward, was a leader in the military events of his day, purchased and cultivated a farm on Holston river, several times a legislator, and secretary of state and soon afterward married. When twenty-one of Kentucky.- Benjamin's eldest son, William, years old he accompanied Col. Henry Bouquet as jurist, b. in Harrod's Fort, Ky., 8 Dec., 1776; d. in sergeant in his expedition against the northern Shelby county, Kv., 8 Aug., 1822, was probably the Indians, and in 1774 he served in the Dunmore first white child born in Kentucky. Gen. Logan had war. In 1775 he joined Daniel Boone and others, brought out his wife from Logan's Fort but a few who were then on their way to Kentucky. When months before the birth of William, and placed her they were near their destination, Logan separated at the safer station. He removed with his father's from the main party and began the construction family in early life from Lincoln to Shelby county, of the stockade that was known afterward as Lo- where he resided until his death. At twenty-three gan's Fort, whither in 1776 he removed his family. | he was a member of the second Constitutional conIt was one mile east of Stanford, Ky., and its site vention of 1799. He was educated at the best schools is styled to-day St. Asaph's Spring: On 20 May, of the country, prepared himself by a course of study 1777, Logan's Fort was invested by Indians in am- for the practice of law, and rapidly attained emibush, and at the morning's milking the men who nence in the profession. He was a legislator from stood guard were fired upon, and one killed and Shelby county, and twice appointed judge of the one mortally and a third helplessly wounded. appellate court of Kentucky, under the powers The others escaped with the women to Fort Harri conferred on the governor before the adoption of son. The third wounded man was rescued by the present constitution in 1849. In 1820 he was Logan, who took him in his arms and bore him elected to the U. S. senate, but resigned before his within the walls, amidst a shower of bullets. The term expired to accept a nomination for governor, garrison was thirty-five-men, women, and children in which contest he was defeated by John Adair. -and the defence was now but twelve guns. The LOGAN, Cornelius Ambrosius, dramatist, b. siege lasted for weeks, and the ammunition ran in Baltimore, Md., 4 May, 1806; d. on Ohio river low. Logan selected two trusty comrades, crept near Wheeling, Va., 23 Feb., 1853. He was of Irish out of the fort at nightfall, leaving but nine parentage, and was educated for the priesthood at guns to defend it, and, pursuing unbeaten paths St. Mary's college, but entered a shipping-house, through the forest, reached Holston, 150 miles dis- made several trips to Europe as supercargo, and tant, where he obtained supplies. At last, in subsequently assisted Paul · Allen in editing the September, & re-enforcement of 100 well - armed “ Baltimore Morning Chronicle." Afterward he mounted men raised the siege. Afterward Logan became connected with William Leggett in an unrepeatedly led his men in pursuit of predatory successful attempt to establish a penny paper in bands of savages in his vicinity. On one occasion New York city, and then became a dramatic critic his right arm was broken by a bullet, and he barely in Philadelphia. Soon afterward he adopted the escaped with his life. Logan was second in com- stage as a profession, appearing in tragedy in Philamand under Col. John Bowman of an expedition delphia in July, 1835, but later preferred comedy, against the Shawnees, and with 150 men invested which he played in the first Bowery theatre, New the town of Chillicothe on one side, while Bow- | York, in 1828, and, after appearing in Canada, was man, with an equal number, was to attack the called to Philadelphia after the death of Jefferson opposite side. After waiting all night for the to fill his place. He built here a theatre, which signal, Logan's party assaulted the village in the was destroyed by fire. He then removed to Cinmorning; but at this moment, when victory seemed cinnati in 1840, where he became a pioneer theatri

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