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HAND-BOOK OF POLITICS
MEMBERS OF FORTY-SECOND CONGRESS.
Third Session, December 2,1872—March 3,1873.
Schuyler Colfax, of Indiana, Vice President of the United States, and President of the Senate.
George C. Gorham, of California, Secretary.
Maine—Hannibal Hamlin, Lot M. Morrill.
New Hampshire—James W. Patterson, Aaron II. Cragm.
Vermont—George F. Edmunds, Justin S. Morrill.
Massachusetts—Charles Sumner, Henry Wilson.
Rhode Island—William Sprague, Henry B. Anthony.
Connecticut—Orris S. Ferry, William A. Buckingham.
New York—Roscoe Conkling, Reuben E. Fenton.
New Jersey—John P. Stockton, Frederick T. Frelinghuysen.
Pennsylvania—Simon Cameron, John Scott.
Delaware—Thomas F. Bayard, Eli Saulsbury.
Maryland—George Vickers, William T. Hamilton.
Virginia—John F. Lewis, John W. Johnston.
North Carolina—John Pool, Matthew W. Ransom.
South Carolina—Frederick A. Sawyer, Thomas J. Robertson.
Georgia—Joshua Hill, Thomas M. Norwood.
Alabama—George E. Spencer, George Goldthwaite.
Mississippi—Adelbert Ames, James L. Alcorn.
Louisiana—(Vacancy,*) J. Rodman West.
Ohio—John Sherman, Allen G. Thurman.
Kentucky—Willis B. Machen.f John W.Stevenson.
♦Claimed by John Ray and Wm. L. McMillan, but not awarded to either.
tQualified December 2,1872, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Hon. Garrett Davis, which occurred during the recess, September 22,1872.
Tennessee—William G. Brownlow, Henry
Cooper. Indiana—Oliver P. Morton, Daniel D. Pratt. Illinois—Lyman Trumbull, John A. Logan. Missouri—Francis P. Blair, jr., Carl Schurz. Arkansas—Benjamin F. Rice, Powell Clayton. Michigan—Zachariah Chandler, Thomas W. Ferry. Florida—Thomas W. Osborn, Abijah Gilbert. Texas—James W. Flanagan, Morgan C. Hamilton. Iowa—James Harlan, George G. Wright. Wisconsin—Timothy 0. Howe, Matthew H.
Carpenter. California—Cornelius Cole, Eugene Casserly. Minnesota—Alex. Ramsey, William Windom. Oregon—Henry W. Corbett, James K. Kelly. Kansas—Samuel C. Pomeroy, Alexander Caldwell* West Virginia—Arthur I. Boreman, Henry G.
Davis. Nevada—James W. Nye, William M. Stewart. Nebraska—Thomas W. Tipton, Phineas W. Hitchcock.
House of Representatives.
James G. Blaine, of Maine, Speaker.
Edward McPherson, of Pennsylvania, Clerk.
Maine—John Lynch, William P. Frye, James G. Blaine, John A. Peters, Eugene Hale—5.
New Hampshire—Ellery A. Hibbard, Samuel N. Bell, Hosea W. Parker—3.
Vermont—Charles W. Willard, Luke P. Poland, Worthington C. Smith—3.
Massachusetts—James Buffinton, Oakes Ames, Ginery Twichell, Samuel Hooper, Benjamin F. Butler, Nathaniel P. Banks, ConstantineC.Esty,f George F. Hoar, Alvah Crocker, Henry L. Dawes —10. ^_^
* Resigned March 24,1873.
f Qualified December 2,1872, in place of George M. Brooks, resigned.
Rhode Island—Benjamin T. Eames, James M. Pendleton—2.
Connecticut—Joseph R. Hawley,* Stephen W. Kellogg, Henry H. Starkweather, William H. Barnum—4.
New York—Dwight Townsend, Thomas Kinsella, Henry W. Slocum, Robert B. Roosevelt, William R. Roberts, Samuel S. Cox, Smith Ely, jr., James Brooks, Fernando Wood, Clarkson N. Potter, Charles St. John, John H. Ketcham, Joseph H. Tuthill, Eli Perry, Joseph M. Warren, John Rogers, William A. Wheeler, John M. Carroll, Elizur H. Prindle, Clinton L. Merriam, Ellis H. Roberts, William E. Lansing, R. Holland Duell, John E. Seeley, William H. Lamport, Milo Goodrich, Horace Boardman Smith, Freeman Clarke, Seth Wakeman, William Williams, Walter L. Sessions—31.
New Jersey—John W. Hazelton, Samuel C. Forker, John T. Bird, John Hill, George A. Halsey—5.
Pennsylvania—Samuel J. Randall, John V. Creely, Leonard Myers, William D. Kelley, Alfred C. Harmer, Ephraim L. Acker, Washington Townsend, J. Lawrence Getz, Oliver J. Dickey, John W. Killinger, John B. Storm, Lazarus D. Shoemaker, Frank C. Bunnell,! John B. Packer, Richard J. Haldeman, Benjamin F. Meyers, R. Milton Speer, Henry Sherwood, Glenni W. Scofield, Samuel Griffith, Henry D. Foster, James S. Negley, Ebenezer McJunkin, William McClelland—24.
Delaware—Benjamin T. Biggs—1.
Maryland—Samuel Hambleton, Stevenson Archer, Thomas Swann, John Ritchie, William M. Merrick—5.
Virginia—John Critcher, James H. Piatt, jr., Charles H. Porter, William H. H. Stowell, Richard T. W. Duke, John T. Harris, Elliott M. Braxton, William Terry—8.
North Carolina—Clinton L. Cobb, Charles R. Thomas, Alfred M. Waddell, Sion H. Rogers, James M. Leach, Francis E. Shober, James C. Harper—7.
South Carolina—Joseph H. Rainey, Robert C. DeLarge,J Robert B. Elliott, Alexander S. Wallace—4.
Georgia—Archibald T. Maclntyre, Richard II. Whiteley, John S. Bigby, Erasmus W. Beck,g Dudley M. DuBose, William P. Price, Pierce M. B. Young—7.
Alabama—Benjamin S. Turner, Charles W. Buckley, William A. Handley, Charles Hays, Peter M. Dox, Joseph H. Sloss—6.
Mississippi—George E. Harris, Joseph L. Morphis, Henry W. Barry, George C. McKee, Legrand W. Perce—5.
Louisiana—J. HaleSypher, Lionel A.Sheldon, Chester B. Darrall, Aleck Boarman,|| Frank Morey—5.
•Qualified December 2,1872, in place of Julius L. Strong, deceased September 7,1872.
f Qualified January 7,1873, in place of Ulysses Mercur, resigned December 2,1872.
% Unseated January 24,1873. The seat remained vacant.
# Qualified December 2,1872, to fillthe vacancy caused by the death of Thomas J. Speer, deceased August 8, 1872.
| Qualified December 3, 1872, to fill an original va
Ohio—Ozro J. Dodds* Job E. Stevenson, Lewis D. Campbell, John F. McKinney, Charles N. Lamison, John A. Smith, Samuel Shellabarger, John Beatty, Charles Foster, Erasmus D. Peck, John T. Wilson, Philadelph Van Trump, George W. Morgan, James Monroe, William P. Sprague, John A. Bingham, Jacob A. Ambler, William H. Upson, James A. Garfield—19.
Kentucky—Edward Crossland, Henry D. McHenry, Joseph H. Lewis, William fi. Read, Boyd Winchester, William E. Arthur, James B. Beck, George M. Adams, John M. Rice—9. Tennessee—Roderick R. Butler, Horace Maynard, Abraham E. Garrett, John M. Bright, Edward I. Golladay, Washington C. Whitthorne, Robert P. Caldwell, William W. Vaughan —8.
Indiana—William E. Niblack, Michael C. Kerr, William S. Holman, Jeremiah M. Wilson, John Coburn, Daniel W. Voorhees, Mahlon D. Manson, James M. Tyner, John P. C. Shanks, William Williams, Jasper Packard—11.
Illinois—Charles B. Farwell, John F. Farns- worth, Horatio C. Burchard, John B. Hawley, Bradford N. Stevens, Henry Snapp, Jesse H. Moore, James C. Robinson, Thompson W. McNeely, Edward Y. Rice, Samuel S. Marshall, John B. Hay, John M. Crebs, John L. Beveridgef—14.
Missouri—Erastus Wells, Gustavus A. Finkelnburg, James R. McCormick, Harrison E. Havens, Samuel S. Burdett, Abram Comingo, Isaac C. Parker, James G. Blair, Andrew King—9.
Arkansas—James M. Hanks, OliverP. Snyder, Thomas Boles—3.
Michigan — Henry Waldron, William L. Stoughton, Austin Blair, Wilder D. Foster, Omar D. Conger, Jabez G. Sutherland—6.
Florida—Silas L. NiblackJ—1.
Texas—William S. Herndon, John C. Conner, DeWitt C. Giddings, John Hancock—4.
Iowa—George W. McCrary, Aylett R. Cotton, William G. Donnan, Madison M. Walden, Frank W. Palmer, Jackson Orr—6.
Wisconsin—Alexander Mitchell, Gerry W. Hazelton, J. Allen Barber, Charles A. Eldredge, Philetus Sawyer, Jeremiah M. Rusk—6.
California—Sherman 0. Houghton, Aaron A. Sargent, John M. Coghlan—3.
Minnesota—Mark H. Dunnell, John T. Averill 2.
Oregon—James H. Slater—1.
Kansas—David P. Lowe—1.
West Virginia—John J. Davis, James C. McGrew, Frank Hereford—3.
Nevada—Charles W. Kendall—1.
Whole number of Representatives 243
Number of Delegates 10
eancy. [Mr. James McCleery was elected in 1870, but died before qualifying.]
♦Qualified December 2, 1872, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Aaron F. Perry.
f Resigned January 4,1873.
tQualified January 28, 1873, in place of Josiah T. Walls, unseated.
THE PASSAGE OF THE "SALARY ACT OF 1873."
Forty-second Congress—Third Session.
1872, December 2—Mr. Garfield, from the Committee on Appropriations, reported a bill (H. R. 2991) making appropriations for the legislative, executive, and judicial expenses of the Government for the fiscal year ending June 30,1874, which was read a first and second time, ordered to be printed, referred to the Committee of the Whole House on the State of the Union, and made a special order for Thursday, December 12th, after the morning hour, and from day to day thereafter until disposed of, (Fridays and
* Saturdays excepted.)
December 9—Mr. Banks introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on the Judiciary:
That on and after the fourth day of March, anno Domini eighteen hundred and seventythree, the President of the United States shall receive for his services during the term for which he shall have been elected the sum of fifty thousand dollars per annum in full for his services, to be paid quarterly at the Treasury.
1873, January 7—The Legislative appropriation bill being considered in Committee of the Whole,
Mr. Cox moved to amend so as to make the salaries of the reading clerks $3,000 each. Agreed to.
Mr. Maynard moved an amendment so as to raise the pay of pages $3 per day while actually employed. Agreed to.
Mr. Randall moved to make the salaries of the chief clerk and journal clerk $3,600 each. Agreed to.
Mr. Garfield moved to change the appropriation of $2,640 for two policemen at the President's House to $3,168. Disagreed to.
Mr. Eugene Hale moved to make the appropriation for assistant doorkeeper at the President's House $1,200 instead of $1,080.
January 8—Mr. Eugene Hale asked consent to go back and amend so as to make the salaries of the assistant journal clerk and tally clerk $3,000 each. Objected to.
Mr. Sargent moved to amend the paragraph "For compensation of the Presidents of the United States, $25,000," by striking out "$25,000" and inserting "$50,000;" also by adding to the paragraph the following proviso:
"Provided, That from and after the 4th of March, 1873, the salary of the President of the United States shall be $50,000 per annum, payable monthly."
Mr. Holman raised the point that the proposed amendment, inasmuch as it changed an existing law, was not in order.
The Chairman (Mr. Dawes) stated the uniform practice to have been that under Rule 120, amendments increasing salaries are in order, although the Chair confessed he did not understand
the reason of that practice. The Chair overruled the point of order.
Mr. Holman appealed from that decision.
The House sustained the appeal—yeas 22, nays not counted.
Mr. Sargent moved to amend the paragraph by simply striking out "$25,000" and inserting "$50,000," without the proviso.
Mr. Holman raised the same point of order.
The Chairman (Mr. Dawes) again overruled it.
Mr. Holman appealed from that decision.
Upon division, the decision of the Chair was not sustained—yeas 60, nays 67.
Mr. Sargent moved to amend the paragraph relating to Department of the Interior, so as to fill the blank opposite "chief clerk" with $2,200, and to provide for one additional clerk of class 4, three additional clerks of class 3, two of class 2, five of class 1, three copyists at $900 each, two additional messengers at $720, and three additional messengers.
Mr. Farnsworth moved to amend Mr. SarGent's amendment by striking out the words [relating to clerks of class 4, which occurred both in the original-paragraph and in the amendment,] "any of whom may be paid $200 additional, if the Secretary of the Interior deem it necessary and proper." Disagreed to.
The amendment of Mr. Sargent was agreed to—yeas 72, nays 52.
Mr. Dickey, under the head of" General Land Office," moved to amend so as to increase the salary of the Commissioner of the General Land Office from "$3,000" to "$3,500."
Mr. Holman raised the point of order that the amendment changes existing law, but subsequently withdrew the point.
Mr. Eugene Hale renewed it.
The Chair overruled the point of order.
Mr. Eugene Hale appealed from the decision.
The House sustained the decision of theChair.
Mr. Dickey then withdrew his amendment, stating that his only object in offering it was to secure a decision upon a question that involved no feeling.
Mr. Dunnell moved to strike out the paragraph relating to the Bureau of Education, and to insert a substitute, so as to cut off the following appropriations: "Library, $1,000; current educational periodicals,$250; other current publications, $225; completing valuable sets of periodicals and publications in the library, $200; collecting statistics, and writing and compiling matter for annual and special reports, and editing and publishing circulars of information, $13,000; fuel and lights, $275; contingencies, $1,260—in all $34,850; and to give an additional force of one librarian at $1,800; two copyists at $900 each; one clerk of class 1; one superintendent of folding room at $1,000; one watchman at$750; one laborer at $720." Total amount stated to be $47,000.
Mr. Farnsworth raised the point of order that this would change existing legislation.
The Chair overruled the point.
January 10—The amendment was disagreed to—yeas, 74, nays 78.
Mr. J. T. Wilson moved, under the head of Department of Agriculture, to add, "for salary of Thomas Taylor, microscopist, under the direction of William Saunders, superintendent of gardens and grounds, $1,800."
Mr. Sargent raised the point of order that there is no law authorizing such an appropriation; that it is the creation of a new office.
The Chairman (Mr. Dawes) overruled the point.
The amendment was then modified to "microscopist, $1,800," and agreed to—yeas 67, nays, 17.
Mr. Maynard moved to amend, under the head of "Department of Agriculture," by striking out "three" and inserting "five," so as to make the salary of the Commissioner of Agriculture $5,000, instead of $3,000.
The motion was not agreed to.
January 11—Mr. Maynard moved to amend, under the head of "office of the Solicitor of the Treasury," by striking out "$3,500" and inserting "$5,000," as the compensation of the Solicitor of the Treasury.
The amendment was not agreed to.
Mr. Eugene Hale offered the following amendment:
That there be allowed to the officer disbursing the contingent fund and other expenses of the House of Representatives an annual sum of $576, and the compensation of the tally clerk and assistant journal clerks is fixed at $3,000 per annum, and the appropriation for the next fiscal year is hereby made.
Mr. Maynard stated that he must make the point of order on the amendment, unless the clerk of the House Committee of Ways and Means is also included.
Mr. Eugene Hale declined to yield for an amendment.
Mr. Maynard raised the point of order that it changes existing law.
The Chairman overruled the point.
Mr. Dawes moved to amend the amendment so as to include in it the clerk to the Committee on Appropriations and the clerk to the Committee on Ways and Means at $3,000 each; which was not agreed to.
Mr. Eugene Hale's amendment was then disagreed to—yeas 31, nays not counted.
Mr. Garfield asked unanimous consent "to reconsider the vote increasing the compensation of the other clerks, or rather that the committee be allowed to take the vote over again."
Mr. Randall objected.
January 14—Mr. Garfield asked unanimous consent to take the expression of the committee over again upon the amendment which had been adopted increasing the salaries of the journal clerk and two reading clerks.
Mr. Holman objected that he was going back on the bill.
Mr. Randall made the point of order that it was not in order to go back to a matter which the committee had already decided.
Mr. Garfield thereupon withdrew his request.
The bill having been reported to the House,
Mr. Eugene Hale, under instructions from the Committee on Appropriations, offered an amendment to increase the salaries of the assistant journal and tally clerks from $2,500 to $3,000 each, and to pay the Clerk of the House $576 as a disbursing officer, thus equalizing his salary with that of the Secretary of the Senate.
Mr. Holman raised the point of order that this proposition had not been considered in Committee of the Whole.
The Speaker said that that was a question of fact.
Mr. Dawes moved to amend the amendment by adding "that the clerk of the Committee on Ways and Means and the clerk of the Committee on Appropriations shall receive an annual salary of $3,000 each."
The Speaker overruled the above point of order as to Mr. Eugene Hale's amendment and also as to Mr. Dawes', "on the ground that, hav-« ing been offered and considered in Committee of the Whole, it is now in order to move it in the House."
Mr. Holman moved to add to the list of committee clerks the clerk of the Committee on Claims.
The Speaker declared it not in order, in that it was not considered in Committee of the Whole.
Mr. Kerr moved to amend Mr: Dawes' amend merit, "so as to increase the salary of Mr. Dillon, the chief clerk of the sergeant-at-arms, to $3,000 a year;" which was agreed to—yeas 97, nays 27.
The amendment of Mr. Dawes was agreed to— yeas 89, nays 32.
The amendment of Mr. Eugene Hale, as thus amended, was then agreed to—yeas 87, nays 26.
Mr. Sargent called for the yeas and nays, but subsequently, as the hour was late, agreed to test the question by tellers.
Upon division, the tellers reported 92 yeas, (being a majority of the whole House;) nays not counted.
Mr. Garfield demanded the previous question on the bill and pending amendments.
Mr. Sargent asked leave to offer the following amendment: to insert—
For compensation of the President of the United States, $50,000; and the salary of the President of the United States shall be, after the 4th of March, 1873, $50,000 per annum, payable monthly.
Mr. Garfield declined to grant it.
Mr. Holman called for a division of the House on the demand for the previous question, stating that he wished to offer the amendment (raising the salary of the clerk of the Committee on Claims) he had already indicated.
On division there were—yeas 84, nays 51; so the previous question was seconded and the main question ordered.
The Speaker requested gentlemen to state the amendments upon which they ask for separate votes.
Mr. Sargent asked for a separate vote on each amendment proposing to raise salaries.
Mr. Holman asked for a separate rote on every proposition creating a new office.
January 15—Mr. Sargent withdrew his demand as above for a separate vote.
A separate vote was taken on concurring in the amendment of the Committee of the Whole to paragraph relating to Interior Department, and it was concurred in.
Mr. Sargent asked for a separate vote on concurring in the committee amendment to add "microscopist, $1,800."
Mr. Holman called for the yeas and nays.
The amendment was concurred in—yeas 100, nays 76; not voting 65.
The bill as amended was ordered to be engrossed and read a third time, and being engrossed, was accordingly read a third time and passed.
January 27—Mr. W. R. Rorerts offered the following resolution; upon which he called the previous question:
Resolved, That the Committee on the Judiciary of this House be, and is hereby, instructed to examine into the pay and emoluments of the several officers of the executive, judicial, and legislative departments of the United States Government; and that said committee prepare and report a bill to this House for the proper gradation of the pay and allowances for each officer in said departments; and that said committee have leave to report at any time.
Mr. G. F. Hoar made the point of order that to authorize a committee to report at any time required a suspension of the rules, which could not be done during the morning hour of Monday.
The Speaker sustained the point of order.
Mr. W. R. Rorerts then offered the resolution without that clause.
Mr. G. F. Hoar raised the point of order that the gentleman had exhausted his right under this call, and cannot offer another resolution.
The Speaker sustained the point of order.
Mr. Wakeman submitted the following resolution; which was adopted:
Resolved, That the Judiciary Committee be instructed to inquire into the practicability and expediency of legislation increasing the salaries of circuit and district judges of the UnitedStates; and that the said committee be authorized to report by bill or otherwise.
Mr. Ely submitted the following resolution; upon which he called the previous question:
Resolved, That the Committee on the Judiciary of the House be, and it is hereby, instructed to examine into the pay and emoluments of the several officers of the executive, judicial, and legislative departments of the Government of the United States: and that said committee prepare and repo'tabill to this House for the proper graduation of the pay and allowances for each officer in said departments.
The previous question was seconded—yeas 75, nays 64. The main question was ordered, and the resolution was adopted.
1873. January 9 and 16—Mr. Pool introduced salary bills.
January 16—A message from the House announced the passage by the House of legislative,
executive, and judicial appropriation bill, which subsequently was read twice by title and referred to the Committee on Appropriations.
January 20 and 21—Amendments were offered by Messrs. Robertson, Sherman, and BuckingHam, which were similarly referred.
January 21—Mr. Morrill of Maine from the Committee on Appropriations, reported back the legislative appropriation bill with amendments.
January 22—Messrs. Morton, Casserly, SawYer, Frelinghuysen, Ferry of Michigan, Pratt, Rorertson, Wright, and Stewart submitted amendments which were referred to the Appropriation Committee.
Mr. Morrill of Maine moved that the Senate proceed to the consideration of the legislative appropriation bill. Agreed to.
January 23—The bill being before the Senate as in Committee of the Whole,
Some forty or more amendments raising the salaries of Senate officers and employees, and, with one exception, lowering the proposed increase of salaries for House officers and employees, as offered by the Appropriation Committee, were agreed to.
Mr. Sherman, under instructions from the Committee on Finance, reported an amendment, but subsequently withdrew it. [See next page.]
Mr. Morrill of Maine moved to so amend the bill as to make the compensation of members, &c, "available after the 1st day of March, 1873." Agreed to.
Mr. Hill, under instructions from the Committee on Privileges and Elections, reported an amendment to raise the salaries of Senators, Members, and Delegates from $5,000 to $8,000 per annum, to take effect from the commencement of the Forty-Second Congress.
Mr. Thurman made the point of order that this proposed legislation on an appropriation bill was contrary to the rule of the Senate.
The Presiding Officer (Mr. Anthony) overruled the point, stating that the rule referred to was made only for the previous session, and expired with it.
Mr. Hill's amendment was then read, viz:
To strikeout lines ten and eleven in the words "for compensation and mileage of Senators, $405,000," and in lieu thereof to insert:
For compensation and mileage of Senators, $849,000; and the compensation of Senators and Representatives in Congress and the Delegates from the Territories shall be $8,000 per annum, to be paid as at present provided by law, and to commence from the beginning of the FortySecond Congress.
Mr. Sherman made the point of order that the subject matter was not referred to the Committee on Privileges and Elections, and is not within their jurisdiction under the rule.
The Presiding Officer declared the amendment to be within the rule.
Mr. Morrill of Vermont moved to amend the amendment by adding to it the following:
Provided, That at the next election of members of the House of Representatives, and before the foregoing provision shall take effect, the question of the proposed increase of pay shall be submitted to a popular vote of the people in each State;