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COMMERCIAL FISHERIES

HEARINGS

BEFORE THE

SUBCOMMITTEE ON
FISHERIES AND WILDLIFE CONSERVATION

OF THE

COMMITTEE ON
MERCHANT MARINE AND FISHERIES
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
NINETY-SECOND CONGRESS

· FIRST SESSION

ON

ILLEGAL SEIZURES

H.R. 7117, H.R. 7220, H.R. 7253
BILLS TO AMEND THE FISHERMEN'S PROTECTIVE ACT OF 1967 TO
EXPEDITE THE REIMBURSEMENT OF UNITED STATES VESSEL OWNERS
FOR CHARGES PAID BY THEM FOR THE RELEASE OF VESSELS AND
CREWS ILLEGALLY SEIZED BY FOREIGN COUNTRIES, TO STRENGTHEN
THE PROVISIONS THEREIN RELATING TO THE COLLECTION OF CLAIMS
AGAINST SUCH FOREIGN COUNTRIES FOR AMOUNTS SO REIMBURSED

AND FOR CERTAIN OTHER AMOUNTS, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES

FEBRUARY 10, MARCH 11, JUNE 3, JULY 8, 1971

ATLANTIC SALMON
H.R. 3304, H.R. 3305, H.R. 3841, H.R. 4928, H.R. 7242
BILLS TO AMEND THE ACT OF AUGUST 27, 1954 (COMMONLY KNOWN AS
THE FISHERMEN'S PROTECTIVE ACT) TO CONSERVE AND PROTECT

ATLANTIC SALMON OF NORTH AMERICAN ORIGIN

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SITY

Printed for the use of the Committee on Merchant Marine and histeries

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

WASHINGTON : 1971

65-245

· COMMITTEE ON MERCHANT MARINE AND FISHERIES

EDWARD A. GARMATZ, Maryland, Chairman
LEONOR K. (MRS. JOHN B.) SULLIVAN, THOMAS M. PELLY, Washington
Missouri

WILLIAM S. MAILLIARD, California FRANK M. CLARK, Pennsylvania

CHARLES A. MOSHER, Ohio THOMAS L. ASHLEY, Ohio

JAMES R. GROVER, JR., New York JOHN D. DINGELL, Michigan

HASTINGS KEITH, Massachusetts ALTON LENNON, North Carolina

PHILIP E. RUPPE, Michigan THOMAS N. DOWNING, Virginia

GEORGE A. GOODLING, Pennsylvania JAMES A. BYRNE, Pennsylvania

WILLIAM G. BRAY, Indiana PAUL G. ROGERS, Florida?

PAUL N. MCCLOSKEY, JR., California FRANK A. STUBBLEFIELD, Kentucky JACK H. MCDONALD, Michigan JOHN M. MURPHY, New York

M. G. (GENE) SNYDER, Kentucky JOSEPH E. KARTH, Minnesota

ROBERT H. STEELE, Connecticut WALTER B. JONES, North Carolina

EDWIN B. FORSYTHE, New Jersey ROBERT L. LEGGETT, California

PIERRE S. (PETE) DU PONT, Delaware SPEEDY O. LONG, Louisiana

WILLIAM O. MILLS,1 Maryland
MARIO BIAGGI, New York
CHARLES H. GRIFFIN, Mississippi
GLENN M. ANDERSON, California
ELIGIO DE LA GARZA, Texas
PETER N. KYROS, Maine
ROBERT O. TIERNAN, Rhode Island
JAMES V. STANTON, Ohio

RALPH E. CASEY, Chief Counsel
ROBERT J. McELROY, Chief Clerk

NED P. EVERETT, Counsel
RICHARD N. SHAROOD, Minority Counsel

SUBCOMMITTEE ON FISHERIES AND WILDLIFE CONSERVATION

JOHN D. DINGELL, Michigan, Chairman ALTON LENNON, North Carolina

THOMAS M. PELLY, Washington THOMAS N. DOWNING, Virginia

HASTINGS KEITH, Massachusetts JOSEPH E. KARTH, Minnesota

GEORGE A. GOODLING, Pennsylvania PAUL G. ROGERS, Florida

PAUL N. MCCLOSKEY, JR., California ROBERT L. LEGGETT, California

JACK H. MCDONALD, Michigan SPEEDY O. LONG, Louisiana

WILLIAM S. MAILLIARD, California MARIO BIAGGI, New York

PHILIP E. RUPPE, Michigan GLENN M. ANDERSON, California

EDWIN B. FORSYTHE, New Jersey ELIGIO DE LA GARZA, Texas PETER N. KYROS, Maine ROBERT O. TIERNAN, Rhode Island

1 Appointed to committee, June 4, 1971.

(II)

CONTENTS

200

203
203

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20

ILLEGAL SEIZURES

Hearings held-

February 10, 1971, San Pedro, Calif.-

March 1l..

June 3-----

Text of—

H.R. 7117--

200

H.R. 7220.

H.R. 7253_.

200

Reports from-

H.R. 7117:

Commerce Department --

201

Interior Department.--

Justice Department.--------

State Department.------

203

Transportation Department..

205

Statement of —

Castagnola, Dominic, crew member, S.S. “Antonina ("----

Cintas, Manuel, skipper, S.S. "Apollo".

Crimmins, John Hugh, Acting Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-

American Affairs

112

Drozak, Frank, Seafarer's Union, San Francisco, Calif.--

Edney, Steve, president, United Cannery & Industrial Workers Union,

San Pedro, Calif.--

Felando, August, general manager, American Tuna Boat Association,

San Diego, Calif.-------

30, 167, 226

Gann, Joseph A., secretary-treasurer, Gann Enterprises, San Diego,

Calif.

Garmatz, Hon. Edward A., chairman, Committee on Merchant Ma-

rine and Fisheries------

100

Gehres, Adm. Leslie, president, Westgate Terminal, San Diego, Calif 167

Grbelja, Max Peter --

93

Jordan, Ken, San Pedro Chamber of Commerce

Lannon, Albert, Washington representative, Fishermen & Allied

Workers Union, Local 33, International Longshoremen's & Ware-

housemen's Union.--------------

Madruga, Edward X., managing owner, S.S. "Apollo".-

Moody, O. William, administrator, AFL-CIO Maritime Trades

Department, also representing the Seafarers International Union

of North America.----

Murdock, James F., chief, Division of Financial Assistance, National

Marine Fisheries Service, Department of Commerce..

206

Orbank, Charles, accounting officer, Bureau of Accounts, Treasury

Department----------------

Pisano, Anthony, general manager, Fishermen's Co-Op, San Pedro,

Calif------

Poekel, Charles A., Jr., student (Latin American affairs), George

Washington University----

Roedel, Philip M., Director, National Marine Fisheries Service,

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of

Commerce------

Rogers, Linda, cochairman, Women's League for Fishermen's Rights,

San Diego, Calif.-------

Royal, John J., executive secretary-treasurer, Fishermen & Allied

Workers' Union, Local 33, I.L.W.U.----

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Statement of-Continued

Salars, Carl, acting legal adviser, Department of State..
Varikian, Miss Rose, administrative assistant for Senator Ralph
Spahr, James P., fiscal staff assistant, Treasury Department.---
Steele, George ..
Van Campen, Wilvan, Office of Fisheries and Wildlife, Department of

state.--.-.--.-.------------ ------ -----------------------Van Deerlin, Hon. Lionel, a Representative in Congress from the

State of California...
White, Dr. Robert M., administrator, National Oceanie and At-

mospheric Atency, Department of Commerce Wilson, Hon. Bob, a Representative in Congress from the State of 7, 108

California ---
Young, Robert B., executive director, American Tuna Sales Associa-

tion, San Diego, Calif. Additional information supplied by

Board of Port Commissioners of San Diego Unified Port District,

Resolution 71-34.--
Commerce Department:

Appropriations to Fishermen's protective fund.. .
Communication with State regarding claims paid under section 7..
Communication with the Department of State concerning claims

against foreign countries.---
Expediting claims by change in law.
Fees to fishermen...
Fishermen's protective fund.. .
Plans for supplementing the fund.
Processing claims.----
Size of Ecuadorean tuna fleet.

163 Status of vessels when seized.--

157 Vessel seizures—Status of claims to National Marine Fisheries

Service, June 1, 1971.------
Dills, Ralph C., Assembly Joint Resolution No. 11..
Drozak, Frank, Data on seizures of U.S.-flag tuna clippers during

period January 1961-December 1970.-Felando, August:

Amounts paid to foreign countries under the act of August 27,
1954, as amended--

240 Claims of 1971 ---

229 Fishing license issued.---

180 Fishing vessel seizure statistics.-

176 Memorandum of February 18, 1969, to the executive committee on shooting at and seizure of tuna boats--

64 Report on claims filed by tuna vessel owners under the Fishermen's Protective Act, as amended.-

241 Retaliatory legislation.--

185 Seizure and harassment log-1971.-

179 Statistical summary--by year.--

238 Westgate Terminals, Inc., vessels seized by Ecuador.

169 Gann, Joseph A.:. Photos of the Mayflower after San Juan incident.-------

70 Prepared statement...

60 Sworn statement given by Manuel Graca on January 3, 1966, at Long Beach, Calif... -

63 Sworn statements on cost and damages.----

--------- 62 International Longshoremen's & Warehousemen's Union, statement of policy on tuna boat seizures...

------- 174, 246, 258 Kiwanis Club of San Diego, Inc., resolution on tuna boat seizures --- 257 Marino, Carl C., prepared statement..----

251 Moody, (). William:

Clipping from the Washington Post on fishing disputes-..-.-.-' 244
Prepared statement.-----

---------------- 244 Pockel, Charles A., Jr.: Article from the Lynchburg, V., News, entitled "Behind the

194 Mare Clausum, or Mare Liberum ---Two Hundred Miles or Fight ---

19:

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