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1952-53

PREFACE

The publication of this series was inaugurated by the Naval War College in 1894. This is the forty-eighth volume in the series as numbered for index purposes; the titles have varied slightly from year to year. The preceding volume, International Law Documents 1950–1951, was published in 1951, and contained the texts of conventions on the protection of victims of war, from 1848 to 1949.

The present volume contains texts exhibiting international, especially European, cooperation in the military, economic, and political fields. It includes, first, a section on World War II peace treaties signed in 1951 and 1952; second, texts of defense agreements and related documents which are designed to set up systems of collective security in the North Atlantic area, in Europe, and in the Pacific; and third, a section on European economic and political union. Texts bearing upon the conflict in Korea are not included in this volume.

It must be observed that a number of the instruments presented are not yet in force. They are nevertheless reproduced in this collection because of their great importance, and because any future modifications in them may be expected to take the form of separate documents. An account of the present status of each instrument will be found in a headnote.

This volume has been prepared with the collaboration of Judge Manley O. Hudson, Bemis Professor of International Law in the Harvard Law School and late Associate for International Law of the Naval War College.

THOMAS H. ROBBINS, JR.
Rear Admiral, United States Navy

President, Naval War College
NEWPORT, 29 April 1954.

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UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

1-13-55

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page

I. PEACE TREATIES 1951-1952..

1

A. Treaty of Peace With Italy--DEVELOPMENTS, 1951.

1

1. Declaration by the United States, France, and the United Kingdom on the Italian

Peace Treaty, 26 September 1951...,

2

2. Release of Italy from Certain of Its Obligations to the United States Under the

Treaty of Peace ....

3

B. THE JAPANESE Peace TREATY AND RELATED AGREEMENTS.

5

1. Treaty of Peace with Japan, 8 September 1951..

5

2. Agreement for the Settlement of Disputes Arising Under Article 15 (a) of the

Treaty of Peace with Japan, Washington, 12 June 1952.

19

C. CONVENTIONS WITH THE FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF GERMANY..

21

1. Convention on Relations between the Three Powers and the Federal Republic of

Germany, Bonn, 26 May 1952..

22

2. Convention on the Settlement of Matters arising out of the War and the Occupa-

tion, Bonn, 26 May 1952..

35

3. Convention on the Rights and Obligations of Foreign Forces and their Members

in the Federal Republic of Germany, Bonn, 26 May 1952..

37

4. Finance Convention, Bonn, 26 May 1952..

76

5. Tax Agreements.

77

(a) Agreement on the Tax Treatment of the Forces and their Members, Bonn, 26

May 1952...

(b) Protocol Conferring upon the Arbitration Tribunal Jurisdiction over Disputes

Arising under Agreement on the Tax Treatment of the Forces and their

Members Signed at Bonn on 26 May 1952-Bonn, 26 July 1952. ...

80

6. Letters Forming Part of the Contractual Agreements, Bonn, 26 May 1952.

81

7. Documents Concerning Berlin...

84

(a) Declaration on Berlin, Berlin, 26 May 1952.

85

(b) Extracts from Allied High Commissioner's Letter of 26 May 1952 to the Chan-

cellor of the Federal Republic of Germany.

87

II. DEFENSE AGREEMENTS...

89

A. The North ATLANTIC Treaty ORGANIZATION (NATO).

89

1. North Atlantic Treaty, Washington, 4 April 1949.

90

2. Protocol to the North Atlantic Treaty on the Accession of Greece and Turkey,

London, 17 October 1951...

92

3. Treaties Concerning the Status of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and its

Forces....

94

(a) Agreement between the Parties to the North Atlantic Treaty regarding the

Status of their Forces, London, 19 June 1951......

94

(b) Protocol on the Status of International Military Headquarters Established

Pursuant to the North Atlantic Treaty, Paris, 28 August 1952...

109

(c) Agreement on the Status of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, National

Representatives, and International Staff, Ottawa, 20 September 1951...... 114

(d) Agreement Between The North Atlantic Council and The United States Gov.

ernment, London, 29 September 1951...

120

Page

121

121 131

136

139

141

143 145 145 147

214

225

225

II. DEFENSE AGREEMENTS—Continued
A. The North Atlantic Treaty ORGANIZATION (NATO)-Continued
4. Agreements Entered into by the United States Pursuant to the North Atlantic

Treaty ..........
(a) Agreement on the Defense of Iceland Pursuant to the North Atlantic Treaty,

Reykjavik, 5 May 1951......
(b) Agreement Concerning the Defense of Greenland, Copenhagen, 27 April 1951.
(c) Agreement Regarding Military Facilities in the Azores, Lisbon, 6 September

1951. ...
(d) Defense Agreement between the Governments of the United States and Spain,

Madrid, 26 September 1953. ....
(e) Agreement between the United States of America and the Kingdom of Greece

Concerning Military Facilities, Athens, 12 October 1953..
5. Protocol to the North Atlantic Treaty on Guarantees Given by the Parties to the

North Atlantic Treaty to the Members of the European Defense Com

munity, Paris, 27 May 1952... B. The EUROPEAN DEFENSE COMMUNITY.

1. Tripartite Declaration, Paris, 27 May 1952.
2. Treaty Constituting the European Defense Community, Paris, 27 May 1952..
3. Convention Relative to the Status of European Defense Forces and the Tax and

Commercial Regime of the European Defense Community, Paris, 27 May 1952. 4. Position of the European Defense Community with Respect to the United King

dom and the United States.....
(a) Treaty between the United Kingdom and the Member States of the European

Defense Community, Paris, 27 May 1952.....
(b) Agreement Regarding Cooperation between the United Kingdom and the

European Defense Community; Text Approved at Paris, 13 April 1954.....
(c) Message of the President of United States Stating the United States Position on

the Relation between the European Defense Community and the North

Atlantic Treaty Organization, 16 April 1954.. 5. Additional Protocols; Texts Adopted at Paris, 24 March 1953. C. Pacific AREA SECURITY TREATIES.. 1. Mutual Defense Treaty between the United States and the Republic of the Philip

pines, Washington, 30 August 1951... 2. Security Treaty between the United States of America, Australia, and New

Zealand, San Francisco, 1 September 195i..
3. Agreements with Japan....
(a) Security Treaty between the United States of America and Japan, San Fran-

cisco, 8 September 1951...
(b) Administrative Agreement under Article III of the Security Treaty between

the United States of America and Japan, Tokyo, 28 February 1952..
(c) Protocol to Amend Article XVII of the Administrative Agreement Under

Article III of the Security Treaty between the United States and Japan,

Tokyo, 29 September 1953..
III. EUROPEAN UNIONS.

A. THE BENELUX UNION, 1944 and 1947..
B. ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR EUROPE (ECE), 28 March 1947.
C. ORGANIZATION FOR EUROPEAN ECONOMIC COOPERATION (OEEC), 16 APRIL 1948,

AND EUROPEAN PAYMENTS UNION (EPU), 19 September 1950.
D. "WESTERN UNION” (BRUSSELS Pact), 17 March 1948..
E. COUNCIL OF EUROPE, 5 May 1949..
F. North ATLANTIC Treaty ORGANIZATION (NATO), 4 April 1949.

226

232 234 238

238

240 242

242

243

259 266 266 267

268 269 270 276

Page 276

III. EUROPEAN UNIONS-Continued
G. THE EUROPEAN COAL AND STEEL COMMUNITY (ECSC)..
1. Treaty Constituting the European Coal and Steel Community, Paris, 18 April

1951. .......
2. Protocol on the Privileges and Immunities of the Community.
3. Protocol on the Statute of the Court of Justice .....
4. Protocol Concerning Relations with the Council of Europe.
5. Exchange of Letters Concerning the Saar.

6. Convention Containing the Transitional Provisions. H. EUROPEAN DEFENSE COMMUNITY (EDC), PARIS, 27 May 1952. 1. EUROPEAN POLITICAL COMMUNITY (DRAFT STATUTE ADOPTED 10 March 1953)......

277 311 313 321 322 322 338 339

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