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with us on his way to Bermuda. We quitted food in a different direction. It is not as a Spithead on the 25th of September, (1803,) and poet I invoke the aid of Captain Hall's opinion, in a short week lay becalmed under the lofty but as a traveller and observer; it is not to peas of Pico. In this situation the Phaeton is my invention I ask him to bear testimony, but depicted in the frontispiece of Moore's Poems.” 10 my matter-of-fact.

During the voyage, I dined very frequently “The most pleasing and most exact descripwith the oificers of the gun-room ; and it was tion which I know of Bermuda,” says this gennot a little gratifying to me to learn, from this tleman, " is to be found in Moore's Odes and gentleman's volume, that the cordial regard Epistles, a work published many years ago. these social and open-hearted men inspired in The reason why his account excels in beauty me was not wholly unreturned on their part. as well as in precision that of other men probAfter mentioning our arrival at Norfolk, in Virably is, that the scenes described lie so much ginia, Captain Scott says, “Mr. and Mrs. Merry beyond the scope of ordinary observation in left the Phaeton, under the visual salute, ac- colder climates, and the feelings which they companied by Mr. Moore ;"—then, adding excite in the beholder are so much higher than some kind compliments on the score of talents, those produced by the scenery we have been &c., he concludes with a sentence which it gave accustomed to look at, that, unless the imagime tenfold more pleasure to read,—“ The gun- nation be deeply drawn upon, and the diction room mess witnessed the day of his departure sustained at a correspondent pitch, the words. with genuine sorrow.” From Norfolk, after a alone strike the ear, while the listener's fancy stay of about ten days, under the hospitable remains where it was. In Moore's account roof of the British Consul, Colonel Hamilton, there is not only no exaggeration, but, on the I proceeded, in the Driver sloop of war, to contrary, a wonderful degree of temperance in Bermuda.

the midst of a feast which to his rich fancy There was then on that station another must have been peculiarly tempting. He has youthful sailor, who has since earned for him- contrived by a magic peculiarly his own, yet self a distinguished name among English writers without departing from the truth, to sketch of travels, Captain Basil Hall,—then a mid- what was before him with a fervor which shipinan on board the Leander. In his Frag- those who have never been on the spot might ments of Voyages and Travels, this writer has well be excused for setting down as the sport called up some agreeable reminiscences of that of the poet's invention."* period; in perusing which,—so full of life and How truly politic it is in a poet to connect reality are his sketches, I found all my own his verse with well-known and interesting lonaral recollections brought freshly to my mind. calities,—to wed his song to scenes already inThe very names of the different ships, then so vested with fame, and thus lend it a chance of familiar to my ears,—the Leander, the Boston, sharing the charm which encircles them,,I the Cambrian,-transported me back to the have myself, in more than one instance, very season of youth and those Summer Isles once agreeably experienced. Among the memorials more.

of this description, which, as I learn with pleasThe testimony borne by so competent a ure and pride, still keep me remembered in witness as Captain Hall to the truth of my some of those beautiful regions of the West sketches of the beautiful scenery of Bermuda which I visited, I shall mention but one slight is of far too much value to me, in my capacity instance, as showing how potently the Genius of traveller, to be here omitted by me, however of the Place may lend to song life and imperconscious of but ill deserving the praise he ishableness to which, in itself, it boasts no lavishes on me, as a poet. Not that I mean to claim or pretension. The following lines in pretend indifference to such kind tributes ;-on one of my Bermudian poems, the contrary, those are always the most alive to

'Twas there, in the shade of the Calabash Tree, praise, who feel inwardly least confidence in With a few who could feel and remember like me, the soundness of their own title to it. In the still live in memory, I am told, on those fairy present instance, however, my vanity (for so this uneasy feeling is always called) seeks its * Fragments of Voyages and Travels, vol. ii. chap vi

shores, connecting my name with the pictu- sure to find decided hostility, both to the men resque spot they describe, and the noble old and the principles then dominant throughout tree which I believe still adorns it.* One of the Union, as among officers of the British the few treasures (of any kind) I can boast the navy, and in the ranks of an angry Federalist possession of, is a goblet formed of one of the opposition. For any bias, therefore, that, fruit-shells of this remarkable tree, which was under such circumstances, my opinions and brought from Bermuda, a few years since, by feelings may be thought to have received, full Mr. Dudley Costello, and which that gentle- allowance, of course, is to be made in appraisman, having had it tastefully mounted as a ing the weight due to my authority on the goblet, very kindly presented to me; the fol subject. All I can answer for, is the perfect lowing words being part of the inscription sincerity and earnestness of the actual impreswhich it bears :—"To Thomas Moore, Esq., sions, whether true or erroneous, under which this

cup, formed of a calabash which grew on my Epistles from the United States were the tree that bears his name, near Walsingham, written ; and so strong, at the time, I confess, Bermuda, is inscribed by one who," &c. &c. were those impressions, that it was the only

From Bermuda I proceeded in the Boston, period of my past life during which I have with my friend Captain (now Admiral) J. E. found myself at all skeptical as to the soundDouglas, to New York, from whence, after a ness of that Liberal creed of politics, in the short stay, we sailed for Norfolk, in Virginia ; , profession and advocacy of which I may be and about the beginning of June, 1804, I set 1 almost literally said to have begun life, and out from that city on a tour through part of shall most probably end it. the States. At Washington, I passed some Reaching, for the second time, New York, days with the English minister, Mr. Merry : I set out from thence on the now familiar and and was, by him, presented at the levee of the easy enterprise of visiting the Falls of Niagara. President, Jefferson, whom I found sitting with It is but too true of all grand objects, whether General Dearborn and one two other in nature or art, that facility of access to them officers, and in the same homely costume, com- much diminishes the feeling of reverence they prising slippers and Connenara stockings, in ought to inspire. Of this fault, however, the which Mr. Merry had been received by him- route to Niagara, at that period—at least the much to that formal minister's horror-when portion of it which led through the Genesee waiting upon him, in full dress, to deliver his country—could not justly be accused. The credentials. My single interview with this latter part of the journey, which lay chiefly remarkable person was of very short duration ; through yet but half-cleared wood, we were but to have seen and spoken with the man who obliged to perform on foot; and a slight accidrew up the Declaration of American Inde- dent I met with, in the course of our rugged pendence was an event not to be forgotten. walk, laid me up for some days at Buffalo.

At Philadelphia, the society I was chiefly To the rapid growth, in that wonderful region, made acquainted with, and to which (as the of, at least, the materials of civilization,-howverses addressed to " Delaware's green banks't ever ultimately they may be turned to acsufficiently testify) I was indebted for some of count,—this flourishing town, which stands my most agreeable recollections of the United on Lake Erie, bears most ample testimony. States, consisted entirely of persons of the Though little better, at the time when I visited Federalist or Anti-Democratic party. Few it, than a mere village, consisting chiefly of and transient, too, as had been my opportu- huts and wigwams, it is now, by all accounts, nities, of judging for myself of the political a populous and splendid city, with five or six or social state of the country, my mind was churches, town-hall, theatre, and other such leti open too much to the influence of the feel- appurtenances of a capital. ings and prejudices of those I chiefly consorted In adverting to the comparatively rude state with; and, certainly, in no quarter was I so of Buffalo at that period, I should be ungrate


* A representation of this calabash, taker, from a drawing has been introduced in the vignette prefixed to the second of it made on the spot, by Dr. Savage of the Royal Artillery, volume of the edition in ten volumes.

† Soe Epistle to Mr. W. R. Spencer, p. 181 of this edition

ful were I to omit mentioning, that, even then, can in any respect be associated with the grand on the shores of those far lakes, the title of vision I have just been describing; and, how" Poet,”—however unworthily in that instance ever different the nature of their appeals to the bestowed,-bespoke a kind and distinguishing imagination, I should find it difficult to say on welcome for its wearer; and that the captain which occasion I felt most deeply affected, who commanded the packet in which I crossed when looking on the Falls of Niagara, or when Lake Ontario,* in addition to other marks of standing by moonlight among the ruins of the courtesy, begged, on parting with me, to be Coliseum. allowed to decline payment for my passage.

Some changes, I understand, injurious to When we arrived, at length, at the inn, in the beauty of the scene, have taken place in the neighborhood of the Falls, it was too late the shape of the Falls since the time of my to think of visiting them that evening; and I visit to them; and among .hese is the total lay awake almost the whole night with the disappearance, by the graduai crumbling away sound of the cataract in my ears. The day of the rock, of the small leafy island which following I consider as a sort of era in my life; then stood near the edge of the Great Fall, and the first glimpse I caught of that wonder- and whose tranquillity and unappicachableness, ful cataract gave me a feeling which nothing in in the midst of so much turmoil, lent it an interest this world can ever awaken again.f It was which I thus tried to avail myself of, in a Song through an opening among the trees, as we of the Spirit of that region :approached the spot where the full view of the

There, amid the island-sedge, Falls was to burst upon us, that I caught this

Just above the cataract's edge, glimpse of the mighty mass of waters folding

Where the foot of living man

Never trod since time began, smoothly over the edge of the precipice; and

Lone I sit at close of day, &c. &c. so overwhelming was the notion it gave me of the awful spectacle I was approaching, that, Another characteristic feature of the vicinity during the short interval that followed, imagin- of the Falls, which, I understand, no longer ation had far outrun the reality; and, vast exists, was the interesting settlement of the and wonderful as was the scene that then Tuscarora Indians. With the gallant Brock, opened upon me, my first feeling was that of who then commanded at Fort George, I passed disappointment. It would have been impos- the greater part of my time during the few sible, indeed, for any thing real to come up to weeks I remained at Niagara : and a visit I the vision I had, in these few seconds, formed paid to these Indians, in company with him of it; and those awful scriptural words, “ The and his brother officers, on his going to distribfountains of the great deep were broken up,” ute among them the customary presents and can alone give any notion of the vague wonders prizes, was not the least curious of the many for which I was prepared.

new scenes I witnessed. These people received Bat, i : spite of the start thus got by imagin- us in all their ancient costume. ation, the triumph of reality was, in the end, men exhibited for our amusement in the race, but the greater; for the gradual glory of the the bat-game, and other sports, while the old scene that opened upon me soon took posses- and the women sat in groups under the sursion of my whole mind; presenting, from day rounding trees; and the whole scene was as to day, some new beauty or wonder, and, like picturesque and beautiful as it was new to me. all that is most sublime in nature or art, awa- It is said that West, the American painter, kening sad as well as elevating thoughts. I when he first saw the Apollo, at Rome, exretain in my memory but one other dream— claimed instantly, “ A young Indian warrior !" for such do events so long past appear-which -and, however startling the association may

The young

* The Commodore of the Lakes, as he is styled.

This brave and amiable officer was killed at Queenston, The two first sentences of the above paragraph, as well in Upper Canada, soon after the commencement of the war as a passage that occurs in the subsequent column, stood with America, in the year 1812. He was in the act of cheer originally as part of the Notes on one of the Ainerican Poems. ing on his men when he fell. The inscription on the monkA few years

lotroduced in the Epistle to Lady Charlotte Rawdon, ment raised to his memory, on Queenston Heights, does out p. 164 of this edition.

due honor to his manly character.

appear, some of the graceful and agile forms popular ballad may, for my musical readers at which I saw that day among the Tuscaroras least, possess some interesi. were such as would account for its arising in since, while staying in Dublin, I was presentthe young painter's mind.

ed, at his own request, to a gentleman who After crossing “ the fresh-water ocean" of told me that his family had in their possession Ontario, I passed down the St. Lawrence to a curious relic of my youthful days,-being the Montreal and Quebec, staying for a short time first notation I had made, in pencilling, of the at each of these places; and this part of my air and words of the Canadian Boat Song, journey, as well as my voyage on from Quebec while on my way down the St. Lawrence,to Halifax, is sufficiently traceable through the and that it was their wish I should add my few pieces of poetry that were suggested to me signature to attest the authenticity of the autoby scenes and events on the way. And here I graph. I assured him with truth that I had must again venture to avail myself of the valu- wholly forgotten even the existence of such a able testimony of Captain Hall to the truth of memorandum ; that it would be as much a my descriptions of some of those scenes through curiosity to myself as it could be to any one which his more practised eye followed me ;- else, and that I should feel thankful to be altaking the liberty to omit in my extracts, as lowed to see it. In a day or two after, my far as may be done without injury to the style request was complied with, and the following or context, some of that generous surplusage is the history of this musical “ relic." of praise in which friendly criticism delights to In my passage down the St. Lawrence, I had indulge.

with me two travelling companions, one of In speaking of an excursion he had made whom, named Harkness, the son of a wealthy up the river Ottawa," a stream,” he adds, Dublin merchant, has been some years dead. “ which has a classical place in every one's To this young friend, on parting with him, at imagination from Moore's Canadian Boat Song,” | Quebec, I gave, as a keepsake, a volume I had Captain Hall proceeds as follows :—While been reading on the way,—Priestley's Lectures the poet above alluded to has retained all that on History; and it was upon a fly-leaf of this is essentially characteristic and pleasing in these volume I found I had taken down, in pencilling, boat songs, and rejected all that is not so, he both the notes and a few of the words of the has contrived to borrow his inspiration from original song by which my own boat-glee had numerous surrounding circumstances, present- been suggested. The following is the form of ing nothing remarkable to the dull senses of my memorandum of the original air :ordinary travellers. Yet these highly poetical images, drawn in this way, as it were carelessly and from every hand, he has combined with such graphic-I had almost said geographical truth, that the effect is great, even upon those who have never, with their own eyes, seen the

Utawa's tide, nor 'flown down the Rapids,' or heard the ' bell of St. Anne's toll its evenang chime;' while the same lines give to dis- Then follows, as pencilled down at the same tant regions, previously consecrated in our moment, the first verse of my Canadian Boat imagination, a vividness of interest, when Song, with air and words as they are at present. viewed on the spot, of which it is difficult to From all this it will be perceived, that, in my say how much is due to the magic of the poetry, own setting of the air, I departed in almost and how much to the beauty of the real scene. every respect but the time from the strain our

While on the subject of the Canadian Boat voyageurs had sung to us, leaving the music of Song, an anecdote connected with that once the glee nearly as much my own as the words.

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* "It is singularly gratifying," the anthor adds, " to dis- no opportunity of keeping up so propitious an intercourse. cover that, to this hour, the Canadian voyageurs never omit The flourishing village which surrounds the church on the theis offerings to the shrine of St. Anne, before engaging in "Green Isle' in question owes its existence and support enany enterprise ; and that during its performance, they onit tirely to these pious contributions."


Yet, how strongly impressed I had become with this sanction of the order had been withdrawn. the notion that this was the identical air sung Of course, to the reduction thus caused in the by the boatmen,-how closely it linked itself value of the honor was owing its descent in in my imagination with the scenes and sounds the scale of distinction to " such small deer” of amidst which it had occurred to me,-may be Parnassus as myself. I wrote a letter, howseen by reference to a note appended to the ever, full of grateful acknowledgment, to Monglee as first published, which will be found in sieur Hansson, the Vice-Chancellor of the the following pages.

Order, saying that I was unconscious of having To the few desultory and, perhaps, valueless entitled myself, by any public service, to a recollections I have thus called up, respecting reward due only to the benefactors of manthe contents of our second volume, I have only kind; and therefore begged leave most reto add, that the heavy storm of censure and spectfully to decline it. criticism-some of it, I fear, but too well deserved--which, both in America and in England, the publication of my “Odes and Epistles” drew down upon me, was followed by re

PREFACE sults which have far more than compensated for any pain such attacks at the time may have inflicted. In the most formidable of all my

THE THIRD VOLUME. censors, at that period, -the great master of the art of criticism, in our day,- I have found The three satirical Poems, with which this ever since one of the most cordial and highly volume commences, were published originally valued of all my friends ; while the good-will without the author's name; “ Corruption" and I have experienced from more than one dis-“ Intolerance” in the year 1808, and “The tinguished American sufficiently assures me Skeptic” in the year following. The politithat any injustice I may have done to that land cal opinions adopted in the first of these Sa

I of freemen, if not long since wholly forgotten, tires—the Poem on Corruption-were chiefly is now remembered only to be forgiven. caught up, as is intimated in the original Pre

As some consolation to me for the onsets of face, from the writings of Bolingbroke, Sir criticism, I received, shortly after the appear-William Wyndham, and other statesmen of that ance of my volume, a letter from Stockholm, factious period, when the same sort of alliance addressed to "the author of Epistles, Odes, took place between Toryism and what is now and other poems," and informing me that "the called Radicalism, which is always likely to Princes, Nobles, and Gentlemen, who composed ensue on the ejection of the Tory party from the General Chapter of the most Illustrious, power.f In the somewhat rash effusion, it will Equestrian, Secular, and Chapteral Order of be seen that neither of the two great English St. Joachim," had elected me as a Knight of parties is handled with much respect; and I this Order. Notwithstanding the grave and remember being taken to task, by one of the official sty' e of the letter, I regarded it, I own, few of my Whig acquaintances that ever looked at first, as a mere ponderous piece of pleasant- into the poem, for the following allusion to the ry; and even suspected that in the name of St. silencing effects of official station on certain “ Joachim” I could detect the low and irrever- nrators :ent pun of St. Jokehim.

As bees, on flowers alighting, cease their hum, On a little inquiry, however, I learned that

Bo, sattling upon piaces, Whigs grow dumb. there actually existed such an order of knighthood ; that the title, insignia, &c., conferred by But these attempts of mine in the stately, it had, in the instances of Lord Nelson, the Juvenalian style of satire, met with but little Duke of Bouillon, and Colonel Imhoff, who success,-never having attained, I believe, were all Knights of St. Joachim, been author- even the honors of a second edition ; and I ized by the British court; but that since then, found that lighter form of weapon, to which I * Page 183 of this edition

† Bolingbroke himself acknowledges that “ both parties were become factions, in the strict sense of the word."

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