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Thole who wish for the cure of any obsti- every care behind, to mix with the company, naie malady from the mineral waters, ouglit and to make themselves as chearsul and hapto take them in such a manner as hardly to py as pottible. From this conduct, ailifted produce any effect whatever on the bowels. hy the free and wholesome air of those fathiWith this view a half-pint glass may be drank onable places of refort, and allo the regular at bed time *, and the fame quantity an hour and early hours which are usually kept, the before breakfast, dinner, and supper. The patient often receives more benefit than from fame dore, however, muft vary according to using the waters. circumstances. Even the quantity mention- But the greatest errors in drinking the ed above will purge fome persons, while purging mineral waters arile from their being others will drink twice as much without be- used in cases where they are abiolutely in. ing in the least moved by it. Its operation proper, and adverse to the nature of the on the bowels is the only 1tandard for using disease. When people bear of a womderful the water as an alterative. No more on it cure having been performed by some mineral to be taken than barely to move the holy ; witer, they immediately conclude that it will nor is it always neceflary to carry it chis leng h, cure every thing, and accorchingly swallow it provided the water goes off hy this other dann, when they might as well take pcilan. emaactories, and does not occalion a chilliers, Patents ought to be well informed, heture or flatulency in the ftomach or bowels they begin to drink the more active kinds of When the water is intended to purge, the mineral waters of the propriety of the quantity mentioned above may be all taken Curie, and mould never per fist in using before brwakfast.
them when they are found to aggravate the I would not only cancion patients who dirrirler. drink the purging mineral waters over night, In all cases where prging is indicated, the to avoid weavy Tuppers, but alio from earling falune mineral waters will be found to fulbi meals at any time The stimulus of wot: this intention betrer than any other medicine. impregnated with sults, seems to create 3 Their operation, if taken in proper quantity, falle appetite. I have seen a delicate person, is geviewly mild; and they are petizer after drinking the Harrowgale walers of a found to irritate the nerves, nor debilitare myning, eat a hreikfall lufficient to bave
the patient, so much as the other purgajei ved two ploughmen, devour a plentiful cives. mwer of feh and filli, and to crown all, As a purgative, these waters are chiefy eat fub a lurper as miglit bave satisfied a recommended in diseases of the first paisages, Buurgey porter.
All this indeed the stomach accompanied with, or proceeding from, in. teeme loo crave; but this craving had better re. activity of the stomach and bowels, acity, Dio not quite insisted, than the che ftom ichi in igeftion, vitiated bile, worms, putrid. Luuld be loaded with what exceeds as pain- foruts, the ples, and jaundice. In mort
To Rurve patients was never my fim, Cales of this kind. they are ille best medicines Drie I am clearly of opinion, thit, in in uie that can be administered. But when ufed of all the ruiging mineral waters, a hght and with this vicit, it is sufficient to take them xather diluting diet is the most proper ; and twice, or at mott three times a week, fo as that no person, during such a courie, ouzlit to move the buty three air four times; apd Box eat to the full extent of what his appelite it will be proper to continue this course fur
a few weeks. To promote the operation of mineral wa. Ber the operation of the more active mi ters, and to carry them through the system, neral winters is vot confined so tire ou para exercise is indispendibly necessary. This may fages. They often proni te the archarge of be taken in any manner that is most agreea - urine, and not unfrequently incede the per. ble to the patient, but he ought never to car- spiration. This news that they are capable ry is to excels. The best kinds of exercise of penetrating into every part of the bundy, are those connected with anwement. Every and of itimulating the whole fyftem Hence thing that tends to exhilarate the spirits, not arises their efticacy in removing the most ononly promotes the operation of the waters, itinare of all disorders, obftruttions of sér but acts as a niedicine. All who resort to glandular and lympbaric lujbein. Under this alle mineral waters ought therefore to leave class w comprehended the scrofula or wings
When I fpeak of drinking a glass of the water exer-niglie, I must not leave to caut 200 those who follow this plan against eating beavy suppers. The late Dr. Dealery of Pork, who was the first that brought the Harrowgate waters into repute, used w advise bis pacient to drink a gluts before they went w bed; the consequence of which was, that having ezt a tith flipper, and the water operating in the sight, they were often tormented with gripes, and wblged to coll for niedumi atlitance.
wil, indolent tumours, obstructions of the Scotland, and Harrowgate in England, are liver, spleen, kidnies, and mesenteric glands. the most likely to succeed in diseases of the When these great purposes are to be effected, skin; but for this purpose it will be necessary the waters must be used in the gradual man- not only to drink the waters, but likewise Der mentioned above, and persisted in for a to use them externally. length of time. It will be proper, however, To enumerate more particularly the qua. now and then to discontinue their use for a lities of the different mineral waters, to spefew days.
cify those diseases in which they are respecThe next great class of diseases where tively indicated, and to point out their proper mineral waters are found to be beneficial, modes of application, would be an useful, are those of the skin, as the itch, scab, tet- and by no means a disagreeable employment ; ters, ringworms, scaly eruptions, leprofies, but as the limits prescribed to these remarks, blotches, foul ulcers, &c. Though these may will not allow me to treat the subject more seem fuperficial, yet they are often the most at length, I shall conclude by observing, that obstinate which the physician has to encoun- whenever the mineral waters are found to ter, and not unfrequently set his skill at defi- exhaust the strength, depress the spirits, take ance : but they will sometimes yield to the away the appetite, excite fevers, distend the application of mineral waters for a sufficient bowels, occasion or increase a cough, or length of time, and in most cases at lealt where there is reason to suspect an ulcer of these waters deserve a trial. The faline sul. the lungs, they ought to be discontinued. phureous waters, such as those of Moffat in
For the EUROPEAN MAGAZIN E.
The following Remarks on Dr. Goldsmith's Effay “ on the different Schools of Music,”
(see p. 96.) were addressed to the Editor of the periodical Publication in which that Eflay firit appeared, in the year 1760; a time when the Doctor had not obtained that celebrity of reputation as a writer to which he afterwards arrived, but lived in an obscure lodging in Green Arbour Court, near the Old Bailey. Yet in so much respect were his talents then held by Dr. SMOLLET, the Editor above alluded to, that he permitted Goldsmith himfelf to answer the Letter-Writer's strictures in the notes fubjoined to them below.
To the E DIT O R. SIR,
* harmonious Purcel from the head of the A polare supposed accountable
for every article that appears in your collection, per- English school, to erect in his room a foreignmit me to object against some things advanced er (Handel), who has not yet formed any in your last Magazine, under the citle of “ The school f. The gentleman, when he comes different Schools of Mufic.” The author of to communicate his thoughts upon the differ. this article seems too hasty in degrading the ent schools of painting, may as well place
* Had the Objector said melodious Purcel, it had testified at least a greater acquaintance with music, and Purcel's peculiar excellence. Purcel in melody is frequently great : his song made in his last fickness, called Rosy Bowers, is a fine instance of this; but in harmony he is far short of the meanest of our modern composers, his fullest harmonies being exceeding simple. His opera of Prince Artbur, the words of which were Dryden's, is reckoned his finest piece. But what is that, in point of harmony, to what we every day hear from modern masters? In short, with respect to genius, Purcel had a fine onc: he greatly improved an art but little known in England before his time; for this he deserves our applause: but the present prevailing taste in music is very different from what he left it, and who was the improver since his time we shall see by and by.
+ Handel may be said, as justly as any man, not Pergolese excepted, to have founded a new school of music. When he first came into England, his music was entirely Italian: he composed for the opera ; and though, even then, his pieces were liked, yet they did not meet with universal approbation. In those he too servilely imitated the modern vitiated Italian taste, by placing what foreigners call the Point d'Orgue too closely and injudiciously. But in his Oratorios he is perfectly an original genius. In these, by steering between the manners of Italy and England, he has struck out new harmonies, and formed a species of music differeat from all others. He has left some excellent and eminent scholars, particularly Worgan and Smith, who compose nearly in his manner ; a manner as different from Purcel's as from that of modern Italy. Consequently Handel may be placed at the head of the Englijh
Rubens at the head of the English painters, come, so advanced in life as he did, from because he left some monuments of his art Italy, and strike so far out of the common in England 1. He says that Handel, though road of his own country's music. originally a German, (as most certainly he A q mere fiddler, a shallow coxcomb, a was, and continued so to his last breath) yet giddy, insolent, worthless fellow, to comadopted the Englith manner g. Yes, to be pose such pieces as nothing but genuine sensure, just as much as Rubens the painter did. sibility of mind, and an exquisite feeling of Your correspondent, in the course of his those passions which animate only the finest discoveries, tells us, besides, that “ some of souls, could dictate ; and in a manner too, the best Scotch ballads (the Broum of Cow. so extravagantly diftant from that to which denknows, for instance) are still ascribed to he had all his life been accustomed ! David Rizzioll.” This Rizzio must have is impossible.He might, indeed, have been a most original genius, or have posselied had presumption enough to add some extraordinary imitative powers, to have fourishes to a few favourite airs, like a
# The Objector will not have Handel's school to be called an English school, because he was a German. Handel, in a great measure, found in England those effential differences which characterize his music: we have already shewn that he had them not upon his arri. val. Had Rubens come over to England but moderately skilled in his art; had he learned here all his excellency in colouring, and correctness of deligning; had he left several scholars, excellent in his manner, behind him, I should not scruple to call the school erected by him, the English school of painting. Not the country in which a man is born, but his peculiar Itile, either in painting or in music, constitutes him of this or that school. Thus Chanpag.re, who painted in the manner of the French school, is always placed among the painters of that school, though he was born in Flanders, and should consequently, by the Objector's rule, be placed among the Flemish painters. Kneller is placed in the German school, and Ofiade in the Duish, though both born in the same city. Primatice, who may be truly said to have founded the Roman school, was born in Bologna ; though, if his country was to de. termine his school, he should have been placed in the Lombard. There might several other instances be produced; but these, it is hoped, will be sufficient to prove, that Handel, though a German, may be placed at the head of the English school.
§ Handel was originally a German; but, by a long continuance in England, he might have been looked upon as naturalized to the country. I don't pretend to be a fine writer; however, if the gentleman dillikes the expreffion, (although he must be convinced it is a common one) I with it were mended.
|| 1 said that they were ascribed to David Rizzio. That they are, the Objector need only look into Mr. Oswald's Collection of Scotch Tunes ; and he will there find not only the Broom of Cowdenknows, but also the Black Eagle, and several other of the best Scoleb tunes ascribed to him. Though this might be a futficient answer, yet I must be permitted to go farther, to tell the Objector the opinion of our best modern musicians in this particular : 10 is the opinion of the melodious Geminiani, that we have in the dominions of Great Britain, no original music, except the Irish; the Scorch and English being originally borrowed from the Italians. And that his opinion in this respect is just, (for I would not be swayed merely by authorities) it is very reasonable to suppose, first, from the conformity between the Scotch and ancient Italian music. They who compare the old French Vaudevilles, brought from Italy by Rinuccini, with those pieces ascribed to David Rizzio, who was pretty nearly cotemporary with him, will find a strong resemblance, notwithstanding the opposite characters of the two nations which have preserved those pieces. When I wouli bave them compared, I mean, I would have their balles compared, by which their fimilitude may be most exactly seen. Scondly, it is reasonable, from the ancient music of the Scotcb, which is still preserved in the Highlands, and which bears no relemblance at all to the music of the Low-country. The Highland tunes are sung to Irijh words, and now entirely in the Irish manner. On the other hand, the Lowland music is always fung to English words.
David Rizzio was neither a mere fiduler, nor a shallow coxcomb, nor a worthless fellow, nor a Otranger in Scotland. He had, indeed, been brought over from Piedmoni, to be put at the head of a band of music, by King James V. one of the most elegant prices of his time, an exquisite juige of music, as well as of poetry, architecture, and all the kne arts. Rizzio, at the time of his death, bad been above twenty years in Scotland: he was fecretary to the Queen, and at the fame time an agent from the Pope ; so tiat he could not be to oba fcure as he has been represented.
cobbler of old plays, when he takes it upon the subject with the least degree of attenhim to mend Shakespeare. So far he tion. might go; but farther it is impofsible for
I am, Gentlemen, any one to believe, that has but just ear
Your most humble servant, enough to distinguish between the Italian and
S. R. Scotch mufick, and is disposed to consider
For the EUROPEAN MAGAZIN F.
N our last Magazine (see page rro) we ty, as well as that of most other visitants
presented our readers with an account of whom this place receives, the Tomb of Rousthe circumstances that attended the death of seau. It stands at about fifteen or twenty Rousseau at the Marquis of Girardin's beau- yards distance from the nearest land, in an tiful seat of Ermenonville, in the gardens of inand of the lake, of an oblong form, about which the body of that eccentric genius is forty yards in length, and ten or fifteen in entombed. As no improper Supplement to breadth, covered with the richest verdure, that article, we shall now lay before them a and bordered with beautiful poplars, from particular description of the Tomb, its situa- which it takes its name, being called l'isle tion, &c. as given in “ A Tour to Ermenon- des peupliers. The Tomb is in the middle, viile," lately published; and from which it a simple yet elegant marble moqument. The appears that Ermenonville is a pleafing ro. inscription on one side of it is, mantic spot, cultivated and decorated in a
or Here refts Ayle that does honour to the taste and philo- The man of nature and of truth." fophic turn of its noble pofiefior: it has been ( Beneath which is the motto Rousseau called the “ Stoive," but is more properly, had chosen for himself, and which he made in the opinion of our present traveller, to be the great rule equally of his writings and his decmed the Leelowes of France.
actions : . On entering the park we traversed a hol- “ Be truth the purchase, cho'the price be life.” low way, which bad something gloomy and « On the lid the following words only, as grotesque in its appearance. On our left ample in their significancy as few in their tand was a lake with a terrace intervening, number, are engravd : which for some time hid it from our sight : “ Here lie the remains of J. J. Rousseau." Da our right a steep hill irregularly wooded, « On the other side of the Tonib is reprewhile the valley was divided in its whole sented in ballo relievo, a mother instructing length by a small rivulet, over which, on a her daughters, and teaching them to tear in dag, we read the following inscription pieces the ribbands, laces, filks and other tri
" Flow, gentle stream, beneath this em- fling ornaments, which the prevailing mode bowering shade ; thy murmur softens the of education has too long taught the fair sex heart while it delights the ear : filow, gentle to consider as the first objects of their attenstream ; thy current is the image of a day tion and care f. On the verge of the lake deformed by no cloud, and a heart disturbed is a seat to repose on: here, as we sat down, by no care."
we read, the following lines, suggested no A litrie further on, was a rock with doubt by the sculpture just mentioned, and these words from Thomson,
intended as a companion to it : “ Here ftudious let me fit,
“ To the daughter he restored the affection And hold high converse with the mighty dead." of the mother, to the mother the careffes
We next came to a small altar of stone of the daughter. His whole life bad but one called l'autel de la pensie, ibe altar of thought, object ; that object was the happiness of hu. with this inscription :
manity, and if he wished to see all mankind * Sacred to meditation."
free, it was because he knew that virtue and "Our progress through this gloomy, but freedom are inseparable companions." not unpleasing valley, had filled our minds • Opposite us on a flag which lay against a with ideas not ill preparatory to the contem. bank of earth, was inscribed the following plation of the principal object of our curiofi. epitaph :
* We give only the translations of the inscriptions, to save room. + We cannot deem this a well-chosen subject for an expressive representation on None. The instruction conveyed is to be inferred from an action that will grow every year more and more obscure ; being a dissuasion from qualifications that have no permanent ohjects : for from the fertility and versatility of female inventions, the absurdities that struck the mind of Roulseau, and suggested this design, may in a few years become absolutely unintelligible, unless a key like that before us, is always at hand.
« In yonder unadorned tomb, shaded by interwoven and grafted as it were into the over-hanging poplars, and encircled by these tree, which served as a back to it. unruffled waters, rests all that was mortal of From this place a dark winding-path J. J. Rousseau. But a more lafting monu. brought us unexpectedly to a bason of clear ment, one that shall prolong to all ages the water, near which stood a pyramid sacred to memory of the man who lived only to senfi- the pastoral poets, Theocritus, Virgil, Gels bility and virtue, is erected in every bosom ner, and Thomson ; the latter, it would that glows with the flame of the one, or beats appear, being ranked in this class, in regard to the throbbings of the other.”
to the subject, not the form of his writings. • Whether the concluding thought of the Short inscriptions in the language of each poet above lines was borrowed from Pope's well. are added to the four names which occupy known epitaph on Gay, or suggested merely the four sides of the base. At the foot of by a similarity of character in the persons the pyramid lay a stone inscribed in English, to whom these different tributes of friendship to the memory of Shenstone, and near it were paid, it must be acknowledged that the were two trees with their branches interwoFrench composition has no little advantage ven and these words on a board : over the English one, in the circumstance of “ Love, the bond of universal union." its being free from the equivoque which so • A symbol and device prettily expressive vilely disfigures the conclusion of the latter : of the passion which constitutes the chief
- The worthy and the good shall say, subject of rural poetry. Striking their pensive bosoms, kere lies Gay." • Near the temple of the Pastoral Mure,
• I cannot however help thinking that the but without the limits of the delightful val. following epitaph, made also for Rousseau, ley we had just quitted, we saw thu Temshould have been preferred to the former, ple of Philosophy. The neighbourhood of were it only on account of its greater fimpli- these two structures seemed to image no less city :
truly than ingeniously, the intimate connec“ Beneath those peaceful poplars rests J. tion between nature and science ; but in the J. Rousseau. On ail ye virtuous and feeling! state of the Temple of Philosophy itself, we your friend, your brother reposes within this found an allegory ftill more striking; it re. somb."
mains unfinis.ed. Over the door we read : • We quitted this hallowed spot with re- “Of things to know the causes." Juctance, and entered a delightful little valley o Within the temple, replete with beauties of the most romantic cast.
“ Be this temple We made the circuit of a meadow encom. (Unfinished like the science whose name it passed with water, and came to a grotto cal
bears) led la grotte verte, the grotto of verdure, Sacred to the memory of him with this inscription :
who left nothing unsaid “ Delightful verdure! that, robing the
MICHAEL MONTAIGNE." carth's green lap, refreshes the fatigued fight • The building is supported by fix whole and tranquillizes the perturbed heart, yours pillars, inscribed with the names of Newton, is that visible harmony, that concord of cor. Descartes, Voltaire, Penn, Montesquieu and responding hues, which is nature's fairest or- Rousseau. A seventh stands broken wih nament, and her supreme delight."
this inscription : • Opposite the grotto, on a tree hung a
• Who will complete it?" board with a song set to music by Rousseau ; • Three others without any inscription the words were pastoral and pathetic, and I lie on the ground, alluding to the structure was pleased to see one of Rousseau's excel. before it is coniplete. lencies, his talent for musical composition, • Near this temple and looking towards it, attested by the kind of monument, of all to intimate, we may suppose, the depend. others, the fittest to perpetuate the memory ence of true piety on philosophy, ftands a of genius, a specimen of its productions. rustic chapel or hermitage, with this inscripHaving nearly made the round of the mea- tion over the door : dow through this Tady walk, we came to “ I raise my heart to the Creator of all an open space with a bank of green turf; things, while I admire him in the faireft of over it hung a board with an inscription from his works." the Georgics :
• Near this is a dark lonely valley, where “ Fortunatus et ille, deos qui novit agreftes," we read engraved on a stone, the following in&c.
scription; the sensations it is so well calculated • A little lower down, near the margin to convey, being not a little heightened by of the river, was an elbow chair, made (as the filence and gloominess of the place: our guide informed us) by Rousseau himself. “ In this place were found the bones of It was formed of rude unfashioned cwigs, numbers Nain at that unbappy period, when