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brethren butcher'd brethren, and the hand of manity of the Marquis de Girardin, thus to every citizen was raised againft a fellow; derive from this awful monument of the danfuch were the crimes religion once inspired !" gers of superstition, an interesting embellish

*The bones here alluded to were discover. ment to his park, and an important leslou to ed by accident soine years back, and it does its visitors." Ro lide honour both to the late and the hu.

For the EUROPEAN MAGAZINE, An ACCOUNT of the LIFE and WRITINGS of Dr. JOHN JEBB. DR. John Jebb was the son of Dr. John before the University of Cambridge a fermon,

Jebb, Dean of Cashell, by a fitter of the which in the succeeding year he published, late General Gansell, and was first-cousin to Sir under the title of “The Excellency of the Richard Jebb, at present one of the physici- Spirit of Benevolence, Svp.” dedicated to ans extraordinary to his Majesty.

He was

the ingenious youth who had honoured with born about the year 1725 in Ireland, as it is their attendance the Theological Lectures, supposed, in which kingdom it is likewise then lately instituted at Cambridge. He had imagined he received the first rudiments of a short time before published " A Lecter to his education. At a proper age he was sent Sir William Meredith, upon the Subject of to Trinity College, Dublin, where he continu- Subscription to the Liturgy, and Thirty-nine ed two years, after which he came to. En- Articles of the Church of England, 8vo." gland, and was placed at Peter-House, Cam- His publications by this time had Mewa bridge ; a college in which his uncle Dr. Samu- that he was not very firmly attached to the ei lebb, a very learned nonjuring physician, and orthodox system, and contributed, it may be editor of Fryar Bacon's celebrated Opus Majus, presumed, to that opposition which he afterhad been educated. Here he continued se. wards met with in some plans of reformation veral years with confiderable reputation, and, at Cambridge. He had observed at Dublin took the degrees of Batchelor and Master of the importance of anırual publick examinaArts. He also was chosen a Fellow of that tions of those who received academical hofociety; and after having taken orders was nours at that University, and therefore withpresented to the Rectory of Homersfield and ed to introduce the fame regulations into the Vicarage of Flixton, in the diocese of Norwich. discipline of Cambridge. He accordingly On the 21st of November 1763 he began to published in 1773,

" Remarks on the predeliver a course of theological lectures, which lent Mode of Education in the University of for some time were well attended and gene- Cambridge. To which is added, a Proposal rally approved.

for its Improvement, 8vo." and made leIn the year 1770 he published « A Short veral attempts to have his proposals admitted. Account of Theological Lectures now reading These however were all rejected, and he in * Cambridge. To which is added, a new the same year published " A Continuation of Harmony of the Gospel, 4to.” This work the Narrative of Academical Proceedings, deserves much commendation. In the course relative to the Proposal for the Establishment of it the author lamented that his endeavours of Annual Examinations in the University of lo all the attention of youth to the study of Cambridge ; with Observations upon the Conthe scriptures, had in some instances been duct of the Committee appointed by Grace of treated in a manner far different from what the Senate on the 5th of July 1773, 8vo." might be expected from men born to the en. In the subsequent year be published "A Projoyment of civil and religious liberty. That posal for the Etablishment of Publick Examiconfidence however, he observed, with which nations in the University of Cambridge, with the uprightness of his intention and the ap- occasional Remarks, 8vo.” Though still unprobation of many worthy and learned per. successful, he perfevered; and so late as 1776 fons bad inspired him, enabled him for a published " An Audress to the Members of time to persevere, regardless of the clamours the Senate of Cambridge, Sio” preparatoof his adversaries. But when he was in- ry to another effort, which in the end met formed that a charge of the most invidious with the same fate as the former. nature was solemnly urged in a manner His doubts of the propriety of contiguing which was likely to do him great disservice, in the communion of a church which held be was no longer able to refrain from at- doctrines as he conceived repugnant to scriptempting a vindication of himself from those cure, at length determined him to quit it, and calumnies with which the untempered zeal of relinquish the preferments he held. Accordsome otherwise well disposed brethren had ingly in September 1975 he wrote the folaspersed his character.

lowing letter to the Bishop of Norwich, preThe circumstances here alluded to are too paratory to his resignation, which fully derecens, personal, and unimportant to merit a scribing the state of his mind, we shall insert


to which the petitioners invited the attention “ I think it proper to give you this previo of their brethren ;--that persons of the most ous inforniation, that I propose to resign opposite opinions, with respect to the doctrine the Rectory of Homersfield and Vicarage of of the Articles, might unite in a declaration, Flixton into your Lordship’s hands upon the that every attempt to effect an uniformity of 29th or 30th of the present month.

sentiment concerning the sense of fcripture, “ As the motives which induce me to em- by other means than the force of argument brace this resolution may possibly be miscon- and rational conviction, was utterly unwarItrued, it will not I trust be thought imper- rantable, and bore too striking a relemblance tinent if I state them to your Loruthip. to that spirit of intolerance, which forms

“ In the first place I think it necessary to as- the distinguishing character of Antichristian sure your Lordship, that although I esteemed Rome ; and, lastly, that many members of it to be my duty to take an active part in the our church might be truly sensible of the inJate Petition of the Clergy, the principles expediency of requiring this subscription,maintained in that just remonstrance do not, might address a competent tribunal with a in my apprehension, appear to lay me under view of effecting an abolition of the practice, any obligation to relinquish my present sta- and yet continue to hold and to accept prefer. tion.

ment, without violating the dictates of con" The author of the Confesional, my Lord, science, and with great advantage to the had convinced me of the unlawfuluess and in- Christian cause. expediency of requiring a subscription to “ My objections, my Lord, to the acceptsystematic articles of faith and doctrine, ing and the holding of preferment in the from the teachers of the gospel in a Protes- church of England, bear no relation to the tant church,

cause of the petitioning Clergy; -the reasons “ My own observation in the University which influenced me in the forming of the of Cambridge further tended to satisfy me resolution now communicated to your Lord. with respect to the impropriety of such a re- ship, are entirely my own. quisition : and the visible neglect of the study “ After the most serious and dispassionate of the scriptures in this age and country, enquiry, I am persuaded, my Lord, from seemed in a great measure to be derived from the concurrent teftimony of reason and revethat restraint of the exercise of private judg- lacion, that the SUPREME Cause of all things ment, which is the unavoidable consequence is, not merely in EJence, but also in Perfor, of this unedifying impofition.

« With these convictions it was imposible By the force of the same evidence I am for me to decline engaging with those diftin. convinced, that this Almighty Power is the guished friends of religious liberty, who af- only proper object of religion. sociated for the purpose of soliciting for them- “ The Liturgy of the church of England is selves and their brethren of the church of obvioully founded upon the idea, that in the England, an exemption from the obligation divine nature is a TRINITY of Persons, to of declaring or subscribing their afsent to any each of which every species of religious adoformulary of doctrine which should be pro. ration is addressed, as well as such powers posed as explanatory of the Word of God. ascribed as are the incommunicable attributes

" It appeared to me to be a sufficient reason of God. for such application, that the doci ines con- “ Under my persuasion of the erroneous. tained in the 39 Articles being the deductions ness of this doctrine, I cannot any longer with of frail and tallible men, and expressed in satisfaction to myself officiate in the establih. unscriptural terms, were essentially differen- ed service : and as I certainly can have no ced, in point of authority, from those holy claim to the emoluments of my profe:lion, Icriptures, to which we have professed an ab- unless I am willing to perform the duties of folute and unit served submiffion, as the only it, I therefore resign my preferment, rule of religious faith and practice ;--and that “ But my Lord, although I find myself un, the requisition of assent to them was eventu- der an obligation to relinquith my present ally subversive of the right of private judge station in the church of England, I do not ment; a right on which every Protettant repounce the profession of a CHRISTIAN. church was founded, and the exercise of On the contrary, penetrated by the clearett which our own church in particular, in one convictions of the high importance and divine of her terms of ordination, not only allows authority of the Gospel, I will labour to prom us, but enjoins.

mote the advancement of scriptural know. " It also appeared evident to me, that the ledge with increasing zeal ; and will ever be enquiry, whether or no the 39 Articles ex. ready to unite with heart and hand, in any press the genuine sense of scripture, was a just and legal attempt to remove that burden question of a very different nature from that of Subscription to Human Formularies, which


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1 esteem one of the most powerful obstruc- to the principal parties in this unnatural tions to its progress.” I am, &c. J. Ja union. He therefore declined all intercourse

After writing this letter he resigned his with his late friend, and ever afterwards prolivings,' and in 1575 published “ A short felled himself adverse to his measures. About State of the Reasons for a late Resignation. this period Dr. Jebb's health began to be un. To which are added, Occasional Observations, settled, and after lingering a considerable and a Letter to the Right Rev. the Bishop time, he died on the 2d of March 1786, at his of Norwich, 8vo.” In the course of this house in Parliament-itreet. On the oth he Pampblet he observes, “While I held prefer. was interred at the Burying-Ground in Bun. ment, it certainly was my duty to officiate in hill-Fields ; his corpse being attended by the the service of the church. But, conscious Duke of Richmond, and a Committee of that my sentiments were diametrically oppo- the Constitutional Society, together with a led to her doctrines, respecting the object of numerous train of friends, many of whom devction, the reading of these addresses was were of distinction. attended with very great disquiet. I there- The following character of Dr. Jebb is fore embraced that measure which alone seem- faid to have been written by a celebrated el to promise me tranquillity. I am happy Patriot. in finding it has answered my expectation. “ Humanity, the brightest diadem of Having refigned my preferment, and with it Heaven, found in Dr. Jebb's heart, a source havug divested myself of the character of a always unexhausted, tho' constantly flowing Minilter of the Church of England, I have in every channel, where nature in distress recovered that serenity of mind, to which I called for the comfort of advice, the affistance had been long a stranger."

a friend, or hand of benevolence. Such On his separation from the Church, he calls, even from a fellow-creature in rags, joined in communion with the Rev. Mr. found the Doctor as anxious and as attentive, Lindsay, and immediately betook himself to as the vain man would be to solicit a title, the study of Phyfic. He at one period liad and to accomplish fach, bend, smile, or ea. thoughts of adopting the Law for his pro- gerly embrace the arm of a Minister. feffion, and with that view entered himself “ The humanity of the Man of Ross, whilst of one of the Inns of Court. After some it is recorded, exalts not only the character time, he determined to devote himself to the of the individual, but enriches the name of a medical line; and in pursuance of this reso- kingdom. The amiable qualities of that lution, took the degree of Doctor of Physic, good man were inherited by the Doctor as a and engaged in the practice of it.

sacred patrimony which he distributed among He also became an active member of the his fellow-creatures ; and as a faithful guarevaftitutional Society, and from time to time dian of human nature, when he could not gave to the Public several small pieces dis- remove distress, he consoled the sufferer ; persed by that body. In 1982 he published and often when liis purse was unable to anni"A Letter to Sir Robert Bernard, 8vo.” bilate poverty, itill his benevolence never and in the same year, “ Select Cases of the ceased to lelien the sting of it. Though Dr. Disorder commonly called the Paralygs of the Jebb had in his manners the meekness of a kuwer Extremities, 8vo."

child, yet the spirit of a lion was manifested In 1984 he published “ Letters addressed in his political conduct. As he was always to the Volunteers of Ireland, on the Subject dismterested, he was constantly firm in the of a Parliamentary Reform, 8vo.” In this support of every measure which could add performance he lamented the defection of support to liberty, or itregth to a constituMr. Fox from the public cause, and expor- tion to which he was a fincere friend ; and tálated with him very energetically on his if from zeal to cherish whatever carried hapman with a party inimical to America-lo piness to the public, with a contempt of Ireland to the real interests of Britain—to every personal advantage, made the illustrious the sacred cause of civil and religious liberty character of a Roman, the Doctor has irrefu. to the human species. Such was the table claims to that of an English Patriot. Ductor's Itrong language. He adds, that when His expanded foul would not be confined to he considered his exertions in the cause of the narrow pedantic rules of a cioifter, and freeton, he seemed to think the dark tran- he therefore quitted the gown, and from a faction an illusion." Alas!" he cries, "it conscientious regard to truth, which he discowas my lot to lament over him, —while others vered by the light of experience, he changed sarrounded him with congratulations.” his profeffion, from regions which he public

The coalition between Mr. Fox and Lord ly gave; and though they might not convince North, Dr. Jebb always considered as injuri- Others, they afturedly guided him in the choice 033 to the interests of his country, and there- he made. As a political man, the Dostor fare acver could reconcile himself to it, or never courted any Minister whatever, nor would he ever accept a favour to lefsen bis he once had a great partiality for Mr. Fox, free agency. To establish a more equal re- but never could be prevailed on to forgive presentation was one of the most leading ob- the Coalition, which he considered as a con. jects of his heart ; and he endeavoured in the federacy of interest; and if justifiable in one, newspapers to communicate every informa- it might be so on every occasion, and the tion by which he could instruct the people, people be never certain of the objects of that by the nature of the constitution, the their confidence. A heart lo traly devoted rights of election ought not to be bartered by to accomplish the prosperity of merit, and the venal, or oppressed by the families of lo anxious to see both good men rewarded, power. His next favourite object was the as well as excellent measures promoted, could establishing a law, in conformity to the boalt- not be continually stabbed to the soul by ree ed notion of English freedom, to prevent a ing the reverse of the medallion.-Such frecreditor from claiming the liberty and person quent mortifications preyed on his health, of a fellow.creature for life, if his fortune and the exertions he made to promote the fhould be by chance, or even indiscretion, good of his country, wore out his constitu. unable to pay his deb!s. He was fond of tion, and deprived mankind of a friend and employing his pen in the service of the peo- ornament. His attention to the happiness of ple, and did not blush to own, that he often others made him neglect his own interest, at wrote in the public papers, which he respect least in a worldly sense ; but the same good ed as the centinels of liberty.


God who gave him such difinterested virtues, « In bis political friendship he was mild, has the power to reward them in a more ex. firm, and condescending, though noc convi- alted station, to which they cannot fail to vial. He was attached particularly to Dr. lead him, and where alone fo good and value Northcote, Mr. Williams, and Mr. Lofft ; able a citizen can receive justice."

To the PHILOLOGICAL SOCIETY. GENTLEMEN, If you will admit the following into your entertaining Magazine, you will oblige a conflant reader.

PHILOCRITICUS. DR. Warton's observations on Pope's Essay many paragraphs might change places with:

out any injury to the context, or violation of for learning and taste. He is however inju- the sense. diciously severe upon Addison, for asserting In the perusal of this beautiful and delightthat Pope like Horace was not ftudious of ful poem it is curious to remark the different close connection in the conduct of his poem. modifications of meaning which Pope hus The microscopic cye of Hurd can alone dif- anoexed to the word wit. cover the minute chain of thought which

I. unites the parts of the Art of Poetry. Dr. Nature to all things fix'd the limits fit, Warton seems ambitious to obtain the repu- “ And wisely curb'd proud man's pretending tation of equal discernment with respect to

« quil. L. 52 the Effay on Criticism, without giving himtelf “ One science only will one genius fit, the trouble of declaring the reasons on which “ So vast is art, ro narrow human wil. L. 69. he grounds his opinion. Unlike the com. In these pailages the word is used for all municative Warburton, who, to convince the ibe faculties of the mind she intellecinal system. world of its stupidity and his own discernment, lifted up the veil which concealed the " For wit and judgment often are at strife, mysteries of Ceres ; Dr. Warton hints that " Though meant each other's aiu, like man be is in poffeßion of an important secret,

16 and wife. L. 82. which he is too wise to reveal. These great “ _Works may have more wit than does críticks, so renowned for marvellous disco.

" them good, veries, are like drunkards seized with giddie “ As bodies perith thro' the excess of food, nels, who fancy every thing around them is Here ic evidently means livelinefs and brida in motion, wlien the vertigo affects nothing liancy of imagination. but their own heads. It is a difficult matter

III. for them to make any fo intoxicated with pa- 66 Receiv'd his laws, and stood convinc'd radox as themselves. When Dr. Warton af.

« 'was fit, serted that a regular concatenation was disco- " Who conquer'd nature, should prefide o'er verable in the poem above-mentioned, he

“ wit. L. 651. wrote without proper attention to its con- or To him the wit of Greece and Rome was tents and the nature of the subject. It could

“ known, be proved by many quotations, that Aduj. “ And every author's merit-but his own. ton's remark is indulputably true, and that



L. 727.


In these places wit is intended to fignify Jack the Giant-killer, are all equally witry. to various productions of genius.

Pope was more licentious in the use of IV.

this word than any author who preceded Pleas'd with a work where nothing's just him. Shakespear and Dryden generally li. " or fit,

mited themselves to the first and fecond “ One glaring chaos, and wild heap of wil." senses of the word. It is now the fashion to

The context will admit the reader to in- stamp a very confined signification upon it, clude under the term in this place, extrava. In common conversations or even elegant gant conceit, quaint antithefis, poirt and pun.- writing, it passes current for ebat vivacity of Cowley perhaps is the best example of it. sbougbes which confifts in bons mots and reparBut he never gives the word a greater la

Hence the confusion between wit and titude of meaning, or a more extraordinary genius is avoided. The difference indeed be. fignification, than when he thus defines it. cween them is as strongly marked as the differ. V.

ence of their effects: the former is the proper" True wit is nature to advantage dress’d, ty of a quick miod ; the latter of a sublime one. " What oft was thought, but ne'er fo well Martial is the best representative of the one, " express’d.” L. 297.

as Homer is of the other. Wit is like the Dryden most probably suggested this den. Aath of a firework, which dazzles the eye nition, or rather, this loose description : he for a moment, and then vanishes. Genius reafferts wit “ to be a propriety of thoughts sembles the lustre of the Sun, which is not and words adapted to the subject." If those only permanent, but increases our admiration be its precise characters, the Iliad of Homer, the longer it is surveyed. the Elements of Euclid, Tom Jones, and

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Quid fit turpe, quid urile, quid dulce, quid non. · The History of Wales, in Nine Books. With an Appendix. By the Rev. William War

rington. 460. il. is. London, J. Johnson. 1786. HE hiftory of a people who, tho' in out tracing back effects to their causes, or

a rude and barbarous state, were al- discriminating between characters, and diways distinguished for an independency of gesting the narration, totally wants the most spirit which might have done honour to essential characteristics of history. more refined and cultivated manners, cannot To supply this deficiency, and to rescue but afford a mort interesting spectacle. To from oblivion the warlike achievements of

free them defending for ages their liberties this hardy race, our historian steps forth with ' with a fortitude and perseverance that affords a zeal the more laudable, as it proceeds, he unquestionable proofs of their valour, mult, tells us, “ neither from the partiality of an while it awakens our curiosity, excite our ad- author to his subject, nor the prejudice of a miration, and call forth every liberal senti. native, but is merely the voluntary tribute of ment.

justice and humanity to the cause of injured Attached as the Welch are, almost “ to liberty." idolatry," to the renown of their progenitors, Our Author in the first and second books it is sarprizing that no native has ever at- gives a review of the British History before tempted to give a regular history of his gals the retreat of the Romans omlof Bricain, ard lant ancestors. The only attempt of the kind from the time of their final retreat to that is the Chronicle of the Monk Caradoc of period when the ancient Britons were driven Llancarvan, wbich as it is only a fimple de into Wales, Cornwal, and Armorica One tail of facts, without investigating the motives of the principal causes that contributed to the of policy which gave rise to them, wich- decline of je British einpire at this period, Eu 20P M.


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