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For the EUROPEAN MAGAZINE.
“ My infant years were paffed in the city of different ranks and sexes involved of Medina, in Arabia, where I was brought , that hitherto mysterious business of the up by the name of Acharat, which name I famous necklace ; that extraordinary charac. have constantly borne during my travels in ter the celebrated Comte de Cagliostro, Africa and Asia. I had apartments in the who has so long perplexed the inquisitive and palace of the Mafti Salahaym. I perfectly curious part of mankind, claims immediate recollect that I had four persous immediately attention. We shail therefore, to gratify our about me; a governor, between fisty and readers' curiosity, give the following account fixty years of age, named Althotas, and three of him, extracted from a memorial published servants; a white one, who was my valet-deat Paris in his behalf, and since printed in the chambre, and two blacks, one of whom Hague Gazette. It may not, however, he was constantly with me night and day. amiss previously to mention one or two of the “ My governor always told me, that I many conjectures that have arisen concerning was left an orphan a three months old; that his origin, and in their turns obtained belief. my parents were Christians, and nobly de.
One of these supposes him to be the son of fcended ; but their names, and the place of the late Grand Master of Malta, Pinto, by a my nativity, he inviolably concealed from me. lady of distinction, who about 37 years ago Some words which he accidentally let drop, was captured with several other young ladies has made me suspect that I was born at Malin a Turkish pleasure-boat by a Maltese gal. ta; but this circumstance I have never been ley, and on her arrival at Malta had an intrigue able to ascertain. with the Grand Master. Soon after, by the me. “ Althotas, whose name excites in me diation of the French court, the ladies re- the tendereft emotion, treated me with all covered their liberty, and returned to their the affection and care of a father; he took a parents, where this unfortunate fair-one was pleasure in cultivating the disposition I disdelivered of a son ; which fo enraged her fa. covered for the sciences. He, I may with ther, that he would have destroyed the child, truth affirm, knew them all, from the moft had the not found means to have him con- abftruse to those of mere amusement. In veyed away to a place of safety, and herself botany and physic I made the greatest progress. soon after died either by poison or of a bro- • He taught me to worship God, to lose ken heart.
and affift my neighbours, and to respect uniAnother suppofition, which carries rather versally religion and the laws. nore the appearance of truth with it, is, 66 We both dressed like muffulmen, and that the Comte is descended from the Im- ' conformed outwardly to the Mahomedan wur. perial family of COMsENES, who long reigned ship; but the true religion was engraven in independent over the Christian empire of our hearts. Trebisond, but at length became tributary to “ The Mufti visited me often, always the Turks. The Comte, it is said, was treated me with great kindness, and feemed porn in the capital of that empire, and is the to entertain a high regard for my govemor. only survivmg son of the Prince who about The latter taught me most of the languages of 35 years ago swayed that precarious sceptre. the Eait. At that period, the Comte being nearly three "1. I was now in my twelfth year, and beyears old, a revolution took place, in which came desirous of travelling. The wish to be. the reigning Prince was mallacred by the in- hold the wonders he frequently conversed surgents, and this his lon, faved by fome trusty with me of, grew fu strong upon me, that friend, was carried to Medina, where the Medina, and the amusements of my age, Cherif took him under his protection, and grew infipid and tasteless. with unparalleled generosity had bim brought “ Althotas at length informed me, that up in the religion of his parents.---Tlmis we were going to begin our travels; a cara. mucka for conjecture : let us now hear what van was prepared, and, after taking leave af the party himlelf says.
the Mufti, who was pleased to express his “ As to the place of my nativity, or who regret at parting with us in the most obliging were the parents tirat gave me birth, I can- terms, we set out. not speak positively. From a variety of cir- “ On our arrival at Mecca, we alighted cumstances, I have entertained fome doubts, at the palace of the Cherif, who is the love. and the reader will probably join in my suf- reign of Mecca, and of all Arabia, and always picions on that head. But I repeat it, that one of the descendants of Mahomet. I here all my researches have only tended to give changed my dress for a more splendid one me íome exalted, but at the same time vague than I had hitherto worn. On the third day and incertain notions concerning my fa. after our arrival, I was introduced by my. mily.
governor to the Cherif, who received me is the most affectionate manner. On seeing this « I next spent three years in visiting the prince, my whole frame was inexpressibly principal places in Asia and Africa. agitated; the most delicious lears I ever thed “ In 1766, I arrived, accompanied by guhed from my eyes; and I observed that he my governor and three servants, at the with difficulty restrained his. This is a pe- Inand of Rhodes, where I embarked on riod of my life which I can never reflect on board a French Tip bound to Malta, without being most sensibly affected,
“ Notwithstanding the general rule for all " I remained at Mecca three years, during vessels coming from the Levant to perform which time not a day passed without my be- quarantine, I obtained Icave to go on more ing admitted to the presence of the Cherif. the second day, and was lodged in the palace
* My gratitude increased every hour with of the grand-master, Pinso, in apartments his attachment. I frequently bbserved his eyes contiguous to the Laboratory. rivetted upon me; and then turned up to « The Grand-master, in the first instance, Heaven, highly expressive of pity and tender requested the Chevalier D'Aquino, of the ness. On my return I was constantly thought. princely house of Caramanico, to accompany ful, a prey to fruitless curiosity. I was afraid and Thew me every thing remarkable on the to question my governor, who always treated illand. me, on such occasions, with great severity,
« Here I first assumed the European dress, as though it had been criminal in me to wish and the name of Count Cagliostro, and saw, to discover my parents, and the place of my without surprise, my governor Althotas apbirth.
pear in the habit and insignia of the order of " At night I used to talk with the Black Malta * who Nepe in my chamber, but could never " The Chevalier D'Aquino introduced me get him to betray his trust. If I mentioned to the chiefs, or Grand Croix of the order, my parents, he became filent as the grave. and among others to the Bailli de Ronan, che One night when I was more importunate present Grand-Master. Little did I then than usual, he told me," that if ever I left imagine that, in the course of twenty years, a Mecca I should be exposed to the greatest I thould be dragged to the Bastile for being " dangers, and, above all, cautioned me honoured with the friendfhip of a Prince of " against Trebifond.”
that name! “ My desire of travelling, however, was “ I have every reason to suppose that the Superior to my apprehensions. I grew tired Grand Master was not unacquainted with of the dull uniformity of my life at the court my real origin. He often mentioned the of the Cherif.
Cherif and the City Trebisond to me, but " One day when I was alone, the Prince would never enter into particulars on that entered my apartment ; so great a favour subject. amazed me. He clasped me to his bosom “ He treated me always with the utmost with unusual tenderness, exhorted me never attention, and promised me the most rapid to cease adoring the Almighty, assuring me rise if I would take the vows of the orthat, if I perfifted in serving him faithfully, der ; but my taste for travelling, and my atI should be ultimately happy, and know my cachment to the praclice of physic, made me destiny.-Then bedewing my face with his reject these offers, not less generous than notears, he said, " Adieu, thou unfortunate nourable, * child of nature !" These words, and the " It was at Malta that I had the misforaffecting manner in which they were spoken, tune to lose my best friend, my master, the will ever remain indelibly imprefsed on my wisest and most learned of men, the venerable mind.
Althotas. In his last moments, grasping my “ I nerer saw this prince alterwards. hand, he with difficulty said, “ My friend, A caravan was expressly provided for me, experience will soon convince you of the and I bid an eternal adieu to Mecca.
truth of what I have constantly taught " I began my travels by visiting Egypt, you." and its famous pyramids, which exhibit to “ The place where I had lost a friend a fuperficial observer nothing more than enor. who had been to me like a father, foon be. mous masses of marble and granite. I çul- came insupportable ; I requested, therefore, tivated the acquaintance of the Ministers of of the Grand Master, that he would permit the different temples, who admitted me into me to quit the Inanıl, in order to make the places unvisited by, and unknown to com- cour of Europe. He consented with remon travellers.
luctance, but made me promise to return to The Maltele Ambafludor at Verruilles has fince the above publication, by order of the Grand Master, declared the above allertion, and that of the dispensation of quarantine, to be me and gropudleis.
Malta. - The Chevalier D'Aquino was so of Alface, he was prevailed upon to employ obliging as to accompany me, and fupply my his medical abilities for the good of the public. wants during our journey,
Here he was libelled, he says, by some ob“ In company with this gentleman I first fcure scribblers ; but the author of a work, visited Sicily, where he introduced me to the entitled “ Lettres sur la Suisse" (to whom he first people of the country. We next visited tefers the reader), did him justice, and paid the different Iflands of the Archipelago, and due homage to truth. He then appeals to having again crossed the Mediterranean, ar- the Clergy, Military Officers, the Apothecary rived at Naples, the birth-place of my com- who supplied him with drugs, to the Keepers panion.
of the different Gaols in which he relieved a “ From thence I proceeded alone to Rome, number of pnor prisoners, to the Magiftrates, with letters of credit on the banking-house and the public at large, to declare, whether of the Sieur Bellone.
he ever gave offence, or was guilty of any « I determined to remain here incog.; action that militated either against the laws, but one morning whilft I was shut up in my against morality, or religion. apartment, endeavouring to improve myself Some little time after his arrival at Stralin the Italian language, the Secretary of Car- burg, the Cardinal de Rohan signified to him dinal Orfino was announced, who came to that he wished to be acquainted with trim. request I would wait on his eminence. 1 He at first supposed the prince to be actuated accordingly repaired immediately to his pa. by mere curiosity, and therefore declined the lace. The Cardinal received me with the invitation. But being afterwards informed greatest politeness, invited me often to his that he was attacked with an asthma, and table, and procured me the acquaintance of wished to consult him, he immediately went feveral Cardinals and Roman Princes, parti- to the episcopal palace, and gave the Cardicularly the Cardinals York and Ganganelli, mal his opinion, afterwards Pope Clement XIV. The Pope In the year 1781 the Cardinal honoured Rezzonico, who then filled the Papal Chair, him with a visit, to consult him about the having expressed a desire of seeing me, I had Prince de Soubise, who was afflicted with a the honour of repeated conferences with his mortification, and prevailed upon him to acHoliness.
company him to Paris ; but on his arrival there, " In the year 1770, in my 220 for- he refused to visit the Prince till his Phyfie tune procured me the acquaintance of a young cians Mould declare him past cure; and Jady of quality, Serafina Felichiani : she was when the faculty declared him to be on the hardly out of her infancy ; her dawning mending band, persisted in his resolution of charms kindled in my bosom a Aame, which not seeing him, " being unwilling to reap sixteen years marriage have only served to the glory of a cure, which could not be ascristrengthen.
bed to me.' -Matchless modesty ! “ Having neither time nor inclination to He staid in Paris thirteen days, employed write a voluminous work, I Mall only men- from five in the morning till midnight in tion those persons to whom I have been visiting patients; and then returned to Strasknown in my travels thro' all the kingdoms burg, where the good he did produced maof Europe. Most of them are itill in being. ny libe!s against him, in which he was styled I challenge their testimony aloud. Let them Antichrist -The Wandering Jew. The Man declare whether ever I was guilty of any ac- of 1,400 years old, &c. At length, worn-out tion disgraceful to a man of honour. Let with ill usage, he determined on leaving the them fay if ever I sued for a favour, if ever place, when two letters, one from the I cringed for the protection of those Sove. Comte de Vergennes, the other from the reigns who were desirous of seeing me; let Marquis de Miromenil, keeper of the Great them, in short, declare, whether at any time, Seal, to the chief magistrate of Strasburg, in or in any place, I had any other object in his behalf, induced him to change his mind. yiew than to cure the sick, and to relieve The tranquility which these ministerial lei. the indigent, without fee or reward."
ters procured him was but of short duration, The Comte here gives a list of very re- and he again determined to quit Strasburg, peciable persons with whom he says he was and retire out of the reach of the malevoacquainted at the different Courts of Europe ; lence of envy. An account he at this time and goes on to observe, that, from a desire of received of the Chevalier de Aquino being not being known, he frequently affumed dif- dangerously ill at Naples, haftened his deferent names, fuch as those of Comte Starat, parture for that place, where he arrived atComte Fenix, Marquis D'Anna, &c. ly io time to receive the last farewel of his
He arrived at Strasburgh on the 19h of unfortunate friend. September 1580, wlere, at the carneft soli- To avoid being importuned to resume the citations of the inhabitants and lie nobility practice of physic, he resolved to take a trip to England, and with this intent arrived at quaintance with the Cardinal de Rohan. Bourdeaux in November 1783. Here be- Our limits will not permit us now to give the ing known, he was prevailed on to continue account of the circumstances which tended to 11 months, giving up his time to the sick and involve the Comte in the disgrace of that infirm, as he had done at Strasburg. In Oc- Prelate ; and as it cannot be abridged, we must tober 1784 he reached Lyons, where he therefore postpone ic to a future opportunity. Continued 3 months, and arrived at Paris in
[To be continued] January 1785. Here he' renewed his ac
MONTHLY CATALOGUE OF BOOKS for APRIL 1786. POETICA L.
Speeches in the House of Coinmons on East Indiaman. By a Law Scudent. IS. Tuesday the 7th of March 1986. By Philip Poems by Mr. Jerningham, new Edit. Francis, Esq. 8vo. Debrett. 2 vols. 12mo. Robson. 55.
The Book of the Seven Chapters, contain. The English Orator, a Didactic Poem. ing a new System of National Policy; with By the Rev. Richard Potwbele. Dilly. 25. 6d. a Postscript on Parliamentary Elacution, and Ode to Superstition. Cadell.
an Utopian Scheme for the confideration of Poetical Congratulatory Epistle to James the Rev. Mr. Wyvill. 8vo. Bukwin. 35. Boswell, Esq. By Peter Pindar. 400, Kear- Report from the Select Commit ceappcintfley. 25.
efi to examine the Public Accounts. Debrer. 35. A Poem on the Happiness of America. Certain Arrangements in Civil Pulicy, neBy David Humphrey, Esq. Newberry. 25. cessary for the further Improvement of HulThe Children of Thespis, a Poem. 410. bandry, Mines, Fisheries, and Manufactures
in this Kingdom. By A. Fraser. 8vo. CaSocrates and Xantippe. A Burlesque Tale. dell. By William Walbeck.
Debate upon the estabihing a Fund for Elegiac Sonnets. By Charlotte Smith. the discharge of the National Dent, March zd Edit. 4to.
29, 1786. 8vo. Stockdale. The Peruvian, a Comic Opera.
The late Measures of the Ship-owners in Bell. Is6d.
the Coal Trade, fully examined. 8vo. RoThe Captives, a Tragedy. By Dr. Delap. bioron. · Is. 6. 8vo. Cadell.
Considerations on the necessity of lowering Supplement to Lucan's Pharsalia, translated the exorbitant Freight of Slips employed in from the Latin of Thomas May, by Edmond the East Inuia Company's Service. By AnPouker, M. A. 4to. Cadell.
thony Brough, E'q. Svo). Robinson. MISCELLANEOU S.
Address from Sir John Dalrymple to the Sacred Dramas translated from the French Landholders of England, on the Interest of Madame Comtefle de Genlis. By Thomas
which they have in the Diftillery Laws. 8vo. Holcroft. 8vo. Robinson.
Cadell Bozzy ard Piozzi; or, The British Bio
DIVINITY. graphers. A Town Eclogue.
The First and Second Alvents of our S2Pindar, Esq. 410. Kearsley.
viour confidere!, in a Sermon preached The Beauties of Mrs. Siudons, or a Review Nov. 27, 1785. By Johu Kennedy 8vo. of her performance of the characters of Bel- Wilkie. videra, Zara, Lady Randolph, &c. Stra- The Advantages of Sunday Schools. A
Discourse preached at $ 11 ry's, ManCandid and impartial Sketch of the Life chefter, on Sunday Oa. 2,175. By Jobu and Government of Pope Clement xiv. vol. 3. Bennet. Robinson 12mo. Symonds. 25. 60.
The Duty of Ciurch warlons with respect De l'Economie Politique Moderne. 8vo. to Vice and Immoraliiy. Ser firth in a SerHookham. 63.
mon adresses particularly to the Parish of An Account of the gallant Defence made Ali Sunds, in Northamp:01. 840. Evans. 64. at Mangalore in ihe East-Indies, in May Sunday Schools, som nenaud in a Sermon 1783. Svo. Bathurst. 4s.
preached at St. Aph. res Curtei bury, Dec. The Case of John Motherhill, of Bright. IS, 1785. By G ), Horne, 1) 1. Dean of helmstone, Taylor, by himself. 4to. Ran- Canterbury, and Preside in o: inigualeu Col
lege, Ord, 400. Rotonnion, rs. The Trial of John Motherhill, for a Rape Sermons preacheu in the Pirish Church of on Miss Wzde; by Juleph Gurney, folio, St. Albans, Wond ttrect. Bi Samuel Hoole, Keartley. 25. 6.
M. A. 8vo. Nicoli.
the means adopted; with Remarks on the Treatise on the Venereal Disease. By John Contagion in Maidstone Gaol. By Thomas Himter. 4to. Sold by the Author, il. 15. Day. 8vo. Wilkie. 6s.
Medical Sketches. By John Moore, M. D. Remarks on the means of obviating the 8vo. Cadell. 58.
fatal effects of the Bite of a Mad Dog, or otber Some Confiderations on the different ways rabid animals. By R. Hamilton, M. D. Svo. of removing confined and infectious Airy and Longman. 45. 6d.
For the EUROPEAN MAGAZINE, DESCRIPTION of LUDLOW CASTLE, in SHROPSHIRE.
(ILLUSTRATED BY AN ELEGANT ENGRAVED VIEW OF IT.] SOME idea of this castle, in which Comus lorde earl of Warwicke's arms, the earl of
was acted with great splendour, and Darhie, the earl of Worcester, the earl of which is now ruinous and perithing, may not Pembroke, and fir Harry Sidney's armes in be unacceptable to those who read Milton like maoner ; al these stand on the left Ide with the fond attentions of a lover. It was of the [great] chamber. On the other side, founded on a ridge of rock overlooking the are the armes of Northwales and Southwales, river Corve, by Roger Montgomery, about two red lyons and cwo golden lyons (for] the year 1112, in the reign of king Henry prince Arthur. At the end of the dining the First. But without entering into its more chamber, there is a pretty device, how the obscure and ently annals, we will rather ex- hedge bog broke his chayne, and came from hibit the state in which it might be supposed Ireland to Ludloe. There is in the hall a to fubfift, when Milton's drama was perform- great grate of iron, [a portcollis) of a huge ed.
Thomas Churchyard, in a poem called 'height.” fol. 79. In the hall, or one of the The Worthines of Wales, printed in 1587, great chambers, Comus was acted. We are has a chapter entitled, “ The Castle of Lud. told by David Powell the Welch hiftoria, “ loe." In one of the state-apartments, he that fir Henry Sidney kuight, made lor prementions a superb escocheon in stone of the fident of Wales in 1564, " repaired the castle arms of prince Arthur; and an empalement of Ludlowe, which is the chiefest house witbof St. Andrew's cross with prince Arthur's in the Marches, being in great decaie, as the arms, painted in the windows of the ball. chapel, the courthouse, and a fayre fountaine, And in the hall and chambers, he says, there &c. Allo he erected divers new buildings was a variety of rich workmanship, luitable within the laid caftell, &c." Hift. of Cimbria, to fu magnificent a castle. In it is a chapel, edit. 1580. P. 401. 410. In this castle, the he aduls, “ most trim and costly, so bravely creation of prince Charles to the Principality Wrouglie, fo fayre and finely framed, &c." of Wales and earldom of Chester, afterwards About the walls of this chapel were fumptu- Charles the First, was kept as a festival, and oudly painted “ a great device, a worke most folemnized with uncommon magnificence, in riche and rare," the arms of many kings of the year 1656. See a Narrative entitled England, and of the lords of the cattle, from " The Loue of Wales to their Soueraigne fu Walter Lacie the first lord, &c. “ The Prince, &c." Lond. 1616. 410. Many of the armes of al these afore spoken of, are gal- exteriour towers Itill remain. But the royal }3ntly and cunningly set out in that chapell.- apartments, and other rooms of fate, are Now is to be rehearsed, that fir Harry Sidney abandoned, defaced, and lie open to the web being iord president huylt (welve roomes in ther. It was an extenfive and fately fabric, the fayd cattle, which goodly buildings doth Over the stable-doors are the arms of queen iliewe a great beautie to the fame. He made Elizabeth, lord Pembroke, &c. Frequent aso a goofly wardrobe und-rneath the new tokens of antient pomp peep out from amidst prlor, and repayred an old tower called the rubbish of the mouldering fragments. fortynier's Tower, to keepe the auncient Priuce Arthur, abovementioned, son of Henry recordes in the same: and he repayred a fayre the Seventh, died in 1502, in this castle, Poume under the court house,--and made a which was the palace of the prince of Wales, great wall about the wood-yard, and built a appendent to his principality. k was conmolt braue conduit within the inner court: ftantly inhabited by his deputies, Ityled the and ail she newe buildings over the gate, fir Loris Presidents es, till the principaHarry Sidney, in bis duyes anu gusernment lity-court, a separate jurisdiction, was dirthere, made and let out, to the boncar of the folved by king William. The caitle 'TEq'ieene, and tlie glorie of the castle. There presented in one of the fourts of it's nie, in a goodly or ftately pl:ce, fec oui my Main.