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The man immortalized for “ purring Of Johnson, said Hogarth, he is not conlike a cat," was one Busby, a Proctor in the tented with believing the bible; he resolves Commons. He who barked so ingeniously, to believe nothing but the bible.--He added, and then called the drawer to drive away the Johnson, though fo wise a fellow, is more dog, was father to Dr. Salier of the Charter- like David then Solomon, for he says in his house. ---He who sung a song, and by corre- hafte, that all men are liars.-Johnson's 1pondeut motions of his arm chalked out a incredulity amounted almost to a disease. giant on the wall, was one Richardson, an When at Brighthelmstone he turned his attorney.--The letter signed Sunduy was back on Lord Bolingbroke, he made this ex. written by Miss Talbot ; and he fancied the cuse: I am not obliged to find reafons for tillets in the first volume of the Rambler respecting the rank of him who will not were sent by Miss Mullo, now Mrs. Cha- condescend to declare it by his dress, or some pone.

other visible mark; what are stars and other The papers contributed by Mrs. Carter signs of superiority made for ?, had much of his esteem, though he always blamed me for preferring the letter signed Mrs. Prozzi's Apology for the DOCTOR'S Chariola to the allegory, where religion and

ODD MANNERS. fuperftition are indeed most matterly deli

What may I not apprehend, who, if I neated.

relate anecdotes of Mr. Johnson, am obliged

to repeat expressions of severity, and senMISCELLANEOUS.

tences of contempt? Let me at least foften He did not take much delight in that fort them a little, by saying, that he did not hate of conversation, which confifted in telling the persons be created with roughness, or de. stories. He was, however, no enemy to that

spise those whom he drove from bim with fort of talk from the famous Mr. Foote, apparent scorn. He really loved and respec. " whose happiness of manner in relating was

ted many, whom he would not suffer to love such as fubdued arrogance, and rouled stupi.

him. He was even ungentle with those for dicy." His stories were truly like chofe of wbom he had the greatest regard. When I Biron in Love's Labour Loft, so very

one day lamented the death of a cousin killed tive,

in America, “ Prithee, my dear (said he)

have done with canting: how would the That aged years play'd truant åt bis tales, world be woi se for it, I may ask, if all your 'Aou younger hearings were quite ravith’d, relations were at once spitted like laiks, and - So sweet and voluble was his discourse.' roasted for Presto's supper?" (Presto was

the dog under the table.)-When we went Of all conversers, however, added he, the

into Wales together to Sir Robert Cotton's, late Hawkins Browne was the most delight

' at Lleweny, one day at dinner I meant to ful ; his talk was at once so elegant, so appa- please Mr. Johnson particularly with a difh rently artless, so pure, and so pleasing, it of young peas. Are they not charming ? seemed a perpetual stream of sentiment, faid' I to him. “ Perbaps, said he, they enlivered by gaiety,' and sparkling with

would be como a pig." I instance these to images.

excuse iny mentioning those he made to We talked of Lady Tavistock, who griev- others. ed herself to death for the loss of her husband. " She was rich, and wanted employment; so The cried, till she lost all power of restrain

Mrs. THBALE's Verses on Dr. Jornson, ing her tears. Other women are forced to When Mr. Thrale built the new library at outlive their busbands, who were just as Streatham, and hung up over the books the much beloved ; but they have no time for portraits of his favourite friends, that of Dr. grief. I doubt not if we had put Lady Ta- Johnson was last finished, and closed the numvistock into a chandler's shop, and given herber. It was almost impossible not to make a aurse-child to tend, her life would have verses on such an accidental combination of been saved. The poor and the busy have no circumstances, so I made the following ones ; leisure for sentimental sorrow.""

but as a character written in verse will for the On a Sermon in the City being commend most part be found imperfect as a character, ed, he asked the subject. On being told it I have therefore written a prose one, with was Friendship, he said, “ Why should little which I mean, not to complete, but conEvans preach on such a subject, where no clude these anecdotes of the best and wiselt one can be thinking of it?"-What are they man that ever came within the reach of my thinking on, Sir? Why, the men are think- personal acquaintance; and I think I might ing of their money, the women of their venture to add, that of all or any of my mope"

KK 2



Gigantic in knowledge, in virtue, in strength, While the inflammable temper, the positive Our company closes with Johnson at length ;

tongue, So the Greeks from the cavern of Polypheme Too conscious of right for endurance of past,

wrong, When wisest, and greatest, Ulysses came laft. We suffer from Jobnson ; contented to find, To his comrades contemptuous, we see him That some notice we gain from so noble a look down

mind, On their wit and their worth with a general And pardon our hurts, since so often we're frown,

found Since from Science' proud tree the rich fruit The balm of instruction pour'd into the 'he receives,

wound. Who could shake the whole trunk while they Tis thus for its virtues the chemists extol ;" turned a few leaves.

Pure rectified spirits, sublime alcohol ; His piety pure, his morality nice

From noxious putrescence preservative Protector of virtue, and terror of vice ;

pure, In these features Religion's firm champion A cordial in health, and in sickness a cure; display'd,

But exposed to the sun, taking fire at his Shall make infidels fear for a modern cru

rays, •

(blaze, sade :

Burns bright to the bottom, and ends in a

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KINNAIRD. (Said to be written by the Hon. DAINES BARRINGTON, Esq.] T Hege or her to fore inhabit have been HE many voyages for the better know- only to be expected after Mr. Bruce's death,

which both his make and health seem to reone of the most distinguished glories of the move the danger of for several years. present reign.

A Jate traveller, however, the Baron de Most of these, however, have rather been Tott, hath infinuated, that Mr. Bruce was neundertaken to explore very distant feas and ver at the sources of the Nile, because Mr. coasts, than to procure information with re- Bruce's servant (who was with him in Abys. gard to the interior parts of the four great finia) faid at Cairo, that he never accompa. cortinents.

nied his master to any such spot. In Europe even, we are not so well ac- If, therefore, this infinuation continues unquainted with districts which belong to the contradicted, as well as many other reports to Turkish empire, as we should be ; and we the prejudice of our very diftinguished tra. are still more ignorant in the Asiatic quarter, veller, the publication (whenever it may take of that immense tract which lies between place) will not receive the encire credit, Thibet and the N. E. extremity.

which I am persuaded it will most amply As for South-America, we must be chiefly deserve. contented with such opportunities of access as Having therefore lately procured the means the jealousy of the Spaniards will sometimes of disproving this moft ill-founded infinuation mdulge to the curiosity of the French, though of the Baron Tott, as well as some other obsuch researches are always denied to English, jećtions which have been circulated againit

the credit of Mr. Bruce's much-to-be-expecte The more interior parts of Africa, how- ed narrative, I think that it is right such inever, are equally open to every European na- formation should be early laid before the tion, provided it contains travellers of enter, public. I must, at the same time, premije, prize and abilities; and in this division of the that though I have the honour to be known globe the admission to Abyssinia hath gene. to Mr. Bruce, yet our acquaintance is not of rally been supposed to be the most difficult, the most intimate kind, nor have I seen him It is therefore much to be regretted, that for several years. He will not, moreover, when an Englishman (lo eminently qualified receive the most distant intimation of what I as Mr. Bruce) hath made so long a refidence am now publishing, otherwise the defence (if in this unfrequented empire, that the public any is requisite) would be infinitely more hould not have yet received the very inte- strong and accurate. resting information from him, which he is JAMES BRUCE, Esq. of Kinnaird, is a certainly enabled to give them. It is much gentleman of considerable family and fortune, to be feared, indeed, that the prospect of this and in 1763 was appointed Consul to Ai. communication is a diftant one, and perhaps giers, where he continued till 1765.

* I believe that this as well as other dates and facts which I shall state are accurate ; but as no application hath been made to Mr. Bruce himself, it is probable there may be some more stakes, though it is hoped of po great importance,

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In June 1764, he requested leave of ab. Where and when Mr. Bruce, received the sence from the Secretary of State for the French instruments is not known ; but as he Southern department, in order to make some was still hent on visiting Abyffinia, he gave a drawings of Antiquities near Tunis, for which commifhon to Mr. W. Rufiel, F. R. S. § for Mr. Bruce had very considerable talents *. a reflecting telescope, made hy Mr. Bird, or'

In Mr. Bruce's last letter from Algiers to Sborr ; a watch with a hand to point seconds, the same Secretary, datel December 29, 1764, and the newest and completest English AstroMr. Bruce alludes to another leave of absence, nomical Tables, all of which were to be sent which he had likewise requested, that he to Mr. Fremeaux ll, and forwarded to him at might visit parts of the African continent t. Alexandria, before Auguft.

How lor.g he contimied in Africa I have On the 29th of March, 1768, Mr. Bruce not had the opportunity of procuring informa- was at Sidon on the coatt of Syria. and wrote tion ; but having intentions afterwards of vi- to Mr. Ruffel from thence for the following fiting Palmyra, he was thipwrecked on the acklitional instruments, viz. A twelve feet recoat of Tunis, and plundered of everything fracting telescope, to be divided into pieces of by the barbarous inhabitants.

three feet, and joined with screws &; this teThe most distretling part of the loss was lescope was also accompanied by two thermoprobably that of his instruments, fo necessary meters, and two portable barometers. Mr. to a scientific traveller ; and though he after. Bruce morenver informed Mr. Russel, that he wards procured some of these, yet others was going into a country (viz. Abyffinia) (particularly a quadrant) could not be reco- from which few travellers had returned, and vered.

withed Mr. Rullel, or his philosophical Mr. Bruce, however, determining to re- friends, would send him their desiderata, as he pair this loss as soon as possible from France, was entirely at their service **. Mr. Bruce so much nearer to him than England, was so added, that if he could not obtain admission fortunate as to be provided with a time-piece 'into Abyssinia, he still would do his bett in and quadrant from that quarter I.

the cause of Science, on the eastern coast of Where he continued after his shipwreck the Red Sea. I have not heard, with any degree of ac- As Mr. Bruce had directed the instruments curacy; but on the 28th of January, 1768, to be ready for him at Alexandria by the be. he was at a French house in Aleppo, by which ginning of August 1768, it is probable tint route he probably returned from Palmyra. be reached Cairo about that time, from

* Letter of June 4th, 1764, at present in the office of Lord Sydney, which his Lordship has been so obliging as to permit me to examine.

f Mr. Bruce explains himself no further in this letter ; but it is believed that he proceeded confiderably to the southward of Algiers, and male those very capital drawings of remains of Roman architecture, which many have seen upon Mr. Bruce's return to England. Before he set out for Algiers, he informed fome of his friends, that the making such excursions for these interesting purposes was his principal inducement for accepting the confulship.

Upon this occasion Lewis the Fifteenth presented Mr Bruce with an iron quadrant, of four feet radius, as he had probably represented to the Academy of Sciences bis want of such an instrument, whilft he should be in Abyssinia : Mr. Bruce brought back with him to Ens gland this cumbrous fellow-traveller, and having put upon it an inscription to the following purport, is said to have presented it to the university of Glasgow :

“ With this inftrument given by the King of Franco, Lewis XV. Mr. Bruce proceeded to the sources of the Nile, it being carried on foot, upon men's shoulders, over the mountains of Abyssinia.” This information I received from that eminent maker of inftruments Mr. Nairne.

To conclude my account of this quadrant, it may not be improper to mention, that Mr. Bruce sent it to an illand in the lake of Dombea, when an attack was apprehended from the Gellas (the constant enemies of the Abyffinians), which ended in the plunder of Gondar. This lake is very near to Gondar.

Letter from Dr. Patrick Russel, at Aleppo, to Dr. Alexander Russel, in London, kindly communicated to me by Mr. W. Russel, late Secretary to the Turkey Company, and F. R.S.

Letter of February 11, 1768, received by Mr. Russel in London, April 27, # A merchant of eminence in London.

In order to make it more portable. ** Mr. Ruffel was unfortunately confined by a severe fit of the gout, at Bath, when he received this letter, and therefore could not make this kind offer from Mr. Bruce to his philo. loptical friends, early enough to transmit them to Alexandria, where Mr. Bruce was to be in August 1968.


year. 1

whence he proceeded to Abysania, by way of Afronomer Royal. The first of these obserJelda, * Mszava,t and Arquico ģ

vations was made on the joth of January Whilft Mr. Bruce was at Jedda, he was 175), and the last, on the 5th of Octeber met by some English gentlemen returning 1772, from 30 to 38 degrees of E. longafrom the East ludies, among whom was tude from Greenwich, and from 12 to 23 Mr. Newland, who hath published a map of degrees of N. latitude. It need scarcely be the Red Sea, and who availed himself of Mr. faid, therefore, that these observations, which Bruce's observations to fix the situation of include lo large an extent of almost unknown that port. !!

country, must prove a valuable addition to It is supposed that Mr. Bruce did not stay geography; and the more fo, because the long at Jeuda, as he is faid to have expered Portuguelc, who first visited Abyssinia, give the coalt on the E. fide as low as Mocha, neither longitude nor latitude of any place ia during which drawings were taken of many that empire +ti and Poncet only two laticurious fith in the Red Sca. Mr Bruce must tuues, viz. those of Sennar and Giefum. II also have entered Abyffinia, either at the lat- As Mr. Bruce made the last of his obserter end of 1768, or the very begioning of vations on the 5th of October 1772, it is 1769, as he made an observation on that part probable that he might then be on his return of Africa on the 15th of January of that to Cairo, through Nabia and Upper Egypt,

where he arrived on the 15th of January In this perilous enterprize he was accom. 1773, after an absence of more than four panied by a Greek servant (named Michael) years; bringing back with him his Greek and an Italian painter, who probably affilted servant, named Michael. in the numerous articles which might deserve Mr. Bruce continued at Cairo four months, representation, and who died of a flux before during which time he had daily intercourse Mr. Bruce's return to Cairo in 1773. with Mr. Antes, the substance of a letter

Mr. Bruce mult at times also have been from whom will contain the principal confuaflisted by many others, as his instruments, tation of Baron Tott, and others, who have apparatus for drawings #, and other neceffa- been incredulous with regard to Mr. Bruce's ries, from their weight and bulk could not be expected narrative. easily transported from place to place, and Mr. Antes was born of German parents, perhaps required beasts of burthen. To who were pofsefied of lands in the back let. Eliete likewise must be added several medi- tlements of Pennsylvania ; and having thewed cines which enabled him to perform several early abilities as a mechanic, removed to cures on the inhabitants, and probably occa- Europe, 'where he distinguished himself fiored the good reception lie afterwards met in the art of watch-making, which he learnt with.

without apprenticeship. Being a member of I thall leave such other particulars as hap- the church known by the name of Unitas pened to Mr. Bruce during his long residence Fratrum, and commonly called Moravian, in this unfrequented country, to his own su- be wished to be employed in their mifiions, perior narrative, and thall therefore only state, and more especially that of the same perfua. that he made a large nu.nber of obfervations** fion established at Cairo, who always have to fix the situation of places, out of which 31 desired to procure opportunities of instructing have been examined and computed by the the Abyflinians, 9

Or Giedda, the port to Mecca and Medina. + A small island on the W. coast of the Red Sea, N. lat. 15. the most southern part of the Turkish dominions in Africa.

§ A port to the S. of Mazava. The neighbouring district is under the dominion of an Arabic Shiek. The Porluguele entered Abytiinia by the same route. # I have this information from that distinguished Geographer Mr. Dalrymple, F. R. S.

Mr. Bruce carried with him so many hlack lead pencils for this purpose, that he presented several to Mr. Antes on bis return to Cairo. Who Mr. Antes was will hereafter appear.

**Of the eclipses of Jupiter's Satellites. -1 am obliged to Vice-Admiral Campbell for this communication,

+ to “ Many of the countries in Ethiopia are divernly placed by divers, wbich Alvarez, in « his to many years travel in Ethiopia, might well have acquainted us with, had he accuf"stomed himself by rules of art to have observed by instruments.” Purchas.

1 These two latitudes were fixed by Father Benevent, who accompanied Poncet, and died whilst in Ahyaliniz.

q Dr. Hcker, who was a physician, and ordained minister of the same church, was thipSiecked not many years face on the Red Sea, in making this attempt, and obliged to resin

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Mr. Bruce had left Cairo '15 months be: " which was not less than four months, no fore Mr. Antes came there ; and the inter-' “ day passed without their seeing each other, course, therefore, between them first took 6. which gave Mr. Antes frequent opportuplace on Mr. Bruce's return in 1773. “ nities of inquiring with regard to Ahysi

Having given this account of Mr. Bruce “ nia, concerning which he was particularly and Mr. Antes's being first known to each “ interested from a reason before stated . other, I thall now rate the substance of “ That Mr. Antes frequently conversed some information received from the latter, “ with Michael, Mr. Bruce's Greek servant, who is now established at Fulneck near 6 who is stated to have by no means had a Leeds, after having resided eleven years at “ lively imagination, and who always agreed Cairo.

“ with the circumstances mentioned by his " That Mr. Brace left Cairo in 7768, « master, and more particularly in relation

and proceeded thence, by way of Jedda, to their having visited the sources of the " Mazava, and Arquico, into Abyssinia. “ Nile, which the Baron Toit doubts of, from

“ That in 1771, a Greek came from “ having had a conversation with this same " Gondar in Abyffinia, who had a draft

“ Greek servant." * from Mr. Bruce on a French merchant Mr. Antes adds, “ That Baron Tott staid

a Cairo (named Rose) t for some hun- “ but a few days at Cairo ; and, from his " dreds of German crowns, which were

« Thort refidence in that country, hath given " paid immediately. This draft was accom- < several crroneous accounts relative to " panied by a letter from Mr. Bruce, and “ Egypt. Mr. Antes, on the other hand,

was the first time that he had been “ had almost daily conversations with Mi" heard of at Cairo since his departure in “ chael for several years, and often in relation 1768.

to the sources of the Nile **" That after Mr. Bruce's return to Cairo Lastly: “ That after Mr. Bruce left Cairo, " in 1773, Mr. Antes faw a young Arme. " Mr. 'Antes had conversed with others + +

nian ( and his father (who came likewise " who had known Mr. Bruce in Abyffinia, " from. Gundar) at Mr. Pini's, an Italian " and that he was there cailed Maalin ja. "merchant of Cairo, where they aud Mr. “ kube, or Mr. James.” " Bruce conversed in the Abyssinian lan- After this state of facts, I conceive that no

guage ||, and seemed glad to meet him one can entertain a reasonable doubt with re. again.

gard to Mr. Bruce's not only having visited, " That Mr. Bruce returned to Cairo from but resided long in Abyffinia ; though it is " Abyfiinia

, by way of Nubia and Upper remarkable that the Jesuits expreised the " Egypt, which can be fu!ly attelteil by the same doubts in relation to Poncet, who trad " Franciscan Friars who are established at continued there nearly as long as Mr. Bruce. "llie, near Asyuwan, which latter is the Poncet happened to be a layman, and the highest town of Upper Egypt.

Jeruits, perhaps, would not approve of any " That during Mr. Bruce's stay at Cairo, narrative that did not come from father Bene. to Cairo.—1 am obliged to the Rev. Mr. Latrone for this communication, as likewise feve. ral others, and more particularly, the letter from his brother-in-law, Mr. John Antes, extracts from which will foon be ftatcd.

Generally considered as the capital. † It hath before been ft.ited, that Mr. Bruce established himself in a French house at Aleppo, from which most probably be obtained credit upon a house of the l'ame nativa a Cairo, and was thence supplied with a power of drawing from Abyffinia.

His name was Paolo. The Armenians are the most enterprising of any iniand merchants -Their religious notions also agree with those of the Abysiinians, which is a molt material point.

1 Mr. Antes does not speak the Ahyllinian language himself, but was informed by Paolo, the Armenian merchant, who had long refldcd at Gondar, that their conversation was in that tongue.

Viz. his belonging to the Moravian mission at Cairo, who have alway's wished to visit ** Mr. Aptes's peculiar curiosity with regard to Abyssinia, hath before been accounted for.

+ + There is an intercourse between Cairo and Abyssinia, as the Patriarch of the Copts refides at the former, from whom the Archbishop of Abyssinia receives his consecration. The Copes are said to be a branch of the Easterii church, who both circumcise and baptize. Their Patriarch always allwnes the aame of Mark. The present Patriarch is Mark

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that country.

the 10-th.

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