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VI. The Transactions at Salone ;
Mr. Burke produced, and which were order VII. The Establishment Contractors' ed to be printed for the perusal of the MemSalaries;
bers. Ii was also ordered in consequence VIII. On the Head of Private Money of a motion, that these charges should be
taken by Warren Hastings, Esq. taken into consideration, by a Committee of IX. On the Head of Relignarion : the whole House, on Wednesday the 26th The subltance of which is as follows : instant.
1. With gross injustice, cruelty, and Call of the House discharged, and no day treachery against the faith of nations, in appointed. hiring British soldiers for the purpose of
APR16 5. extirpating the innocent and helpless people The House having resolved itself into a who inhabited the Rohillas.
Committee of Supply, II. With using the authority delegated to The Chancellor of the Exchequer said, him through the East-India Company, for that it was with great reluctance he role on treating the King Shaw Allum, Emperor of this occasion, as it was to propose additional lodoltan, or otherwise the Great Mogul, burthens on the public, in consequence of with the greatest cruelty, in bercaving him the arrear on the Civil Lift. He then stated, of confiderable territory, and with-holding that since the Act of retrenchment, relative forcibly that tribute, of 26 lacks of rupees, to the expences of his Majesty's Civil Lift, which the Company engaged to pay as an had passed, it had been found that a congannual tribute or compensation for their derable arrear had been annually incurred. holding in his name the Dewannee of the Of the 900,000l, which had been granted to rich and valuable provinces of Bengal, Ba- his Majesty, 50,000l. had been mortgaged har, and Orilla.
for the payment of Exchequer bills. The III. With various instances of extortion, present real debt of the Civil Lift he stated and other deeds of mal-administration at 30,000l. which he proposed to pay off. against the Rajab of Benares. This article It was also his intention to move for consisted of three different parts, in each of 180,000l. more for the payment of the rewhich Mr. Hastings was charged with à maining Exchequer bills, which series of the most wanton oppressions and chargeable on the Civil List, in order that crueities. He gave in papers concerning the his Majesty might have the annual sum of rights of the Rajah, his expulsion, and the 900,000l. clear of all deductions whatever. fundry revolutions which have been effected He concluded with moving, that the sum of by the British influence under the controul 30,000l. be granted to his Majesty for the of the late Governor-General in that Zc- payment of the arrears of the Civil Lift to Inindary.
the 6th of Jan. 1786. IV. The numerous and insupportable Mr. Stanhope said, he was sorry to obr hardhips to which the Royal Family of serve that the expence of the Civil Lift was Oude had been reduced, in consequence of so great as to incur an arrear, and he was their connction with the Supreme Council.
afraid that as the disbursements of it were V. With having, by no less than six revo- so numerous, it was not likely to be much lutions, brought the fertile and beautiful diminished. provinces of Zurruckabad to a Itate of the Mr. Drake professed the greatest loyalty molt deplorable ruin.
and attachment to his Sovereign, but could VI. With impoverishing and depopulat- not avoid taking notice of a Itriking absur. ing the whole country of Oude, and ren- dity which appeared in the accoudis on the dering that country, which
table, in which were stated icool. falary to garden, an uninhabited desarr.
the Master of the Hawks, and but 15l. to VII. With a wanton, an unjust, and a the Clerk of the House of Comnions. percicious exercise of his powers, and the Mr. Pitt owned, that the coniraft, congreat situation of trust which he occupied in fidering the imporiance of the two offices, India, in overturning the ancient establish- was at first appearance ridiculous. But ments of the country, and extending an when the bill ot retrenchment was brought undue influence by conniving at extravagant in, and it was proposed to abolish the place contracts, and appointing inordinate salaries. of Master of the Hawks, it was found to be VIII. With receiving money against the
a patent place granted by Charles the Se. orders of the Company, the Act of Parlia- cond, and hereditary in the family of the ment, and his own sacred engagements ;
Duke of St. Alban's. and applying that money to purposes totally Mr. Powis said, that it was not his intenimproper and unauthorized.
tion to give any opposition to the motion, ix. With having resigned by proxy for but as a guardian of the public purse, he the obvious purpose of retaining his fitua- withed to know whether the crtablishment tion, and denying the deed in person, in of the Civil List was so regulated as to prodirea opposition io all those powers under vide against a lavish expenditure of the watch he acted.
public money, and the exiravagant and unThele were fubftantially the several charges necessary appointment of Ambassadors ? EVROP. MAG,
was once a
Also, whether the Rt. Hon, the Chancellor of After which the motions were severally the Exchequer would pledge himself to the put, and carried without a division, and the House, that the fum now to be granted House adjourncd. would prevent any future applications of a
APRIL 6. firnilar nature ? Mr. Pitt said, that with respeet to the liament relative to annuities, came to the
lo a Committec on the several Aks of Par. Hon. Gentleman's first question, in which he presumed he alluded io che appointinent
following resolutions, viz. of the Earl of Chelterfield to Madrid, and and impositions, granted by any Aą ur Ads
ist. “ That all and every the duties, taxes, that of a Member of this House (Ms. Eden) of Parliament now in force, and appropriated to Paris, it had been thought expedient for reasons of state to appoint an Ambassador to
to the payment of any public annuities for the Court of Madrid; but as soon as it was
lives or years, which duties are to cease and known that there was no intention of a simio said annuitics, be further continued and
determine at the expiration of the term of the lar appointment on the part of the Court of
made perpetual." Spain, he was immediately recalled. With regard to the proposed negociation at Paris, of the said term, for which any public an.
2d."" That from and after the expiration as it required a more minute acquaintance nuities for lives or years are now payable by with commercial affairs than could generally virtue of any A&or Acts of Parliament, the be acquired by those who from their pur- annual sums appropriated to the payment of fuits and rank in life were usually chosen for such aonuities thali be respc&tively vetted in Ambassadors, it had been deemed neceffary Coinmishioners to be by them applied toto make a separate appointment on that ac.
wards the reduction of the national debr." count ; and he was persuaded the House would agree with him in thinking, that a
On a second reading of the arrears of the better choice could not have been made than Majesty thc sums of 180,000l. and 30,000l
Civil Lift, for the purpose of granting his the Hon. Gentleman who had been chosen to that important office. As to pledging
additional, himself that no fimilar demands would be
Mr. Martin, in a short discourse, pointed made on the score of the Civil Lilt, it was
out the neceflity of economy in the exper
diture of the Civil Lift, which, in his opinion, impossible for him to say more, than that it was his opinion that the expences of the
was encrcaling beyond the ability of the
people. Civil Lift might and ought to be confined to the sum of 900,000l. annually.
Mr. Drake, jun. went over the same Mr. Sheridan made a few observations on
Mr. Sheridan then moved, that a plan of the extravagant appointments of the Am
the civil establishment, specifying, in lepas balladors alluded to, from which he con
rale classes, the various departmeots, pay: tended the arrear had arisen. In the course of bis speech he took notice of the provilion ments, &c. in conformity to the Ad palled for the Prince of Wales, which he thought
on this head, in the 21tt of his present Ma. was by much too small for the necellary jefty, be printed for the use of the Mem
bers. expences of his eftablishment, and he hoped the Right Hon. Gentleman would bring for that the civil establishment for the two left
Mr. Jolliffe, after a few remarks, m«ved ward a motion to that purpose in the course years be made out with all posible correaof this sellion.
* Mr. Pitt said, it would be presumptionnels and dispatch. in him to bring forward any motion for the Mr. Pitt's Finance Bull". increase of the Prince of Wales's establish- On the Speaker putting the quellion, that ment, in any other manner than by a message the Bill be now read a fecond time, from his Majesty. * Particulars of SUPPLY, and of WAYS and MEANS, upon which Mr. PITT founded
his Calculations, that the sum of 750,000l. might be applied to the Reduction of our Debt by Christmas, leaving a net Surplus over and above the lipulated Annual Surplus, of some Hundred Thousand Pounds.
The House had voted for seamen
Mr. Hussey said, that by comparing the Sir Grey Cooper went on the same ground. expenditure of the revenue in the years 1784 He approved of the principle, but thought and 1785, contained in the report of the the Minister was premature, and that his Committee, he was persuaded there could be calculations were not well founded ; and that no surplus. The Right Hon. Gentleman, he there was not any foundation for believing said, had fatisfied him by engaging that the that this new Sinking Fund would be lasting furplus should be made good without any or cffcctual. new burthens; but there were some things Mr. Grenville said, that he was satisfied that made him doubt this; pod particularly, that it was impossible any thing could be eria he said, that some of the objects mentioned tirely free from error ; but that he was purby the Commitice, as being provision for suaded, that as far as a matter of that kind this, were very improper. He must take could be ascertained, he thought there was notice of that which they mentioned, of ap- every prospect of its being well established, plying the unclaimed dividends for that pur- and on a permanent foundation. pose. The public certainly had not a right Mr. Steele supported Mr. Grenville, and to these; there could be 110 doubt of there shewed that the additions in part of the rebciag owners to these dividends, and they venue were considerable, particularly with ought to be enquired after, before their pro- regard to tea. perty was appropriated to any particular pur. Mr. Fox observed, that he was not going to pose. If a sum, he said, of 3.500,000l. is urge any thing against the second reading of to be provided for, lat it fairly
and openly be the Bill; on the contrary, he was a friend to provided for. The Sinking Fund is of so its principle, and he wilhed it might pass much importance, that nothing ought to be this year. But he thought he ought not to kft doubiful about its certainty. Let it be suffer it to go through a second reading, met then with spirit, and let means be found without making some remarks upon it. in to answer this sum. According to the opinion the first place, he did not believe that there of a celebrated author, he said, who had been really was an efficient surplus of one million quoted some time ago (Ms. Necker) the great that could be applied this year to the readvantage that was pollelled by this nation demption of the National Debt; and his above the French, was the publicity of our reason for thinking so was, that the proba. measures, that every thing was known, and bility of the future existence of such a (ur. the foundation on which it food clearly plus, was founded on a comparison of the feen. If then it was wise and prudent to let produce of the taxes this year, with the proafide a million annually, let whatever was an bable expenditure, not of this year, but of incumbrance be provided for openly, and the year 1790. And if the comparison was not left doubtful. On the whole, he said, to be between the revenue and expenditure that he agreed to the principle, but he of the present year, not only there would thought the public would not find the advan. not be a furplus of a million, but in fact there Lages they expected from it.
would not be any surplus at all. However,
Brought forward £. 12,267,085 If to this be added the Exchequer Bills, which the Civil Lift was pledged to
pay, but which he hould propose that Parliament should take on itself, amounting to
210,000 The total of the Supplies would be £. 12,477,085
The WAYS and MEANS, on the other Hand, were as follow : Land and Malt
2,750,000 Exchequer Bills
5,500,000 Surpius of Sinking Fund in hand
582,000 Enimated produce for 1786
3,444.000 Arrears of respited Duty from the Eal-India Company Life Annuities, &c. 1,086,480
£. 13,362,480 From which deduct the Supplies as above 12,477,086 And there remains a Surplus
£. 885,394 From which deduct the three quarterly payments, beginning on 5th July, of 250,000L per quarter, for the reduction of our debes, amounting to
750,000 And there would fill be left a net surplus of
135,394 But if, as the Committee stated, the revenue should rise according to the latest experience, there would lill be a further difference in our favour of
313,699 Making in this case a clear excess accruing at Chriftmas next (above the regular furplus) of
he fill will.:d that the Bill should pass; and sums now allotted ; but as it was absolutely so great a friend was he to the idea of re- necessary to grant an augmentation, he would, deeining the National Debt, and conse- with permission of the Committee, move the quently of creating a Sinking Fund, that he following resolution : That a stamp duty of thought Parliament ought to set about it this 6d. per sheet be laid on parchment and paper year; and if the surplus, should there be used in the law proceedings in any cause in any, was ever so fmall, he was of opinion Scotland above 1 21. sterling. He was of opithat the plan of redemption ought to go on. nion this would fully answer the purpose of But he would not rest satisfied with appro- augmentation. Il, however, there Ihould priating merely whatever surplus might ac- happen to be a deficiency, Parliament must crue; he would provide amillion fund to car- be applied to for an additional duty; and if ry into effect ihe provisions of the Bill. But there should be a surplus, the money would these provisions did not all meet his approba. be appropriated to the public service. The tion ; especially that by which the fund was motion was agreed to. to be made unalienable in time of war. This The Lord Advocate of Scotland adverted was calling upon pofterity to do, what por- to his proposition of laft year, and observed, terity would perhaps find it improper to do, that as there was no idea of diminishing the to keep one million locked up, when the number of Scotch Judges, but to grant them neceili: ies of the State might be so urgent as additional salaries by another mode, he hoto call for an immediate supply:
ped it would meet with the approbation of Mr. Dempster wished the scheme pro- every one. The present salaries of the Scorch posed might be rendered effcctual; bui he Judges, after paying the poundage, &c. were thought there was great risk by its being, on found very inadequate to support their rank particular emergencies, rendered alienable, in society, the fum total of each being only and that the very circumstance of projecting about 6411. per annum. He apprehended it at 'a period when such revolution: had ta- that what was called the stock of the Court, ken place relative to the objects of the Sink- 'ought to be paid into the Exchequer. By 'ing Fund, argued nothing favourable to its the proposition which he bad now the honour permanent existence.
of submitting to the House, he proposed that The motion was then put and agreed to. 'the salaries of the ordinary Judges of the
It was then moved, that the Bill be com- Court of Sellion should be augmented in mitted on Monday, wbich was also agreed 1000l. per annum, and the chiet Judges in
proportion. The Judges salaries in the other
Courts, such as the Exchequer, Admiralty, The Speaker informed the House he was and Commissary, should likewise rece ve an indisposed, and little able at that mo- augmentation. He enlarged conliderably on ment to discharge the duties of his office.- the subject, but as bis lord ship speaks in a l'pon this an adjournmcat was proposed, and very low tone, it was inposible to collea instantly took place.
the other particulars. He then moved, APRIL 10.
That the sum of 2000l. each be granted to The House having resolved itself into a the Chief Baron, and to the President of tbe Committee for the purpole of taking into Court of Scffion. And consideration a proposition for the augmen- That the fum of 600!. be granted to the tation of the salaries of the Scotch Judges, Lord Justice Clerk, and 300l. to each of the the Marquis of Graham in the chair, Lords of Justiciary, in addition to thcir pre
Mr. Dundas rose and observed, that he fent salarics. was fully persuaded the propofition which He afterwards moved a similar augmentahe now meant to submit to the House, would tion to the other Judges or Barons of the weet with little or no opposition from any Court of Exchequer, by which he proposed quarter. It was relative to an augmentation that their salaries thould be increased to the of the salaries of the Judges in the several sum of 1000l. per annum. Courts of Scotland. It would be obvious The Lord Advocate iben moved, that the to every gentleman conversant in the busi- sum of 400l. per annum be granted to the ne's, that the persons alluded to deferved an Lord High Admiral of Scotland, and that the augmentation to their talaries. He expatiated sum of 1201. per annum be granted to the on the various lalaries which had hitherto Judges of the Commissary Court, in addit oo been allowed the Judges, stating the nature to their prefent salaries. These motions of the original provisions, and forming a were agrecd to. comparifon between their situation and that
APRIL 11. of those in England. The first augmentation Mr. Sheridan having understood that Mr. which iook place in favour of the English Pilt intended to deter the farther confideraJudges was by a ftamp duty ; the second tion of the unalienable million, he wouid augmentati n was paid out of a duty of 6d. also defer a motion he wished to have agrper pound on pentions. By an act of the taled previous to the opening of the Budget. tenth of Queen Anne, the salaries of the Mr. Pitt allured him that had been opened S.olcb Judges had been fixed at the dificrent a fortnight.
Mr. Sheridan then moved, that the claims engaged in this trade three-fourths of them of the American Loyalists, allowed and to be should be British, he faid, he would inallosed, be laid before the House. Agreed: clude under the general plan, and not move
Mr. Jenkinson moved for leave to bring in for it separately. a bill for confining the freightage of Great- Mr. Dempiter opposed the scheme. The Britain to Britith-built fhips navigated by Whale Filhery, he laid, required every coBritish seamen, which was agreed to. couragement, and he would pledge kimleif
The Militia bill, with the intended clauses, to prove so at the bar of the House, and was ordered to be printed, upon the motion movec, That the business should be postof Mr. Pitt, who in the conversation on this poned till this day fix months, or that viia fubject mentioned that the Militia would not voce evidence should be heard at the bar. be called out this year.
Mr. Jenkinfon's motion was also opposed The Turbot hlhery bill was postponed for by Mr. Hulley, Mr. Wilberforce, Mr. S. three months.
Thornton, Mr. B. Warlon, Mr. B. GalA:RIL 12.
coyne, Lord Surrey, and Mr. Hammet, who Mr. Burke presented leven more articles all spoke for continuing the bounty of 405. of impeachment against Governor Hastings, which were ordered to be printed, and to be Lord Mulgrave and Mr. Pilt spoke in faconfidered with the former.
vour of Mr. Jenkinson's monon The fors Mr. Pite adveried to the circumstance of mer considered the subject in two points of smuggling wines. The fact he stated was, view, as connected with trade; and tecondly, that though it was generally allowed that as connected with the Navy. With regard more wine was drank at the present period to the firit of them, so far as the bounty than some years ago, yet the average on the tended to promote our advantage at home, importation of that article was from 7 to by furnishing us with oil, whalebone, and 8000 tons less than 60 years preceding the other necessary articles, so far it ought to, present time. The cause of this strange oca be encouraged, and lo far it was advania
zeous, currence he attributed either to the increase in the view of exporting those commoditics. of smuggling, or to the manufacture of a the case was different, for it only ejabled our species of liquor which was fold under the merchants to supply themselves; and in this denomination of foreign wines. In cither view was a lots rather than a profit to the view the evil called for the application of a country. As to connexion of the litery with remedy. He therefore gave notice, that, on the navy, he could only consider it as but a a subsequent day, he would make a motion nursery for scanien. Those employed in the for leave to bring in a Bill for that purpose; trade, after a few trips, soon found it more the object of which would be to put the ina- advantageous to go on board mrchant thips ; nagement of the duty on wines under the and with regard to them, it could only be management of the Board of Excise.
faid, chat they were better seamen than if they Lord Surrey aiked the Minister, whether had not been employed in the whale fillaery. he intended to bring forward any propofi- Taking the matter, therefore, in those points tions this year relative to a Reform in the of view, he law no neceflity for continuing Representation and, on the latter's answer the high bounty of
495. ing that he did not, the Noble Earl gave no- The Committee then divided on Mr. tice, that on the aft of May he would make Dempster's motion, a motion on that subjcct.
Nous 41--Ayes 15 -Majority 26. The House having resolved itself into a It having been thus negatived, Mr. JenCommittee on the Whale Filhery,
kinson's paired without a divilion, and the Mr. Jenkinson entered at some length into House having been resumed, adjourned im. an history of this subject, and, from the evi- mediately. dence which had been collected by the Committee of Council, as well as the documents Mr. Jenkinson, after the report was on the table, he stated the rise and progress, brought up from the Committee of the and the various fluctuations of this species of whole House on the Trade aod Navigation trade, and endeavoured to thew that it had of this Country, moved, That the same be flourished more or less under different pe- received ; which being agreed to, he said, riods, and that this circumstance was not so in order to give the public fufficient time to much owing to the influence of bounties, as digest the subject, he wilhed to have the to o.ber causes. His great view in making Bill printed, and to be distribuied through these observations was to thew, that there the country, in order that any suggestions was no necelliy for continuing fo large a the mercantile part of the coin inunity had 10 bounty as 4os. per ton, as the trade was a offer, might be received: for these reasons riting and flourishing one; and also to intro he moved, That the second reading of the duce come sort of regulation, by means of Bill might be appointed for Tuesday se'n. which our thips in this trade might be chiefly night, the first day after the recess, which manned by British failors. He therefore was agreed to. moved, That a bounty of 30s. per ton be The Speaker put the question of adjourngiven to all ships in the Whale Fionery, The ment till Tuesday the 25th, which was also other regulation, which was that of mariners agreed to.