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ceeded against as a subje&t of England, and “ But all above, around, below, by his peers condemned, as a traitor to the “ Ditad fights, dire sounds, and thrieks of kirg who had made him a knight, The author has added a short history of the
" Awhile I'll weap Cyndyllan Nain, bards; a race of men who poffefsed, for ma
« And pour the weak desponding strain : ny ages, so great an influence over the genius « Awhile I'll footh my troubled breast, of the Welsh, inspiring them with hospitable « Then in eternal filence rest."manners, and with the sentiments of freedom
After reprobating the massacre of the and glory. This our limits will not permit
bards, whom the conqueror sacrificed thro' us to give an account of; we can only, as a Specimen of their poetry, give the following a policy as atrocious as it was illiberal, our tranflation of an elegy written by Llywarche author concludes his work with the follow. ben, a British bard of the sixth century, on
ing remark. 6. The emotions which so inthe death of Cyndyllan, prince of Powis.
teresting a spectacle, as that of an ancient and
gallant nation falling the victiins of private "Come forıh and see, ye Cambrian dames,
ambition, might at the time have excited, “ Fair Pengwern's royal roofs in flames !
have at this period lost their poignancy and The foe the fatal dart hath flung,
force. A new train of ideas ariles, when " (The foç that speaks a barbarvus tongue)
we see that the change is beneficial to the " And pierc'd Cyndyllan's princely head,
vanquished: when we see a wild and precaAnd firetchid your champion with the dead : rious liberty fucceeded by freedom, secured • His heart, which late with martial fire
by equal and fixed laws: when we see man • Bade his lov'd country's fues expire,
ners hostile and barbarous, and a spirit of ra. (Such fire as wastes the forest hill)
pine and cruelty, softened down into the arts & Now like the winter's ice is chill.
of peace, and the milder habits of civilized « O'er the pale corse, with boding cries, life: when we see this remnant of ancient “ Sad Argoed's cruel eagle flies;
Britons uniting in interest and mingling in He flies exulting o'er the plain,
friendship with the English, and enjoying the " And scents the blood of heroes Nain. fame constitutional liberties, the purity of ( Dire bird! this night my frighted ear which, we trust, will continue uocurrupted " Thy loud, ill.omen's voice shall hear : as long as this empire thall be numbered " I know thy cry, that-screams for food, among the nations of the earth."
And thirsts to drink Cyndyllan's blood. The perusal of this volume has afforded us " No more the mansion of delight,
mych pleasure. « Cyndyllan's fall is dark to-night;
Mr. Warrington, who has upon the whole # Nor more the midnight hour prolongs
acquitted himself with no ipconfiderable $ With fires, and lamps, and festive songs.
degree of merit, appears throughout, the Its trembling bards amicted shun
warm friend of liberty, and fully equal to “ The hall, hereav'd of Cyndrwyn's son.
the task he has undertaken. If the nature of * Its joyous visitants are fled,
the subject prevented his displaying very great “ Its hospitable fires are dead :
abilities, he has at least established a claim « No longer rang’d on either hand
considerably beyond mediocrity. " Its dormitory, couches stand : Boswell's Journal of a Tour to the Hebrides with Dr. Johnson.
[ Continued from page 173. ] OUR laft Critique ended with this fen- in your 303d page you maft repeat it :
cence." We have already had occasion “ The man in a gaol, fajd be (i. e. the Doce to point out some of Dr. Johuson's strange tor), has more room, better food, and comideas on sea affairs.'-Here we ftopped, and monly better company, and is in safety." now thus resume the subject. In Boswell, In this sentence every thing is as fallacious p. 151, the Doctor says, " No man will be as the motive of safety is bale. - The Doctor a sailor who has contrivance enough to get in another page of Boswell ridicules the suphimself into a gaol, for being in a ship is position that the labourer is encouraged to being in a gaol with the chance of being submit to his fate by the idea that he is ferv. drowned.” - In the name of all that is capri- ing the Public. Be that as it may, buch the cious, what is this !!! A most notorious fact labourer and the sailor are stimulated by the denied (for there are thousands of voluntary thought that they are providing an indepen. sailors), and the baseft principles set up as dence for their families and then selves; and superior wisdom! Such foolery is enough it is well known how much the desire of to make one fick. You should not have beating an enemy, and supporting the honour recorded these filly rants, Mr. Boswell ; yet of his own ship, inspires the meaneft falas, of the Royal Navy. These are feelings of like to be left in the dark. And Mr. Bofwhich the rascal who abandons his family, well's incivility, arising from the most civil bilks his creditors, cuts himself off from the intentions, deserved, at the worst, no such duties of society, and sculks in a gaol for punishment as the Doctor's wrath had defear of being drowned, is utterly incapable. creed-never co speak tu him more after they Mr. Boswell ought not to have given the had returned to Edinburgh.—Bu let us allo Doctor's reveries as his serious thoughts. view the fair side of this quarrel in its happy The Doctor knew that the failor served his termination. Dr. Johnson, on being told that country, and that the fellow in gaol was a a friend had taken offence at a harsh exprel. rotten member, a drawback and burthen on fion of his, had some days before made this the public.
excellent remark" What is to come of In page 153, we find our travellers lodged society, if a friendship of twenty years very meanly in the house of one who appears ftanding is to be broken off for such a cause ?" to have been a hero in heart, though low in As Bacon says, adds Mr. Boswell, rank and fortune. He was going to emja
“ Who then to frail mortality shall trust, grate to America, unable to live under the
But limns the water, or bul writes in duft." oppreffion of tiis Laird. The Doctor wished that M^Queen, the landlord, were Laird, and Mr. B. on the morning after the Doctor's the Laird to go to America. “ M'Queen anger, reminded him of this sentiment; and very generously answered, he should be sorry the reader of generous feeling must be highly for it; for tbe Laird could not shift for him- pleased when he finds the good Doctor thus felf in America as he could." Yet in this confeffing his over-heat :-" He owned," noble-hearted fellow's house were our tra- says Mr. B. " he had spoken to me in pafvellers afraid of having their throats cut in fron; that he would not have done what he the night for their money; for the landlord threatened ; and that if he had, he would was about to leave the country!!!--Poor have been ten times worse than 1; that M'Queen walked fome miles with them nexo forming intimacies would indeed be " limning morning, by way of friendly convoy. -We the water, were they liable to such sudden had almost omitted Mr. Boswell's accoun: of dissolution.". This excellent remark ought his falling afleep at this poor brave fellow's to be deeply impressed on the memory of house :-"| fancied myself bit by innume- every man who has professed friendthip. rable vermin under the clothes ; and that a We now come to the visit to Sir Alexanspider was travelliag from the wainscot to
der Macdonald. -- It is no uncommon thing wards my month. At lalt I fell into insen- in England to see the hereditary pofleffors of fibility.”
the most ancient lordships forsaking with la page 161, the reader is amused with a
their families their mansions and parks, and quarrel between our learned travellers. The taking up their residence in little boxes and evening grew dusky, and “ we spoke none,” obscure retreats Some are woefully compelled says Mr. Boswell; who, to get the inn pre- to this step by their former prodigalities ; pared for the Doctor's reception, rode on and others are inclined to it from their before. The Doctor, who " was advancing mere penuriousness and poverty of spiin dreary Silence, called me back,” says Mr. rit. Sir Alexander and his lady they found B. “ with a tremendous shout, and was really “in a house built by a tenant;" one we supin a paffion with me for leaving him. I pose the tenant had built for himself ; "the told him my intentions, but he was not fatis. family mansion having been burnt in Sir Dofied, and said, Do you know I should as nald Macdonald's time. Instead of finding foon have thought of picking a pocket as the head of the Macdonalds surrounded with doing so.--Boswell. i am diverted with his clan and a festive entertainment, we had you, Sir-Jobnjon. Sir, I could never be a small company, and cannot boast of our diverted with incivility. Doing such a thing cheer." Our travellers were of opinion that snakes one. lose confidence in him who has he ought to live in a very different ftyle, and done it ; as one cannot tell what he may do the head of the clan thought otherwise. Tlicy DeXL.—His extraordinary warmth confound wifciy endeavoured to persuade him to throw ed me." - This we have cited the rather, off his native disposition and fixed ideas in a because, trivial as it may seem, it throws great moment, and adopt theirs. But this was light on the Doctor's character Mr. Bose washing the blackamoor; and sure we are, well in common good manners ought cer- all the misers of the kingdom will commend tainly to have told him where he was going; the chieftain. This freedom of Mr. Borbut we cannot commend the Doctor's taking well's has, we find, made fome licile dult, the flip off to highly amiss. It betrays dread- and raised the chichain's anger; we therefore ful apprehensions and jealousies, and some here suppress some remarks of our own, as we thing peerishly childish, for cluildren do not
defire to widen no breach among geudomen
on a subject fo distant from the concerns quence, and little things of little importance ; of literature; and proceed to uhlerve, that and so he becomes more patient, and better the epitaph inserted by Mi. Boswell on pleased. All good-humour and complaisance 'Sir James Macdonald by the frit lord Lylo are acquired. Naturally a child seizes di. telton, does his lordship's literary talents no rectly what it sees, and thinks of pleasing it. credit. It is tedious common place, deftio felf only. By degrees, it is taught to please tute of any thing peculiarly characteristic, others, and to prefer others į and that this that requisite iequired by Dr. Juhnson in his will ultimatels produce the greatest happi. ingenious critique on that species of compofi- nefs. If a man is not convioced of thai, te
never will practise it. Common kanguage We pass over Mr. Boswell's tales of the speaks the truth as to this : we say, a perfum is second-fight. They were merely bear-fuy, well-bred." and no snow.ball ever gathered like that The above subject, we find afterwards te dreaming goffip. The escape of the Pre- sumed : “ In the argument on Tueíday nighi, tender, alias Prince Charles-Edward, is the about natural goodness, Dr. Johnsion denied 'nezt paffage of note ; but as that has been that any child was better than anuther, ber already cited in our Magazine and other pub- by difference of instruction ; thongh, in cur lications, we also país it over; only obu iequence of greater attention being paid to serving that, as Mr. Boswell truly says, it inttruction by one child than another, and of does great honour to the humanity, fidelity, a variety of imperceptible causes, fuch as in and generwódcy of the Highlanders. Nor cap struction being counteracted by servants, a we resist the temptation to guess what Dr. notion was conceived, "that of two children, Johnfon would have said on the Prince's ef. equally well educated, one was naturally much cape, bad he been as much prejudiced against worse than another. He owned, this morn. him as against the Whigs ; we think we hearing, that one might have a greater aptitude him saying, “ Why, Sir, many a tluef has to learn than another, and that we inheri made as extraordinary an escape from more dispositions from our parents. "I inherited, multifarious perils, and has experienced as said he, a vile melancholy from my father, much fidelity from the rest of the gang.” which has made me mad all my life, at leaft
A Highland gentleman had assured our tra- not sober."-Lady M.Leod wondered like vellers that Prince Charles was in London in should tell this." Madam, Said I, he knoks 1759, and that there was then a plan in agi- that with that madness he is fuperwr to other tation for reftoring his family. Dr. Johnson men." could icarcely credit this story, and faid, It is a well known fact, that llume's full* There could be no probable plan at that tem of scepticism is founded on that part of time. Such an attempt could not have suc- Locke's Essay on the Human Understanding, ceeded, unless the King of Prussia had stop- where innate ideas are denied; where it is ped the army in Germany; for both the army aflerted that the mind is a mere sasa tabaka, and the fleet would, even without orders, and that every impression arises from one have fought for the King, to whom they had ward accident. And here, with all his zest engaged themselves."
againft Hume's philofophy, we find Dr. Weak, indeed! To mention no more, ane Johnson most cordially fupporting it, though would think the Doctor bau never heard of certainly withont attending to the consequenthe defection of Churchill and the army in ces drawn by Hume, that Truth and Virtve, Englaud, and of the Irish at the Boyne, from Falsehood and Vice are merely artificial, and their werd allegiance to Prince Charles's not the same in different ages and countries. grandfailer, and of their cordially joining a Not to enter into metaphysics on inoate ideas, foreigner, the Prince of Orange.
no fact, we believe, is more certain than The following observations on the chear. that, interwoveb with their most primary fulness of old men uc excellent.
perceptions, there are different difpofitions in grilled tome surprize, says Mr. Boswell, at children, which all the powers of education C.Logan's recommending good-humour, as and company will never overcome. Courage if it were quite in our own power to attain, and cowardice, compaffion and heard-heatit.-Jobsson. “ Wby, Sir, a man grows het. edness, avarice and generosity, in a word, ter-humoured as be grows older. He im.. baseness and magnanimity of remper, are >> proves by experience. When young, he deeply rooted in children of the fame parents, thinks himieli of great consequence, and every as their different degrees of intellectual capa thing of importance. As he advances in city; and are under the power of Education life, he learns to think himself of no conse. in the fame manner. Good difpofitious and
To combat these notions is the design of Dr. Beattie's Essay on the Immutability of Trulh; a good and cafy subject, had it been handled with more logic and lets declamitico.
good intellects may be cultivated and set in a witness in Westminster. hall, was so disconmotion, and bad ones may be gilded and dif- certed by a new mode of public appearance, guiled by it. Nay, vicious habits may even that he could not understand what was asked. be subdued by conviction and refulution : but It was a caufe where an actor claimed a free that rare occurrence only proves the radical benefit ; that is to say, a benefit without paydifference of the powers and dispositions with ing the expence of the house; but the meanwhich we are bora. In many parts of nising of the term was disputed. Garrick was Ramblers and other writings, the Doctor asked, “Sir, have you a free benefit ? " clearly ascertains the difference here contended “ Yes."-" Upon what terms have you it?" for, though in the above citation, through the "Upon--the terms-of-a free benefit." medium of Mr. B.. he denied 'chat any He was dismissed as one from whom ao inchild was better than another, but hy diffe- formation could be obtained.--Dr. Johnson is rence of instruction;"—which we humbly often too hard on our friend Mr. Garrick: conceive to be no better than saying, there is When I asked him, why he did not mention no difference between copper and gold, ex- him in the preface to his Shakespeare, he cept the different stamp of the mint. The said, “Garrick has been liberally paid for any close of the quotation contains a confession thing he has done for Shakespeare. If I which throws light on the Doctor's character, should praise him, I should much more as the conclusion and following passage do praise the nation who paid him. He las not on that of Mr. Bofwell:
made Shirkespeare better known. He cannot " I was elated," says he, “by the thought illustrate Shakespeare. So I have reasons eof having been able to entice such a man to nough againit mentioning him, were reason's this remote part of the world. A ludicrous necessary. There should be reasons for it.” fat just image presented itself to my mind, The above anecdote reminds us of Mr. which I expressed to the company. I com Garrick's behaviour when he was examined pared myself to a dog who has got hold of a on the trial of B-ci, who had stabbed a large piece of meat, and runs away with it ruffian in the Haymarket. Our Rulcius deto a corner, where he may devour it in clared on oath that he never heard or knew peace, without any fcar of others taking it that ftabbing was an Italian vice. The cena from bim." In London, Reynolds, Beau: sure on Garrick's literary abilities and talte clerk, and all of them, are contending who is severe indeed: “ He cannot illufraie Sbukia Thall enjoy Dr. Johnfon's conversation. We speare."--However Itrange this may seeni to are feasting npon it, andisturbed, at Dunye. the moh, who remember Garrick's astovih. gan."
ing powers of acting, we believe that thivio Take also the following striking character. who have conversed with him, and knew istics of the Ductor's treatment of his obie the turn of his taste, and extent of his critical quious friend and companion : "To hear the acumen, and who recollect many of the poor grave Dr. Samuel Johnson, that majestick neglected dramas which he brought on this feacher of moral and religious wisdom, stage, will very cordially agree with the Duco while fitting solemn in an arm.chair, in the cor's cenfure. ile of Sky, talk ex casbedra of his keeping a The following is highly characteristic of seraglio, and acknowledge that the suppofi- Mr. Boswell's seamanship : “ It was very tion bad often been in his thoughts, Itruck dark indeed, and there was a lieavy and inme fo forcibly with ludicrous contrast, ceflant rain. The sparks of the burning that I could not but laugh immolerately. peat flew so much about, that I dreaded the He was too proud to submit, even for a mo. vefsel might cake fire. Then, as Col was a ment, to be the object of ridicule, and in. sportiman, and had had powder on board,, I Kantly retaliated with such keen sarcaltick figured that we might be blown up. Simpe wit, and such a variety of degrading images, son and he both appeared a little frightened, of every one of which I was the object, that, which made me more so; and the perpetual though I can hear such attacks as well as most talking, or rather shouting, which was carmeo, I yet found myself so much the sport of ried on in Erse, alarmed me still more. А all the company, that I would glailly expunge man is always suspicious of what is saying in from my mind every trace of this severe re- an unknown congue ; and if fear be his pas. tort."
fion at the time, he grows more afraid. Our The following anecdote of Garrick, and veslel often lay so much on one side, that I Johnson's eftimate of his abilities as a critic trembled left she thould be overfet ; and in. and judge of fine writing, are curious. “ Have deed they told me afterwards, that they had ing talked of the strictness with which wi run her sometimes to within an inch of the nelles are examined in courts of justice, Dr. water, so anxious were they to make what Johnson cold us, thas Garrick, though accur- halte they could before the night fhould be comed to face multitudes, when produced as worie. I now law what I never saw befol, a prodigious fea, with immense billows com. have said, in the words which he has cholen ing upon a vessel, so as that it seemed hardly for the motto to his Rambler, pollible to escape. There was something. Quo me cunque rapit compefias, deferer bojpes. grandly horrible in the right. I am glad After the above description of a tempelt at I have seen it once. Amidf all these ter. sea, written under lively and most formas rifying circumstances, I endeavoured to feelings, we are presented with the follow. compose my mind. It was not easy to do ing, which, at the close of a sad tale of bair. it ; for all the stories that I had heard of the breadıb 'scapes, is certainly somewhat lud.. dargerous sailing among the Hebrides, which crous, and will affect the riable muscles of is proverbial, came full upon my recollec- those who are masters in the art of mental tion. When I thought of those who were imagery, as much perhaps as the whole of the dearest to me, and would suffer severely, (ad tale, particularly the danger apprehended should I be loft, I upbraided myself, as not frum Col's powder.horn, will affect the having sufficient cause for putting myself in true fals-water failor. “ 1 now went down," such danger. Piety afforded me comfort ; says Mr. B. “ with Coll and Mr. Simplon, yet 1 was disturbed by the objections that to visit him (the Doctor). He was lying have been made against a particular provi- in philosophic tranquility, with a greyhuond dence."
of Col's at his back, keeping him warm. Hardly a week passes but the Gravesend Col is quite the Juvenis qui gaudei casiti. boats“ run wirbin an incb of tbe water," and He had when we left Taliskeri iwo Tej. have the billows dalhing over their decks. hounds, two terriers, a pointer, and : Indeed we cannot help considering the dan- large Newfoundland water-dog. He bit gers above expressed, and the fearful appre- one of his terriers by the road, but had til hensions acknowledged, as a cockney's ac- five dogs with him. I was very ill, and mount of his first voyage to Woolwich or very desirous to get on thore." Gravesend. On the first perusal of the above, The posture of the Doctor and his canine we were impatient to see how Dr. Johnson, companion, and the interesting catalogue of whose ideas on the horrid situation of one on Col's dogs, are truly Homeric; though, pet. Thip-board we have already cited, behaved haps, a little in the spirit of Contou's celebrain this dreadful scene, fo grandly borrible; ted translation of Virgil. and we were pleased to fud that good luck The next thing remarkable we mee! A (for to say Providence on the occasion, would our journey through Mr. B's volumc repro hardly be decent) befriended bim. He“ liad fents the Doctor in a very rude and disall this time," says Mr. B. “ been quiet and greeable light. We find him treating : unconcerned. He had sain down on one of learned and venerable clergyman of seventy: the beds, and having got free from sickness, seven years in the most walpilk and capti was fatisfied. The truth is, he knew no- cious manner. But of this afterwards. thing all this while of the danger we were (To be concluded in our nexr.] in; but, fearless and unconcerned, might
Memoirs of the Literary and Philosophical Society of Manchester. Vol. I. & II. 8vo.
125. Boards. 1785. Cadell.
[ Continued from page 168. ] An Essay on the Ascent of Vapour. By Dr. Hamilton. It is this—That the air distoires
Eason. Read 19th November, 1782. water, as water Joes faline substances: the 1
His paper might with equal propriety solution being perfoct, the air will become
have been called an Essay on the transparent." Descent of Rain; but the Doctor is' a better Having made his objections to this philosopher than he is a writer. He sets theory, our author proceeds to raise, wit out with telling us that “there are few the assistance of electricity, one of his ow.), phenomena in nature, which have puzzled which is at least ingenious, and is 11philosophers more, than the ascent of va- deed as probable as any of the otlier nine pour : and the different theories laid down hundred and ninety-nine which have beca by Doctors Halley and Defaguliers have been raised on the same subje&t_" By make rejected, while another, not less liable to some observations on the falling of rain, la objections, has been almost universally re- le, we Mall have other proofs
, that the ceived,
electric matter is the great cause by ubach This theory, which I shall presently men. vapour is supported in the atmosphere Hart tion, was at first invented by a French gen. I must'ohserve a fact, well known to : tleman, Monsieur le Roi, and afterwards present, thac bodies electrified, by the fame sevived by Lord Kaimes, and Doctor Hugb electric power (no matter whether pohitrie