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Wrong-headed, stubborn as a halter'd ram; Yet let him know, crowun'd beads are sacred In short, the model of our bero Sam :
things, Inclin'd to madress ton--for when his shop And bici!im rev'rence more the befit of kings; Fell down for want of cash to buy a prop ;
Still on his Pegasus continue jogging, For fear the chieves might steal the vanith'd And give that Bufwell's back another fogstore,
ging." He duly went each night and lock dthe door."
Sir John being awakened, the candidates Bozzy.
are insormed, " Whild Johnson was in Edinburgh, my wife,
that enabled by the nap, To please his palate, studied for hier life :
He now could meet more biographic scrap." Wich ev'ry rarity The fill'd her house,
They accordingly proceed with fresh cou. Anu gave the doctor, for his dinner, grouse." rage, and a number of anecdotes are inimi.
tably told, till at length, Bozzy, speaking MADAME Prozzi.
ra:her irreverently of Mr. Wilkes, the lady " I ask'd him if he knock'd Ton Osborn down; takes offence and an altercation commences, As fuch a tale was current thro' the town which is kept up with great spirit at least. Says I, “ Do tell me, doctor, what befell ?"
“ W bo, mad'ning with anecdotic itch, Bozzy.
Declar'd that Johnson callid his mother " Lo! when we landed on the isle of Mull,
b-tch?", The meagrims got into the doctor's skull:
“Who, from Macdonald's rage to save his
(nout, But lo! those meagrims (wonderful to utter!) Were hanifh'd all by tea and bread and
Cut twenty lmes of defamation out ?"" butter !"
In this ttile they go on, dooming alter. In this manner they continue to entertain nately each other's works to the patiry-cook
and trunk-maker, till at last Boswell exthe knight, till his patience being quite ex.
claims, hausted, he exclaims,
“ The praise of COURTENAY my book's Sir John.
fame secures, “For God's sake, stay each anecdotic scrap ; Now, who the devil, madam, praises your's ?? Let me draw breath, and take a trifling nap:
Madame Piozzi. With one half hour's refreshing Number bleft,
“ Thousands, you blockhead --no one now And heav'n's assistance, I may hear the rest.'
can doubt it ; The knight's nap, however, was disturbed
For not a soul in London is wiibout it by dreams.
So! Courtenay's praises save youmah! that “For lo ! in dreams the surly Rambler rose,
squire And wildly staring, seem'd a man of woes. Deals, let me tell you, more in smoke than Wake, Hawkins, (growld the doctor with a
Bozzy, And knock iba: fellow and that woman
6: Zounds! he has praised me in the sweet, f down
lineBid them with Johnson's life proceed no further
MADAME Piozzi. Enough already they have dealt in murther ; Ay! ay ! the verse and subject equal shine. Say, to their tales that little truth belongs Few are the mouths that COURTENAY'S wit If fame they mean me--bid them bold ibeir rehearse-songues.”'
Mere cork in politics, and lead in verse." The doctor goes on to give his opinion of Having railed themselves almost out of Bozzy and some advice to the lady, and con- breath, Sir John takes the opportunity thus to cludes his speech with,
address them : "Tell Peter Pindär, should you chance to meet " For shame! for shame! for heaven's lake, him,
pray be quiet, I like his genius.-- should be glad to greet him. Not Billingsgate exhibits such a riot.
Behold, for Scandal you have made a feast, to the duties of a wife, in preference to writ.
« For thee, James Boswell, may the hand of
fate Make you both eat your paragraphs so evil,
Arrekt thy goose quill, and confine thy prate; And, for your treatment of lim, play the
Or he in folitude to live thy luck, devil.
A chattering magree on the Isle of Muck. Of those your anecdotes—may I be cuilt, If I can tell you which of them is worft."
Thus spoke the judge ; then leaping from the
chair, He then recommends to the lady to attend He left in consternation loft the PAIR.
Tracts on Subjects of Nacional Importance. I. On the Advantages of Manufactures, Com
merce, and great Towns, to the Population and Prosperity of a Country. II. Difficulties Matcd to a proposed Assessment of the Land Tax: And another Subject of Taxation proposed, not liable to the same Objection. By the Rev. Joha MacFarlan, D. D. F. R. S. Scotland, and Author of the Inquiries concerning the Poor. 8vo. is ód. Murray, 1786.
of , exhausted ltate of our resources, and sent system, which creates an invidieus dir. that universal anxiety with which the finance tinction between the landed and mercantile fyftem of government is contemplated, ren- interest, by heaping duties on the latter, exder the subjects of these Tracys peculiarly in- clufively of the foi'mer. He thinks means teresting. The author combats a variety of might be found of meliorating this abfurd commonly received opinions on the several system, and thew's the inseparable connection topics mentioned in the title-page with great which must inevitably, and always, sublist address. We think some of his arguments between commerce and agriculture. He, go a good way to prove, that great rowns, therefore, proposes a tax on all money occucommerce, and manufactures, are not only pied in loan, and that the lender, nos che the necessary consequences of a certain degree borrower, Mall pay it, as the profits he may of prosperity, but contribute actually to pro- expect to reap from this species of traffic are duce it. The positions which he attempts to well able to bear a Juty. establish in the first part of his performance Suppofing it somewhat extraordinary that are, that the prodigious wealth which pours this description of property has not hitherto into London, does not produce profligacy of been taxed, hc thus accounts for the fact, manoers; that its enormous fize does not “ Dr. Blackstone, says he, justly observes, render it unhealtby; and that the annual sup- that moveables were formerly a different ply of fix thousand people, which it is said to and much less considerable thing than they require, is not, as some have supposed, an are at this day. In ancient times it was not actual loss of so many lives to the community. lawful to take interest; a tax, therefore, His reasoning on these various points is ori. could not be laid on what did not exist. Eveni ginal and ingenious; and, though not every after interest was obtained, the quantity of where alike satisfactory, is always. Threwd money in the kingdom was very inconfiderand plausible. The evils incident to the mag- able until the reign of Henry VII. Since nitude of the metropolis he, however, al- his time a mighty change has gradually taken lows to a certain degree, but confiders them place. By the introduction of manufactures, as unavoidable, and at the same time doubts and the increase of trade, prodigious sums of whether iney are so great nacional evils as is money have fowed into the country; lo commonly apprehended.
that the moveable stock now in the kingdom The subjeót of taxation is nearly related may be reckoned equal, perhaps superior, to these speculations. They implicate a strong in value, to the landed property.".
The Beauties of Mr. Siddons ; or a Review of hier Performance of the Chiracters of Belvide
ra, Zara, Ilsbella, Margaret of Anjou, Jane Shore, and Lady Randolph; in Letters from a Lady of Distinction to her Friend in the Country. Svo. 2s. Straban.
taste and proper discrimination on the lately. To possess a confiderable degree of principally striking passages in the above plays; meril in any line is the privilege of few and though she is the profeiled and warm Mrs. Siddous is one of the barry number ; admi: er and panegyrist of Mis. Siddons, but absolute perfection is not the lot of morMe des not lavith praises on her in that dis. tality,
For the EUROPEAN MAGAZINE.
An ACCOUNT of the LIFE and WRITINGS of CAPTAIN EDWARD THOMPSON,
CAPTAIN EDWARD THOMPSON, says he, " his memory lamented, and respected,
was by birth a Yorkshire-man, and, as lie “ in every part of India I have travelled has himself told us, a native of Hull *He re- " through, which has been some advantage ceived his education ander Dr. Cex, at Hamp- "to me, a young voyager.
He bears a very ftead †, and at an early age, in the year 1754, singular character for a seaman, being ac. went to the East Indies as (what is usually « ver heard to swear an oath ; a circumstance called) a Guinea Pig 1. In this his first voy- “ too rarely met with, and much to be laage he was a spectator of an accident, which “mented. The Banyan who transacted his we shall relate in his own words. " Miss H. " affairs told me, he rowed from Ingelei “i a young lady of beauty, virtue and good“ down the Ganges in sight of his feet, after “ sense, going to Bombay, and betrothed by « his victory over Angria ; but tempestuous " her parents in England to a gentleman of " weather coming on, obliged him to return,
the Council in India, too eagerly beholding " which was the latt sight of that valuable "one of these creatures (i. e. sharks) out of " victorious squadron of seven sail. In the “ her cabin window, fell overboard and was • Resolution he had immense wealth of the “ drowned : though all immediate assistance “ Portuguese, who were removing their fa. " was given, yet every endeavour was in milies and effects from Goa, on account of « vain to save this amiable lady, who perish- “ an ixfurrection among the flaves : this ap" ed in an unnatural element, though serene “ pears by the letters Mr. Bagwell writ * and calm. The fright milt certainly have “ from Malabar ; for no soul survived with " killed her from the horror of the monster ; “ him to tell the tale. From the many ser“ for it was not the fifth part of a minute “ vices he did the East India Company in a “ before the was taken up ll
. An author of “ servitude of thirty-six years, and at last after considerable reputation taking notice of this “a memorable victory ended his life in that accident, supposes it to have been owing to the “ service, one would imagine they would pay fame desperate impulse which Montaigne men- a charitable attention to his kindred; but tions to have felt when he found himself upon " alas! **" In the month of May he arrived the top of some hideous precipice in his moun- at St Helena, and, during bis stay there, intainous neighbourhood, impelling him to leap volved himself in the hazard of a duel, and down y, and which Shakespeare calls roys of an actual arrest and confinement on board his defperation. In July 1754, he was at Man fhip, on account of a paíquinade written to dras, and in August at Vizagapatam. From oblige at lady of the island at the expence of thence he went to Calcutta, where he staid a rival tt. He finished his voyage in August, until the mouth of November, and then pro. and in November we find him on board the ceeded to the island of Ceylon, at which place Sterling Castle in the Downs, having, as he exbe arrived in January 1755 4. In the next presses himself, quitted penury and commerce month he was at Tellicherry, from whence for arms and glory, after remaining only one he writes to a correspondent, that he had made week on thore. By the prolegomena to many enquiries after the unhappy shipwreck his Letters it appears that he was presled into of his uncle Commodore Bagwell. " I find,” the service:
# I am the man (the Naffo of my time),
THE COURTEZAX. See also Dedication to Marvell's Works. + Captain Thompson, mentioning his school-master, fays, that an unhappy marriage one of his amiable daughters made (unknown to the fatt.er) with Mr. Penn, a youth under his care, incensed fat family to ruin his school. The young gentieman was sent to Philadelphia, and never more permitted to see a wife he dearly loved—a lady with every virtuc and accomplishment. These misfortunes brought Dr. Cox to Hampstead about the year 1749. He afterwards moved to Kensington, where he died in the year 1757. Sailer's Letters, yol. I. 136.
| Prolegomena to the Sailor's Letters, p. vii.
Sailor's Letters, vol. I. 103.
Sailor's Letters, vol. I. 109. if Ibid. 126.
Next Next pressed on board a man of war ; He afterwards failed with the fame Where I (unknown at any college)
Comman jer in the Bellon.7, and was present Studied seven years, and got no knowledge. at the capture of the Courageux in Angut
In June 1756 his ship was ordered to the. 1761. This is supposed to have been the continent of North America with money and
period of his naval character during that war,
as in the next month we find him com. troops, and he arrived the next month at New
menced author. York, where his stay was very, short; yet he
His first publication was experienced a most disagreeable circumítance
The Meretriciad, a poem, celebrating the then
molt remai kable women of the town. there, though the motive for the violence is not very clearly explained.
“ When about
Merely to mention the title of this licentious three leagues from the ship, the boat's crew
performance, which however met with luc(consisting of ten men) rofe on me, bound cess, is as much as it deserves. It seems to me hand and foot, and run the boat on shore, the acquaintance of Mr. Churchill, with
have been the means of introducing him where I might have perithed, had not two returned and unbound me, which two I
whom he boats on many occasions to have brought to the ship again. They confebied lived in terms of intimacy. In 1762 he re. they had attempted to throw me over-board tired to . imall boue in Kew.Line + and
cultivated his more, which in 1764 produced (which I never perceived); but something always prevented. Had they perpetrated
a poem called The Soldier, 4to. He then re. their villainy, I should have died by the fided fome time in Scotland, which he has de. mouths of ten thousand sharks, as I was at
scribed with that viiulence which the exam. that time filhing on a bank where nothing ples of fome ensinent persons of that period could be more nunierous * from New: had rendered fashion.ble, and which cannot be York he went to Antigua, then to Barbadves, ted a work of considerable importance, for
fufficiently cenfured. At this time he medita. and afterwards to Tobago. In June 1757, which he circulated proposals. This was in. he saited from St. Kitts for England, having, tended to be priuted in folio, and te he enti as be informs us, after nine months cruising, cleci, “ Maritime Obfervations, collected from received about three pounds for his share of three prizes. Om his return to England, he
" the years 1753 to 1763 inclusive, in a numpalled his examination, and on the 26th of
“ ber of voyages and cruizes in Europe, Afia, November received his commission as Lieu
“ Africa, and America.” In a dedicatiou some tenant of the Jalon. He was immediately years afterwards to the Honourable Augustus employed in further service; and on the Hervey, efy. he says, “ how uopardonable 19th of December, arrived at Emden with
would it be in me to forget that encourageBrudenell's regiment to reinforce the garri
ment and protection which I met with from fon there. On his return home he quitted you when I designed publishing a set of charts the Jafon, where he had not one hope of the for the ule of the navy and wavigation in se golden fleece, for the Dorsetihire, Captain neral; a work which might have been of Dennis; and in December 1758 was at Lif- universal utility to his Majełty's subjects
, had bon. He had a share in the victory obtained fpirit of party, in spite of your generous, i);
it not heen opposed and suppressed through tite by Sir Edward Hawke over Mons. Confians, in November 1759, and arrived at Plymouth tentions of introducing it to the world for a in December, after a cruise of eight months.
* Sailor's Letters, vol. 11. p. 13.
+ During his residence here, Mr. Churchill surprising him one morning with the windows open, repeated,
Here lives a half-pay Poet, run to rust,
And all his willows weeping in the dust.
When Churchill liv'd with you I walk'd,
In 1765, he produced The Courtezan, a produced an alteration of the catastrophe of Poem, 460. and this in the next year was fol- Tbe Beggar's Opera, at Covent-Garden, which lowed by The Demirep, 4to. another poem of his fince been laid aside; and in 1778, bethe fame species, and posterling as much merit came editor of a collection of poems, called is could withi propriity be ascribed to any of The Muses Mirror. In this Miscellany, and his preceding performances. At the end of in The Foundling Hospital for Wis, many of his chis last poem he announced his intention of fugitive pieces are preserved. Soon after publishing three works, which, it is believed, the death of Mr. Garrick, a scheme was proneser appeared : these were, 177:25, a Piem; posed for unicing him and Mr. Langford with The Devil in London, a Satire ; and The l'istory Mr. Lacy in the management of that gentieof the most remarkable Gbofts sbat bave spa man's share of Drury Lane Theatre; but this peared from the Creation to this Time.
plan being opposed by the present Managers In this year he was more laudably em- was rendered abortive. played in foliciting Parliament for an encrease He had for several years experienced the of half- pay for the Lieutenants of the Navy, an inconveniencies of a contracted income ; and application which was attended with success. had with some difficulty, notwithstanding On the 16th of April his first dramatic per- all his exertions and induitry, preserved himformance,called Tbellobby. Horse, was exhibited self from feeling the preliures of poverty. at Drury Lane, for the benefit of Mr. Bentley. Fortune al length noticed him. He was ap
The succeeding year, 1767, he published pointed Commander of the Hyena, and in the & Sailor's Letters, written to his select Friends course of a cruize took a French East-Indiain England doring his Voyages and Travels man, which placed him in a state of affluence, in Europe, Asia, Africa, and A.nerica, from and enabled him to repay obligations to mathe year 1754 to 1759," 2 vols. 12mo. ny persons who had before aflifted him,
In 1769, he produced a laughable account This, we are informed, he did with great libeof the Jubilee ac Stratford upon Avon, under rality and alacrity. He also received a rethe title of Trinculo's Trip to ibe futilie, 410. ward as the messenger of the news of an imand about the same time collected his molt portant victory; luut soon after was subjected licentious performances into two volumes, to the enquiry of a Court-martial for quit. which he called The Court of Cupid, The ting his Itation, from whicla charge he next year he published Tbe 1Porks of Jobn was honourably acquitted. In 1785, he Oldbam, in 3 vols. delicated, from Purdir. was named Commander of the Grampus, and bourne, County Dowo, in Ireland, to the late soon after failed for the coast of Africa, from Earl of Bristol. On the 7th of April 1772, which station he had returned only in 1784, by the interest of Mr. Garrick, he was ap- and where he died 17th of January, 1786.* poiuitd a Captain ; and on the 9th of Non The following character which has since vember 1773, brought forwards at Drury appeared in print, is evidently the producLane Theatre The Fair Quaker, a Comedy fion of a friend, and we hope it is such as altered from Shadwell, which, by the aid of every one acquainted with Captain Thompexcellent acting, obtained Some applause. fon will recognize. “ He was an officer of
In February 1776, The Syrens, a Marque, very diftinguithed eminence, and a gentleman by him, was aéled at Cor ent Garden; and extensively known in the polite and literary in August, St. Helena; or, Ibe Land of Love, world. His diípositions were happy and a Farce, at Richmond.
amiable; bis acquirements very far beyond From the time of his leaving Scotland to mediocrity; his virtues transcendent and firmi. the year 1776, he seems to have devoted He had courage without pride ; and was himself entirely to literary avocations, and fond of liberty without licentiousvefs. His produced with great celerity numberless ambition taught him to court danger ; his repieces, which it is imposibie to enumerate, folution to surmount it; and his officers and and would, from their quantity and general crew, convinced of his knowledge, and ad. infignificance, if practicable, not repay the miring bis generosity, were impacient to farpains they would cost to obtain. Many of ter his attention by the most unequivocal them are to be found in The St. James's marks of their fubmission and zeal. From Chronicle, bileball Evening - Pofi, London bis zeal and attachment to the commercial Paiki, and The Weftminster Magazine ; and interests of his country, in saving two valuaindeed it would be difficult to name a perio- ble convoys from the enemy, he was twice dical work at this time to which he was not tried and acquittedl, with those plaudits of rein some degree a contributor.
nown which are the certain indications of the In 1977, he became editor of Paul White. highest merit. The elevation of his sentihead's Works, in 410. and in the same year, ments placed him out for admiration in every of Andrew Marvell's Works, in 3 vols. 4:0. fituation of life. While he was generous as Neither of these undertakings were executed a master, he was still more so as a friend. in such a manner as to afford room to com- His heart, alive to the most virtuou, feoribilia med the editor, or add any thing to the ties, indulged itself in actions the most brillia feparation of the authors. In October, he To his friend he was ever ready w fa