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Nor will the public with harsh rigour blame known to be written by him, form any part This my just homage to thy honour'd rame; of the collection of bis works lately publithTo please that public, if to please be mine, ed. In the next year, be gave the public Thy virtues train'd me- let the praile be. An Epistle 10 a Friend on tbe Deatb of thine.
Fobn Thornton, Esq. 4to. With this genSince thou hast reach'J tliat world where intimacy, at Cambridge, and the praise he
tleman he appears to have lived on terms of love alone, Where love parental can exceed thy own;
bestows on him reflects the highest honour If in celestial realms the blest may know
on both the deceased and the surviving friend. And aid the objects of their care below,
In 1780, he published An Ejay er Hilery, is While in this sublunary scene of Itrife
ibrce Epistles 10 Edward Gibbon, Elg. 46o. and Thy fon possesses frail and feverilh life,
in 1781, An Ode inscribed to Foon Howard, F4If Heaven allot him many an added hour,
F. R. S. author of ebe State of English and Gild it with virtuous thoughe and meutal Foreign Prisons, 410. In the same year also,
Tbe Triumphs of Temper, 4to. a poem, in power, Power to exalt, with every aim refin'd,
fix cantos, appeared ; and in 1782, the The loveliest of the arts that bless man
Elay on Epic Poetry, in five Epifiles to be kind.
Rev. Mr. Majon, 4to. To thew himself
master of every species of poetry, be in From Eaton Mr. Hayley went to Trinity 1780, published Plays of three A?5 write Hall, Cambridge; and while there, printed sen for a private Theatre, 410. Of these, The the first poem known to be written by bim. Two Connoisseurs and Lord Rusjed have been This was on the royal marriage in 1761, and brought on the stage at the Hay-market, and appeared in the collection of verses published acted with great success, by the University on that occasion. From
Since this publication, a very amufing that time to the year 1778, he lived out of work, intitled,
on Old Maids," the observation of the world. Delicate or in- has been ascribed to Mr. Hayley, and we constant health, or the love of literary retire- believe with truth, though it has not been ment, prevented him from serving the com..
owned by him. In the course of the last munity in scenes of active life ; be therefore year, he collected such of his works as be devoted himself to pursuits more pleasing, had published wi:h his name into fix vothough less profitable.
lumes, 8vo. Thou first and fairest of the social arts !
Mr. Hayley is married, and his lady seems Sovereign of liberal souls and feeling hearts,
to possess some portion of his tite and geIf, in devotion to thy heavenly charms,
nius. She has publithed a transition of MaI clasp'd thy altar with my infant arms,
dame de Lambert's Essays on Friendship and For thec neglected the wide field of wealth,
Old Age, which is executed with great spirit The toils of intereft and the sports of health,
and fidelity. Enchanting poesy! that zeal repay
The works of Mr. Hayley are calculated to With powers to sing thy universal sway!
impress the most favourable opinion of him as To trace thy progress from thy diftant birth,
a man ; and if we are not misinformed, his Heaven's pure descendant! dear delight of
manners (which is not always the case with earth!
men of genius) are perfectly in unison with Charm of all regions ! to no age confin'd !!
the sentiments occasionally exhibited in his Thou prime ennobler of th' aspiring mind!
works. He has observed, that it was a ESSAY ON EPIC POETRY.
kind of duty incumbent on those who devote
themselves to poetry, to raise, if pollible, After a recess of many years from public the dignity of a declining art, by making it observation, he in 1778 produced, with as beneficial to life and manners, as the li. out his name, A Poetical Epiftle to an eminen mits of composition and the character of Painter, 4to. a work which both merited modern times will allow. This rule seems and obtained so much applause, as probably to have been strictly adhered to by him. The encouraged him to avow himself the author, subjects of his several performances are all by putting his name to a second edition of it. important, and handled in such a manuer, In 1779, he joined the political clamour of as to convey both entertainment and instruc. the day, and published An Epistle to Ad. tion, to mend the heart, refine the taste, miral Keppel, 46o. congratulating that gen- and render mankind better, and, by consetleman on his honourable acquittal ; and in quence, more happy. the same year attacked the Bishop of Lon- There are many pleasing traits of cha. don for a defertion of his political princi- racter scattered through Mr. Hayley's works. ples in An Elegy on the ancient Greek Mo- One of them we hali select to close this im. dely 4to. Neither of these pieces, though perfect account,
For me, who feel whene'er I touch the lyre, Whence lonely peace and social pleasure
Lament the ills of poetry aloud, Whom health too tender for the bustling And magniíy, with irritation's zeal, throng,
Those common evils we too strongly feel, Led into penlive shade and foothing long; The envious comment, and the subtle style Whatever futune my unpolith'd rhymes Of specious Gander, fabbing with a smile; May meet, in present or in future times, Frankly I wilh to make her blessings known, Let the ble(t art my grateful thought employ, And think those blessings for her ills atone ; Which foothes my sorrow and augments my Nor wou'd my honett pride that praise forego,
Which makes malignity yet more my foe.
ESSAY ON Eric POETRY.
For the EUROPEAN MAGAZIN E. Au ACCOUNT of GEORGE ROBERT FITZGERAL D, Ese. EORGE ROBERT FITZGERALD wantonly interfered in a quarrel begun by was the eldest son of
Fitz- his companion with the Rev. Mr. Bate on gerald, Eiq. of Rockfield, a place about account of tome misbehaviour to Mrs. Harttwo miles distant from the town of Caftlebar. ley, the actreis. In the course of this busiHis mother was Lady Mary Hervey, filter ness Mr. Fitzgerald introduced his footto the late and present Earls of Bristol. He man to Mr. Bate under the character of a received, it is said, his education at Eton, gentleman, and imposed upon him in such a where be acquired a very competent Thare manner that he was induced to box with his of literature, at leaft sufficient to prelerve antagonist. This trick being soon afterwards tum from the contempt of the learned *. discovered, Mr. Rate exposed Mr. Fitzgerald's At an early-age he married Miss Conolly, behaviour in the public papers, in which he filter to the Right Hon. Thomas Conolly, held him up to ridicule with great success for Member of Parliament for the county of several weeks. The contest engaged much Londonderry, and cousin.german to his the attention of the town, and in the concluGrace the Duke of Leinster. With this fon.of it, public opinion decided in favour Lady Mr. Fitzgerald received a fortune of of Mr. Bate's conduct, and universally con. ten thousand pounds, and at the same time demned that of his several opponents. fris father executed a deed of settlement, by Amongst those who censured Mr. Fitz, which he engaged to allow him a yearly in- gerald's behaviour on this occasion, was a come of one thousand powds ; but as this gentleman of the name of Scawen, who gave was either irregularly or not at all paid, it his opinion with great freedom in his prebecame one of the sources of the contention sence. This occafioned high words, and between father and son, which terminated in a blow, which compelled Mr. Fitzthe end fatal to both.
gerald to call Mr. Scawen to account. A Soon after the celebration of Mr. Fitz. duel was the consequence, of which the folgerald's marriage with Miss Conolly, the lowing relation was given by Capt. Nicholas young couple went abroad, and after an ab. Nugent, Mr. Scawen's second. sence of ten years, during which time Mrs. « On Wednesday Sept, ist, Mr. Scawen Fitzgerald died, leaving him one daughter and Mr. Fitzgerald, with their seconds and only, who is still living, he returned to Ire- furgeons, met at Lille, according to the ap. laod in the year 1775.
pointment of Mr. Fitzgerald. All matters During his residence in England, he lived relating to the duel being adjusted, they ar2 life of boundless diffipation; and being por. rived at their ground, in the Auftrian domiseffed of parlobal courage, he was frequently nions, between Lifle and Tournay, about a involved in quarrels, which usually end. quarter belore seven in the evening. The ed with reputation to his valour, though to 1econds having measured the distance, which, his disgrace as a member of society. One by mutual agreement, was ten paces, each of the first occasions of his becoming an gentleman took his post. Mr. Scawen, in object of public notice, was in the year 1773, going to his ground, asked Mr. Fitzgerald if when being at Vauxhall, in company with te chose to fire first? who replied, it was a Captain Croft and some other persons, be a matter of indifference to him ; but altering
There is a poem by him, printed at Dublin, entitled The Riddle, and inscribed to John Scott, Eq. now Lord Earlsfort, Chief Justice of the King's Bench.
his opinion, said he would take the first shot; cerned the public; and that the sooner they cut to which Mr. Scawen readily assented. Mr. one another's throats, the better it would be Fitzgerald then presented his pistol and fired; for society. In this last pamphlet Mr. Fizthe thot seemed to pass very near Mr. Scawen. gerald boasts of his dexterity in the art of After Mr. Fitzgerald had fired his first pise duelling. “I know, says he, from trials tol, he took hold of the other, and food successively repeated twenty times one after with it in the attitude of presenting, to re- another, I can at that distance (i. e. fix ceive Mr. Scawen's fire. Mr. Scawen then paces) hit any part of the human body, to a presented his pistol, but before he could pull line which possibly (addresling his antagonift) the trigger, was surprized at 'the report of you may know is only the twelfth part of an Mr. Fitzgerald's second pistol. On this Mr. inch.” In another part he says, “ As to good Scawen immediately recovered his, telling qualities, some I have, perhaps, though few Mr. Fitzgerald at the same time, that as in number. This, however, I can say for both his pistols were discharged, he could myself, no man can impeach my courage in not think of firing at him, and instantly dir- the field, my honour on the turf, or my charged his in the air. Mr. Fitzgerald re- credit on the Royal Exchange. If it appears plied, I assure you I did not mean il--my fingular that I have not plunged into the pistol went off by accident; but I'll load again. gallantries of the present times, let it be reThe seconds and surgeons here interpored, in membered on the other hand, tłuat I am a order to accommodate the affair; and Mr.
married man, and that I prefer the domestic Scawen coming up, addresied himself to Mr. happiness of the amiable paitner of my life, Fitzgerald, and said, he lioped his beliaviour and our linle offspring, to all the mummery had now sufficiently convinced him that he and perfiwy of private fashionable intrigues." was not deficient in point of courage; and Soon after this transaction, Mr. Fitzgerald as a further reparation for the blow he had went to Ireland, and began to practise thoie given, he was not athamed to present him
extravagancies, which, being successful for with a cane (which at that instant he took some time, led him to commit the fact which from the French surgeon) defiring him to brought him to his end. His father and use it as he thought proper. Mr. Fitzgerald, brother had long been vhjects of his hatred; after raising the cane (which did not appear and having claims upon the former for fome to me to have touched Mr. Scawen) politely arrears, le had recourie to the Court of returned it, saying, “ I retraćt all the asper- Chancery in Ireland, and obtained an order sions I ever cast upon your honour, am now in 1786, to take pofleffion of tlie whole convinced you never deserved them, and estate of his father, in order to satisfy the with there may be no retrospect of past trans- demand. actions." A reconciliation being thus happi- In executing this order great irregularis ly effected, the parties returned on their way were committed, and several levere coc A s to Life, where Mr. Fitzgerald likewise ensued, which compelled his father, in his made a handsome apology for having fired his turn, to claim the protection of the law. fecond pistol, deciaring it was accidental, Mr. Fitzgerald was indicted for a riot, and
a The whole company afterwards passed the being found guilty, was sentenced to thiet evening together, and separated the next years imprisonment. morning perfećily satisfied.”
To obtain his loft liberty, Mr. Fitzgerald At this period Mr. Fitzgerald's finances ventured on a bold and hazardous enter. were in a state of Auctuation, as the chance of prizean escape from his prison; which he the dye, or his own skill in gaming, gave a effected in spite of every impediment. turn to bis affairs. In 1775, we find him This being atchieved, he erected a very again presenting himself to public notice in formidable battery on his demesne, confi.ting his character of gambler and duellift ; and, of several pieces of iron ordnance, The as usual, with some diminution of the small battery was constructed on an artificial moun, remains of character which adhered to him. on which was planted a grove of trees, At this time he published a pamphlet, in situated about one hundred yards from the titled, “ An Appeal to the jockey Club; or high road, and the same distance from the a true Narrative of the late Affair between gate of the avenue which leads to the mantivi Mr. Fitzgerald and Mr. Walker,” 8vo. This house, and half an English mile from the was followed by an “ Answer to Mr. Fitz- houie itself. It was furnished and provided gerald's Appeal ; by Thomas Walker, E1q;" 10 completely for defence, that it soon gave an 8vo, and that by the “Reply to Thomas alarn to Government, which occafioned at Walker, Esq. ci-devant Cornet of Bur- frain of artillery being rent, with a regiment gyne's Light Dragnons; by George Robert of horse, to diflouge the offenders. Fitzgerald, Esq." 8vo. It was well ob'erved On the approach of this force Mr. Fitz. in one of the literary journals of the times, gerald and his partizans all field, and the that the quarrels of garublers po way con- tipops returned to their old quarters. dle,
however, continued concealed in the country Mr. James Gallagher, Charles Higgins, Luke for some time, and it was in this period that Higgins, and Daniel Clarke, were immediatehis house at Rockfield was set on fire. ly arraigned, for having broke open the gaol Ar length, finding it impoffible to be much of Castle-bar, and affaulting George Robert longer concealed, he, with an armed party, Fitzgerald, Esq. a prisoner in the said gaol, (at the time he was himself an out-law) and in the custody of the gaoler. went to Turlough, and took his father The Attorney-General opened the bufiness. prisoner.
He painted with much warmth the extent of Having placed him in a post-chaise, and a the offence for which the prisoners were arstrong guard on the outside, he led him, as raigned—he inreighed against that turbulent if in triumph, through the country, and at spirit which had too long disgraced many lait brought him to Dublin, where he soon parts of the cruntry, and hoped that the afterwards died, and Mr. Fitzgeralx him- Court would that day be enabled to furnish self was taken by a Captain Hall, who for such an example, as would deter fuch daring this service received the reward of 300l. violators of the laws in future from acts of offered by the Government for apprehending outrage. He then went into an examinahim. He continued a considerable time in tion of bis evidence, to establish the commis. the new prison at Dublin; but, during the son of the fact by the parties above named, administration of Lord Temple, he had ad- - but the evidence adduced was insufficient dress enough to obtain bis pardon
to come to any thing near convi&iion. It The many narrow escapes which he had appeared that the gaol had been forcibly enexperienced, had not lessened, but, on the tered in the evening; that the men who en. contrary, increased his confidence. Mr. tered were armed with swords and pistols. M'Donnel, an attorney and magiftrate in his The centinel who had been on duty at the ne:ghbourhood, having interested himself in gaol was examined, but declared that as the some family-concerns against him, he devoted transaction took place in the Julk of the even, him as a victim to his vengeance. Accord- ing, he could not positively swear to the peringly, pafling by Mr. Fitzgerald's house, be. son of any one named in the indietment of tween the hours of nine and ten o'clock at course his evidence was of no avail. Even night, he was fired upon, and wounded by Mr. Fitzgerald himself could not take upon Mr. Fitzgerald, and five or six other per- him so sevear to their identity ; hesides, the fons; for which Mr. Fitzgerald took his parties were ready to prove an alibi; but for trial, and was acquitted. Still, however, that it seems there was no necetlity, as the determined to wreak his vengeance on the evidence adduced could not at all affect them, unfortunate man, he got him into his possession The jury without withdrawing from the by means of a law process, and difpatched box returned a verdict_NOT GUILTY. him on the 21st of February, 1786. (See The Court then adjourned to 9 o'clock on p. 298.)
Friday Morning, when Immediately on his being secured in gaol, George Robert Fitzgerald, Esq. at Castle-bar, the resentment of the people brought to the bar. He was arraigned, rose to a pitch of madness against the culprits; and bis indictment read to him. The indietand several persons, armed, broke into the ment set forth, that he (Fitzgerald) had proprison, and endeavoured to take the execu. cured Timothy Brecknock, Andrew Craig, tion of the law into their own hands: they alias Scots Andrew, James Foy, William Fulrushed in, and fired upon Mr. Fitzgerald, ton, John Fulton, John Chapman, Wallis and wounded him, but were obliged to quit Kelly, John Cox, James Masterson, David ther prey without finishing their bloody pur- Saltry, Philip Cox, Archibald Newing, John pose. (See p. 298,)
Berney, Henry George, Michael Brown, John A special commillion being issued for the Reheny, and William Robinson, and that he trial of these offenders, it was opened on had incited, stirred up, and provoked the said Thursday morning the 8th inft. when the persons to murder Patrick Randall M‘Done Comui-house was unusually crowded, and ma- nel, Esq. and Mr. Charles Hypfon, which ny people were disappointed, as the Court- murder the said persors perpetrated on the house was quite full at a very early hour. 21st of February last.
It was thought neceffary by the Attorney- To this indi&tment Mr. Fitzgerald pleadGeneral to proceed on the trial of the persons ed nos guilty.—The Attorney-General then who had forced open the gaol of Castlebar, and proceeded in an examination of the witnesses violently allaulted Mr. Fitzgerald, while under on the part of the Crown. The principal evi. the protection of the lawy. The court agreed dence was Andrew Craig, or as he is called to the propriety of Mr. Attorney's request, Scois Andrew, and the charge was fully sube and accordingly the following persons, viz. ftantiated. It appeareil that Mr. M'Donnel James Martin, Ery. Ms. Andrew Gallagher, was murdered on the bridge of Kilnecarra-
Circumstances of peculiar barbarity attended manity, allowed Mr. Stanley till Monday to the bloody deed. Mr. M.Donnel's two arms consider his motion. were broken at the time ; he saw the blun- 12. Timothy Brecknock was called upon derbuss from which he received his death his trial, and given in charge to the Jury uppresented at him-he implor'd the murderer on two indictments, for conspiring and proseveral times to spare liis life, but in vain! curing the death of Patrick Randall M‘Don. he then held down bis head, and the Qugs en nel, and Charles Hypson. The evidence tering through his hat lodged in his body. having fully established the charges in the in.
As soon as the evidence on both sides was dictments, the Jury found him Guilty. closed, Mr. Fitzgerald auldrefted the Court, After Brecknock's convictiva, the Chief praying, as it was a case which affected his life, Barun oudered the Clerk of the Crown to that he might be indulged to speak for him. call up for sentence those persons who had been felf; which being immediately granted him, convicted of actually perpetrating the murder, he made a molt able defence, and spoke for which he then pafled upon John Fulton and three hours, with a strength of imagination, his other alluciates, in the mult cloquent and and a degree of composure, astonishing, when affecting manner. it is considered what the human mind must The Chief Baron then desired to know of feel at so awful a crisis.
Mr. Stauley, whether he meant to make his The Chief Baron then gave a charge to the promised motion in arrest of judgment ? but Jury, who withdrew for 7 minutes, and re. at the same time warmly recommended to turned a verdiet--GUILTY.
tiim, unleis there was a solid ground of obMr. Fitzgerald was then ordered into the jection w the indictment, not to make his custody of the Sheriff, but sentence was not motion, as it must necessarily be made in Ms. pronounced on bim. When the Foreman Fitzgerald's presence, and might poffibly de. of the jury pronounced the word guilty, a range his feelings, which, he said, he was fudden sivom overspread Mr. Fitzgerald's happy to hear were calm and composed. countenance, which seemed unaffected before. Mr. Stanley, on confideration, declined to
June 10. Juhn Fulton, William Fulton, make any motion in arrest of judgment. Archibald Newing, or Ewing, John Reheny, Mr. Fitzgerald was then brought to the or Renchy, and David Simplon, were allo bar of the Court, and the Chief Baron, after found guilty upon iwo indictmen's, for the a preface which drew tears from almost all murder of Patrick Randall M'Donnel and who heard him, on the enormity of the Charles Hypíon :
crime, pailed sentence of death upon George And fame day James Foy, John Cox, Robert Fitzgerald and Timothy Brecknock, James Masterson, David Salory, otherwise with orders for their execution on that das, Simpson, Philip Cox, John Berney, Hum. On being brought into Court the former ipoke phry George, Michael Brown, William Ro. as follows: binson, and Wallis Kelly, were leveral.y ac
My Lords, quitted of fail murder.
“ I humbly hope for the humane indul. After which the Attorney.General in- gence of this Court to my present molt us. formed the Court, that he was given to un- happy ftuation. I do not mean, my Lords, derstand a motion was intended to be made to take up your time, but I trust tha what in arrest of judgment. He desired that Mr. I fall say will be attended with effect. The Firzgerald might be brought up, and the very thort period of time that has elapsed musion gone into. Mr. Fitzgerald's leading since my conviction, has been taken up ia Counsel said, they saw no defect in the in- adjusting my temporal affairs; and in truth, dictment ; but Mr. Stanley declared that he my Lords, even these are not persecuy settled: had warm hopes he could thew a ground to but I now wish to make some preparation, arreft sich judgment, if he were allo'ved Some fettlement of peace with Heaven, betime to consider the subject till Monday. fore I pass into the presence of an all-seeing The Attorney-General called upon him to and juftly offended God, which I am about ftate his objections, which he, Mr. Stanley, to do. declined.
“ My Lords, you may be led to imagine The Attorney-General informed Mr. Stan- that I plead for this indulgence of time in ley, that it would probably afsift him in his hopeful expectation of obtaining his Majesty's motion to arrest the judgment, if he was in. pardon; but, my Lorus, I do most folemnly formed what the indictment was, as he had declare it is no such inducement; for, if his never hitherto called to have it read, but had Majesty were to offer me bis pardon, nay his relied on the short abstract of it in the Crown crown along with it, I would not accept of book : accordingly, at the desire of the At. either the one or the other. Under the weight torney-General, the indictment was read to of such a verdict against me, it is impossible him, and the Court, with remarkable hu- I could ever look one of the community ja