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return of his daughter from a neighbouring ment of his curiofities ; and by an inceffant vot, the Doctor threw himself into a attention to the peace and pleasure of her pott-chaife and travelled all night to reach the father's life, mostheffectually establilhed the mansion of his departed brother, in the course felicity of her own. of the following day. After surveying with Theodora, by many ingenious works and andity and admiration the innumerable carie devices, h.18 contrived to amuie herself and ofities of which he panted to become the por. delight her father : alw ys engaged in acfelic, he eagerly enquired if any price had cupations of benevolent ingenuity, she is nebeen settled for the whole collection and on ver unealy, and has grown imperceptibly into being informed that he might become the an old maid, without entertaining a wish for master of the whole, on the immediate pay. the more honourablé title of a wise. Her ment of 3,500l. the Doctor after a struggle mil and gentle parent has secured himself between parental affection and his pallion from the infirmities of age by long habits for vita, as all his ready money was devoted of temperance, exercise, and, what is perhaps to the approaching marriage of his dauglicer, still more falutary, universal benevolence.almott resolved to relinquith all ideas of the At the age of 87, he is in full pofletlion of purchase : unlockily he took a second survey, his faculties, and beholds with infiuite deand met wiih an article which he had over- light one virtuous and happy daughter, most looked in his first view. I his additional rari- tenderly attached to him, and withiog for no ty entirely overset his prudential resolution, higher enjoyment than, whai ariles from when hastily seizing a pen he wrote a draft their reciprocal affection. "upon his banker for the 3,5ool. On his In antwer to some sprightly remarks of a return, the Doctor, who, like most people facetious friend, who had been with him to of a busy turn, had a particular pleasure in see these two amiable and lingular characters, triking of whatever he did, began to enter. and which he concluded with the observation täin this company, consisting of his daughter, of Monsieur de la Bruyere, that “ the a female relation, and the affiduous Mr. daughter of a virtuofo is a rarity that no Elandford, with an account of his adventures : one is very eager to poffefs ; the grows old te enlarged with rapture on his purchale, hy the side of the cabinet, and is at last enintimating that it had cost him a large sum. titled to a place within it, in the clars of anThis narration produced a gloomy change in tiques; "- -our author replies, "I grant you the countenance of Mr. Blandford; which be- that the daughter of my old friend is the ing perceived by the Doctor, he took him molt capital rarity in his collection,, and one into his study, and candidly told him, that that I always survey with pleasure and esteem. tais transaction should make no material. She is, indeed, a rarity, whole very exifldifference in the fortune of his daughter, as ence, like that of the Poenix, I have heard te would more than compensate for the de. called in question :-the is a contented old faency, by a bond for 4000l, with full in. maid. Extreme filial tenderness and an actereft, and strict punctuality of payment. tive and elegant ingenuity have enabled lies

Mr. Blandford, who in fact was cremb. to maintain an ealy and chicarful state of ling on the verge of bankruptcy, and who mind, under circumstances which may fehad raised many splendid visions on the ex. males would consider as particularly gillingi pected fortune of Miss Coral, immediately they have, in mort, enabled her to give an refolved to have no connexion with the lady, example to her sex, that it is pullible to pass because he foresaw the evils included in her a very useful and a very happy life, without duer; and after upbraiding the Doctor for a share in those connubiad honours and endes conduct, rushed out of the house, and de. joyments which are erroneously supored camped the next day from the town which eliential to the happiness of wounan" contained the object of his transient adura. As a farther confolation to autumnal virgins,

he reminds then that the goddess of ingeoviy Happily for Thendora, Mhe had such gentle among the ancients was berself an old nefs and purity of heart, that this disappomt- maid--recommends the three enchanting mierst served only to increase her filial affec- filter-aits of music, painting, and poetry, as catann; and perceiving that her father was pable of diffipating that reftless languor which eseply vexed by the late occurrences and the a solitary condition is so apt to produce; each Comments of his neighbours, the exerted all of them being able to check and eradicate her powers, in the most endearing manner, those maladies to which the female frame is tu dipate his vexation; the took a kind particularly subject, when the heart is vacant, aut fympathetic pleasure in affifting his fan- and the mind unemployed; and concludes Cu pursuits ; she persuaded him to retain this chapier witia compliment to Miss Carter, trery article of his new purchase ; The gave whom he quotes as a signal proof that the 1 dl of uncommon elegance to the arrange divinities of Parnassus are highly propitious

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to the chaste and mature votaries of Minerva, wishes, unfriendly to her talents, and de.
How far the two other eminent female poets (tructive to the lealth both of her body and
of this nation may think themselves obliged her mind : To support such a condition
to the author for bis prophecy, that they with a placid and chearful magnanimity, ap..
will probably become very honourable mem- pears to me one of the higlieft exertions of
bers of that Sisterhood in whole service he human fortitude : and I have, therefore, al.
wrices, we presume not to determine; we ways regarded my poor friend Conftantia as
will, however, venture to affert, that in a character of as much genuine heroism
spite of all lie can say in favour of the service and picty as the celebratcu St. Agues, or
of Apollo and the Nine, not one in an hun- any other the most heroic female faint in the
dred, even of the Sitterhood, but will agree ample calendar of Rome.”
with Shakespeare, that

Here follows the bittory of Conftantia, in « Earthlier happy far the rose that's pluck’d,

which the author has displayed more than Than that which withering on the virgin

víual skill and abiuties. Of this attecting tale, thorn,

we can only mention the subitance. Alter Lives, blooms, and dies in single blessedness." facrificing her fortune to the happiness of ber

fifter, her father's circumstances being emChap. 11. treats of the patience of Old barruiled, he was obliged to quit the king. Maids. Our author begins by remarkis, dom, leaving this pattern of patience under that the accurate observers of human nature

the protection of an aunt, one of those good readily allow that patience is moft eminently

women, who, by paying punctual vifits to a the characieristic of woman. In fupport of

cathedral, imagine they acquire an uqueí. this opinion, he mentions the sublime and

tionable rig'it not oniy to speak aloud their aftonishing heights to which this vinue bus

own exemplary virtues, but to make as free been carried by Beings of the most delicate

as they pleate with the conduct and character testure, exemplified in the history of the

of every person, both within and without the many virgin martyrs who were exposed in circle of their acquaintance. - Under the roof the fir1t ages of christianity to the moit bar

of thuis unfeeling Being was Conttantia receive Beitrnils and lingering tortures. Though, in

ed, for the fake of the pleature that would Coulequence of the bappy changes which

ante to her from repeating to every crecture bare taken place in the world, from the

who visited at her houte-what a good friend janugress of purified religion, beauty and in.

She was to obar poor girl! no longer in danger of being

These repetitions, painful to a mind of quick dragsut to perilli al the fake ; j'et the 20

seu bibility, Comitantia fupported with a mothor thinks thvie are situations in temale life,

dett refignation, and patied a considerable the require as much patience and magnanimi

time in a state of unmerited mort fication, ty as were exerted in the fiery torments of the

wretched in her own situation, 300 anxious virgin martyr. It has been juttly remaike,

to the most painful degree concerning the that it is more ciñcull to support an avulla

fate of her father. Perceiving there were no Juliun of munute infclicities, than sny fingle hopes of his returil, the wrote to bim a must antimy of the most terrific magnitude. patheric letter, enumerating her ?ufferings, Amitring this to be true, our author thinks

and imploring bis consent to her i.king leave hindi inftified in allerting, that the indigent

of hier aunt, and endeavouring to acquire a anfostanite old maid of the prettnt time is

more peaceable maintenance by teaching » Boing as fully entitied to pity, as those female victims formerly were.

young ladies the ruliments of music, an

enployment to which her talents were " If the readei," he fays, Mis startled, or

pertecily equal. To this filial petition the tenipled to smile, at a companion of tuo

received a very extraordinary and a very painfusterers whole destiny by be thought to

ful answer; the purport of which was, that dilimilar, I intreat him to confider atentive

if ever the quilted her prelent refidence, by the frame of mind which we may refuna

while she herself was unmarried, and biyatı:bute to thife ditierent onvects of com

her aunt alive, she would expose herself pation. During ide torments of the virgin

to the curies of an ofiended father. This had martyr, ile fervour of enthufilm and a

such an effect upon lier, that some time after, galiun fer religitis glory are futhicient to

when a friend offered to take her out of her give new vigour to the foul, in proportion disagree. ble fituation, and place her with a as the most excruciating onreges are inficted

indy of great fortune and excellent character, on the body; but what animating ideas can

te, theugh her father was dead, declined anto to futain the resolution of the more

the friendly offer, and giving him her father's unherry old maid, reduced from fluence

letter thus adressed him : “ Nothing reord pleasure to porerty and contempt

ma ns for me but to blets you for your kind -reduced to a condition oppofite to




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intention of befriending such as unfortunate tened and refined it." Farewell !' (355 width. My father is now at reft in his our attecting writer, “ thou gentle spirit! If grave, and you, perhaps, may think me super- in thy present scene of happier existence, tulevia ia paying so mu h regard to his letter; thou art conscious of sublunary occurrence, bui le never in his life laid any command didain not this imperfect memorial of thay upon me, which was not suggested by his af- fufferings and thy virtues ! and if the pages feta, and, wretched as I am, I cannot be I am now writing, should fall into the haad di Hedient even to his whes." Thus retole of any indigent and dejected Niaiden, wire ved, ihe continued to linger on in her drtad. ill-fortune may be similar to thine, may they fui fiuxion, till at the age of forty-two death fouth and diminish the difquietude of her lite, pui dil end to her calam.lies, which, instead and prepare ber to meet the close of it with of gising an afperity to her temper, had tvi. piety and composure."

[To be concluded in our next.] Observations on a late Publication, intituled, “ Thoughts on Executive Justice." To which

is added, a Letter containing Remarks on the fame Work. London. Cadell, 1786. THE publication which gave rise to these pence farthing, are all crimes punthable with

Observations we took notice of in our death. On the otitt hund, for a man to attempo Review for March laft; and though we did the life of his own father is only a misdemezDu condemn it with that degree of asperity nor; to take away anotiair's life, and to brand chil iume of our brethren did, we readily ac- his name with ignominy by a premelitated per. kuwiedged its p«inciples were rather repug- jury, is not considered as murder, nor thoughie unit is, those humane and rational ones which deserving a capital punishment: to stab another Le been very properly adopted, initead of under circumitances of the blackest malice, it Li'le abiurd and barbarvus notions of juttice the unfortunate object ihould after a long and ab.ca prevailed wo long. It is a truth uni- painful illness recover of his wound only Ferialy acknowluged, that the main object to breathe out the rest of his days in comment of the legilture thould be to prevent crinies, and disease, is puishable only by fine and 2010 to clualtise criminals; and that unlets impritonment: to burn a house of which å gitt proportion be oblerved between the

the incendiary lippens to have a leale, wiferent degrees of crimes and the punish. through fituated in ile centre of a town, m.uts annexed to them, the law mult tend and consequent); the lives of bundreds are Taher to excite than to repreís guilt. Our endingered, is lible to no fererer pluhment. Juriu 11:110:its char the truth of this doctrine li we look into che legal detavition of armes, be put produced my melioration of the lyttein we discover till greater incuitiile!ices ; te of pur penal laws, which infist the same find, that under certain circumit "es a 171.112 pua ti neut on a pick-pocket as on a parricide, may tteal without being a thief, thu a 274 render them an object of horror and aver. pickpocket may be a bigliwat robber, and fia, mitead of veneration and love.

a man who has no intesition in do injury to The author of Thoughts on Executive jur- the person of any one a murderer: 1940 v ice tabiag asserted, that "the penal laws Iteal fruit ready gathered is a felony; but to o Dis country are excellent, and that they gather it and ite Lit is (miy a tretp:11s; that tave nu severity but of the most wholesome iu force one's hand through a pie of gla!), a in;" our Obierver, in reply, after quvi. five o'clock in the aliion in winter, even 153 Jutge Pickitoue's remak, th.it if nothing leidtually taken, is a burglary; is a mancholy truilo, that among the vi- though i brusk open a boule, with every nety of actions which men are diily li. circomitance of violenc , at four o'clock in be to cunnil, no less than 160 have the morning in tunnici, for the purpose of been ueclureit, by Act of Parliament, to be robbing, is only niidentelor. Suchy," warikes sues without benefit of clergy; or, in nues ne, “ are the laws which the judges are her words, to be worthy of instant death;" exhorted to entorce with the litmoit rigoui, 14;, when we come to enquire into the and which are reprelenied is requiring 10 L.!Ire of the crimes of which this dreadful revital, though they thus proclaim theil ona 04

egue is composed, we find it contains absurdity, and call aloud for reformation. troveretlions scarcely deserving corporal pu- In a manner equally forcible, the Outcrver cone manent, while it oinits enormities of the troverts the opinions of the author of Thoughts mxt arocious kind. To Iteal a theep or a on Executive Juitive, throughout his work ; tsdie; w (nach a man's property out of his pleads the canie of humanity with unremitting tod and run away with it; tu steal to the zeal; and maintains that a total revision and annult of 405. 10 a dwelling house, or to reformation of all our penal laws would mucha

amount of 55. privately in a thop ; topick more circutially contribute to the prevention i un'. puke of the value of only twelve. of crimes, till enforcing them in their prepo


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fent state, and unrelentingly persisting in regard for it may seem to have gotten hanging up ten or twenty criminals every fix better of his philanthropy, we are bound wecks in the metropolis. In justice, how. remak, that his antagonist has, from equ ever, to the author of Thoughts on Executive good niotives, erred, v'e think, in an oppo Juftice, whom we believe to have been a extreme.-- -Medio tutiffimus. fincere well wisher to the public, though his

Boethius's Consolation of Philosophy. Translated from the Latin ; with Notes and Ill

trations. By the Rev. Philip Ridpath. Dilly. 1785.

THIS essay is well known, having been

“ With titles grac'd, with laurels crown tranfiated into English by Chaucer, “ By every tongue applauded, say, Colville, Queen Elizabeth, and Lord Preiton, “ Will these enlarge life's Itated round ? Secretary to James II. Its tendency to con- " Willebefe refiftless Fate delay? sole the afflicted, and pour balm into the « Relentless Death has no diftin&tion made wounds occafioned by the instability of earthly “ 'Twixt high and low, the sceptre and th bappiness, added to the foothing fadness which

ípade, pervades the whole, has rendered it extremely

" Where's now Fabricius good and brare acceptable to those whore minds are suf

“ Where Brutus, virtuous in extreme Ceptible of that plealing pain which results

" Where Cato, who disdain'd a Nave ? from melancholy reflections not indulged too

“ Have they not país'd the Stygias far.

stream ? The present tranflation is perspicuous and

“ Their memory lives dear to the good and accurate, and upon the whole not inelegant.

wise, The rotes are in general drawn from respect.

« Their awful forms no longer Atrike our able sources, and tend to explain and illustrate

eyes. the work : those wbich are immediately the tranflator's do not however, abound in critical

“ Ye err, who vainly trust your name ac..men ; nor is the poetical part of the • Shall flourish green and never fade; work the moit meritorious. The following

“ 'Time's withering hand shall blat your may serve as a specimen :


“And wrap it in Oblivion's shade. u Go thou, who fondly dream'ft that fame “ Your mortal frame, and priz'd memorial " Is tovereign good-cluded man !

too, • Gs viciv Healin's wive.exicoded frume, “ (Victorious twice) shall conqu’ring Death " Compund with Earth's contracieu ipan ?

fubdue," 66 Behoiving Fime flius to a point confin'd,

The tra:iflator has prefixed to the work " iis iancied worth wili ceale to charm thy the life of Boethius, collected from the best mind.

authorities with great fidelity.

The Principle of the Commutation-Ad establimed by Facts. By Francis Baring, Esq.

Sewell. 1786.

R. BARING, who is a warm advocate very little more than 6,000,00$lb. per ann. Vi for else Commucation-act, affirms, that Secondly, That the amount of the duty its consequences have been far more impor. still continued upon te. has, in the first year fant, extenfite, in beneficial, than its most only, exceeded the estimate by no less than fanguine fricris's and admiers could have ex- 60,1341. pected; and thit the principle of that act Thirdly, That the total sum paid by the may he extended with equal fucceis to many purchasers for teas fold fince the pulling of other branches of the revenue, promoting at the act, amounts only to 2,776,7991.; bui, the lame tine ih general welfare and prof. hid an equal quantity been fold at the former perity of the kingdom.

prices, the purchalers must have paid not The advantages which have resulted from less than 4,826,2611. confequen:ly the public the Communition..?, ?ccording to our au. have been benefited to the amount of thor's account, are tliete :

2,055.46 21. by this regulation. Firit, That within the first twelve months Fouthly, That the increase in the annual alier the ait took placo, the quantity of tea amount of the Company's fales will oblige fold by the East India Company exceeded them to extend their importations from 16,000,ccclb, whereas the average quantiy China, in order to fulfil the requisitions fuld for ten years prior to paling the act, was the act, and for which purpose not less than


forty-five large additional ships, and 3,450 be greatly increased, when the purposes of the leunen, mult be constantly employed by the act shall have been carried completely into Company.

execution. Fikhiy, That their exports of the wool- In endeavouring to prove there several lens and lead of this country must be aug- assertions, Mr. Baring lias Mewn himself mented from the value of 111,000l. to which thoroughly master of the subject, and has the amoune has hitherto been limited, to at displayed considerable abilities. Thore, ant 300,000l. per ann. which will be ne- however, who are not so partial to the act as cellary hereafter.

Mr. Baring, will probably be of upinion, And finally, That a balance, amounting that he has taken some things for granted annuslly to no less than 1,032,4001. will be which require proof, and will be apt to reretained within this kingdom, which, prior mind him of a logical truth, “ That it is porto the act, was regularly paid to foreigners in fible to draw a wrong conclusion from righe specie, thro' the medium of the smugglers; premises." and that this balance will, in all probability,

The Breeches ; or, the Country Curate and Cobler's Wife, a comic, satiric, poetic, de

fcriptive Tale. London. S. Bladon, 1786.

A llafiy sketch of this curious adventure breeches ; a qui pro quo may therefore have

having found its way into a morning eafily happened, and a limb of the law beon paper, it gave rise to this wretched piece of mistaken for a sprig of divinity : at all events, ribaldry, equally devoid of poetry and hu. as nobody chuses to own the small-clothes, mour. That the cobler found the breeches “ Sim, who nor cares for taunting Meers or is allowed on all hands, but that they belong

scorns, ed to Crape is not so evident. Men of all May with the Quidam's guineas cip his profeifions now-B-days wear black fattin


Snictures on Ecclefiaftical Abuses, addresked to the Bishops, Clergy, and People of Great

Britain. Dilly, 1785.

THE author observes, that, owing to the er class of people is greatly deficient. He

relaxed and degenerate state of the eccle- points out eight abuses deserving the attenfiftical establishments of this kingdom, the tion of those to whose consideration they are duence of religion on the minds of the low- recommended.

The Puet, a Poem ; inscribed to Mr. Jerningham. By Joseph Colls. Robson, 1785. THE author of this poem poffefses no in- Yet mark how different was my loc decreed,

considerable share of merit, though he condemnd the paths of active life to tread; appears to have moved in the humbler sphere Those bufy paths, where credit lives at stake, et life, and to want the foltering hand of public And nought but interest keeps the mind approbation to call forth those abilities which

asvake ; leem to wapt only to be known, to be en- Where pride and vice possess an equal -fway, Euraged. The following lines, which are Where midnight revels close the fleeting day ; bermaious and expressive, may serve to Where modest worth by ey'ry dunce is potify our opinion:

spurn'd, " True worth, once known, shall never be And Attic wit to venal cunning turn'ds

Such scenes as these il suit the Poet's mind, Tho' bred in want, and nurtur'd in a cot : As free as light, as æther unconfin'd; That worth may live, and ftrike the muse's From such he turns his ever-wakeful eye, lyre

And, wing'd by rapture, yiews the world on With Virgil's sweetness and a Homer's fire ;

high! To thrilling raptures wake the feeling breast, Thus was I doom'd to tread life's humble And, blefling others, be completely bleft.

sphere, Had furtune bail'd me from a parent's womb, 'Till time releas'd me from the weighty care, I ne'e had ficken'd at niy native home ; But now, superior to each galling load, But placed in case enjoy'd a happier state, I boldly venture from the beaten road; Exempt from all the rigid laws of fate ; And cheer'd at once by Hope's enlivening Perhaps have taught some other bard to fing,


[away : And rose to glory on ambition's wing. Thro' gath'ring clouds like lightning burst EUROP. Mag.




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