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talk, "to be obliged to notice circumstances,
out prefuming to connect with them any comment of my own: esteeming it the part of a faithful hiftorian, "to extenuate nothing, nor fet down ought in malice.”
An authentic Account of Forgeries and Frauds of various Kinds, committed by that most confummate Adept in Deception Charles Price, otherwife Patch, many Years a LotteryOffice-Keeper in London and Westminster; who, to avoid an ignominious Death, destroyed himself in Tothil-fields Bridewell, on the 24th of January, 1786. 8vo. Kearfley.
THESE extraordinary memoirs ftrongly evince the truth of the adage, that honefty is the best policy. Had the unfortunate object of them, who certainly poffeffed extraordinary talents, instead of perverting them to the worst of uses, exercised his abilities in a proper line, he might have lived an ornament to fociety, entitled to praise not only for his fagacity and prudence, but for a fortitude which might have done honour to a
good caufe, but, in the prefent inftance, ferved only to put a miserable end to a mifspent life. The ftyle of this pamphlet shews plainly that the author has confulted a lately published Claffical Dictionary. If the fame ftatute were in force against disfiguring the King's English, as is against defacing the coin, the editor would ftand in need of alf Price's difguifes to avoid fucceeding him ia his quondam apartments in Tothil-fields.
An Authentic Narrative of Mifs Fanny Davies, the celebrated modern Amazon, who received Sentence of Death at Chelmsford Affizes, for ftealing above 1250l. in Money and Notes from Mr. Wrigglefworth. 8vo. Jameson. To this Authentic Narrative, which may ferve as an excellent companion for the former article to adorn the libraries of the cu
rious, we can only apply the countryman's tranflation of Queen Anne's motto, femper eadem-worse and worse.
Elegia fcripta in Sepulchreto Ruftico, Latine reddita, A. J. Wright. Cui fubjiciuntur alia
for its fidelity and elegance, Mr. Wright, in his preface, defends his original from the fevere and unjuft reflections caft on him by the late Dr. Johnfon, and confiders the liberties that gentleman has taken with the character of Mr. Gray and others, either from prejudice or pique, as blemishes to his own reputation. The other poems are mifcellaneous, and much above mediocrity. His addrefs to the ladies, in defence of those fair-ones who have unhappily deviated from the path of virtue, and fallen victims to artful feduction, is both fpirited and pathetic, tho' fome of the expreffions are rather uncouth.
Ye fair whom kinder fate hath fafely led Thro' flipp'ry youth, through paths with fnares befpread,
Spare, I befeech, the miserable race,
And Pleasure feldom echoes Reason's voice.
What tho' your virgin form no flaia
No random Hercules by stealth embrac'd ;
Farewell Odes for the Year 1786. By Peter Pindar, Efq. 4to. 3s. Kearney.
Smiling in heart, and foul content,
And quickly foap'd himself to ears and
HIS poetical Drawcanfir is uncommonly So home the clown with his good fortune fevere, in thefe Odes, on feveral of the Royal Artists, whom he introduces rejoicing at the thoughts of his refignation. But Mr. Weft, who seems particularly to be the object of his fpleen, he has treated very illiberally. Much as we admire Peter's humour, we can by no means think him juftified in thus wantonly exercising it at the expence of a man of merit. It is literally" cafting firebrands, arrows, and death, and faying, Am not I in fport?"
After giving this opinion, it cannot be expected we fhould countenance the deed, by admitting any of the exceptionable paffages into the extracts we lay before our readers. They muft therefore content themfelves with "Peter's fage advice to mer. cenary artists, and a delectable story of a country-bumpkin and peripatetic razor.fel
"Forbear, my friends, to facrifice your
To fordid gain, unless that you are starv-
I own that hunger will indulgence claim
In order to make hafte to fell and eat;
"But yet there are a mercenary crew,
"A fellow in a market town,
Moft mufical, cried razors up and down,
And offer'd twelve for eighteen pence; Which certainly feem'd wondrous cheap, And for the money, quite a heap,
As ev'ry man wou'd buy, with cash and fenfe.
"A country bumpkin the great offer heard:
Poor Hodge, who fuffer'd by a broad black beard,
That feem'd a fhoe-brush ftuck beneath his nofe,
With chearfulnefs the eighteen-pence he
And proudly to himself, in whispers, faid,
It certainly will be a monftrous prize :
"Being well lather'd from a difh or tub, Hodge now began with grinning pain to grub,
Just like a hedger cutting furze : 'Twas a vile razor !-then the rest he tried-All were impoftors-" Ah," Hodge figh'd. "I with my eighteen pence within my
What were they made for then, you dog?
Made! quoth the fellow with a smile
Juvenile Indifcretions. A Novel. In five volumes. 15s. Lane, 1786. are informed in the preface to this Novel, that it is the production of a lady; but as for this we have only the author's word, we beg leave to doubt it; and we the more readily do fo, as it is a work that would not redound much to the credit of any fair lady." Errors in point of diction and grammatical propriety" are venial tref
paffes, which we readily overlook in compo. fitions of this kind, but we cannot fo eafily forgive crimes of a deeper die.-Not content with borrowing every character throughout the five volumes, this fi-difant lady author has miferably disfigured them, to prevent their being recognized by the right owners.
The New Foundling Hospital for Wit: Being a Collection of Fugitive Pieces, in Profe and Verfe, not in any other Collection. With feveral Pieces never published before. A new Edition, corrected, and confiderably enlarged. In Six Volumes. London, Debrett, 1786. fpared to render it agreeable and ufeful. From
E took notice of a former edition of
W this work, in our Review for Auguft the nature of fo multifarious a compilation, it
is impoffible that the materials can all be of equal goodness: fome tares will unavoidably fpring up among the wheat. Thefe volumes, however, "take them for all in all," afford more entertainment than most fimilar collections.
Vol. II. Debrett. 1786.
And pleas'd beyond exprefling
The whole creation's wealth furvey,
"TOM SLEDGE the blackfmith, by his fre-
And pending much, contracted many debts.
The Affectionate Father; a Sentimental Comedy: together with Effays on various Subjects.
HE pieces contained in this volume were written, we are informed, at various times, as fubjects occurred, or as the writer's leifure permitted. Early in life, inftead of rufhing into the pleafures which youth in general fo eagerly covet, the author fought amufement in his clofet, and, from habt, acquired a facility of writing, which, though no proof of gemas, he says, "fometimes fupplies the want of it."-The Affection
ate Father is better calculated for the clofet than the itage. The fentiments are juft, and the moral good; but the characters want novelty, and the dialogue feldom rites above mediocrity.
In his reflections on men and manners, Mr. Nelfon has fhewn his philanthropy by pointing out the road to domeftic happiness, and by informing the ignorant, or reminding the inattentive in a matter of importance re
Major Aloney, who made an excurfion from Norfolk.
fpecting the preservation of their health, in his remarks refpecting the use of copper veffels. He has elsewhere indulged a vein of pleafantry without intending or giving offence, and has contributed his endeavours to abolish the difgraceful and destructive, though too prevailing cuftom of duelling.
"All men," fays our author, as an apology for thus employing himself, "be their profeffions either fedentary or active, are allowed moments of relaxation. One enjoys'
himself with his fnuff-box; a fecond looks with complacency on the works of his hands; a third feizes a pen, and writes a couplet; and a fourth plays a tune on his violin; and all this without any juft imputation of neglecting their bufinefs." Writing, Mr. Nel. fon confeffes, is his hobby-horfe, and while he rides it thus peaceably and inoffensively, God forbid that any malevolent critic should crofs or joftle him.
The History of Sandford and Merton; a Work intended for the Use of Children. Vol. II. London. J. Stockdale. 1786.
HE total want of proper books to be put into the hands of children, while they are taught to read, has long been a juft fubject of complaint. A felection of fuch ftories as might intereft young minds, withcut the risk of corrupting them, could not therefore fail of being acceptable. In fuch a compilation the chief difficulty confifts in avoiding to opprefs the tender mind of the child by too great a variety and number of incidents. This difficulty is happily obviated in the prefent work, the ftories being not only adapted to the faculties of children, but connected in a continued narration, fo as that each appears to rife naturally from the subNARRATIVE of the DEATH of CAPTAIN JAMES COOK. By DAVID SAMWELL, Surgeon of the DISCOVERY.
ject, and by that means makes the impression more durable. This effect is confiderably augmented, by two children being introduced as the principal actors in the business, who, by being made to fpeak and act naturally, render the relation more interesting to thofe for whom it was immediately intended. As inftruction is never fo effectually communicated as when it is conveyed in the form of amufement, we fincerely recommend this publication, in which both these objects feem to have been the principal aim of the writer, and whofe endeavours have been uncommonly fuccessful.
SOME of the Indians of Ou,why,e in the night took away the Discovery's large cutter, which lay fwamped at the buoy of one of her anchors: they had carried her off fo quietly, that we did not mifs her till the morning, Sunday, February 14. Captain Clerke loft no time in waiting upon Captain Cook to acquaint him with the accident: he returned on board, with orders for the launch and fmall cutter to go, under the command of the fecond lieutenant, and lie off the caft point of the bay, in order to intercept all canoes that might attempt to get out; and, if he found it neceffary, to fire upon them. At the fame time, the third lieutenant of the Refolution, with the launch and small cutter, was fent on the fame fervice, to the oppofite point of the bay; and the mafter was difpatched in the large cutter, in purfait of a double canoe, already under fail, making the best of her way ont of the harbour. He foon came up with her, and by firing a few mufkets drove her on fhore, and the Indians left her: this happened to be the canoe of Omea, a man who bore the title of Orono, He was on board himself, and it would have been fortunate, if our people had fecured him, for his perfon was held as facred as that of the king. During this time, Captain Cook was preparing to go afhore himself at the town of Kavaroah, in order to fecure the person of Kariopoo, before he should have time to withdraw himfelf to another part of the island, out of our reach. This appeared the most effectual step
that could be taken on the prefent occasion, for the recovery of the boat. It was the measure he had invariably pursued, in fimilar cafes, at other islands in these feas, and it had always been attended with the defired fuccefs : in fact, it would be difficult to point out any other mode of proceeding on these emergencies, likely to attain the object in view. We had reafon to fuppofe, that the king and his attendants had fled when the alarm was first given: in that cafe, it was Captain Cook's intention to fecure the large canoes which were hauled up on the beach. He left the ship about feven o'clock, attended by the lieutenant of marines, a ferjeant, corporal, and feven private men: the pinnace's crew were alfo armed, and under the command of Mr. Roberts, As they rowed towards the shore, Captain Cook ordered the launch to leave her ftation at the west point of the bay, in order to aflift his own boat. This is a circumftance worthy of notice; for it clearly thews, that he was not unapprehenfive of meeting with refiftance from the natives, or unmindful of the neceffary preparation for the fafety of himself and his people. I will venture to fay, that from the appearance of things just at that time, there was not one, befide himself, who judged that such precaution was abfolutely requifite: fo little did his conduct on the occa fion, bear the marks of rashness, or a precipitate felf confidence! He landed, with the marines, at the upper end of the town of Kavaroah: the Indians immediately flocked round, as ufua',
and shewed him the customary marks of refpect, by proftrating themselves before him. There were no figus of hoftilities, or much alarm among them. Gaptain Cook, however, did not feem willing to trust to appearances; but was particularly attentive to the difpoft tion of the marines, and to have them kept clear of the crowd. He firit enquired for the king's fons, two youths who were much attached to him, and generally his companions on board. Metlengers being fent for them, they foon came to him, and informing him that their father was aficep, at a houfe not far from them, he accompanied them thither, and took the marines along with them. As he paffed along, the natives every where proftrated themfelves before him, and feemed to have loft no part of that respect they had always fhewn to his perfon. He was joined by feveral chiefs, among whom was Kanynah, and his brother Koohowrooah. They kept the crowd in order, according to their ufual custom; and being ignorant of his intention in coming on shore, frequently asked him, if he wanted any hogs, or other provifions: he told them, that he did not, and that his bufinefs was to fee the king. When he arrived at the houfe, he ordered fome of the Indians to go in and inform Kariopoo, that he wait ed without to speak with him. They came out two or three times, and instead of returning any anfwer from the king, prefented fome pieces of red cloth to him, which made Captain Cook fufpect that he was not in the houfe; he therefore defired the lieutenant of marines to go in. The lieutenant found the old man just awaked from fleep, and feemingly alarmed at the meffage; but he came out without hesitation. Captain Cook took him by the hand, and in a friendly manner afked him to go on board, to which he very readily confented. Thus far matters appeared in a favourable train, and the natives did not feem much alarmed or apprehenfive of hoftility on our fide; at which Captain Cook expreffed himself a little furprized, faying, that as the inhabitants of that town appeared innocent of stealing the cutter, he should not moleft them, but that he must get the king on board. Kariopoo fat down before his door, and was furrounded by a great crowd: Kanynah and his brother were both very active in keeping order among them. In a little time, however, the Indians were ob. ferved arming themfelves with long fpears, clubs, and daggers, and putting on thick mats, which they ufe as armour. This hoftile appearance increased, and became more alarming, on the arrival of two men in a canoe from the oppofite fide of the bay, with the news of a chief, called Kareemoo, having been killed by one of the Discovery's boats, in their paffage across: they had alfo delivered
this account to each of the ships. Upon that information, the women, who were fitting upon the beach at their breakfaft, and converfing familiarly with our people in the boats, retired, and a confused murmur fpread through the crowd. An old priest came to Captain Cook, with a cocoa nut in his hand, which he held out to him as a prefent, at the fame time finging very loud. He was often defired to be filent, but in vain : he continued importunate and troublesome, and there was no fuch thing as getting rid of him or his noife: it feemed as if he meant to divert their attention from his countrymen, who were growing more tumultuous, and arming themtelves in every quarter. Captain Cook being at the fame time furrounded by a great crowd, thought his fituation rather hazardous: he therefore ordered the lieutenant of marines to march his fmall party to the water-fide, where the boats lay within a few yards of the fhore: The Indians readily made a lane for them to pafs, and did not offer to interrupt them. The distance they had to go might be fifty or fixty yards; Captain Cook followed, having hold of Kariopoo's hand, who accompanied him very willingly: he was attended by his wife, two fons, and several chiefs. The troublefome old priest followed, making the fame favage noife. Keowa, the younger fon, went directly into the pinnace, expecting his father to follow; but just as he arrived at the water-fide, his wife threw her arms about his neck, and, with the affiftance of two chiefs, forced him to fit down by the fide of a double canoe. Captain Cook expoftulated with them, but to no purpose: they would not fuffer the King to proceed, telling him he would be put to death if he went ou board the ship. Kariopoo, whofe conduct feemed entirely refigned to the will of others, hung down his head, and appeared much diftreffed.
While the king was in this fituation, a chief, well known to us, of the name of Coho, was obferved near, with an iron dagger, partly concealed under his cloke, feemingly, with an intention of stabbing Captain Cook, or the lieutenant of marines. The latter propofed to fire at him, but Captain Cook would not permit it. Coho clofing upon them, obliged the officer to ftrike him with his piece, which made him retire. Another Indian laid hold of the ferjeant's mufket, and endeavoured to wrench it from him, but was prevented by the lieutenant's making a blow at him. Captain Cook, feeing the tumult increase, and the Indians growing more daring and refolute, obferved, that if he were to take the king off by force, he could not do it without facrificing the lives of many of his people. He then paufed a little, and was on the point of giving his orders to rembark,