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when a man threw a stone at him, which he nace; which thereby became so much crouded, retumed with a discharge of small shot, that the crew were, in a great measure, pre(with which one barrel of his double piece was vented from using their fire-arms, or giving loaded). The man, having a thick mat before what affistance they otherwise might have him, received little or no hurt: he brandishe'd done, to Captain Cook; so that lie leems, ac his ipear, and threatened to dart it at Captain the most critical point of time, to have Cook, who beng ftill unwilling to take away wanted the alliitance of both boats, owing his life, instead of firing with ball, knocked to the reinoval of the launch. him down with his musket. lle expostulated withitanding that they kept up a fire strongly with the most forward of the crowd, on the crowd from the situation to which they upon their turbulent behaviour. He had given removed in that boat, the fatal confusion which up all thoughts of getting the king on board, ensued on her being withdrawn, to say the as it appeared impracticable; and his care was leatt of it, must have prevented the full effect, then only to act on the defensive, and to that the prompt co operation of the two secure a safe embarkation for his small boats, according to Captain Cook's orders, mutt party, which was closely prefied by a have had, towards the preservation of himbody of several thousand people. Keowa, self and his people. At that time, it was to the king's son, who was in the pinnace, the boats alone that Captain Cook had to look being alarmed on hearing the first firing, for his safety ; for when the marines had was, at his own entreaty, put on shore again ; fired, the Indians rushed among them, and --for even at that time Mr. Roberts, forced them into the water, where four of who commanded her, did not apprehend that them were killed: their lieutenant was woundCaptain Cook's person was in any danger: ed, but fortunately escaped, and was taken otherwise he would have detained the prince, up by the pinnace. Captain Cook was then which, no doubt, would have been a great the only one remaining on the rock: he was check on the Indians. One man was observed, observed making for the pinnace, holding his behind a double canne, in the action of dart. left hand againt the back of his head, to guard ing bis spear at Captain Cook, who was it from the stones, and currying his mulaikat forced to fire at him in his own defence, but under the ocher arn). An Indian was seen happened to kill another close to him, equally following him, but with caution and timi. forward in the tumult : the lerje ant observing dicy ; for he tepped once or twice, as if 1700that he had missed the man he aimed at, re. determined to proceed. Aclitt he ad:anse ceived orders to fire at him, which he did, en him uniwares, and with a large Cli, and killed him. By this time, the im- or common fake, gave him a How on the petuoíity of the Indians was somewhat re. back of the head, and then precipiesietto preised; they fell back in a body, and seemed treated. The tiroke seemed to have fun Raggered : but being pushed on by those be- Captain Cook: he staggered a few prces, then bind, they returned to the charge, and fell on his bind and one keee, and diutped poured a volicy of stones among the marines, bis mulia.i. A, lie was rising, and before who), without waiting for orders, returned he cou'd recover his feet, another in it with a general discharge of musketry, stabbed him in the buck of the neck with a which was instantly followed by a fire from iren dagset. He then fell into a bite of wa. the boats. At this Captain Cook was heard ter about koee deer, where others crowded to express lois astonishnient: he waved his upon liini, anu endeavoured to keep him hind to the boals, called to them to ceale under ; but ftruggling very strongly with firing, and to come nearer in to receive the them, he got his head up, and casting his look marines, Mr. Roberts immediately brought towards the pinnace, seemed to solicitatiit. the pinnace as close to the shore as he could, ánce. Though the boat was not above tive without grounding, not withitunding the or fix yulds dittant from him, yet from the showers of stones that fell among the people: crowded and contuied state of the crew, it but Mr. John Williamsor, the lieutenant, seems it was not in their power to save him, who commanded in the launch, instead of The Indians got him under again, but in pulling in to the attittance of Captain Cook, deeper witer : he was, however, able to get withdrew his boat further off, at the moment his head up once mere, and being almost that every thing seems to have depended upon fpent in the struggle, he naturally turned in the timely exertions of those in the boats. the rock, and was endeavouong to support By his own account, be mistook the signal: bimteli by it, when a savage gave him a blow but be that as it may, thus circumftance ap. with a club, and be ivas leen alive no more. pears to me, to have decided the fatal turn They hauled him up lifeless on the rocks, of the affair, and to have removed every where they seemed io take a savage plealure chance which remained with Captain Cook, in sfing every busharity to his dead body, of escaping with his life. The business of snatebing the daggers out of each other's saving the marines out of the wiiter, in conse. hand , to have the horrid satisfaction of pierce quence of that fell alone her upon the pin. ing cbe Gallegim of their bubur




MAY 15.




ries were certain. Suppose, said the learned EARD counsel further on the Stour. Prelate, that the town of Bromsgrove and its

bridge Canal bill.–After the Counsel vicinity should be benefited 2000l, per ann. had withdrawi),

and the private injury was only scol. per Lord Bathurst wished that the quer. ann. surely that was sufficient ground for tion, whether or not a proprietor of higher obječting to the bill; because parliament grounds had a free and uncontrollable right would never benefit one class of men to the to divert the course of a rivulet or Itream to prejudice of another. His Lordfhip's speech the detriment of the proprietor of lower was delivered in very elegant and !ogical grounds, might be referred to the Judges for terms, directed in the most pointed manner their opinion.

against the bill, Lord Loughborough, in a few words, de- , The Bishop of Salisbury also spoke with monitrated that tirere was no necessity for such great energy against the bill. reference, as the point had always been con- At half after seven o'clock the House diIntered a decided one, that a proprietor of vided, when there appeared for committing grounds might do what he pleased with the the bill, water which patted through them; but that Contents

19 if he injured the interests of his neighbours Non-contents

42 by fo doing, an action of trespass lay against Consequently the bill was thrown out, and him.

the House immediately adjourried, The House then proceeded to hear Counsel

May 22. in the cause. Adjourned.

The Royal Asent was given by commila MAY 16,

fion to the bill for appointing Commiffioners Lord Dudley addressed their Lordships. to carry into execution the land tax of 1786 He was anxious, in the first instance, to -the Scotch Schools bill-the Newfoundland wipe away the imputation which had been fishery bill--the Margate Play-house bill — thrown upon the bill by its enemies, who the Coventry canal bill-and to thirteen had called it a job, his Lordship's job. The public and eight private bills. fact was so far the contrary, that it was with The order of the day heing read, that the great difficulty he had been induced to give bill for appropriating one million annually his assent to the scheme ; and it was after for the extinction of the national debt, be read, very mature deliberation, and a full convic. Lord Loughborough hoped that the bili tion of its utility, that he had patronized it, would be printed for the use of their Lord. after an examination of every part of the ships. Being informed, however, by Lord plan -- The proprietors of the collieries, in Bathurst, that it was contrary to the custom the line through which the canal would pafs, of the House to print a bill of that nature, to the number of thirty, so far from confi. the question on the motion was put, and it dering that his Lordchip wanted to establish was agreed that the bill thould be committed a monopoly for his own coals, were them. on Thursday next. selves the greatest advocates for the bill. A Earl Stanhope, in consequence of their noble Lord [Lord Foley] who was pof- Lordships summons on the present business, sessed of very great property in the neigh. though the future discussion of it was to be bourhood, was originally against the bill; postponed to Thursday, could not help stat. but after weighing the plan, and considering ing his ohjections to the plan ; that no meaall its consequences, was become an advo- fure had been adopted, or was likely to be cate for it, and had taken an active part in adopted, in order to secure its permanency, that House in its favour. His Lordship then and consequently that effe&t which it was inentered into a very diffuse defence of the hill, tended to produce. He reasoned with re. and answered every objection that had been spect to the perfection of his own system in raised, and particularly adverted to the ar- this point of view, and went into a general ticles of coal and lime, which would be dif- detail of it. The plan he had laid down was tributed through the whole county by means exempe from those objections which naturally of the capal. He concluded with moving, that

rose from the scheme in agitation, relative the bill might be referred to a Committee, to to the temptation that ambitious minifters receive any amenuments that might be ne- would lie under, of availing themselves of a ceffary.

number of those reliefs, and of various pecu• The Bishop of Llandaff considered the hill niary resources which would naturally acin a very different point of view. Its public crue in the course of a few years from its unty was very duuhtful; its privite inju. adoption. Every means ought therefore to

be employed to prevent this evil.

For this that ther Lordships would find suficient reas purpore he saw only one mode of security, son for adopting it. which was fo to connect the public creditor Lord Loughborough expressed much sur. with the state, as to render it impracticable. prise at the return to their Lordships' mel. Having made a motion to this effect,

sage from the House of Commons. He had Lord Camelford refuted its being adopted considered that message as a ministerial mea. in the present stage of the business, as a re- sure. From what had passed on Monday, he solution of the House.

had every right to view it in that light ; and Lord Sydney expressed many obligations how that mellage should have met with such to the noble Earl (Stanhope), but was for a fare under all its circumstances, he was ab moving the previous question on the mo- a loss to conjecture. He hoped the noble tion.

Lord who had spoken laft, would have ac Lord Loughborough had not made up his least the courage to explain it. mind sufficiently to the present motion, and Lord Sydney vindicated his conduct, and hoped the confideration of it might be post- hoped that when the noble Lord threw any poned to some other occafion.

imputation on his courage, he would do it The Duke of Richmond opposed the le- in those places and in chat manner in which gislature adopting any permanent system as he could with most propriety resent it. unconftitutional, and as tending to deprive Lord Loughborough apologised to the nofuture legiflators of their right.

ble Lord for what had fallen from him re. Lord Scormont was for a subsequent dis- specting his courage. He had said nothing cursion of the resolution.

that could in any respect injure that part of Earl Stanhope having little hopes of car- his character, of which he entertained as higla rying his motion on any subsequent day, said,

an opinion as any man. that he wilhed it to Itund on the Journals of Lord Carlife opposed the going into a Comthe House. Were the previous question put mittee without the grounds on which the bill on jf, he should not obtain the object.

was founded being laid before the House. Tne question was then put on the original The motion being then put, that the House 'motion, and it was, without a division, ne- resolve itlelf into a Committee, it was agreed gatived.

to without a division. The Duke of Richmond moved, that there Lord Stormont then gave his opinion at should be laid before the House, a copy of large on the bill. He next went into a mithe report of the Select Committee of the

nute discullion of the report of the Committee Houle of Commons, which motion of the House of Commans, which he treated agreed to.

in the light of a pamphlet. He recapitulates

the various arguments urged in the other The answer to their Lordships message to House against the fatements contained in it, the House of Commons on the Surplus bill, and suggested that the operation of France declining the transmision of any grounds of relative to its fortifications at Chei burgh, and judgment on which they had palled the above on the continent oppofile to us, indicatos bill being read, a short conversation touk

warlike intentions; and that there was on place, relative to the House resolving itself

this account no probability of our peice-eltainto a Committee that day for the further con- blishment being reduced. fideration of it.

Lord Loughborough, in a speech of some Lord Stormont appealed to their Lordships length, went mo the detail of the bill, and sentiments of propriety, whether such a attempted to show that it was founded in iilua measure would be des ent, and asked their

five principles--It was a monument whicla Lordships, whether they were prepared to had been built like a cattle in the air, without go blindfold into a measure, with respect to a foundation. He laid it bad already given a the grounds of which they had been denied

false rise to the funds, and this rife would of that informa:ion which they had reason to itself defeat the very object of the bill, as the expect; anu as none of his Majesty's mi. Commiffionei's entrutted with the managenitters were in the House at that period to ment of the surplus must buy at answer any questions which might be fug- much bigher than the real value of the sterk, gested relative to it, he thought it would be

taken in comparison with the proportional improper to take the business into further

value of other articles; for the fact was, confideration.

that since the scheme respecting the linking Lord Sydney coming in soon after, apu. fund bad been agicated stuck had rilen, and he logized very satisfactorily for his absence, and made no doubt would rise far beyow the vào declared himself ready to give every informa- lue of any other article. tion in his power on the subject. He ex. The Duke or Richmond attributed this cirplaiocd the nature of lie bill, and hoped cumultance to the very extraordinary balance


MAY 25.

a rate

MAY 30.


in our favour on the exchange, which had 1,500,00cl. by loans or Exchequer bills, to amounted, in a certain period, to no less a sum be charged on the first aid granted in the next than ten per cent.

fellions of Parliament-Tlic bill for raising The bill was then read, and passed in the 1,000,000l. in the like manner.—The naCommittee; after which the House was re. tional debt bill. - The Gibraltar head-money fumed and adjourned.

bill.- The Blackfriars-bridge bill.-Tbellele May 25.

ton inclosure bill.-The Isle of Man fogar This day his Majesty went in his usual Atate bill. The bill for alcering the days of pat. to the House of Peers. As soon as the king ment of annuitics.-The bill for extending the was seated on the throne, a mellage was lent acts relating to courts of conscience; and the to the Commons, commanding their altend- bill for regulating manifesto.

In obedience to the royal mandate, the members of the lower House appeared at The order of the day being read for the the bar, when their Speaker addressed his second reading of the Pawnbrokers bill, Majesty as follows:

Counsel were called in, and being heard in Most Gracious Sovercign,

support of the Bill, counsel were heard against “ Your faithful Commons have pafled a it. Upon which bill, intituled, “ An Ad for veiting certain Lord Loughborough rose, and, in a speech fums in Commissioners, at the end of every of great perspicuity, pointed out the improquarter of a year, to be by them applied to priety of the act. His Lordship clearly thewed the reduction of the National Debt;" by which its evident partiality against the inferior order they have manifelted their attention to your of society, and moved that it might be reMajelty's recommendation, at the opening jećied. of this seflion, for eftablishing a fixed plan Lord Rawdon apologized for having takes for the reduction of the National Debt.

an active part in favour of the bill. He ac. “By the unanimity which attended the knowledged that Lord Loughborough's oblatt and most important stage of this Bill, they servations were very prevailing ; but he have given the most decisive proof, that they wilhed to go into a Committee on the bill, have but one heart and one voice, in the main- when all the precautions might be put into tenance of the public credit, and prosperity of effect. their country.

Lord Bathurst left the woolfack, and spoše “ The public credit of the nation, which is in very strong terms against the bill. the result of just and honourable dealing, is The Duke of Richmond and Lord Hawke low guarded by an additional security-and spoke in favour of it. the future prosperi'y of thus country will effec. Lord Loughborough replied, and the tal tually be provided for, when it is considered, was rejected without a division, that for the purpose of 1 ding the cause of

JUNE 2, Elie continuance of this measure most power- Adjourned to Monday the 12th. fully with pofteriiy, your faithful Commons

JUNE 13. Jave, to the justice and good policy of it, added This day by virtue of a Commiffion from the autlionty of their own example:

bis Majelty, the Royal alient was given to Qui facititte jubet.

An act for granting to his Majesty an ade “ They have not been discouraged by the ditional duty upon bastens and deals inipuried. burthels imposed during the last ten years, An act for the further support and che from 1ibnitting, in the present time, and in couragement of the fitheries carried on in the the lunil est peace, to new, and the pollibility Greenland seas and Davis's ftreights. ottbitci buthens; their object being to attain An act to continue, and render more efa ftuaten :01 their country, more favourable sectual, an act for the encouragement of the to liet difcice cuid glory in the event of future growth of henip and fax. energencies

An act for the further relief of debtor, " A pisu foliorcuable in its principle, and with respect to the imprisonment of the fo» conteste tilbie future happiness and talety persons, and to oblige debiors, who thail of the kintetni, nuit be, in the lig!eft de- continue in exccution in prison beyood a cer• $16.6, hipobie 10 tlie Father of his people. tuin time, and for fums not exceeding ulat

Comiiht confidence, in the nanne of zi1 are mentioneri m the act, to make discovery Ele conmouss et Great Butain I render the of, and deliver upon oath, their eftates for 3.!! 10 jour 01. july ; to u bich, with all hu. their creditors benefit. Drive souvir faithu! Commous desire your An act for paving the footways and pafo Vetyi Roral Alicet,"

fupes, and for better cleanfing and ligining Ta ljetty ihen gave the royal afTent in the town of Cheltenham, a. bilusisies blew i The bill for rains

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MAY 8.

Hastings, praying to be heard by himself or R. Gilbert brought up the report of the Counsel. The motion was agreed to ; the effe&ual means to prevent the present frauds conversation between Mr. Burke, Major which exist in the adulteration of wine, Scott, Mr. Pitt, &c. the motion for hearing which was read and agreed to.

Mr. Hastings by himself or Counsel palled Mr. Sheridan desired to know whether unanimously. The House then resolved itself there was any account in the House of the into a Committee, the Hon. Mr. St. John in number of licences which had been granted the chair, for the purpose of examining evi. to persons feling wine; and on it being dence on the business of Mr. Hastings. Major hinied that there was not, he moved, that Marsac was called to the bar and examined ; there be laid before the House an account of and after the investigation of a variety of the number of wine licences granted within other matters, connected with the subjeét of these last five years, which was granted. He the impeachment, the House adjourned. then wished to be informed whether the bill

MAY 10. was meant to be printed ; and being answer. The order of the day having been read for ed in the negative, he gave notice that he hearing Mr. Hastings in answer to the last should, whenever ihe bill came to be de- charge against him, presented by Mr. Burke, bated, move for it to be printed, and at the Mr. Hastings was called in. When he got fame time take the sense of the House on the to the bar, he informed the House, that as propriety of printing all tax bills. For his soon as ever a copy of the charge was deli. own pari he thought that they, of all ochers, vered to him, which was only on Monday, ought to be well understood, and made pub. he had set about drawing up an answer to it, lic before passed.--Mr. Picc answered, and in that business he had been employed “ Very well."

fince, both night and day. He was conseThe report of the Surplus or new Sink- quently alınolt exhausted with the fatigue, ing-Fund Bill was brought up and read. -- which made him apprehend that he should Several gentlemen had motions to make for not have strength enough to read the whole leave to bring up new clauses to be inserted of his performance : he therefore requested in the bill; but Mr. Pulteney was the first to that the House would indulge him so far as propuse one: it had for its object to cause to suffer him to deliver it in writing to the the notice of the intention of Parliament to Clerk ; adding, that he would receive this pay off any stock that should be at or above indulgence as a very great favour from the par, to be given as usual by the Speaker, and House. His request was granted without not by the Commissioners, who, ac ording any opposition. He then put his answer into to the present plan, were to be empowered the hands of the Clerk, and, bowing to the by occasional A&ts of Parliament, to be passed House, retired. for the purpose, to issue the same. Upon The House went into a Committee to take this a conversation took place between Mr. into confideration the duty on battens and Pitt, Mr. Fox, Sir Grey Cooper, Mr. Dempo deals. ster, Mr. Sheridan, and others, in which the Mr. Pitt said, that persons concerned in only object that all appeared to have in view the trade had told him, that it would be more was, who should most scrupulously guard convenient, if an increase of revenue were to against any measure that might bear even the be derived from battens and deals, that an semblance of a deviation from the ftri&t let. addition to the present unequal duty should ter of the engagements made with the public be made, than that any discrimination of lize creditors, under the faith of the nation. Mr. should be adopted. To their opinion he Pitt at last observed, that as the subje&t was would give way, though he thought his own delicare, and all clauses in a bill of so much a better; and therefoge moved that a duty of moment ought to be very maturely consider. 55. per cent. in addition to the prisene duty, ed before they were admitted, it would be be laid on all battens, &c. imported. better for the House to take time to consider The question was then put and carried of the business, than to adopt, in a hurry, without further conversation ; and the House what might be afterwards found to be inju- being refumed, resolved itself into a Comrious to public credit. He moved, therefore, mittee on the militia bill, Ms. Powney in that the debate on the further consideration the chair, when a very irregular conversation of the report Mould be adjourned to Wed. took place. A clause being proposed for nesday next. The motion pated without empowering all justices of the Peace to oppofition.

act as Deputy Lieutenants for the purposes of Major Scout made several remarks on the the bill, it was opposed, and rejected on ar charge delivered by Mr. Burke on Friday lalt division, concerning the unfurinnate situation of Fi. Ayes

25 200iah Cawn. He concluded by moving


38 for leave to present a petition from Mr.

Majority -13 EUROP, MAG.


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