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MAY 25

on which they have proceeded in passing any was not in the habit of bringing bills into bill, except where such information has re- that House, Thould, by omitting to bring in lated to facts stated in such bill as the ground a billon any subject, be thereby disqualified and foundation thereof; and that the Com- from ftating his objections to what was mons think this reason fufficient for not give brought forward. ing, at this time, any further answer to their Mr. Grenville said, it was imagined that Lorships' message.”

the clause respecting the disclosure of proMr. Fox did not approve of an answer in porty would not have occasioned any disconsuch general terms; he argued that their tent, as it afforded gentlemen returning from Lordships, who were to confirm by their af India an opportunity to cxempt themselves lent che funding bill, should, in order to from calumny and reproach. He mentioned guide their decisions, be furnished with mat- the conduct of Lord Macartney as a proof of ter to convince them that the public means the justice of this observation. were adequate to support this measure ; and The Speaker put the question, when the if they did not see the report of the Commit- bill pasied without a division; and Mr. tee upon which this matter was grounded, Dundas was ordered to carry it up to the they had no positive proof before them, whe- Lords. ther the public were cqual, or not, to the The House then resolved itself into a Com. proposed measure.

mittee on the militia bill, when several Mr. Grenville made some observations on aniendments were made; after which the the mode by which the public would be ena- House adjourned. bled to support this fyltem in future, and then the motion was assented to by the House. Mr. Gilbert, in a short speech, stated the im

On the third reading of the bill for re- mediate necessity, in many points of view, of pealing certain clautes in the late India bill, reviling the poor laws, which, he said, should and for regulating the judicature of India, be the subject of another motion, to which

Mr. Fox role, not he said to oppose the the one he was about to make was only prebill in this late stage, but to enter his proteft paratory. He therefore moved for leave to against it. It met with his dissent as elta. bring in a bill for the purpose of requiring the blishing a judicature anomalous and unknown overleers and church wardens to make ime to the conititution, and as doing little where mediate returns in cach of their respective much was to be done-as repealing but a parishes of the charitable donations chereto !mall part where nearly the whole was ob- bequeathed, from time to time, within a jectionable. On the present occasion he did certain number of years therein named. not rise to argue, but to proteft ; but he Mr. Dempster conceived, that the order of could not but observe, that ministers in re- the House was sufficient for this purpose, inmoving the clauses which were repealed by dependent of an act. the present act, he shewn on what flight The Speaker thought so too. grounds they proceeded to the most desperate Mr. Hulley could not assent to the motioo, measures. The compulsion on gentlemen unless he knew the object of it. In his opić returning from India to make a full disclo- nion, it fell little short, in every respect, of fure of their effects, if not justified by strong the bill for the disclosure of private property. neceflity, was a piece of tyranny, for in- Lord Beauchamp conceived the motion to

Atance, unexampled in the history of legisla- be a very proper onc. In his opinion, if tion. That neceflity, it appeared from their carried the object in the face of 'it; it was no present conduct, did not exist; and from torious, that public charities were made a that co:duct it was plainly to be inferred, job of, insomuch that they were become in that no confidence could be placed in an ad- that sense proverbial - He did not doubt bus miniftration, which from Night causes could the order of the House was in itself sufficient; proceed to such dangerous innovations. but left it should not prove so, he did not see

Mr. Dundas defended his conduct in intro- the harm of passing a bill that might enforce ducing the prelent bill. The Right Hon. the command of the House in this particuGentleman, he observed, had himself al- lar, which in his idea was not unworthy of ledged that some change in the former bill their attention; as he did not doubi, on ex . was necessary. The alteration was now pro- mination, things would appear in this line duced, and before his objections were made, much to their surprize, and far beyond their he ought first to have itated why, in the conception. course of two years, he had not introduced Mr. Gilbert said, as to the obje&t of the bill, Something better himself. The repeal of a it was to see how far the perlons entrusted clause enforcing the disclosure of property with charitable legacies had fulfilled the will was occasioned, he faid, not by any con- of the donor, as many things had come to viction of its impropriety, but merely on ac- his knowledge, that arged him to the enqui. count of the dilgust which it had occasioned ry in question ; but that when the bill should in India.

be printed, it would, in his opinion, meet Mr. Fox replied, that it was a strange the approbation of everv bofom that could mode of reasoning to say, that a person who sympathize with the distressed, or that wished EVROP, MAG.


to redress the cause of the injured, unable to He urged many reasons to shew that the procure redress in any other mode so speedily, persons interested in this bill were little se and perhaps, above all, so effe ctually, quainted with the spirit of it, and that he

The Master of the Rolls agreed not only thought some time ought to be allowed for in the propriety, but in the humanity of those that purpose. remarks. Charitable donations were in. Mr. Role declared, that he had done every creased, if bis intormation was right, above thing in his power to diffuse the principle two-thirds, within the last thirty years; he of it ; in particular, that on Tuesday last therefore wilhed to give every fuccour to the Mr. Moody, a respectable wine merchant, bill, which, in his opinion, it was entitled had waited on him for that purpose ; char ke to, in every sense.

had given him the bill for the direct purpose On the introduction of the Greenland of submitting it to the meeting at the London Fishery bill, a short conversation took place Tavern. betwixt Mr. Sheridan and Mr. Jenkinson in Mr., Fox, Mr. Sheridan, Ms. Dempiter, point of order, which the Speaker decided. and Mr. Martin, dwelt on the impropriety After which,

of hurrying the bill through the House, Mr. Husley inlifted, that this bill gave which precluded at least the pecessary inforimmediate employment to

a multitude mation to those who were mostly interested of the poor, which ought to be the first ob- in it. ject in every well regulated state; he then The petition was then received, and Couspointed out ihe many advantages that would selordered to be heard to-morrow on the bill. arise from the continuance of the bounty on /

Alderinan Watson moved, that intcad of this fishery, as a nursery, or rather academy to-morrow, Tuesday next be inserted. Qa for our seamen, whom a noble Lord (Mul which the House divided. grave) gave the preference to, in point of skill For the motion

27 and hardiness. The principal arguments

Against it

77 urged on this subject in a former debate, were recapitulated in this.

Majority 50 Mr. Dempiter argued very frenuously

After which the Houle proceeded to the reagainft the diminutive of the bounty, which maining clauses of the perfumery bill. he represented as trifling, in comparison to Adjourned. the profits that rcsuled from it. In the ac

MAY 26. count of this crade, the whalebone was left As soon as the Speaker had returned back out, he observed, which brought in a very from the House of Lords, to which the Comlarge sum, as he was well informed, by Mr. mons had been summoned by the Yeoman Fall, of Dunbar. He infifted, that in the Usher of the Black Rod, to attend his Macourse of last year, the quantity of oil or jetty, blubber imported, amounted to above The Chancellor of the Exchequer said, he 10,000 tons, one half of which came from had just drawn up a motion, which he believe Greenland ; with many other remarks, pare ed would meet the unanimous concurrence ticularly wishing that witnesses might be of the House; and therefore he would not heard at the bar of the House on the fub- urge any argument in support of it; he then ject.

moved that the Speaker be requested to order Mr. Sheridan spoke to the same purpose. the speech which he had this day made to

Mr. Hulley then moved, that the further bis Majesty at the bar of the House of Lords, consideration of this bitness be deferred till on prelenting the new Sinking Fund bill for this day fe'nnight, on which the House din the Royal Assent to be printed. The motion vided, for the motion 36--against it 86.— passed nem. con. Majority 50

Upon the order of the day for the second Mr. Duodas presented a petition, requeste reading of the Wine bill, ing that leave be given to bring in a bill to It was urged by Mr. Fox, Mr. Sheridan, enable the East India Company to make use and Lord Beauchamp, that the counsel who of their credit, &c.

had been retained by the wine merchants to Mr. Fox objected to the manner in which opposc the principle of the bill, had not rethe bill was worded, as the reasons that gave ceived any of their initructions cill last night; birth to the request, were not set forth and that they had declined appearing at thercin.

the bar lo early as this day, for this reaMr. Dundas then explained the reasons fon, which they alledged, that it was in The Company, in conscquence of the commu- poffible for them, in so short a space of time, tation aa, had been enabled to enlarge their to prepare themselves to, that they should demands beyond their latt estimate;

- with be able to acquit themselves to their own many other reasons which satisfied the House. credit, and the advantage of their employers. The request was granted.

That the ground on which they meant to spe Alderman Watson presented a petition pose the bill was not, that it was opprefive from the Wine Trade, requesting to be heard to extend the provisions of the Excise laws; by counsel on the principle of the tuid bille but that such was the nature of the wiac trade:


MAY 31.

that however applicable the Excise laws sent to his wine-merchant to order a pipe of might be to spirits or other liquors, they indifferent Port, as it was for the use of his were wholly inapplicable to wine: and in inferior clergy; whereupon the wine-merchant order to make out this position, it was ne- sent him a pipe adapted to his order, accomcellary that the Counsel should have time to panied with a note, declaring, that if the receive ample instructions relative to all the Bishop could find a more ind fferent pipe, be minutiæ of that trade, which could not would give it his Lordship for nothing. possibly be the case in the interval of a few hours.

Mr. J. C. Jervoise, Chairman of the ComMr. Pitt, Mr. Dundas, Mr. Stecle, and mittee appointed to try the merits of the conthe Attorncy-General, on the other hand, tefted election for Carlisle, reported to the contended, that as notice had been given be House, That the Committee had found John fore the Easter recess, of the Chancellor of the Lowther

, Efq; was not duly elected ; that J. Exchequer's intention to put part of the wine Christian, Esq; ought to have been elected; duties under the management of the Board and that the said J. Christian is duly elected! of Excise, the wine-merchants could not be Mr. Gilbert presented his bill for the betsaid to be taken by surprize; on the contrary, ter regulating of charitable institutions, and they had full time to take the principle into obliging thosc entrusted with the distribution conlideration ; and if they had neglected fo of donations, to be responsible for their conto do, it was their own, and not the fault of duct in the exercise of the trust reposed in that House; and the more so, as they had

them. The bill was read a first time. When had the bill in their possession for a fortnight. the Speaker was about to read that clause It was also thought necellary that the bill which empowers the Church-wardens and should pass through the Committee before the Overseers of every parish to examine all bills, Whitsuntide recels, which it could not do, in order to discover whether or not any sum if the second reading should be postponed to remained to be applied for the purposes of Tuesday. Mr. Fox, ftill anxious to procure the institution, the delay, offered to bind himself not to de- The Attorney-General imagined that the bate the principle of the bill till after the se. power meant to be granted was too extensive, cond reading ; Mr. Sheridan made a similar therefore he should oppose it, offer; and Mr. Pitt seemed willing to gra

Mr. Gilbert declared that there was an abe tify them; but as these two gentlemen could solute neceflity for such a clause. Any genbind themselves only, and not the rest of the tleman who took the trouble to read ihe bills House, Mr. Pitt fell himself obliged to urge would, he was convinced, readily concur the second reading this day. The House ac- with him in that opinion. In order, howcordingly divided on the motion for that ever, to make it more generally understood, purpole; which was carried by a majority of he moved that it should be printed. Agreed seventy-four. Ayes 110-Noes 26.

Thc bill was accordingly read ; and an or- The House having resolved itself into a der was made that it be committed on Tuet Committee of Ways and Means, the Chanday next.

cellor of the Exchequer moved several reso. The Lord Advocate of Scotland moved for lutions. One was relative to the lottery inthe second reading of a bill for granting the tended for the next year. The tickets are to privileges of British-built ships io two thips be sold at 131. 158. 6d. The number 50,000. belonging to a house in Glasgow, that were and the sum to be raised, 688,750l. built in Amèrica since the peace. Mr. Jen• The Attorney-General referred to the case kinson opposed the motion, as it might open of Mr. Mortlock, respecting the names of the the door for too many limilar applications, Commissioners of įthe Land Tax for Camand it was loft.

bridge. The report of the Committee was After this, a mort conversation between read, and a motion made for discharging the Mr. Pitt, Mr. Burke, and Mr. Francis took further confideration of the business. The Atplace on the mode of producing certain pa- torney-General then moved, pers with respect to the subject of Mr. Haito That the alteration, now deemed reprehenings' impeachment; and an order was directe fible by the House, had been made without ed to the East India Directors, to deliver the consent or knowledge of Gen. Adcane. them to the House.

That any breach of a similar nature should Mr. Burke entertained the House in his re- in future be deemed by the House as highly piy to the arguments of the Attorney-Gene- criminal. ral, with a story that drew forth a general Tiai no alteration should take place withlaugh :- He said the Hon. and learned Geo- out the orders or concurrence of Parliament. deman, he believed, possessed two sorts of That the proper officers should deliver in to law winc;-he had fupernaculum for the other the House a correct duplicate of the list, to be House, whenever he went there; and he had regularly filed, and open for the inspection his inferior fort, which he thought would do of any member. for such uninformed men as himself. He re- These motions were severally put, and minded him, he declared, of that Bishop who agreed to.





was the pride, this was the emulation of enery Agreed to the report of the resolutions of governor; and the censorial accuser was a yesterday, for raising money by a lottery. character of the first dignity, and sought after

The Clerk of the Crown attended, and by men of the first tepute (wbich was not ibe amended the writ for Carlisle, by inserting case in the present affair – India was distant: the name of Joho Christian, Esq. and erasing there is a gulph like that betwixt Dives and that of John Lowther, Esq.

Lazarus, bet wixt them and us; their language The fortification bill ordered for this day, is known to few) who met with every eldre on the motion of Sir George Howard, was tance in carrying forward the prosecution ; deferred to this day se'nnigb'.

formality was neither dictated nor decried, The House seemed urgent that Mr. Burke nor papers refused ; every archive was thrown should immediately enter on the proposed open, and every record subjected to public enquiry into the Rohilla war, as the ground inspection; which was not the case in the preof the first charge of Mr. Hastings; on which fent affair, as was visible to the world, to the

Mr. Burke, after waiting till the House disinterelled ;--but that, in spite of all, he filled, about five o'clock rose, and having hoped to come off victorious even in the des thanked the assembly (which by this time was feat, as he was well convinced that the mais very full), for waiting, confessed that he ter of charges he had brought were grounded never feli himself in so arduous a situation entirely on fact; that timewould strengthen is. before, on which account he hoped that Atead of diminishing them; and that he should gentlemen would so far sympathize in his find resources in his own bosom on this confeelings, as to pardon fuch' unintentional fideration, that if he should retire under the omissions as mult necessarily occur in the figma of a false accuser, he should have the particulars he had to lay before them. bulk of mankind on bis side ; and that it

They were not come this day to decide on would be a confolation that those who had the character of an individual ; they were cleared Mr. Hattings, had condemocd him, come to decide on maxims of state, on a in open defiance of the strongest facts, and code of laws, that millions unborn should the most respectable evidence in corroboraeither be governed by or appeal to; that at tion of those facts. This affair involved in it present attracted the eyes of surrounding the honour of the House; they had pledged netions, and would cither prove a blot on themselves to bring it forward: let their hothe name of an Englishman, indelible chro' nour therefore never be tarnished ; let that time, or raise it, if possible, to a higher de- be safe with father Paul, Ejo perpetua. gree of national estimation for justice, huma. H ving premised this and much more, he nity and public faith, than it has hitherto went over the ground of the charges he had held in the impartial annals of history the already exhibited against Mr. Hallings, very idea of wh'ch, in the present occasion, strengthening some, explaining others, and should preclude all prejudice ( partility; collecting the whole, as it were, into one that every thing should give way to those point of view-in one, appealing to the hugreat objects, that railrd Rome to that en. manity of the House: in another, to the jus. viable digniy, that every nation flowed in to tice; in a third, to the policy of nations at her, and was proud to own her sway. He large, which he dwelt on for some time, eladid not wish to detain the House in declama cidating by applications from hiftory, ancient tion; he only wished to prepare them for a and modern, for the purpose of crowning bis train of facts, that, he truited, could not be remarks. controverted--that even Mr. Hastings had After this he adverted more particularly pleaded guilty towand the only difference to the Rohilla war. Having given a geogra. was on the principle of them; and since he phical account of the fituation of those peohad mentioned Rome, he would point out ple, he painted the fimplicity of their mase how the supported her provinces, as long as ners, love of agriculture and manufactures, a spark of patriotism remained in her bofom. and peaceable disposition. The whole In the fisit place, the maintained them by a amounted to above two hundred and forty continuity; they were mostly connected by thousand, and above fixty thousand of those land, or slightly diffevered by sea. In the were driven, like a flock of deer, beyond the next place, the Greek was universally spokei Ganges, men, women, and children, with. throughout them; and of course every man out any provifion, without any juft, or even heard the other speak in his own language, plausible plea for so doing, besides the num. like the miraculous gift of the tongues at the bers butchered with such circumftances of feast of Pentecost. And, lastly, he that had cruelty as would harrow up the foul. The either conquered, or was delegated to govern Rohillas thus treated, thus butc bered, thus a province, adopted it with a degree of pa- exterminated, were the prime nobility of the rental affection; he became the father of the country, the artizans, the bankers, &c. The people he was sent to preside over; inftead wife of one of the first princes amongst them, of privately joining to exterminate them, he was dragged through the country with every redressed their wrongs, poured oil into their mark of unmerited indignation and cose wounds, or gathered them under his wings, tumely; and for what did Mr. Hastings con cyen as an hen gathered her chickens. This {pire to lay walte the country of the Rohillas,


which in his own letter he acknowledged to gency of the times rendered it inexpedient be the garden of India ? Wherever the for him co take any other measures for the Roman Eagle flew, liberty and science fol- removal of Mr. Hastings, than those which lowed after; every drace of barbarism va- were adopted during his administration. nished ; the aspiring temple was taught to

Mr. Barwell declared, that he had no seek the sky, and the husbandman to tame knowledge of the treaty between Mr. Halthe stubborn genius of the soil; the reverse tings and Sujah Dowlan' for the extirpation presented itself this minute in the Rohsia of the Rohilas, though he was then in the provinces, and the revenue of that country

Council. had consequently fallen, one third. Not á Lord Mulgrave, Mr. Vansittart, and the complaint had come from those people in Lord Advocate ipoke. thirteen years. -- And why ?o? Becaule they Mr. Fox then role, but hearing round the were ftified. At length their cries had found Committee a general cry of “ Adjourn, adthe way, and he hoped the car would not be journ;" Le faid he was the more disposed fhut against them; they ftretched forth their

to comply with the inclination of the Comhands, and spoke to us in an unknown tongue,

mittee, as he was apprehensive of being but the voice of diftress was known in every obliged to trouble them at considerable tongue; as it exceeded words, it did not re- lengih. The debate was then adjourned till quire the dress of them; they did not threa. twelve next day, and the House being refen, they only fupplicated, and he hoped fumed, adjouried at past three o'clock in their supplication would not come in vain.

the morning. Mr. Hastings had already exercised unbidden

JUNE 2 autborities; he had removed servants with. The order of the day for going into the out orders; accepted presents and bribes, further enquiry of Mr. Hastings, relative to which he was strictly forbidden; he had in

the Rohilla war, being read, many cases stretched forth the arm of

Mr. Francis got up, and in a speech of

power unlinewed either by authority or juftice; he fome length, fummarily recapitulated the had placed a sword in the hand ot a despe- heads of the charges, strengthening each, as rado; he bad encouraged infidelity, dupli

he went on, either by reference to written city, rapacity, and every crime that difgraced papers, or the evidence at the bar, and dethe name of a man. The House had already claring that declamation, infinuation, &c. condemned his conduct, when they knew

should not come forward as operative in his lefs of it than they do at present; he hoped

tavour. As hc itood in the light of an accuthey would therefore act consistently.

ser in common with his Honourable Friend Mr. Williamson spoke in favour of the (Mr. Burke), which he acknowledged in the motion, and Mr. Nicholls against it. face of day, he thought it incumbent on

Mr. Powis disliked the manner in which him, in justification of his character, to the charges were worded, as he might think declare, that purfonal animosity 10. Mr. Mr. Hallings guilty and impeachable in some Huitings did not in the lealt urge the decide of them, though not in others; he would ra- ed part he had taken in the present atlais; ther recommend a question. Whether on the

he went out to india with a spotless chawhole of the charge he was guilty of impeach- racter, he retumed wih one, which was able matter?

more satisfactory 10 his own mind, and to This produced a conversation, in which his friends, than if he had returned laden Mr. Burke, Mr. Fox, Mr. Wilberforce, and

with millions. He had early reprobated Mr. Pitt spoke ; at length Mr. Powis's Mr. Hastings's conduct, contrary to his own amendment was carried, to the purport al.

interest : but in this he was not fingular ; ready described.

General Clavering and Colonel Monson had Mr. Powis then ftated the two circum- done the fame ; and it was but justice to stances in which he conceived Mr. Hastings their memories to declare, that iney had guilty of this charge. The first was the fup. done fo; their names were irreproachable, presiun of the treaty, and the fecond the ex- and when he thought of their wosth, it anitirpation of the Rohillas, even if he were a

matcd and fired b:s bofom. party; for that, even in that cafe, he had no reprobated the conduct of Mr. Hastings, not right to do more than enforce the forty lacks through envy, for their minds were superior of rupees demanded by Sujah Dowlań. He te it; not through the hopes of aggrandiz.cwas also against the indemnity, from an opi- ment, for they already filled exalted Itanion that punishment should not be retrospec. tions; and Gen. Clavering was above fixey rive in its object, but calculated to prevent years of age when he went to India. as the future repetition of crimes.

for himselt, what could be have expected Mr. Ellis spoke aga nit the motion. by the removal of Mr. Hastings ? Neitherio

Lord North defended his own conduct in be Commander in Chic nor Governor-Genc. re-appointing Mr. Hastings after these crimes ral? And what hopes or vicw's had Mr. were committed, by allodging, that they were Burke in this procedure? He had no dispute not known in Europe at the time. And tho' with Mr. Hattings; no hopes of pretennent he disapproved the Rohilla war, yet the exi- in his disgrace; he had made himself many

These men

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