« ПретходнаНастави »
His probity and integrity were pure and in- respective professions *, augmented his fa. corruptible; and the honelt indignation with mily with 38 grand.children, of whom 26 which he inveighed against every instance of are still living. It was a most pleasing and perfidy and injuttice, was fingularly remark- affe ting speći ule, to see the venerable old ible. His piety was rational and sincere : man, fitting (ueprived of fight) like a Pec his deation was fervent : he was intimately triarcb in the midst of his numerous fa. persuaded of the truth of Christianity-felt mily, all zealous in rendering the evening of its importance to the dignity and happiness of his life serene and pleasns, by every tender human nature—and looked upon its detrac. office and mark of attenting, that the warmest tors and opposers as the most pernicious ene- filial affection could suggeft. - We feel a m.es of m.in. His philanthropy was great, peculiar pleasure in the contemplation of and if ever be felt the emotions of aversion this respectable domestic scene; and when and indignation, it was only when he con- we combine the sublime researches of this templated the malignant frenzy of the pro. great luminary of science with the serene felled abattors and apostles of Atheism. We piety of his setting rays, and consider the life hall not contend with such as may look upon of the philosopher, in one point of view, with this as an infirmity ; for we never felt any the death of the juft, we fee, we feel here thing in our occasional visits to Bedlam, an indication of immortality, which confound's but sentiments of pity, and that kind of de. the puny sophistry of the sceptic; and we jection that arises from the humiliating view behold, in EULER, the fun setting, only to of disordered Nature.
rise again with purer lustre. M. EULER had by his first marriage
-Ille poftquam se lumine vero dirteen children, of whom eight died in in- Implevit, ftellafque vagas miratur et afra fancy or early youth. The other five, of Fixa polis, videi quania fub nočie jaceret which three are sons, highly eminent in their Hæc noftra dies.
For the EUROPE A N MAGAZIN E. To the PHILOLOGICAL SOCIETY of LONDON. GENTLEMEN, THE following ALLEGORY, intended chiefly to recommend a good TASTE IN THE CHOICE of Books, is a candidate for admission into your instructive and elegant Magazine. The early insertion of it will give much pleature to
Your humble Servant,
QUANDOQUE DORMIT AT HOMERUS. OME time ago I had occasion to visit a with the uninterrupted silence and venerable furing an author, whole works were too tion, however, was quickly engaged in exam voluminous to be admitted into a private col- mining some out of the infinite variery of lection. On retiring to bed at night, I could volumes, that on all sides crouded on my te help reflecting on the immense compila- view. Books, both printed and manuscript, tious that had been made of this fort, and the in all languages, arts, and sciences, as well great difficulty of Selecting with judgment those that were valuable for the importance the best productions of various writers. I of their contents, as such as liad nothing to had not long indulged my reflection, before recommend them but their unwieldy bulk, I insensibly fell into a gentle Number, during contributed to form this grand magazine of trisch my imagination pursued the subject of learning. After having been fome time jett my waking reverie thro' the following in admiration, I observed, at forne distance, a
personage of a composed and Itately deporte Merbought I was conveyed into the ment. His face was the image of impenemost compleat library that the industry of crable and contented 1tupidity. His eyes heafaccellive generations had been able to fur- vily moved over the objects immediately betuh. At my first entrance I was struck fore him with the phlegmatic dulnets of a
"The eldest of these, every way worthy of the name he hears, and who, as we have seen before, took å part in the last labours of liis venerable father, is ftill an ornament to the University of Petersburgh, and has obtained several academical Prizes there, as also at Paris, Munich, and Gottingen.- -The second is Physician to the Empress of Rutii, ind enjoys great reputation in that line. The bird is Lieutenant-Colonel of the Artillery, and is well known in the learned world by his aftronomical observatious. He was one of Ise Astronomers that were named by the Academy of Petersburgh to observe the Paliige
Dutch commentator. The most confpicuous intirely upon literature, I paid so attentios part of his dress was an immenfe full-bot. to them. My curiosity enjoyed the highet tumed wig. He wore an academic gown, gratification when I discerned a neat book venerable for its age and the antique duit cale, whose contents I began immediatelyt which besprinkled it, and his chin was orna- examine. On looking for the innumerable mented with a hand which would not have thicological treatises and polemical pamphleti disgraced the Lord Chancellor biinfelf. His which formed fo large a part of the collectic employment consisted in arranging books I had lately left, I found no other volum upon the capacious fhelves of the library. under the article of Religion than the Bibl. Except on those occasions when he took accompunied by the paraplırases of Clarke an up a volume of larger dimensions than ordi- Pyle. When I surveyed the compartmez nary, he never discovered the Nightett symp- where the Ciaflicks were deposited, my toms of dislike or satis!action, but constantly tisfaction was very great, to fee Milton place preserved the lame rigid inflexibility of fea- betwe... Homer and Virgil. On openin tures, All the time I surveyed this labori- bis works I could not find “ Paradije Re ous book-u orm, I felt a gridual torpor dif- gained,” and the Georgicks seemed to be th fufing itself over my whole fyltem. This only part of Virgil that had been read mor extraordinary effect of the atmosphere made than once. Aristotle's works preceded th mc sensible that I was rather immersed in leatises of Harris, next which stood thi the fogs of Bæosia, than breathing the pure works of our English Aristotle, Bacon. Th air of Pindus. I know not now for its in- name of Locke diftinguished a subsequen fluence mislit have extended, bad I not made volume. I saw most of the principes editia a resolute effort and gone lowwork!. I now nes of the Greek writers, without the pared found niyteif in an apartır.cut, tive iiglt andele- of voluminous noits, or the puerile afsitano gance of which not only dispelled my former of Latin tranNations. I thought it remark Littlefine's, but invigorated me with rich able, that Plato should be placed immediately fpirits. At first I was somewhat startled, un under Homer, and that .£iop's Fables thouk obferving my fuelden appearance had inter- find by the side of Herodotus. The Greek supted a person who leenice to have been tragedies were accompanied by the tranflation: reading. His engaging believiour foon re- of Potter and Franklin. Racino, Corneille moved my embaratiment. Hie requeited nie Mason's Elfrida, and Caractacus followed in the moft un.ffected and easy manner to next in order. Horace and Juvenal included amute mye! with whatever bis abode al- the imitations of Pope and jobníon. Quid, forced, and immu'jately resumed his Nudies. Catullus, Tibullus, Propertius, Horace, Te?lis falt incident gave me all opportunity of rence, Polybius, Livy, Cicero, Cæicr, Sal. furveying liis figure and dres. The krenet Juft, Tacitus, Suetonius, both the Plines, circunment d'ated from his eyes, and the Quintilian, and Longinus, were not wanting most vivid sensibility was diffused o'er his to compleat the clattical collection. The wbrole counten.ince. His hair waved around Fragments of Menander, the Antiquities of his neck in ringlets, 100 graceful to be the Jofepius, and the works of Plutarch has each fpontaneous ettect of nature, and too eaty to a contpicuous place. The moral treatises ch be the ciaborate result of art. He was dressed the last-mentioned author seemed to have been in a touing role of dove.coloured fi!k. I frequently peruled. It was curious to obwas much furprized at the different emorions ferve, that the ineid, Gerusalemme Libe. he discovered, as he was differently affected rata, the Lusiad, and the Henriade contained to the pattages he perused. Sometimes he perpetual reserences to Homer, with this frowned with disapprobation, ard fometimes hint, “ Purius ex ipfa fonte birimi d' acus." grew pale with diguit: astei wars, he was so In searching for our own poets, I observe! tired with rapture, as Icarcely to refrain that Spenier and Dayden were two of the from exiravagant gestures. I never fuft. In opening the works of the latter, obierved tuim to be wholly vuinipilioned. the Ode for St. Cecilias Day wag the titt Upon the whole, he was more frequen:ly piece presented to my view. Shakespeare pleted tran disguited with what he rerused. by Jobnion and Steevens, Molliger, Coway, Unni I law this perion, I imagined I. 110 Rowe, Pore, and Thomson's Seatons, wib la niveal being; but now I made no douh! Tancred and Sigrímund., wert fuperbly webof his real existence. I was not, hoteic, Io.tz/, not only for the purpose of paying lo caj tivated by his attractive exterior, por those auil10;s a pitic" ar d:finction, but to fu fixed by bus extraordinary behaviour, as fom a judicious contralt with the bindings of Dit to take the advantage of his ofier, and the reit of the colectis. I was pleased cc lurte; what was presented to my viert.
see my of o'r $1.5 11170", Gas, C) lne room was orrmented with paint- pot , bublímuth, i rier, l'arne, tillips, Beat, ?"'°, I., and butts; but as any miso fall :ing Cond Ilarines, liayiey, Birrines, and
Hoadley: hut I could not find Glover, Ham- Mandeville's works, and White's Bampton mond, or Graves. Among the English profe Lectures were covered with a Meet of Gobb's writings Wus the Spectator, (hut curtailed of Sermons. many papers which (well the common edi. On glancing my eye over several boxes Lions) the Rambler, Idler, Adventurer, and that were let open, I observed that they were Mirror. Hume's History of England stood lined with Priestley's Corruptions of Chris text to De Lolme on the Constitution. Ju- cianity, the works of Lord Monboddo, Hiallis and Fitzolborne's Letters were placed ron's Letters, and Boswell's Remarks on nder the title of “ elegant composition.” Johntou's Tour. Under the article of Romances and Novels, I know not to what length I might have lobserved Don Quixote, Gil Blas, R. Crusoe, extended my observations on this curious Tom Jones, Amelia, Clariffa, Grandison, collection of Literature, had I not been awam Keate's Sketches, the Man of Feeling, Julia kened by the splendor of the sun, which disde Rouhigné, and Cecilia.
sipated the plantoms of Deep, and suggested A parcel was laid on a table, containing that it was time to commence the butinels of Parr's Discourses, wrapped up in a leaf of
To the EDITOR of the EUROPEAN MAGAZINE.
M--- COLL. Oxon, December 13, 1785. SIR, HAVE been a reader of your entertain- for you have brought ample proofs, that of
Tal maths; and am now tempted to offer ter : but, as you have omiteed that Letter, Beself as a correspondent ; first, lo express permit me a few remarks upon it. That the pleasure I received from your Itric figure, he says, “occurs in writers who tares on those truly original effusions of pe- have jome just claim to praile." But after this dairy and abfidity, which have lately ap- cold jome claim, who would think Cervantes peared under the name of Larrers of Litera. was to be mentioned? Yet mentioned he is as fars, ty Robert leren, Ejq.; and fecondly, to having “no jmali fkill" in the figure of uiler make a few remarks on some part of that gen. abfurdity. And the proofs are, Sancho's tkoan's philosophy, in which he appears to having his provisions after the galley-saves ne fully as contemptible as he is in criticism. had taken them; that Sancho lost his aís in
But pleased as I ain with your ingenious de- one page, and is riding on him the next, cet of Heron's self-contradictions, such as &c. &c. Now, wlue do such absurdities ang many others his saying " he believes amount to ? Nothing more than a mere flip " tha Virgil's most fanguine admirer will of the author's memory. Put Mr. Heron's * 3low tivat not one ray of invention appear's absurdities admit of vo such excafe;" his throall bis works 2;" and yer in another judgement and taste are concerned in then, pre of the very fame Letter, he has thic ftu- and they evidence a perverleness in thinking, policy to teil us that "the episodes . nd orna. and a pedantry run mad. Poor Cervantes, * ments of the Georgies have been hitherto it is said, wrote great part of his inequalled
allowed the very brightest proofs Virgil has work in gaol, (thu' Mr. Heron, among his given of genius or invention." And again, many uiter absurdisies, says it is all a mistake, be tays, that the b ftory of Dido is confi. to think that nien of genius have been poor) * dered as the only proof that Virgil gives of and, no doubt, Don Quixote went to prets
originality or genius in the ineid.” Tho' by piece-meal, as Johnwon's Dictionary sid, plein, I iny, to see this, and the many other and as works for bre d usually do. Nor ticions which fairly strip the gown from muft Virgil miss his fing, when Mr. Heron the ais's ears, I cannot help withing that talks of abiurdiiy. "Virgil, says he, makes kome parts of your remarks had been a little “ Latinus speak thus to Turous : 13 prosed. You have often laid Mr. Heron
recalent noftro Tiberina fluenta 19 his back with his own weapons ; witness
Sanguine adbuc can:pique ingentis oflibus albent. as abuse of Virgil for saying, “the noise fructibe flar;;" and your citing himlelf pro- “ In the name of all the profundity of dulpoing to firike against the theoretic reflecisons “ners,” says Mr. H.“how could the streams
Dubai, to see what would fly out. (See “ be yet bot with their blool, and their bones Meg for Sept. p. 196.) But I am surprized
“ whiten the ground ? " qu should have omitted, on these occafions, Lo our critic fets up for a matter of fact to cite Mr. Heron's Letter (xxii.) on that man; a pretty judge of poetry indeed! But $846 of Speecb sulied UTIER ABSURDITY ; Virgil jays nothing but what cratory has
often faid. The fea is yet dyed with their According to Mr. Heron, Taffo has only blood, said the late Chatham, in a speech
one or two distant imitations ; and these are, agaidīt the peace, when talking of his own he says, “ such as none but original writers victories gained many months before. A cri- can imitace:"—and he would persuade us, tic ought also to know that there is a figure, against the plainest facts, that his character called hyperbole, highly proper at times of are mostly new. Unblushing impudence ! earnest persuasion, (as was the case with Dr. Hurd, in his Letters on the genius of Latinus as above) both in poetry and ora- Gothic Chivalry, gives a very different but tory.--And what other is this? “ The waves just character of Tafso. " The reputation of of Tyber are yet hot with our blood, and the Taíso's poem,” he says, “ has been founded wide fields are whitened with our bones." chiefly on its resemblance to the Epic poems It is indeed from the profundıry of dulness that of antiquity: the fable is conducted in a critic brings lois 12.atters of fut to try such
the manner of the Iliad, and with a strict rea figure of speech, so obvious to the meanest gard to that unity of action which is admirer capacity. But why stop fo fhort with the in Homer and Virgil. There is also a fudies maiter of faci: Why did not Mr. Heron cal- and close imitation of these poets in many culate how many millions of throats must be the smaller parts, the descriptions and fimiles.' cut to find blood enough to beat, but for 2
Thus Hurd ; and tho' Mr. Heron calls vir mionte, tie waves of a great and rapid river? gil's episode or Nisus and Euryalus hilly, Taffe The path ge might as well be condemned on thouglit it worth copying, in the night expe. Ilmat tiead, as on the head he has chosen: for his dition and the death of Clorinda, his very wile calculation is, that if there has been time Camilla. Nor are bis imitations from the enough to whiten the bones, the blood must Portuguese poet Camoens either few or tri. be cold by that time. Such is exactly his fling.-Bulides the gardens of Armida, which objection : but wliat would he think, if you mention as closely copied from the Illand Virgil should prove to be right, even by malo of Venus in the Lusiadas, are many others. ter of fugi, though his expreflion need no The appearance of Ismeno in a dream to Sosuch delence? Why, Mr. Heron, Latinus lyman, in Taffo, is partly translated from te tells Tums, just in the line before, they had appearance of Bacchus, in the form of Mahobeen defeated in two great battles ;
met, a Moorish priest, in Camoens. Bis
The gates of the palace of Neptune, in the mgna
Lusiadas, are sculptured with bustories of " Tuice have we been defeated in great the Gods. The gates of the palace of Arbattles."--Now, a right matter of fact man mida, in the Gierusalemme, are also sculpturd will enquire, first, how long the wolves and with the like histories. And here, Mr. vultures of a hot climate will take in stripping Editor, your correspondent has done a little the bones of a slauglitered hoft, and he will injustice to Camoens: if he had had that alfand a few days will do the business. Then thor at his hand, as he says he had not, le he will say, may not the bones Latinus speaks would have seen that Camoens does not copy of be those of the fun in the first battle ? the cave of Cyrene so servilely as Taiso has and may not the second battle be just fought, done. Virgil enumerates the great rivers of which he says the Tiber is yet hot with seen in Cyrene's cave, and Tallo fervilely coblood ?---- and thus Virgil's truly poetic pies him, and enumerates several great rivers ; byperbok be reconciled to the dulleit matter but Camoens gives his cave an air of origiof falt fellow in all Fæotia. And what will nality. He describes the four elements in it Mr. Heron lay, if an exprellion nearly the as rising from chaos, and struggling to diiensame as Virgil's, should be produced from gage themselves from each other. This has the grave biltorian Tacitus : It is this, talk- great propriety, in describing the God of the ing of the Varian defeat; Medio campi alben- Ocean's deepest recess, and affords some fina sia ojji, itt fugerant, uz roffiserant, disječia poetical colouring, superior to buch Virgil aru vcl acgerata. Annal. Lib. i.
Tario's mention of rivers. It was a frange in fruntion, when Mr. Mr. Heron seems to think Taffo quite Heron, having exprelleil the utmost con- original when he thus be prailes him ; tempt for Vigil's talents, becauíe he was “ The pastural incident in the seventh book an imitator, took it into his head to exalt is a delicate relief from the sceries of war and Tutto as a molt original poet; Talso, the horror which precede it. Nothing can bare most open and egregious of all imitators! a more pleasing effect on the imagination On this bead you or your correspondent than luch contratls, when managed with armight have 1.si a great deal inore, and might tificial propriety.” And lie wisely adds, that bave told Mr. Heron that his favourite Tailo “the happy effect of contralt of incident is thought very differently of Virgil, as appears never perceived, but hy a reader of 1998 many obvious invitations from that poet. iufie," ---- And Tallo bad the good taste to
" who hath drunk of life till he is sick. Men perceive and feel and imitate a beauty of the same kind in Camoens. The pastoral scene in “ of temperance alone enjoy life, and feel its Tatra is between twoduels. The pastoral scene “ delight : men of luxury are the most likely alladal w in the Luladas is in the 5th Canto,
to be those between the dreadful tempeft which the hero " Who smile on death, and glory in the of the poem encountered at the Cape of Good
grave." Hope, thus mentioned by Thomson ;
“ Personal courage indeed depends totally
upon the animal spirits. As the spirits With such mad scas the daring Gama fought,
are in perpetual Auctuation, we need not For many a day and many a dreadful night
« wonder at a brave man on one occasion Inceffant Jab'ring round the stormy Cape
“ being a coward on another. Yet luxurious (By bold ambition led-)
" living, which ferments and exalts the fpiand a most affecting description of a putrid “rits, is certainly more likely to produce disorder that attacked the adventurers, and “ courage than the parfimony of temperance. carried many of them off like a pestilence. “ Falstatt, you know, tells us, that warm These are scenes of horror indeed. And what 6 blood begets warm thoughts." is something particularly remarkable, the What man of common sense but would late tranilator of the Lusiadas obferves in his weep to see his son at fixteen so miferably note on this place, that “Variety is no less shallow ! So courage and cowardice have " delightful to the reader than to the tra. nothing to do with inherent magnanimity or "Feller, and the imagination of Camoens gave baseness of soul! In children equally bred up,
an abundant fupply. The infertion of Ibis the brave and generous, and the base and cow* pafchal landsiape beiween the terrific frenes arlly spirit distinguish themselves in the most " birb preside and follow has a fine offeel.” eminent manner. That tædium vitæ which Here is Mr. Heron's remark, and almost his luxury breeds may indeed make a man despise Words : and let the reader compare the par. life; but such contempt of life is of that coral scenes in the two poets, and Tafso's imi- kind which sends him to the pistol or halter. titang will be self-evident. And here let it-It is as distant from that generous, magbe aito observed, that what Mr. Heron rays nanimous kind, which inspires and prompts of the difference between the truth of nature its poffeffor cheerfully to encounter all the in the consistency of poetic and magical fic- miseries of long voyages and hard campaigns, tion and the truth of fact", is borrowed, and under distant and inclement skies ; as distant miserably obscured, from the above cited from that noble spirit, as a traitor and base Letters on Chivalry, by Dr. Hurd, where deserter is from the foul of a Ruffel or a Sydthe reader will find the same ideas infinitely ney, those martyrs to honour and their coun. better expressed and enforced..
try. Mr. Heron talks as if a wretci tired What Mr. Heron fays of Warburton's of life through luxury, had nothing to da lates on Shakespeare, that they are “the ar- but to rise from a feast, and step into battle " rogance of madness, mingled with the igno- and get his brains beat out. What absurdity! “ rance of folly”—may with great truth and Thousands of hardships are to be encountered propriety be applied to his own wonderful ere the hour of battle arrives ; and the very etichions.
idea of these hardships is Hell itself to the Nor is Mr, Heron less absurd and ridicu- wreich broken dow'n by luxury into the Jous in philosophy than in poetical taste t.edium vit£, the ennui, the cvearinefi of and criticism, Take one instance for all.-- life, and to cite Faljiaff (talking as a jolly " Larury," he says, “ in its vulgar accepta toper) as a philosophical authority for the "tion, is the parent of great atchieven ents.” nature and causes of courage in the greatest He thus continues: “The reason may haply actions of life! miserable indeed! In a wort', " be this: contempt of life must produce any had Mr. Heron said that luxury“ in its vule " of these actions, in which life is evidently gar acceptation is the parent of self-murder,'* " let down by its poffeffor as a mere srifle. he would have been perfectly right: but to * Now this contcmpt is mcre certainly pro- ascribe the greatest and most arduous atchieve
duced by iuxury, than by the ferocious ments, which almost always require the " spirit of barbarism. How ! you will say ;
firmeft patience to accomplish--o ascribe " Joth not Luxury enervate a man, and make these to the temper of the soul that is " him a coward? The very contrary: it makes weary of life, and funk into total indif" him brave."
ference, is an absurdity reserved for Mr. " To explain this paradox : only consider Heron, and a species of madness peculiar to " what a i£ dium vitæ, anennui, luxury breeds; himself. and you will not wonder that no man de.
COMMON SENSE, "spises life so much as the disciple of luxury, EUROF. MAG,
N · Letter xxxi