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" In a few experiments, I coloured the are forry to observe, that the engravers have sea-water with milk, indigo, and mackler, by no means done justice to the industry and but have not yet seen thefe colours enter the attention displayed by the author, in such a absorbent. I am, however, far from des- variety of laborious diffections. If in bis pairing of success in such experiments.” remarks he has not displayed the greatest pe

This work is accompanied by fifty plates, netration, he is at least in general perspicuintended to illuftrate the whole. But we ous, and ever accurate,

TH

Melvyn Dale : A Novel. In a Series of Letters. By a Lady. 2 Vols. 1 2 mo, Lane. 'HIS novel bears the usual characteristics : will in general hold good, and they will find

hacknied characters, common place that the observance of it will prove more sentiments, and the customary conclusion, profitable, without diminishing their reputaIo hos been remarked, with great justice, tion. The best aduice that can be given that the needle is a much fitter instrument them is to be to be wielded by the major part of Ladies, “ In constant labours of the loom einthan the pep. Though this rule, like most

ploy'd.” others, may admit of some exceptions, it

Legal Attempt to enforce the Practice of Infant Baptism; being a genuine Copy of a Petition to Parliament, by the Nurses and Chambermaids of the Cities of Leodon, Welo mintler, and the Borough of Southwark, againft the Anabaptists. To which is added, a Counter Petition, by the Wives of the Anabaptists; and a Letter to the Rev. John Moriles, by Any Caudle. 12mo. Buckland. THE title-page led us to imagine that the fome publications written with a view to

book was written by some way, wbo, discountenance infant baptism. The Counter if he did not mean to turn religion in general Petition is also signed by a Secretary, a Mrs. inco ridicule, intended at least to excite a ISABEL Dipper, in the name of the wives laugh in bis readers, at the expence of some of the Baptists, who consider the Petition as particular sect, l'pon perusing it, however, an attempt to encroach on their religious de it turns out to be intended as a serious bufi. berly. The letter of thanks to the Rev. Joha ness, and is evidently the production of a Horfley, from the Nurses, &c. for his feaBaptift, whose zcal has gotten the better fonable effort in support of their common of his judgment.

cause, is an humble attempt ar irony. Upon The petition is signed by Amy CAUDIE, the whole, we have no great opinion of Secretary to the Nurses and Chanibermaids, Mrs. CAUDLE'S meis ; it is innp:d water. in behalf of the noble Sisterhood, who think gruel, wachuut even a tea spoonful of sporit their perquisites in danger, in consequence of in it,

A Poetical Review of the Literary and Moral Character of the late Samuel Johnson, LL.D.

with Notes, by John Courtenay, Esq. Dilly.' 1786. THIS Poetica! Review possesses great merit. On:Scotland's

Kirk he vents a bigots salt The peculiarities and foibles of Dr. Tho' her young Chieftains prophefy like Johnson are painted in strong colours by a

SAUL. masterly hand; but, in return, his virtues On Tetty's state lis frighted fancy runs, and abilities are candidly acknowledged, and And Heav'a's appeas'd by crofs unbuster'd placed in their proper light. We shall fe.

buns : Ject an instance of each :

He Necps and fasts, pens on himself a libel, A sceptic once, he taught the letter'd throng

And Itill believes but never reads the To doubt th' existence of fam'd Ollian's fong;

Bible." Yet by the eye of faith, in reason's spite,

The severe justice of the above lines is Saw ghosts and witches, 'preach'd up second amply compensated for by the following well. Figbe :

bestowed and merited eulogy : For o'er his soul fad Superftition threw “ How few distinguish'd of the studiou Her gloom, and ting'd his genius with her hue.

train On popith ground he takes his High Church At the gay board their empire can mainstation,

tain ! To found mysterious tenets through the na In their own books intomb'à their wisdom

sions

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Too dull for talk, their flow conceptions tor's merits, and cenfured his faults, Mr. rise :

Courtenay sums up the whole in the followYet the mute author, of his writings proud, ing lines, which Itrongly mark the characFor wit unshewn claims homage from the ter of the work : crowd ;

“ Thus fings the Muse, to Johnson's memory As thread-bare misers, by mean avarice

juft, school'd,

And scatters praise and cenfure o'er his duft ; Expect obeisance from their hidden gold.

For thro’each checquer'd scene a contrast ran, In converse quick impetuous Johnson preis’d Tou fad a proof, tiow great, how weak is His weighty logic, or sarcastic jest.

man ! Strong in the chace, and nimble in the turns,

Though o'er his passions conscience held the For victory still his fervid fpirit burns ;

rein, Subtle when wrong, invincible when right,

He shouk at dismal phantoms of the brain. Arm'd at all points, and glorying in his

A boundless faith that noble mind debas'd, might,

By piercing wit, energic reason grac'd. Gladiator-like, he traverses the field,

Ev'n fhades like these, to brilliancy allied, And Itrength and skill compel the foe to

May comfort fools, and curb the sage's pride. yield"Nor is the Poet lefs animated in praise of To latest time thall fondly view his urn ;

Yet learning's fons, who o'er bis foibles mourn, die Doctor's miljer virtues, when he says,

And wond'ring praise, to human frailties * Sost-ey'd Compassion, with a look benign,

blind, Ha fervent vows he offer'd at thy thrine ; Talents and virtues of the brightest kind.

To guilt, to woe, the sacred debt was paid, The sculptured 'trophy, and imperial bust, And helpless females bleft his pious aid ;

That proudly rise around his hallow'd dust, Suatch'd from disease, and want's abandon'd Shall mould'ring fall, by Time's flow hand crew,

decay'd, Despair and anguish from their victims Aew :

But the bright meed of virtue ne'er shall Hope's soothing balm into their bosoms stole, fade. And tears of penitence restur'd the soul.”

Exulting genius stamps his sacred name, Having alternately commended the Doc. Enrolld for ever in the dome of fame, The Life of Hyder Ally, with an Account of his Usurpation of My-fore, and other conti

guous Provinces : to which is annexed, a genuine Narrative of the Sufferings of the Britith Prisoners of War, taken by his Son Tippu Saib, by Francis Robson, Esq. London,

45. S. Hooper, 1786. WE some months back took notice of a opinion, that to men of sense and liberality they

publication, translated from the French, muft be disgusting, and appear as proofs of the bearing the above title, said to have been writ- extreme partiality and narrow prejudices of ten hy the person who was formerly comman the author. Though we readily agree with Mr• der in chief of Hyder Ally's artillery. In this Robson in the above remarks, and think him work, Mr. Robson says, many inaccuracies oc luighly deserving of praise for his endeavours cur, and many facts are partially misrepresent to do justice to all parties, we cannot help ed; these he undertakes to confute, and place thinking, that his zeal has sometimes carried in a true point of view. The many illiberal re him too far, and hurried him almost into flections upou the English nation contained in what he fu juftly condemns in others. We that production, our Author considers as the are apt to discover motes in the eyes of our effufions of envy, the dictates of national pre- neighbours, while objects of greater magni. jedice, and as marks of a vulgar miod; and is of tude in our own escape unobserved. Confiderations on the Neceflity of lowering the exorbitant Freight of Ships employed in the

Service of the East India Company. By Anthony Brough. 8vo. price is. Robinson.

1786. FROM the facts stated in this sensible and the other relates to the burden of the hips.

spirited pamphlet it appears, that an im Both these objections Mr. Brough has refuted mediate saving of 150,000l. per annum in the most satisfactory manner, particularly might be made on the freight of tea imported the latter. We should therefore hope the Die into this kingdom, and that in a short time, rectors, whose duty as well as interest it is to if a plan delivered to the board by the author promote the benefit of the Company, will be enforced, the saving might be extended not hesitate to adopt a plan to evidently be. to 260,00ol. per annum, Two objections neficial, that the rejecting it would expose have been started against the proposed plan, theme to suspicions highly injurious to their one of which is in favour of the ship-owners integrity. who have hitherto supplied the Company i

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JOURNAL

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A JOURNAL of the PROCEEDINGS of the THIRD SESSION of the SIXTEENTH PARLIAMENT of GREAT BRITAIN.

HOUSE OF LORDS.
MARCH 20.

twelve Judges, he always confidered that HE question for the second read- ' gentlemen of the class alluded to were subject

to military law. put,

The Duke of Manchester in a pointed Lord Carlisle rose, and hoped that some manner expressed his disapprobation of the of the noblc Lords belonging to administra. clause in question. He was convinced that lion would explain that part of the bill so officers of the description mentioned ought far as related to subjc&ing brevet officers to to be accountable io their country; and martial law. He apprehended that it was opposed the hypothesis of the noble Earl an innovation, and therefore thought it ex. refpc&ting the trivial matter of officers alluceedingly necessary that the reason for adopto ming military titles for the purpose of traing the alteration should be sufficiently men velling. His Grace had himself travelled as tioned. He would not move an amendment, an enligni, and he believed Atill retained his as he thought this would be better in the rank in the army. There were many instances Committee.

of'a similar nature. He was convinced that Lord Sidney was of opinion, that as the there was no necessity for the alteration now law at present stood, many difficulties oc- proposed. li was founded on principles curred.' The mcaning therefore of the alte- which he entirely dilapproved. It tended ration was, that all similar inconveniencies to a very important invovation, and theremight in future be avoided. In mentioning fore he thought that every gentleman in the case of Gen. Stuart in the East-Indies, Parliament ought to oppose it with vigour. his Lordship said, that it was intended 10 Lord Carlıfle rose to explain. extend the law to every officer acting by Lord Sidney begged leave to observe, that brevet. There were numbers of respectable the Mutiny bill was properly a Muncy b II, characters in this predicament, who certainly and that the House of Commons being jeadeserved to be treated with more liberality. lous of their privileges, if it were altered, it There were many governors of distant pro- would be thrown out altogether, when revinces, and others of a description who would turned to the other House. This was a fe. be comprehended in the alıcration.

rious consideration; the alteration proposed Lord Stormąnt declared, that officers act. did not affe& half-pay officers at ail; which ing by brevet must be in possession of a Com at least was a circumstance in its favour. million from his Majelty's Minitters, and, if Lord Stormont did not adinit this princithey were to be tried, should produce and ple of the nolle Lord who had just sat down, bring what were called Letters of service that their Lordships could not alter a Money He was certain gentlemen of the army would bill. coincide with him in his opinios; otherwise, Lord Thurlow was of the fame opinion, if he spoke erroncously, he hoped that some and contended with much zeal that their noble person more conversant in the business Fordships potlessed a right of altering any would rise up and correct him. He then bill, and returning it is that shape to the adverted to a very common cafe, of young other House. men of fortune assuming military titles for Lord Hopetown threw out a few obferva. the convenience of travelling, and recom tions in so low a tone as not to be heard ; mended it to their Lordships' attention. He after which the motion on the secood read. remarked, that it would be exceedingly ing was put and carried. hard that gentlemen of that description should

MARCH 21. be subjected to martial law.

Thc House resolved itselt into a Committee Lord Effingham observed, that the words on the Mutiny bill, Lord Scarsdale in the in the c mmiflion obviated the last no chair, when ble Iord's observations ; for it was an Lord Stormont, in a speech of congdera. order from his Majesty, enforcing a rigid ble length, objected to the clause which subobservance of military et querie, by making jected brevet offers to the jurisdi&tion of persons in subordinate ftuations to obey the courts-martial. He could not produce a precommands of their superiors. There could cedent, and he challenged any noble Peer no , in his opinion, any danger result from present to adduce an instance, by which breyung kentlemen frequently, for the conve vet officers were under the jurisdiction of nine ol travelling, assuming the title of courts-martial. He therefore confidered the Ca la n. He then argued upon the case of alteration intended in the Mutiny bill as coo. an invason, and laid, that if brevet officers trary to the principles of the conftitution. were ex«mpied from martial law, it would As it tended io an ex:enfion of military law upon an emergency be urged as a reafon for beyond the limits always prescribed in this depriving the country of their services. Till country, he hoped that their Lordships wouid he had lately cxamined an opinion of the relift the innovation. Belides, there was an

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are.

ambiguity in the wording of the clause which million, and continued to act under such lelt many to doubt, whether or not officers authority, he moft assuredly should be ame. on half pay were not liable to the fame dif- nable co the law by which every person in agreeable circumstances. He consequently the same situation was governed. If he chose thought, that it would be necessary to pro to resign his commiilion, let him do it. His vide against such an interpretation of the Lordihip did not see the great injury to the law, as he was fully persuaded it ought to State it all the four or five hundred gentlebe mentioned as explicitly as possible. Af men were instantly to throw up their com. ter several other observations he moved, that missions, and then this mighty mischief the phrale “ in commission," should be ex. would lie done away: - With respect to halfchanged for i actual lervice." This would, pay others, in his opinion, they were clearly he apprehended, remove the dubiety, and ont of the question. Uis Lordship replied very exclude all gentlemen who ranked as brevet ably to the yarious speakers, always bringing officers, but were not in actual service, Irom his argument to this clear point of view, and the jurisdiction of a Court-Martial.

rejecting all abilract reasoning, that whenThe Commilice then divided,

ever a citizen chose to have the honour and Contents

42

glory of a loldier, he ceriainly mult expect Noo Contents

18

to be governcd by the same law's as soldiers Majority Lords Loughborough, Townlhend, and His Grace the Duke of Manchester still Sandwich, strongly opposed the extension of coritooded that the pielent was a great conthe military law. The latter noble Peer ftiturional question ; that the extending of faid, he thought it his duty to observe upon the influence of military law was a subject the hard thip of subjecting brevet ollicers 10 to be dreaded by Englishmeri, as repugnant military law. Heipoke particularly to him to the principles of a tree government. It self. In the year 1745, he being anxious to was in this point of view his Grace law the serve his country, in conjunction with seve. qucftion. His .Gr.ce did not impute any sal young poblemen (the late Lord Wey- base or difhonourable motives to his Majes mouth particularly), raised a regiment. He ty's Ministers, but he certainly suspected accordingly obtained rank, although it was them of inattention, ani perhaps it was to his hxed determination not co continue in be ascribed :o this cause that the prelent al. the service alter the dang r was dillipated. teration took place. The inilitary had at all Yet not withstanding he had been informed, times in peace been conside:ed as an excepfince he caune into that House, that he was tion to the constitution, and by tio means a the oldest General upon the establishment. part of it ; and therefore what ver went to Good God! Was he, or any other gentle. increasç its power or influence was strictly man in the same predicament, to be lube, to be waichid over and guarded againit. jected to military law Was he to be de. Lord Loughborough's f-cond amendment prived of the privilege of a Peer of the was negatived by a majority of 2. 3. realm, and a trial per pares, merely because Lord Storm ni then moved to insert a he had stepped forward in the defence of his clause tending to exclude fioin inilitary law

country, without receiving one larthing pay, all officers by brevei, except when called " or ever intending to devote himselt to a into actual service. The quellion was put,

military life? The idea was extravagant and negatived without a division. beyond mcature. The noble Lord fupposed Lord Viscouro Townshend then moved a a case, which he hoped, nay, he was furç, clause, 10 prevent officers by brevet froin could never happen, that he hould be fuperfeding other officers in command, exsuspected of high treason; in that cale, cepe specially authorised by thic express was be to lose the benefit of a trial by that command of his Majells, bultier of scavice. House, in the ordinary forns of law, and The Moule immedinicly dividid, be tried by a Cyurt Martial, composed of

Contents military officers? If the alterat ons in the

Non Contents

36 bili affected him fo feasibly, surely it might

Majority in the same manuer affect the mcanelt india The remaining part of the bill was then vidual. It was therefore, in his confidera- read through, and agreed to in the Coins tion, a most unconstitutional Itretch of powe mitice, without any amendinent. er; and every noble Lord ought to let his The Houle then received a meitige from face againk it.

the Commons, with the bull toj the reliet of The Lord Chancellor was not to be af. the Dutch Eall-Indiaman, The Bill was se&cd by general declamation; it must be accordingly read a firit and second time. Some strong and solid argument, that must

Максн 22. snake rcalon to its centre, that could weigh Read a third une, and passed, the bill with nim. His Lordship then recapitulared for the relies of the Dutch East Indiaman. the several heads of reasoning which he h.d 1 he llould having retolved it felt into a used on the last debatc, in thew that when Committee on the Shop-.2x, ever any person accepied o: a military com Lord Storinont dclired to trouble the

Boulc

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House with a few words. He considered Wisbech Road Bill--and to Gixteen other the bill as it at present ftood, as a partial private Bills. and oppreffive tax, which would operate

MARCH 24 perfonally upon shopkeepers, without a por The Royal Afient was given by commi. libility of the ineans of reimburling them- fion to the Mutiny and the Shop-Tax Bulls, felves. - It had been answered by his Majes- and several others. ty's Ministers, that the bill was perfeet in all

MARCH 31. its parts, free from every species of objec The order of the day being read, for readcion but what was raised by the voice of ing a second time the Bill for the Govern. public clamour. This was the language of ment of India, his Maji ity's servants. (The noble Lord here Lord Fitz william hoped that some Noble addrelled himself particularly to Lord Syd- Lord would explain ihe reasons of those ney). But what must be his surprise, when amendments which were the objects of the be found by the present bill, which was a prefent Bill. This was probably in the 24partial modification of a partial tax, that the nals of Parliament, the very first time that a prizciple of the bill was entirely and utterly plan, which was in faa the glory of its proabandoned !. If the shopkeeper was to be jeĉtors, was to undergo so very cllential a reimbursed by his customer, surely then revolution, without one reason being assigned there could be no diftinétion between boules why it should suffer such a material change. o! 31. and thole of 251. or any letler sum ; Lord Walfingham asserted, that the change each could with cqual facility raise the of system was injurious to no person. The prices of the article they dealt in to the con. firt explanation alluded to, he observed, fumor. Thus, then, this lax, compleat in was perfectly ncceffary, as it had given rile all its parts, free from every olijection, a to much dispute. He disclaimed every idea matter-pirce of finance (and such it was held of an affront being inter.ded againlt the Come to be in that Houle), was tairly acknow. mander in Chiet at present in India. The ledged to be partial, oppressive, and, to all regulation was a general one, and did not intents whailo vér, a personal tax. His Ma. affect him particularly. jefty's Ministers had bciter have met it fairly, Lord Scoimont observed, that when he honcftiy, and openly, and after being oblig. faw Bills brought in by the present Minifters ed to acknowledge their error, have re td reniedy the difurders which prevailed in peekri the bill allogether. It gave him great India, it was very natural for him to call to regret when he heard that the tax had not mind the expressions of the femie Ministers bien levied ; but this regret arose from be. when out of office, at a time when a late ing Corvinced its partiality was such, that Administration, to which he had belonged, the difficulty in levying it arose from the was about to propose a new syftem on the univerfaldillike and disgust which it had fame subject; ihcy tben laid, that " no palcreated in the iniods of the Public. The liative would do that no ball mealure noble Vitcount declared, he was fully con would fave India :" and yet, unmindful vinced that Parliament would fec its injustice, of what they had called for from others, and, in the course of another year, repcal it

and of what they had declared would prove totally.

inadequate to the end of establishing a good The noble Lord begged to say a few government for India, they had hitreno words in heialt of a lei of people who had lubmitted nothing to Parliament on the lab. been dealt with very hardly indeed--the ject of that country, that was not a palliative, Hawkers and pedlers. Why this industrious a half measure, which they were obliged to sank of men' thould be lingied out as the refund alınost as soon as it was adopted. la objects of hcary taxatiunt, his Lordship could the lait Bill, and which was a law at this noi divine, unless it was to favour the imaller moment, great pains had been taken in the thphiei purs, and enable then to pay the wording of the clause by which the Comthopoiax. lis Lord'hip knew this idca was mander in Chief in bengal was to fill the few beid out. But what was the care now, wien cond fear at the Council Bourd, in order to the finaller inopkeeper, particularly in the

Thew how dangerous it wond be ever 10 cruntry'; was, by the present buil, torroly fufter the first civil and waiary powers in exempted. His Lordship recommended it that country to be varied in the teme man; to the confideration of Minibus to take and therelore it was enacted, that in cale of their cale into feri us conlideration, and to the death of the Govemur-General, the Com. giubit the nece biry relict.

mander in Chief, ehongis next to him in The lord Chancellor, his Grace the Arche council, iliould not succeed to bim, but that bishop of Canterbury, and the Right Hon. the next Councillor below the General Ihould Lord Sydney, being impowered by coin become Governor, let the ofices of Gover. mision from his Majeity', gave the Royal nor and Cunimander in Chiel bould ever be Avent in the Bill to regulace the Marine united. But in the new Bill, the danger of Forces whillt on Shore -- Tue Bill is sepair upiting them, which had appeared to pero Duver Piur-The Bill for the Relief of the rible eno years ago, noi oniy did not exist Cicw of the Dutch East-Indietnan-The now, but it was actually declared, that it

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