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the volume. The plan which has been adopted in this section of the work is to present the proceedings of congress digested into a regular narrative, giving a view of their acts, and of the propositions which have occupied their attention, in their natural order, without regard to the time of their occurrence. The advantages of this plan over that of a journal will, it is believed, be sufficiently obvious to every reader. In the proceedings of the first session of the 13th congress, will be found a digested view of the system of internal revenue, which went into operation on the first of January, 1814.

The second volume is occupied by a history of the most remakable events that have occurred from the declaration of war to the commencement of the year 1814, followed by a complete collection of official historical documents for that period, in which will be found a number of interesting official letters which are now for the first time made public. The official documents are so arranged as to show at one view both the British and American statements, and they generally follow the order of the history, of which they may be considered an amplification and elucidation.

The work has been divided into two annual volumes, in compliance with the wish of many of the subscribers, who objected to its bulkiness on the former plan, and suggested that its interest would be much increased, by publishing it twice instead of once a year*.

* To accommodate those who prefer it in its original shape a few will be bound with the two volumes in one. Henceforward one volume will be published as soon as possible after the conclusion of each session of congress; the other about the commencement of the year, probably on the first of February.

It was originally intended that an introductory volume should have been published, containing the speeches or messages of the different presidents, at the opening of each session of congress, and the diplomatic correspondence relative to the infractions of the rights of the United States by the belligerent powers, which it was expected would have contained a compendious view of the Union since the adoption of the Federal constitution. In examining the archives of congress, however, for the purpose of making this collection, it was found, that the presidential speeches and messages would be extremely imperfect unless they were accompanied by the voluminous documents that were at the same time laid before that body, to which numerous references are made. Such a vast mass of other important documents throwing a light on the history of the country was likewise found, as determined the Editor to relinquish this part of his plan for the present, with a view of employing all the leisure that his work would afford, in drawing up such a digest of the proceedings of congress and of the valuable historical documents in the capitol, as, connected with notices of the most remarkable events that have taken place, would form a complete history of the United States. It will be easily perceived that this will be a work of much time and labour. Its extent cannot at present be exactly ascertained, though it most probably will fill at least three or four volumes; it will of course be optional with the subscribers either to purchase these volumes or not.

CONTENTS.

CHAPTER III.-Of the Federal Constitution.

§ 1. General view of the constitution. 2. Compared with the articles

of confederation. 3. Prohibitions on the state governments. 4. The

president and vice-president. 5. Mode of their election. 6. Their

qualifications. 7. Term of election. 8. Salary. 9. Powers and du-

ties of the president. 10. Provision for vacancy. 11. Executive de.

partments. 12. Department of state. 13. Salaries. 14. Duties. 15.

Patent office. 16. Treasury department. 17. Salary of the secreta-

ry, &c. 18. Duties. 19. Mitigating powers. 20. Salaries in the

comptroller's office. 21. Duties. 22. Salaries in the auditor's office.

23. Duties. 24. Salaries in the treasurer's office. 25. Duties. 26.

Salaries in the register's office. 27. Duties. 28. Salaries in the office

of the commissioner of the general land office. 29. Duties. 30. Sala-

ries in the commissioner of the revenue's office. 31. Duties. 32.

War department. 33. Salaries. 34. Duties. 35. Navy depart.

36. Salaries. 37. Duties. 38. Vacancies in the departments

23

CHAPTER IV.-Of the Federal Constitution. (In continuation.)

5 1. legislature. 2. Their qualifications. 3. House of representatives.

ment.

HISTORY OF THE PROCEEDINGS OF CONGRESS.

12TH CONGRESS-2D SESSION.

CHAPTER I.-9 1. Meeting of congress. 2. President's message. 3.

Expedition of General Hull. 4. War on the ocean. 5. Refusal of

the militia. 6. Pacific advances to Great Britain. 7. Armistice. 8.

Correspondence with admiral Warren. 9. Subjects recommended

to the consideration of congress. 10. Merchants' bonds. 11. State of

the treasury. 12. Conclusion

47

CHAPTER II. 1. Prohibition of exports. 2. Merchants' bonds.

3. Seamen's bill. 4. Certificates of registry. 5. Increase of army

pay. 6. Twelve-months men. 7. Organization of the staff. 8. Ar.

my supplies. 9. Expresses from the seat of war. 10. Classification

of the militia. 11. Increase of volunteer and militia pay. 12. Re-

port on the naval establishment. 13. Increase of the navy. 14.

Privateers. 15. Regulation of prize causes. 16. Torpedoes. 17

Retaliation

58

CHAPTER III.- 1. Treasury report. 2. Navy loan. 3. Loap of sixteen

millions. 4. Treasury notes. 5. Suspension of non-importation act.

6. Extra session. 7. Duty on iron wire. 8. Public lands. 9. Yazoo

claims. 10. Naturalization. 11. New state. 12. Mail steam-boats.

13. Vaccination. 14. Reward of valour. 15. Amendment to the con-

stitution. 16 Medal to commodore Preble. 17. Treasury mitigating

power. 18. Presidential election. 19. Presidential messages. 20.

Rupture with Algiers. 21. Treatment of American seamen. 22.

Resolutions of the legislature of Pennsylvania. 23. Naval exploits.

24. British licenses. 25. Berlin and Milan decrees. 26. Appropria-

tions. 27. Dissolution of congress

78

13TH CONGRESS-1ST SESSION.

CHAPTER IV.- 1. Meeting of the 13th congress. 2. Election of

speaker. 3. Message of the president. 4. Russian mediation. 5.

Conduct of the war. 6. Internal revenue. 7. Treasury report.

8. Report of the committee of ways and means.

9. Direct tax.

10. Tax on stills 11. On refined sugar. 12. On licenses to retailers.

13. On sales at auction. 14. Duties on carriages. 15. Stamp du-

ties. 16. Commencement of the taxes. 17. Penalties. 18. Terms

of payment. 19. Collection. 20. Assessment and collection of the

direct taxes. 21. Continuance of the internal duties. 22. Debate

on the tax bills. 23. Votes on their passage. 24. Tax on imported

salt

103

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CHAPTER V. 1. Webster's resolutions. 2. Debate thereon. 3.

Answer of the president. 4. Stenographers. 5. Russian embassy.

6. Mission to Sweden. 7. Embargo. 8. Massachusetts remon-

strance. 9. Debate thereon. 10. Distribution of arms. 11. Amend-

ments to the constitution. 12. Naturalization. 13. British licenses.

14. Girard's memorial. 15. Seizure of East Florida. 16. Measures

for defence. 17. Disabled militia and volunteers. 18. Reward of

valour. 19. Encouragement to privateers. 20. Encouragement of

the fisheries. 21. Loan. 22. Appropriations. 23. Conduct of the

24. Barbarities of the enemy. 25. Adjournment

126

STATE PAPERS LAID BEFORE CONGRESS.

12TH CONGRESS-2D SESSION.

Message from the president of the United States to both houses of

congress at the commencement of the session

Documents accompanying the message

9

Message from the president of the United States, transmitting a cor.

respondence between the department of war and the governors of

the states of Massachusetts and Connecticut, upon the subject of

the militia of those states

(59

Message from the president of the United States, communicating fur-

ther information relative to the pacific advances made on the part of

this government to that of Great Britain

[76

Message from the president of the United States, transmitting copies

of a communication from Mr. Russell to the secretary of state, con-

nected with the correspondence communicated by his message of the

twelfth instant, relative to the pacific advances made on the part of

this government to that of Great Britain

[81

Message from the president of the United States, transmitting copies

of a letter from the consul-general of the United States to Algiers,

stating the circumstances preceding and attending his departure from

that regency

[89

Message from the president of the United States, transmitting a report

of the secretary of state, made in obedience to a resolution of the

house of representatives of the ninth instant, requesting information

touching the conduct of British officers towards persons taken in

American armed ships

[104

Message from the president of the United States, transmitting copies

of a correspondence between John Mitchell, agent for American

prisoners of war at Halifax, and the British admiral commanding

at that station; also, copies of a letter from commodore Rodgers to

the secretary of the navy

[105

Message from the president of the United States, communicating reso-

lutions of the legislature of Pennsylvania, on the subject of our for-

eign relations

[117

Message from the president of the United States, transmitting a pro-

clamation of the British governor of Bermuda, providing for the

supply of the British West Indies, by a trade under licenses; accom-

panied with a circular instruction, confining, if practicable, the trade

to the eastern ports of the United States

[120

Message from the president of the United States, transmitting a cor-

respondence relative to the repeal of the Berlin and Milan decrees;

and touching the relations between the United States and France, in

pursuance of a resolution of the first of March, 1813

[124

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